In this program Mrs. Roosevelt tells of her first meeting with FDR, his personality as a young man, their wedding, FDR’s political beginnings, his mother and Louis Howe. She then tells of his illness and his recovery. She talks of his outstanding personality and his friends, his enemies, and his confidence in the people who worked with him.
Mrs. Anna Eleanor Roosevelt discusses her life after the death of her husband. She tells of her transition to the official duties at the United Nations, answers questions about Senator Mccarthy, the racial situation, current trends to re-evaluate American education and her relationship with the Russians. (WQED) Film.
In this program, Mrs. Roosevelt talks of her husband and his philosophy, religion, friendships and courage. She tells of D-Day in the White House, Pearl Harbor Day, and FDR’s moments of relaxation. She talks about Communism, war, leadership in the world today, and about the future.
Discusses the production of electric power in the United States. States that a heritage of our land is our system of rivers and lakes, particular when this water power is harnessed to provide electricity. Discusses the use of dams, thermal power plants, and generators in the production of electricity. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate how chemicals liberate energy in the form of electricity. Explains the part Italians Galvani and Volta played in discovering the principle of electricity from chemicals. Demonstrates the reaction between zinc and lead in generating heat and electricity. Shows the types of electrical cells uses today. (KQED) Film.
Max Lerner and five Brandeis students discuss: Who really owns America? What are the chances of moving from one society to another? Do the elites really run America? Is the dictatorship of the elite a conspiracy? Are there conflicts among the elites? Has American business gone soft because their leaders do not understand the urgency of the situation today? Is there a military elite? Does the intellectual elite have control in America? Have the intellectuals failed to make clear to the public that they are in danger of their own destruction? Is democracy lost in the social anarchy that there is today?
Discusses problems arising when children become curious about sex and birth. Explains how parents can prepare themselves for this time, why questions must be answered, and how to proceed for mutual benefit of child and parent. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Explains why energy is necessary, where it is obtained and why more energy is needed. Defines and gives examples of kinetic and potential energy. Uses charts and diagrams to show how energy is used and how much is available. Points out the importance of nuclear energy for the future. (WQED) Film.
Presents the story of the English settlements along the Atlantic seaboard--first in Virginia, then in New England, Maryland, and the Carolinas. Explains how England later consolidated her holdings by taking the middle area from the Dutch. (KETC) Kinescope.
Continues the discussion of episodic form from the preceding program, "Episodic Form: Part 1". Illustrates the use of episodic form in the funeral march and other independent pieces unrelated to minuets marches, and such clear-cut types. Presents examples from Chopin and Debussy to point out (1) the greater continuity achieved by connecting up the three main segments of episodic form (by links, cadence-avoidance, etc.) ; and (2) the new effects possibly by rewriting the third segment and sometimes modifying it.
Discusses episodic form and its use. of the principle of contrast. Illustrates the structural scheme of episodic form in which an opening binary or ternary segment is followed by a contrasting binary or ternary section, after which the first segment is repeated. Explains how the middle part exhibits the qualities of a foil or episode, having a new theme, a new character or "mood", and generally a new key or tonality.
Here, Dr. Jones defines the episodic principle as the simple rondo-form combining the two principles of repetition and contrast and illustrates the principle with a selection from Haydn. Concluding the series, he presents a selection from Beethoven’s “Quintet for Winds and Piano,” in which the repetitions between the contrasting episodes are varied.
In what sense can Americans be equal? Not in looks, or in talents, but in opportunity, decide Dr. Wriston, Mr. Canham, and Martin S. Ochs, editor of the Chattanooga Times. Equality of opportunity, they state, is essential in a democracy. Turning in more detail to the system of democracy in this country, the three panelists discuss possible reforms within the operations of the Congress, the executive branch of the federal government, and the state governments. Among their suggestions are the consolidation of urban areas and school districts, the reform of self-limiting tax laws, the reform of election districts, and a re-examination of existing corporate law.
Dohnanyi and his guests discuss the compositions which the Maestro wrote in Budapest. The numbers he plays on this program are “Variations on Hungarian Folk Songs,” “Ruralia Hungarica,” and “Pastorale.”
