Analyzes advertising in twentieth century America, and its dual function as mirror and molder of our culture. Demonstrates that admen have long been fluent with the familiar slogan, jingle, testimonial, and doctor's endorsement--by which values and dreams, rather than commodities, are made the fare of public consumption. Reminds us that we must guard against the temptation to make advertising the scapegoat for our own materialism, for admen can erect and support only the images that society tacitly permits.
Shows Afghanistan's traditional way of life, and pictures its efforts to develop and improve its agriculture and industry. Shows how the new knowledge and techniques brought in by the UN Technical Assistance Administration have helped Afghanistan increase output and develop resources.
Outlines the political history of the Congo and discusses the success of the Belgian colonial policy. A native of the Congo proposes a program for more self-government of the people. Stresses the economic importance of the Congo to Belgium and to the United States. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Correlates the growth of farming in America with the country's progress in becoming a great nation. Illustrates wildlife, land, and cattle in pioneer days. Describes homesteading and the establishment of land-grant colleges. Depicts the increase of farming through improved mechanization and rapid farm to market transportation. Illustrates the need for laws and regulations to control farming. To commemorate 100 years of USDA.
Presents Alexander Hamilton as a boy-businessman in the West Indies, a student at King's College, the author of the Federalist Papers, the first Secretary of the Treasury, a reformer of the national economy, the champion of a strong, aristocratic government, and a friend to Northern business. Concludes his life with the fatal duel with Aaron Burr.
Depicts the changes which have come about in the American school system during the life of a senior citizen. Shows changes in buildings and in philosophies. Compares functions, needs, and objectives of earlier schools with those of the present day. Uses Mansfield, ohio, schools and interviews with citizens of Mansfield to point out changes in the school system.
Friction in the Old World led to war. The USA tried to maintain neutrality, but with each passing month the problems created became more and more thorny. Finally, the nation was drawn into the conflict. With amazing speed and efficiency the country mobilized. Its participation in World War I was the deciding factor in bringing victory to the Allies.
Hardly had the exultation of victory and accomplishment cooled, when the nation found itself face to face with an old problem, which it had hoped was a dead issue. The application of California for statehood was not covered by the Missouri Compromise. The Southerners fought to hold their equal advantage in the Senate – they had long ago lost the House. In the end they had to take the “half loaf” which the Compromise of 1850 offered, but they were unhappy and fearful of the future. Yet a few years of prosperity lulled all into a feeling of security and hopes began to build. Then came the question of the route of the transcontinental railroad. Next, the Kansas-Nebraska Act. From 1854 the way led steadily downhill toward sectional conflict, this time with guns, rather than orators, barking. The Republican Party was uncompromisingly a Northern, anti-slavery faction – the last real bond which had hitherto resisted sectional friction was now gone, the national political party. The South was outnumbered in the legislature. Its victory in the judiciary – the Dred Scott decision – only roused its opponents to more determined action. The success of the Lincoln candidacy could mean the coup de grace. The South conditioned itself for that possibility.
Presents a brief history of the development of the Tigris-Euphrates Valley. Shows through animation the occupation of the land by the Sumerians, Semites, Babylonians, and Assyrians, and illustrates their contributions such as the wheel, a code of laws, the arch, a system of writing, military science, and astronomy.
Reviews the life of Andrew Carnegie from his poverty-stricken youth in Scotland to his leadership in American industry. Depicts his trials and successes in railroading and his development of the iron and steel works which made his huge fortune. Then shows his decision to devote his fortune and energies to philanthropy.
Shows some of the animals that are found in each of four environments--deciduous forest, evergreen forest, desert, and arctic tundra. Presents the habitats of such animals as sidewinder snake, timber rattlesnake, white-tailed deer, beaver, prairie dog, pronghorn antelope, bison, chipmunk, marten, black bear, and bighorn sheep.
Features a large display of antique planes lined up in a field for spectators to enjoy. Also includes footage of pilots taking off and flying in a variety of aircrafts. There are several impressive aerial shots, taken by a passenger in the plane.
Discusses the present status of archaeology in Russia. Shows and discusses objects, found in Russia, formerly owned by Scythians and buried with them. Stresses the vast quantity of these objects and emphasizes the artistic quality of these exports from Greece. (NYU) Kinescope.
