Defines language as a series of self-contained systems. Shows how words have different meanings within linguistic systems. Provides illustrations of linguistic subsystems. Points out the hazard of "premature presumption of understanding.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray male adolescent rituals as a means of passing boys to manhood. Emphasizes the differences in methods of promotion and resulting personality types. Compares Americans, the pokot of Kenya, and the Nupe of Northern Nigeria. (KUHT) Film.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray female adolescent rituals as a means of passing girls to womanhood. Points out how the passage from childhood to womanhood is made and the type of womanhood that emerges. Compares the rituals of Americans, Apache Indians, and the Andaman Islanders. (KUHT) Film.
Explains where the true meaning of words is found. Points out that meaning is in the nervous system of the speaker and listener, not in the words themselves. Discusses four basic conditions of meaningfulness. Features Dr. S. I. Hayakawa of San Francisco State College.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman sketches the relationship of prison administration to the inmate community and the ways in which the inmates’ group influences the administration. An inmate's views about who really controls the operation of a prison are expressed during an on-location interview. Burke and Lohman explore the prisoner’s role, both legitimate and otherwise, in prison management, and discuss the redirection of this community activity into legitimate channels which a professional staff can provide. Lohman notes the need for constructive outlets for individual and group expression, without which inmate energies are directed into hostile and anti-social channels.
Dr. Albright and his guests discuss the emergence of Christianity out of Jewish History and the influence of the Hellenic (or Western World) to Christianity. They are also concerned with the cultural influences on the gradual development of logical stages in human thinking. Dr. Albright outlines these various stages in their relationships to religion.
Dr. Albright and his guests discuss the essential features of archaeology, and the means of translating the values of these different features to determine the patterns of human history. They speak of mounds, layers, pottery, scripts, etc. They analyze the scope of archaeological study in today’s world.
Why is the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls the greatest manuscript discovery in modern time? What are scholars learning from the scrolls that applies to already accepted ideas that appear in the New Testament? Dr. Albright and his guests answer these two important questions. They give example of the effect of the scrolls as well as of their meaning to the Old and New Testaments.
There is in the heart of every man the desire to express himself through the creation of something beautiful, says Shari Lewis. Whatever the motivation for making the object, the result is, in many cases, beauty. Woodcarving from many parts of the world is examined and provides an opportunity to explore its beauty.
Teenagers from Greece, Malaya, Egypt, and Thailand tell why they prefer not to be Americans. Discusses relations between children and parents. Presents first impressions and reactions to life in the United States. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Describes and compares the extent and variety of American business with other countries. Appraises the importance of imports to the American economy and of our exports to the economies of other countries. Explains the trade story through the use of blocks.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand discusses the limits of predictability. Illustrates the nature of what is knowable and unknowable with the use of a swinging compound pendulum and an explanation of various properties of electrons. Points out how strict causality has been replaced with the concept of probability. (KQED) Film.
Discusses the transition in art from realism to the abstract. Explains the reasons underlying abstract and non-objective painting. Demonstrates important points with illustrations drawn in chalk and paint. Uses prints of abstract painting to clarify and develop a greater understanding of the artist's interpretation. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses the purpose, successes, and failures of NATO, the prospects for extending its economic functions, and ways of making it more effective. Gives the history of NATO's formation and explains the financial contribution of each member country. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the formation of the Afro-Asian bloc, the declaration issued by it, and the possible influences this organization may have in world politics. Considers official United States reaction to the bloc and the bloc's possible influence on the formation of United States foreign policy. (WTTW) Kinescope.