Dr. Harbaugh describes the work of water, the most important agent at work in forming the finer features of the face of the Earth. He describes the hydrologic cycle: the round trip that water takes in evaporating from the ocean, precipitating on the land, and flowing back to the ocean. His guest is Ray K. Lindsey, associate professor of hydraulic engineering at Stanford University. Formerly a member of the faculty of the U.S. Department Graduate School and the University of California, he was a participant in the UNESCO Symposium on Hydrology in Ankara, Turkey (1952) and UN consultant to the Yugoslavian Hydro-matero-logical service. They discuss the mechanics of water: the way it can suspend materials and carry them along.
Miss Pearson shows how paint is a medium: water color, poster paint, and oil. She illustrates how it works, how it mixes, textures and application. Examples of works of art in these paint media are shown.
Explores the significance of ethnic dance in the field of formal dance. Presents a variety of West Indian dances. Explains their derivations and movements. Includes Bele, a West Indian adaptation of the minuet; Yanvallou, a voodoo dance; and Banda, a Haitian dance about death. Features Geoffrey Holder and Carmen de Lavallade.
Mr. Ormandy discusses, with his guests, the relationship of the musician to the audience, the influence of the conductor in determining the orchestral personality, and problems of choral conducting. He concludes with an explanation of the relationship of the soloist and the conductor.
Mr. Ormandy discusses, with his guests, the duties and responsibilities of the music director. Explains the problems of programming, personnel changes in the orchestra, keeping standards, placement of instruments, and the importance of the conductor. he also expresses his views concerning the relationships between the conductor and orchestra, and the duties of the music critic in America today.
Mr. Ormandy discusses working out musical interpretation and technical aspects, the evolution of conducting and its relationship to the development of the modern symphony orchestra, domination of the orchestra by the conductor, modern music, twelve-tone music, and the role of the music critic.
Mr. Ormandy discusses a serious musician’s views of rock and roll music, how to interest young people in good music, opera in English, how high orchestral performance standards are maintained, and whether electronic instruments are the basis of a new music.
The panel takes up the importance of the national convention in drafting a party platform and important intra-party conflicts which have developed over the drafting of such platforms at recent conventions. Along these same lines, the panel considers the procedure used to draft the platform and the question of whether the platform is drafted to represent the policy position of the candidate or for the candidate to stand on.
A panel here considers the advantages and disadvantages of the convention systems as it now operates. Speakers also discuss suggestions for improving the convention as a nominating device, alternatives methods for nominating a president and vice president, and the problems and advantages of these alternatives.
Evaporation is shown to be a cooling process. The degree of evaporation of water illustrates humidity. Evaporation of water and other liquids is shown. Alcohol and acetone evaporate more readily than water. Solids can evaporate. This is called sublimation. Illustrations are dry-ice and iodine.
Dr. Clinchy discusses the problems involved in educating individuals for tolerance, including such questions as: Where do you meet strangers? What good may come out of a meeting of strangers, if such a meeting may provide conflict? Is conflict itself a good thing? Should individuality or homogeneity be encouraged in a society? What place does education have in preparing people for toleration? Can you condition people’s emotions? Dr. Clinchy makes the point that one essential for toleration is the assumption of responsibility. Toleration is not, and should not be, synonymous with indifference, and individuals must work actively to eradicate old prejudices and mistrusts, he concludes.
Discusses architecture as a clue to cultural change. Shows how, in the early 1900s, architects sought inspiration in traditional European styles, and a melange of modified Greek Revival, Italian Renaissance, Norman manor, and Tudor half-timber homes sprang up. Indicates that although earlier innovators Henry H. Richardson and Louis Sullivan had proposed a fresh approach to domestic architecture, it was not until the impact of Frank Lloyd Wright that public opinion shifted. Paralleling this movement toward "organic" architecture, the Bauhaus school of "functional," "abstract," and "international" styles began to flourish. Points out that in modern architecture we can detect the combined influences of these original thinkers in the emphasis on functional simplicity and the ingenious use of natural materials.
Traces the history of imperialism from the 15th Century to the present, Explains the reasons which lead to empire building by nation states. Discusses the geographical, economic, and political changes brought about by colonialism.