Discussion on this program centers around the ways of piracy in the ancient world of 1000 BC. Professor Lionel I. Casson from the Classics Department of Washington Square College of New York University presents readings from Homer’s “Iliad” and “Odyssey” which illustrate that both Odysseus and Menelaus were pirates.
Outlines Argentine history and discusses the political and economic climate, with prospects for the future. Emphasizes Argentina's problems and possibilities. Shows pictures of the land and the people. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Views of rural and urban life in Argentina illustrates the contrast between the agricultural area of the pampa and the industrial, business, and shipping area of Buenos Aires. Describes life and work on a ranch devoted to the raising of livestock and the growing of such crops as wheat and flax. Includes views of Buenos Aires.
Surveys styles of painting and sculpture from the 13th to the 20th centuries as found in the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. Opens with Byzantine and early Italian painting and explains the gradual development of realism during the Renaissance. Shows the work of European masters of later centuries and gives representative views of American painting.
Students at the Institute of Art, in Florence, Italy, typify the Florentine love of beauty and skill in many arts and crafts. Shows homes, shops, and classrooms where they do sculpturing, drawing, ceramics, silversmithing, enamel work, and leatherwork.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Museo Nacional de Artes e Industrias Populares, Mexico City, William F. Deneen
Views of modern-day Mexico that stretch back into antiquity. Pictures the intricate labor of basket and hammock weaving, the care employed by the wood carver and guitar maker, the silverwork of Taxco, the art of glassmaking, and the lacquerwork of the Mexican Indians.
Surveys the size, composition, and location of asteroids, comets, and meteorites and the means used to investigate them. The discovery of asteroids in 1801 by Piazzi, their place in the solar system, and their variations in size and shape are recounted. Halley's study of comets, the nature of the composition of comets, and the size of their orbit are highlighted. Meteorites are discussed as remnants of comets; and the use of radar and photography in counting them along with the variations in their sizes is indicated.
Traces the various methods of propulsion. Explains the development of jet propulsion by the Chinese in 1232. Relates the history of the use of rocker power to the age of firearms. Shows how the rocket became an important weapon at sea because of the flammable nature of the ships. Surveys the actualities and dreams of rocketry throughout its development. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Demonstrates the method of making a bunk and a bed, adjusting a bed, ways of raising the patient's head and knees, keeping the weight of the cover off the patient's feet, and the use of a fracture board.
Portrays conditions leading to the establishment of the Social Security System and explains the subsequent changes in the law that have extended coverage to nearly all persons in the United States. Early conditions in the U.S. permitted persons to move westward during a depression, thereby caring for themselves, their families, and their own aged. Urbanization and industrialization eliminated most of these opportunities and as a result Congress met this need by establishing social security. The eligibility requirements are summarized through presenting a number of cases of persons receiving benefits. Shows the necessity of continued welfare aid to those not eligible for Social Security.
Footage of Bailey's trip across the Soviet Empire in 1957 offering a rich depiction of life under Soviet rule. Features many street scenes capturing local culture in the former Soviet Union, Ukraine, Warsaw, and East Berlin. Numerous depictions of Lenin, in commemorative art, can be seen throughout. The film focuses both on large cities and rural landscapes, where women notably join men in performing hard labor in the fields. Bailey documented trips to many landmarks ; in Leningrad, this includes the Winter Palace, Admirality Tower, Senate Square, Alexander Column, and Peterhof Palace ; in Kiev, the National Opera, St. Sophia's Cathedral, and the Verkhovna Rada building ; in Moscow, the Bolshoi Theatre, Cathedral Square, Red Square, St. Basil's Cathedral, the Grand Kremlin Palace, and many examples of Stalinist architecture ; in Warsaw, the Ghetto Heroes Monument and stone reliefs of workers on Marszałkowska street ; in Berlin, the ruins of the Reichstag, St. Hedwig's Cathedral, and a monument to Soviet soldiers in World War II. The specter of the war lingers throughout as many cities still sport heavy damage from bombing - particularly Berlin and Stalingrad.
Uses historic documentary motion pictures combined with newer Films sequences to tell the story of Berlin from the fall of the Third Reich to the building of the wall between East and West. Reviews the political events leading to the crisis in Berlin, shows the tragic consequences for the people of Berlin, and explains the reasons for the deep commitment of the Western powers to keep West Berlin free of communist control.
