Analyzes the score of a symphony and explains why it was scored as it was. Compares this symphony to a painting and to an austere essay and shows how the background, the highlights, and the essential figures are developed. Analyzes a composer's motives and illustrates their orchestral expression. (University of Rochester) Film.
Defines experimentalism as a systematic theory of education stemming from the work of John Dewey. States that the experimentalist turns to experience rather than away from it. Indicates that intelligence, operating in quite human ways in relation to quite human problems, will give the answers that are needed to bring the newly born infant to maturity. Elucidates the experimentalist viewpoint, answers objections, and comments on a film sequence of a "progressive" classroom. Featured personality is H. Gordon Hullfish, professor of education at Ohio State University.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman addresses the untouched correctional frontier between pre-conviction detention, and imprisonment in state institutions. Films show the variety of activities that must be incorporated in a county system. Powers and Lohman delve into the elements necessary for an integrated county system and Lohman and Wright establish how such a system works.
Hardly had the exultation of victory and accomplishment cooled, when the nation found itself face to face with an old problem, which it had hoped was a dead issue. The application of California for statehood was not covered by the Missouri Compromise. The Southerners fought to hold their equal advantage in the Senate – they had long ago lost the House. In the end they had to take the “half loaf” which the Compromise of 1850 offered, but they were unhappy and fearful of the future. Yet a few years of prosperity lulled all into a feeling of security and hopes began to build. Then came the question of the route of the transcontinental railroad. Next, the Kansas-Nebraska Act. From 1854 the way led steadily downhill toward sectional conflict, this time with guns, rather than orators, barking. The Republican Party was uncompromisingly a Northern, anti-slavery faction – the last real bond which had hitherto resisted sectional friction was now gone, the national political party. The South was outnumbered in the legislature. Its victory in the judiciary – the Dred Scott decision – only roused its opponents to more determined action. The success of the Lincoln candidacy could mean the coup de grace. The South conditioned itself for that possibility.
Shows how different species of marine animals or animals and plants develop. Defines symbiosis and commensalism. Illustrates these phenomena with living specimens of crabs, sea cucumbers, and starfish. Demonstrates another marine animal association which involves escape reactions. Uses film clips to show a brittle star-hermit crab reaction and the activities of a sea anemone that swims when touched by a certain starfish. Points out the significance of these reactions and the research being directed toward better understanding of the behavior of seashore animals. (KCTS) Kinescope.
Dr. Maria Piers answers the following question: Should children have pets? What do animals mean to children? She then leads into a discussion of bears, real and stuffed; friendly and fear-inspiring animals; and, pets neglected and over-protected.
Shows how marine animals are adapted for survival on the exposed sandy beach. Stresses the way in which the ability to burrow is essential for survival. Uses film sequences to show how the razor clam, olive shell snail, and the beach hopper cope with their environment. Explains and illustrates how ell grass provides shelter for many marine animals including the stalked jellyfish and shell-less snails. (KCTS) Kinescope.
Shows how marine animals living in deeper water offshore are adapted for survival in their particular environment. Uses film sequences to demonstrate the technique of dredging for better living animals. Presents film clips and live specimens from the studio aquarium to point out the physical characteristics and habitats of the basket star, cushion star, sponges, and cup corals. Features the escape mechanism used by scallops when endangered by an enemy. Concludes with a look at animals dredged from mud which includes a rare Rossia, a modified bottom living squid.
Shows how domesticated animals are used throughout the world for power, clothing, materials, and food. Shows how about 50 of the 500,000 known species of animals have been domesticated. Junior and senior high school level. An instructional sound film.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses the role of animals in artistic expression. Shows drawings of animals by ancient man to illustrate various designs. Describes the significance of cave drawings of an ice aged man. Explains the use of simple tools and materials. Demonstrates the drawing of an animal using various interpretations from the real to the abstract. Illustrates with examples of painting and sculpture.
Shows how marine animals are adapted for survival on the exposed rocky beach. Stresses the way in which each animal is protected from the force of wave action. Uses the studio aquarium and film sequences to provide close-ups of hermit crabs, sea urchins, acorn and gooseneck barnacles, chitons, limpets, and mussels.
Shows how marine animals are adapted for survival on the protected sandy beach. Points out the physical features of the sandy beach which affect the lives of the animals found there. Examines grains of sand under a microscope. Uses film sequences and specimens from the studio aquarium to illustrate physical characteristics and habits of small sharks, skates, sand dollars, moon snails, sea pens, worms, sea cucumbers, and brittle stars.
Combines Aaron Copland's music and Martha Graham's modern dance group in an interpretation of a story set in the Appalachian wilderness during the pioneer period of American history. The dance tells of a young couple's wedding day, the building of their house, their celebration, the wandering preacher's dire sermon, and the pioneer woman's gentle blessing. The day ends with everyone leaving the couple as they begin life together in their new home.
How self-sufficient is the United States? This question and its significance in an appraisal of the United States as a world power are discussed by Dr. Sumner. He reviews the materials covered during the series and concludes that the United States is a world leader today largely because of her wealth in natural resources.
Discusses the present status of archaeology in Russia. Shows and discusses objects, found in Russia, formerly owned by Scythians and buried with them. Stresses the vast quantity of these objects and emphasizes the artistic quality of these exports from Greece. (NYU) Kinescope.
Audience learns how to make an ant puppet of varying size. In the Make Do Theatre play, the story of Archibald Ant is told. After playing baseball, he eats too much honey and his stomach gets really big. After it goes down in size, he vows to never tell anyone what happened.
In his final program, John Dodds poses a startling question: “Are Americans civilized?” Undoubtedly, he says, most Americans will reply without hesitation. “Of course, we are!” Yet, Dr. Dodds points out, we are branded by many foreigners as a raw, materialistic, uncouth, mercenary, and even an uncivilized nation. He inquires into the factors in our society that have induced such severe criticism from abroad. He asks if others are merely jealous of our technological advancement –which most are as quick to adopt as they are to criticize –or have they actually found some basic flaws in the fabric of our culture. In peering into the structure of our civilization, he holds up a mirror in which all Americans might profit from viewing themselves. From this analysis we realize that American have their shortcomings both obvious and subtle, but, as to the state of American civilization, Dr. Dodds leads us to believe the picture is more pleasant than many would have us think.