Discusses the nature of perception and knowing. Illustrates how experiences involve a transaction between perceiver and the thing of event perceived. Demonstrates the "trapezoid window" illusion created by Adelbert Ames, Jr. Relates perception and knowing to communication. (KQED) Film.
Discusses human action and its causes. Compares voluntary and involuntary response. Uses a slow motion film clip to demonstrate the startle response. Concludes with a demonstration to show that voluntary effort has its causes. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses methods used by composers to create variety in their musical sentence structure, or extend originally "regular'' phrases to longer proportions. Illustrates the following methods of extension: (1) cadence extension; (2) repetition, exact or sequential, in the body of the phrase; and (3) augmentation, or lengthening of note-values.
Portrays some of the learning of both students and instructors at the Harvard Medical School. Presents discussions of an instructor's first lecture, the meaning of academic freedom, and the reasons why a teacher must also be a researcher. Demonstrates a bedside teaching situation, a clinical conference dealing with pathology, and a brain-cutting operation conference.
Bash traces the development of drama and entertainment from the medieval days of acrobats at fairs, to the present. She demonstrates use of early puppets and marionettes, speaks of the troubadours and minstrels, and describes the pantomimes of the Harlequin and Columbines. The Lillian Patterson dancers assist in presenting the pictures through dance and acrobatics, and Bash ends the program by taking a very modern merry-go-round ride. Songs are “The Little Marionette” and “Jumping Jack.”
Presents a debate on the problem of radioactive fallout from nuclear tests and the advisability of nuclear disarmament. Debates such pertinent questions as : "Does radioactive fallout from nuclear tests present a formidable danger to present and future generations?", "Will nuclear disarmament affect national security?", "Is continued testing necessary to insure future development of nuclear power for peaceful uses?" Features Dr. Edward Teller, Professor of Chemistry, California Institute of Technology, and Dr. Linus Pauling, Professor of Chemistry, California Institute of Technology. (KQED) Kinescope.
Discusses jealousy and fighting for attention among brothers and sisters. Tells what parents can do to overcome sibling rivalry. Answers questions concerning acceptance of only one brother and sister and not the others, treatment of siblings with respect to gifts, punishment, privileges, and loyalty of brothers and sisters for one another. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses rational and irrational fears with illustrations from real-life situations. Distinguishes between these two types of fears, and suggests ways of controlling them through a system of unlearning the original fear by gradually making it pleasant. (KOMO-TV) Kinescope.
Fences tell a story about the way of life of the people who built them, the use to which the land was put and something of the personality of the builder. Bash Kennett tells of early fences and takes a tour through the countryside, showing how one can imagine the story of each farm or house from the fence which surrounds it. She tells the story of the early fence-viewer, whose chain measure was the basis of the measurement of today’s mile and city block. Songs include “The Bird Song” and “The Sow Who Got the Measles.”
Provides a historic background for the collegiate-level debate and emphasizes the need for debate and reasoning skills for military officers as well as civilians. Exalts free speech and right to debate are inherent to democracy. Gives an overview and describes the process of the tournament. 1961's debate topic is "that the United States should adopt a program of compulsory health insurance for all citizens." Shows the awards ceremony before the final round of the tournament. Follows the final round of King's College (negative position), who are defeated by Harvard (affirmative position). Features Elvis J. Stahr acting as Secretary of the Army in the year before becoming IU's 12th president.
Sharing and taking turns with others can be the best way to play and Brushy and Susie-Q show us what happens when you don’t play this way. They never had any fun because they fought over things they wanted to play with. But, mother taught them by sharing they could each have more fun.
Dramatizes a situation in which four persons, faced with possible death, reexamine their personal philosophies. An intellectual whose god is pure reason begins to realize his basic loneliness. An American businessman who must rely on cold organization reveals himself as warmly human. His wife turns from agreement with the intellectual's original view to agreement with her husband's new attitude. A German guide, a former Nazi who has lost the collective, totalitarian world he understands, leaves apparently to seek death in the mountains.
Discusses the various instruments and methods used in gaining knowledge of stellar composition and in studying objects in space. Reviews the development of the telescope. Uses diagrams, photographs, and models to explain the importance of photography, the spectroscope, and radio-astronomy in unlocking the secrets of the universe. Features James S. Pickering of the American Museum, Hayden Planetarium.