Presents an overview of best sellers of the 20th century and analyzes the continuities and contrasts in the literary tastes of the American public. Notes the persistency of "how-to" books, from those describing short-cuts to financial success to those on religious topics. Examines the concept of reading for escape and the ways in which it has changed over the years.
Pictures and describes the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition in 1954. Traces the route of the expedition and follows the ship which took the men and supplies to the various scientific stations. Shows details of the ship going through the pack ice. Pictures in detail the trip to and establishment of the new scientific station on the Antarctic continent.
Portrays through the experiences of a family recently moving into a community, the variety of services provided by a centralized county library system to branch libraries and their users. These services available to users include rotating book collections, recordings, motion pictures; library administration and technical services involved in ordering, processing, cataloging, publicity, and circulation of materials; and the advantages of the correlated use of equipment, personnel, and materials found in a central library system serving branch libraries.
Shows Billy Dempsey, a high school boy crippled by infantile paralysis, visiting Washington and learning how the March of Dimes was organized, and how the tests, such as in the use of gamma globulin, are being carried on and improved in an effort to conquer the disease. Depicts familiar Washington sites and includes an historic survey of scientific research in combating disease as revealed by exhibits in the National Gallery of Art.
Illustrates with excerpts from Erpi films, the power of the classroom film in overcoming limitations to learning such as remoteness in space and time, size, verbalism, abstractions, inadequate equipment and variations in pupil intelligence. Also stresses proper utilization. A demonstration sound film.
Tells the story of Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island, Michigan and its role in the War of 1812. Explains how the island got its name. Outlines the events which led to the War of 1812 and its mutually unprofitable consequences.
Pictures Britain's role in world trade and industry by means of scenes in London and Newcastle. The Port of London, the transportation, system, and banking and insurance facilities illustrate trading activities. Industrial activities shown include shipbuilding and the making of bridge steel, specialized heavy machinery, marine engines, and locomotives. The necessity for exporting these materials in order to buy foodstuffs is explained.
Surveys the secondary school curriculum and explains that its development has been influenced by the democratic doctrine of providing education for all children, by social and economic presures, and by increased awareness of the changing needs of young people. Explains the interest of schools in the physical fitness of students, shows how young people are trained for the duties of citizenship and family living, and assisted in selecting the preparing for a vocation.
Tells the early history of the lead industry in what is now Dubuque, Iowa. Talks about location and distribution of other mineral resources in the Old Northwest Territory. Explains how Julien Dubuque established contracts with the Indians and Spanish government to start the lead industry along the Mississippi.
Henry R. Cassirer, Ladislas Segy, Arthur S. Alberts, Lewis Jacobs
Carved masks and statues from several different African tribes are shown from many angles, as the commentator explains how these carvings express emotions. Gives particular attention to their expressions of fear and the confidences which help them meet their fears.
What is Parkinson’s Law? “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” This law, and its ramifications, were first set out in the London Economist in 1956, after Professor Parkinson had developed them during his work in the Royal Air Force and a tour of duty in the South Pacific. He explains their application to civil service work, to the operations of administrative agencies, to the establishment of a university, and to the competition between industries.
Raffles Professor of History C. Northcote Parkinson, University of Pittsburgh professor Joseph J. Zasloff, and member of the organizing committee for the 1958 International Systems Meeting Robert Lee discuss the significance of modern Asia.
This film opens with a family packing their car for drive to the Rocky Mountains, where they will go on a camping trip. After setting up their campsite, the family enjoys the outdoors by going on a hike. When they return to camp, they are joined by a black bear.
Mason Wade, Director, Canadian Studies Program, University of Rochester, J. Lewis Robinson, Ph.D., University of British Columbia, Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Hal Kopel
Surveys the geography, resources, and economic development of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta provinces in Canada. Emphasizes the inter-relation of their agricultural, mineral, and industrial pursuits to the development of Canada's transportation networks. Shows some details in cattle and hog raising, oil pumping and refining, and coal mining. Outlines how products from the area are transported to world markets. Pictures the larger cities, university and government buildings, recreational facilities, and the influences of immigration on the cultural development of the different regions.
Bash describes the workings of a canal and shows how it is possible to make a ship “go upstairs” from one water level to another. The reasons for digging canals are discussed along with the importance of canals such as the Erie Canal and the Panama Canal. The influence of canals on the lives of people in this country is explained. Songs include “Erie Canal,” “Venezuela” and “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean.”
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., Clarence Ver Steeg, John Barnes
Follows the career of John Smith, whose influence and leadership contributed to the firm establishment of the first permanent English colony at Jamestown in 1907. Traces the events in England which preceded the colonists' voyage to Virginia, and shows the natural human obstacles faced by Smith in his efforts to launch the settlement.
Describes the plan for Caribbean Federation and presents a historical survey of the area included. Shows a film on the area and peoples involved. Appraises the chances of success of this newest nation in the western hemisphere. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Wild animal exhibitions originated with the menagerie, but jungle beasts as performers are relative newcomers to the circus. Because traveling menageries were so successful financially, circus operators around the turn of the century began to incorporate into their shows wild animal exhibitions with “lion tamers” in attendance. The American public flocked to see the dangerous denizens of faraway jungles paraded with great ballyhoo by nerveless human handles, and wild animal acts swiftly became an integral part of the circus. There is another kind of animal act which answers a different interest among circus audiences and comes out of a longer standing tradition than the wild animal acts: the tame animal act in which the animal, through meticulous training, is able to perform tricks exploiting the upper limits of its physical capability and intelligence. It is always with squeals of delight that the audience watches an animal –a seal, pony, chimpanzee, or dog –break into a routine which makes it look “human.”This program concentrates on these two kinds of animal performance. It uses as examples of the tame animal act the skillful and imaginative “Stephenson’s Dogs,” seen in rehearsal on the Ringling lot. In the wild animal category there are three different performers: Clyde Beatty, Pat Anthony, and Robert Baudy. In each case the viewer sees them at work with their “cats” (tigers and lions), while their voices come over their own performance shots describing the dangers of their profession, their training methods, how they groom the animals, and what happens when a snarling cat turns against his master (Anthony, who puts his arm in the mouth of a tiger, tells us that if the animal begins to bite his arm, he bites his ear, which makes the tiger relinquish its hold.) The three trainers on this program represent two different approaches to the art of the wild animal act. Both Pat Anthony (who studied animal training under the G.I. Bill) and veteran Clyde Beatty (whose performances are seen in both old and current film clips) give “fighting acts,” concentrating on the physical aspects of their performances –often wielding the gun and whip irritating the cats into loud roaring, and, in general, making it as clear as possible that a 165-pound man is taking on 8700 pounds of “unleashed jungle fury.” Robert Baudy, a Frenchman, has a different approach. His act emphasizes “style” rather than combat, and, clad in rich costume, he enters the steal arena with a more aesthetic objective than that of his colleagues Beatty and Anthony: he makes his Siberian tigers go through the paces of their impossible tricks with quiet, sinister, grace.
Bash Kennett visits a mountain roundup and tells the story of cattle from the few which the early settlers had to the great herds which roamed the Great Plains. The importance of cattle in the history of our country is combined with a talk about problems of raising cattle. Songs include “Cowboy’s Lullaby” “Donney Gal” and “The Night Herding Song.”
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Theodore Morrison, English Department, Harvard University (Editor: The Portable Chaucer), John Barnes
Presents the conditions under which Chaucer's Tales of Canterbury were originally told and dramatizes the tale told by the Pardoner in its entirety. Shows the pilgrims riding through the English countryside and recounting stories as they make their journey. Gives general biographical data concerning Chaucer and his period and provides examples of the reading of middle English along with its translation.
Discusses the influence of the president in picking vice-presidential nominees and the difficulties in getting able men to accept this nomination. Points out that candidates are most often selected to "balance the ticket" from the standpoint of geography as well as points of view on pertinent issues. Considers the "whys" behind the nomination of seven vice presidents who eventually became president.
The strict rules of classical ballet have been developed over the past five hundred years, and in this program Miss Myers demonstrates some of the basic principles, and the final applications of the traditions of this type of dance. Prints, drawings and photographs display the development of the traditions, and the three young students of the ballet demonstrate the essential positions and steps which every student must know. Maria Tallchief and Andre Eglevsky perform the pas de deux from “Swan Lake” and “Sylvia.” In addition, the opening of the program is a film clip of the corps de ballet of the Bolshoi Company dancing a scene from “Swan Lake.”
Dr. Golden reviews the historical development of worker organizations, the role of labor unions in society, and the general structure of union organizations. Examines and evaluates labor's concern for sound social institutions and new constructive efforts. (WQED) Kinescope.
Bash tells us that there were no clocks or watches aboard the Mayflower and that the watch was invented after the first settlers in America had landed. The history of mechanical methods to tell time is told by Bash from the marking of shadows by the sundial through early water clocks, notched candles on to the developments of clocks. Songs include “Dillar A Dollar,” “Grandfather’s Clock” and “Dublin City.” The Lillian Patterson dance group performs in this program.
The neighborliness of people in the South gives rise to many stories of help to others living nearby. The assistance with plowing, picking of crops and helping “catch up on work” is told, then the custom of a logrolling is pictured, wherein the neighbors gather to clear the fields of trees and logs. After the logrolling came the brush burning, or “woods burning” to further clear the land. This life is described, followed by the good times they had at a feast, after the work was done. Songs include “In the Evening,” “Nicodemus” and “Liza Jane.”
Edwin J. Hipkiss, Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., Erpi Classroom Films Inc.
Re-enacts the home life and self-sufficiency of a family in colonial New England during the late 17th century. Describes how colonial children received their education by studying at home, and portrays the duties and chores of each member of the family. Portrays a spirit of helpfulness between families, and emphasizes the role of religion in the home.
Re-enacts, with authentic settings, costumes, and furnishings, the home life and self-sufficiency of a family in colonial New England during the late seventeenth century. Describes how colonial children received their education by studying at home, and portrays the duties and chores of each member of the family. Reveals a spirit of helpfulness between families, and emphasizes the vital role of religion in the home. | Furnishing, clothing, customs, and events in a colonial family's day from morning chores to Scripture reading. | Furnishing, clothing, customs, and events in a colonial family's day from morning chores to Scripture reading. | Furnishing, clothing, customs, and events in a colonial family's day from morning chores to Scripture reading.
Shows the trend of expansion in North America from 1492 to the Revolutionary War, traces economic development in the various colonies, and analyzes the political significance of each major phase of the expansion to 1763. Includes animated maps to explain the struggle for dominance by the English, French and Spanish. For junior and senior high school and adult groups.
Describes the various groups of settlers that came to this country and founded colonies. Tells of the first French, English, Dutch, Swedish, and Spanish settlers. Discusses their lives, homes, and food.
This program traces the history of the Communist Party in the United States. The dramatic sequences feature a re-enactment of the Bridgeman Convention in 1921 and show how the Communist Party of the United States was controlled by the Communist International, and directed by it. Benjamin Gitlow, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of America and American representative to the Comintern in the 1920’s, is a special guest on the program. Mr. Gitlow was twice candidate for Vice President of the USA on the Communist Party ticket. Mr. Gitlow was expelled from the Communist Party of America in 1929, as a result of his refusal to accept a directive ordering himto yield leadership of the Party.
Travelogue documenting Bailey's trip to Hawaii in 1960. Features extensive footage of Hawaii's scenic oceans, beaches, hills, and flowers. Shots of several landmarks, including Aloha Tower, ʻIolani Palace, Laie Hawaii Temple and the murals inside, Ewa Plantation School, Halekiʻi-Pihana Heiau, Kalaupapa Settlement and Father Damien's grave. Shows several homes with names and addresses, possibly friends of Bailey, as well as Bailey attending an outdoor reception at a private garden with close-ups of tropical flowers. Ends with footage of hotel exteriors around Waikiki and Bailey at the airport.
Discusses the sequence of events that takes place when the national political convention is underway. Includes consideration of the role of the contemporary chairman, the "keynoter", general speeches presented as time fillers, reports from the four main committees, role call for nominations, nominating and seconding speeches, and demonstrations for the candidates. Presents films of the departure of Alabama and Mississippi delegates in 1948 and the nomination of Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. (Dynamic Films) Film.
Indicates that the problem of getting to Mars of Venus, heretofore a concern only to science fiction writers and afficionados, has now become an international obsession. Shows that the strides being made in the space race would not be possible were it not for the work of Copernicus and other scientists of his stature. States that it was Copernicus who realized that the earth is not the center of the universe but merely one of many heavenly bodies, all moving according to a definite system.
How the clothes of people living in this country have changed is shown by Bash, in pictures and in living pictorial groups. From the early Spanish peaked helmet and bloomers, through the Cavaliers, with their plumed hats and high leather-jack boots, Bash travels, saying why and how the changes occurred. The Puritan simple dress, the colonial costume, complete with high powdered wigs, the hoop skirts and the bustles all are part of the description. Children’s costumes of the time are shown by actual children, and the dances done by the children of certain periods are demonstrated by the Lillian Patterson dance group.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., Harriet L. Herring
Presents the story of cotton from the time it is picked in the cotton fields of the South until it is woven into cloth. Explains such processes as ginning, baling, cleaning, fluffing, carding, and spinning. For primary and middle grades. A classroom film.
Bash starts at the earliest meetings of groups of people, the church festival, and traces the development of gatherings on through the country fairs. The camp meetings of the Methodists give rise to the well-known rollicking song, “Methodist Pie.” The custom of bringing goods that were grown on the individual farm, and taking the family to the fair, to see new things, to buy things, and to meet with friends develops in to the country fair, with its gay decorations, its amusements, and its fund of knowledge. Contests are described, such as the athletic events of running and jumping and shooting, which the young men practiced, and the Patterson dance group dances to the song, “Camptown Races,” as they show how the sulkies sped around the track behind the trotting horses.
Bash tells the romance crossing streams and takes a film trip to see some historic covered bridges which are still in use. Covered bridges had many unusual features including the special toll charge for shoveling snow into the inside for the sleighs to pass on in winter. Bash tells how, fitted together with wooden pins, often they floated downstream intact in floods. Songs include “London Bridge" and "Red River Valley".
One common denominator of our culture, according to Dr. Dodds, is the people's desire for self-improvement. Describes an early American institution that endured until the 1920s--"Tent Chautauqua." Depicts Chautauqua as a source of inspiration, education, and entertainment, reaching hundreds of towns throughout the nation. Pictures Tent Chautauqua as quietly succumbing to the competition of radio and motion pictures, but indicates that its modern equivalent may be found, in a more sophisticated form, in our Great Books groups and adult education seminars.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, inc., Thomas D. Clark, Emerson Film Corporation
Portrays the main events in the life of Daniel Boone. Includes his youth in Pennsylvania and North Carolina, his participation in the French and Indian War, his adventures in exploring and settling Kentucky, his part in the Revolutionary War, and his final settlement in Missouri.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films, Ralph E. Turner, Milan Herzog
Traces the development of modern methods of communication, including the telegraph, telephone, wireless, and radio. Depicts Morse developing the telegraph by combining the earlier inventions of Volta, Watson, and Henry. Recalls Bell's work on the telephone, and shows Marconi discovering the possibilities of the wireless and DeForest, those of radio. Illustrates the latest developments of wirephoto relay, television, radar and the transistor.
Reveals the all-too-common plight of one family living in New York City's black Harlem through the photographs of Gordon Parks. Includes the problems of inadequate educational background, restricted job opportunities, a lack of food and adequate heating, the drinking of the father and the despair of the mother, and the hostility and violence that results. Points out the importance of poverty agencies or other help, and leaves the family's difficulties unsolved.
Shows children in Brooklyn's Bedford-Stuyvesant section learning about their African heritage through classroom activities and "digs" in vacant lots and urban renewal areas to locate artifacts linking them to their 19th century ancestors. Explains that under "Project Weeksville" the black children are piecing together the history and organization of this self-sufficient black community which existed in the early 1800s. Examines how the Bedford- Stuyvesant residents held off white raiders during the Draft Riot of 1863.
Presents, through animation, an overview of the dinosaur age, showing the major types of dinosaurs and some of their behavioral characteristics. Explains that dinosaurs become extinct because of their inability to catch food. Records how some dinosaurs changed their eating and living habits to adapt to the changing surface of the earth.
"The Greater Columbia Chapter 242 of the Experimental Aircraft Association will hold the Second Annual Southeastern Regional Fly-In at the Wings & Wheels Museum at Santee. The date of the Second Annual Meeting is June 4, 5, and 6, 1971. National President Paul Poberezny, Jack Cox, and other members of the National staff will be at Santee for the entire meeting. President Poberezny will be guest speaker at the awards banquet Saturday evening at the Holiday Inn. A total of 12 trophies will be awarded at the banquet. These trophies will be awarded for all home built categories and also antique, classic, warbird, and rotor wing categories. Also included in the program will be an acrobatic show on Sunday afternoon and the first showing of the 1970 EAA Oshkosh Fly-In film. Motel accommodations for the meet should be made directly with the Holiday Inn, Clarks Quality Court Motel, or the Gamecock Motel at Santee. For additional information contact Frank F. Thweatt, Fly-In Director, P.O. Box 6655, Columbia, South Carolina 29206. Wings and Wheels Museum is the largest privately owned collection of antique aircraft and automobiles. The Museum is located on U.S. Highway 301 near the intersection of I95 and has a 3000 ft. landing strip. Unicorn frequency is 122.8 MHz. The strip is 1.5 miles from the Vance VOR on the 290° radial. In addition to motel accommodations, a camping ground is located at the museum." --South Carolina Aviation Newsletter
The program describes the kinds of housing the early settlers built, from the earliest lean-to type, hastily thrown together to protest the people as soon as they landed on these shores, on through the way they learned to make thatched roofs, then later cut logs for building. The use of handmade bricks, and the change of ways in making fireplaces from the original stick-covered-with-mud ones to brick ones follows in the story. The various ways of building sturdy walls by notching of logs in various patterns and cuts is shown. Songs include “The Tailor and the Mouse,” “Little Mohee,” and “Cockels and Mussels.”
The story of money is one of a way of life, says Bash in this program. Money was not always coin or paper notes. There were many things which early pioneers could use to buy things. In Virginia, they used tobacco; in South Carolina, rice; Indians used shells and beads; trappers of the North could buy a gun with furs, and the man of New England used fish or timber for payment. Songs include “Sixpence,” “When I Was Single” and “Ribbon Bow.”
Tells the story of the need for and construction of the Cumberland Road in the early 1800's. Points out how it unified the East and West, promoted trade, led to the establishment of many modern cities, enhanced nationalism and gave impetus to overland travel to western frontiers.
The program begins with the days following the Civil War, when men first drove cattle westward to the range lands of the southwest, where only the buffalo had grazed before. The importance of meat to the country is shown, and the development of great herds, which roamed the open unfenced country until it was later settled and fenced. The life of the cowboy, the reason for his wearing his particular costume, chaps, kerchief, sombrero, is explained. Bash tells tales of the cowboy’s job herding, branding, and also driving the cattle on the long trek up the trails to market and shipping centers. Songs include “Cowboy’s Dreams,” “The Chisholm Trail,” and a lively dance is done to “Cindy” when the cowboys reach town.
The format of this final program is different from that of the preceding three. On the sound track is a pre-recorded conversation with Steichen, and on the screen is a series of Steichen’s own photographs, and those of other photographers, from the “Family of Man” collection. Steichen’s remarks form a commentary explaining and describing some general principles of photography, and the details of completing this particular exhibit.The basic element, says Steichen, is love: love of life and of mankind.
In this program Mrs. Roosevelt and her guests discuss Mrs. Roosevelt’s early life. Mrs. Roosevelt’s education was very sketchy up until the time she went abroad to study at the age of 15. She was a very lonely child and she tells of the influence her grandmother had upon her life. She talks in this program of Theodore Roosevelt, her uncle, as an influence in her early life. She tells of her learning to speak in public and the disciplines of her early life.
Presents the story of the English settlements along the Atlantic seaboard--first in Virginia, then in New England, Maryland, and the Carolinas. Explains how England later consolidated her holdings by taking the middle area from the Dutch. (KETC) Kinescope.
Focuses on Carl Schurz, a young student who joined an unsuccessful revolt against the tyranny of the King of Prussia, escaped from Prussian soldiers, and emigrated to American. Explains that Schurz became a general in the Union Army during the Civil War, a successful journalist, and an advisor to President Theodore Roosevelt.
Dr. Strughold and Dr. Rider take an imaginary ride in a space satellite, circling in an orbit 784 miles above the earth. They discuss problems which have only been touched on before in the series: the unearthly silence in space where no sound is propagated; the incredible contrast between brilliant light and impenetrable shadow; the physiological and psychological disturbances that may arise when the normal terrestrial day-night cycle is replaced by one with --in this case --a “day” of 76 minutes followed by a “night” of 35 minutes.
Discusses architecture as a clue to cultural change. Shows how, in the early 1900s, architects sought inspiration in traditional European styles, and a melange of modified Greek Revival, Italian Renaissance, Norman manor, and Tudor half-timber homes sprang up. Indicates that although earlier innovators Henry H. Richardson and Louis Sullivan had proposed a fresh approach to domestic architecture, it was not until the impact of Frank Lloyd Wright that public opinion shifted. Paralleling this movement toward "organic" architecture, the Bauhaus school of "functional," "abstract," and "international" styles began to flourish. Points out that in modern architecture we can detect the combined influences of these original thinkers in the emphasis on functional simplicity and the ingenious use of natural materials.
Traces the history of imperialism from the 15th Century to the present, Explains the reasons which lead to empire building by nation states. Discusses the geographical, economic, and political changes brought about by colonialism.
If Peterson helped to remove bird identification from a purely academic procedure, John James Audubon, helped to remove nature form the drawing room appreciation of the Victorian era, and gave living things a beauty and expression on canvas which capitalized on the bird in its natural environment and in living poses. This program will dramatize the life of John James Audubon with dramatic vignettes. His life was exciting; as an explorer who lived with Indians and knew his birds and animals in the wild; as a journalist who recorded carefully what he saw; as a naturalist who was interested in life histories and naming the things he painted; and as a crusader, who in the last years of his life saw that the wilderness of America was being destroyed and pleaded for conservation. The guest on this program will be Joy Buba, sculptures and artist, who did a head of John James Audubon and who spent considerable time in studying his life. Through her comments and the use of some of the folio prints you will see Audubon’s work and hear her evaluate it.
Discusses expressionism as an attempt of the artist to express himself, his emotions, in the way he chooses. Stresses the importance of line by which an artist may be identified when one looks at a painting. Points out the characteristic line of the artists Miench, Matisse, Duby, and Shahn and of the cartoonists Thurber and Steinberg. (WQED) Kinescope.
Portrays, by animation and photography of real and contrived situations, the forces that have created the present condition of the earth's surface. Presents the theory of the creation of the earth from cosmic dust, and pictures the turbulent processes that preceded the cooling of the surface. Illustrates the two opposing geologic forces--those that wear down and those that build up the earth's surface--and shows some of the results of these forces in the Painted Desert, the Petrified Forest, Grand Canyon, and Bryce Canyon.
Bash traces the development of drama and entertainment from the medieval days of acrobats at fairs, to the present. She demonstrates use of early puppets and marionettes, speaks of the troubadours and minstrels, and describes the pantomimes of the Harlequin and Columbines. The Lillian Patterson dancers assist in presenting the pictures through dance and acrobatics, and Bash ends the program by taking a very modern merry-go-round ride. Songs are “The Little Marionette” and “Jumping Jack.”
Describes through the narration of Wang Shen, a teen-age boy of the village of Pingtung, Taiwan, his home life, educational system, improved farming techniques, village commerce and industries and life in the larger city of Taipei. Explains, using an animated map the geographical, topographical and climatic charcteristics of the island. Shows the export crops of sugar and rice being grown and harvested; and also the modern air and rail transportation which has aided in the growth of industries. Taiwan is depicted as a model of development for an eventual "Free China."
Fences tell a story about the way of life of the people who built them, the use to which the land was put and something of the personality of the builder. Bash Kennett tells of early fences and takes a tour through the countryside, showing how one can imagine the story of each farm or house from the fence which surrounds it. She tells the story of the early fence-viewer, whose chain measure was the basis of the measurement of today’s mile and city block. Songs include “The Bird Song” and “The Sow Who Got the Measles.”
Shows various religious festivals in Mexico. Included is the festival at Amecameca where dancers climb the trail to Sacramente, re-enacting part of a passion play. Also pictures Lenten pilgrims visiting the one-time sacred grotto of Oztocteotl.
Describes the industries, the cities, and the people of Finland. Pictues various phases of the lumbering industry, shows farmlands, and explains the poor productivity of Finnish farms. Describes the major modes of transportation and shows many scenes from the countryside.