Discusses finishing techniques in ceramic sculpture. Explains how the finish must make the sculptured work permanent and at the same time enhance its feeling and form. Shows the method of firing ceramic pieces in the kiln. Demonstrates different methods of finishing the pieces including staining, waxing, and the application of different types of glazes. Concludes with a discussion of ancient and modern polychrome sculpture. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Discusses and explains the zones of a candle flame. Shows the differences between a candle and a burner flame. Uses experiments to illustrate and define air density and convection currents. (KQED) Film.
Host Bash Kennett describes the danger of fire aboard the clipper ships. Visits the San Francisco Bay's "Phoenix" fire boat, which is shown docked next to the Hills Brothers Coffee Company, and presents a demonstration of how the boat pumps water. Explains fire control in modern ships and discusses the important role of firemen who work in this role. Includes a performance of the traditional "I Grieve My Lord".
Discusses the problems which confront the child, the parents, and the teacher when the six-year-old starts out to school. Explains what school can mean to the child and his parents, how former habits are dropped and new ones developed, how friendships are made, and the overall affect of school on the child's development. Tells what parents can and should do when problems concerning the school arise. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Fignewton Frog (puppet) and Dora (person) hold a contest where children (puppets) have to guess the parts actors (also puppets) are playing based on their costumes. The children also have to guess what type of theater is being referenced in a number of tableaux.
Bash tells of fishing in New England, where the fishermen fished close to the shore at first and then went all the way to the Grand Banks in their small craft. Examples of the ways in which various fish are caught includes the lobster trap, the use of lines or purse seine nets and the use of dredge nets. Songs include “Sarah,” “Hulla Baloo Belay” and “Crawdad.”
Bash talks about the brave men who have sailed small boats into the open ocean in search of fish from earliest times. They risk their lives and gamble their fortunes in these ventures. Bash takes a film trip to Fisherman’s Wharf to watch the mending of nets, the bustle of preparation and to see the fishing boats return to unload their catch of fish and crabs. Songs include “Blow the Man Down” and “Goodbye My Lover, Goodbye.”
Defines movies as glorified shadow shows and traces the motion picture revolution from a simple shadow on a wall to modern movies. Presents a history of the development of the movie camera, film, and other photographic inventions. Includes Al Jolson, Lon Chaney, Laurel and Hardy, and sequences from The Great Train Robbery and a Conquest of Space.
Man seems to have surpassed nature as he can fly faster and higher than the natural flying creatures. But further study of the flying habits of birds and insects is still necessary. Dr. Lippisch presents a discussion on the wing motion of birds and insects and how the texture and shape of the wings differ with the various birds and insects. Not only airborne animals apply the laws of fluid motion; the program also presents the propulsive systems of fish and shows the action of the fishtail-propeller in the Smoke Tunnel.
Discusses high-altitude flying with particular attention to rocket craft. Relates this discussion to flight in space. Features Mr. William B. Bridgeman, test pilot, who presents an account of his own experiences with the pioneer Douglas "Skyrocket." (KUHT) Film.
Host Bash Kennett tells the story behind many of the sayings we use today. Explains the events and circumstances leading to use of such phrases as: to pull up stakes; in the knick of time; lock, stock and barrel; and to fly off the handle. Includes performances of the traditionals "When Cockleshells Turn Silver Bells", "Lord Lord Lord", "Big Rock Candy Mountain".
A detailed look at a centralized, integrated, food service which provides 50,000 meals each day on a large university campus. Includes information about scientific control of the storage environment, computer regulation of inventory, dietary planning, and food quality control.
Bash describes the value and beauty of the timber of our country, and how it helps hold the soil, gives cover for the animals, and is a valuable crop. Then she goes on a film expedition to an actual forest fire, showing the fire racing up the hillsides, destroying a forest, being fought by bucket, shovel, and even by planes bombing with chemicals before the fire is put out. Songs include “Mr. Rabbitt” and “Frog Went a Courtin’.”
Illustrates and discusses the chief causes of forgetting. Compares the theories of disuse and interference. Explains the part of retroactive inhibition and motivation in forgetting. Uses charts, diagrams, and examples to illustrate major points. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Mr. Albert Ravenholt, correspondent of the American Universities Field Staff and staff correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, and Dr. George A. Peek, Jr., assistant professor of political science at the University of Michigan and coordinator for the series, focus their first discussion of the "tension areas" in the Far East on Formosa. Mr. Ravenholt, considered one of the nation's best-informed men on the Far East, comments on the important strategic position of Formosa, the complicated internal "police state" condition of the Island, and how the situation affects the United States. He explains that the Chinese communists are building up their forces along the China coastline. They may be planning to attach Formosa directly, to capture the Chinese Nationalist held islands closer to the mainland, or to force a diplomatic settlement concerning the possession of Formosa. The latter would then involve the issues of recognition of Red China and admission of that country into the United Nations. The United States is sending to Formosa economic and military aid totaling three to four million dollars per year, Mr. Ravenholt points out. This aid not only consists of building up the defenses of the Island, but also improving the diet of the Nationalists soldiers, improving their uniforms, constructing air fields and bridges, and making agricultural improvements. Finally, Mr. Ravenholt stresses the need for the U.S. to begin thinking of what kind of support we are willing to extend to the Chinese Nationalists in the event of war, and the need for thinking about the kind of non-communist Chinese leadership which we would like to have evolve in the future.
The members of the third panel in discussing "The World We Want," talk about how Americans take criticism and then branch out to comment on the policies of the West in Asia and in Western Europe. The question of American economic aid in Southeastern Asia is examined and there is a lively give-and-take on the true purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization --is it a purely defensive alliance or is it planned just to fight Communism
Discusses the future in terms of the areas that now interest scientists at the Argonne National Laboratories. Indicates problems that are still to be solved concerning the effects of radiation, the peaceful use of radiation, and the dangers of radiation.
John Beard, Executive Director, Fountain House, Robert Kaiser, Gary C. Bergland, Larry Novak
Shows how Fountain House, located in the "Hell's Kitchen" section of New York City, reintegrates patients returning from mental institutions as functioning citizens. Explains that the house is non-residential and most of the people who come there do not have jobs. Records how Fountain House helps its people find housing, provides vocational training, arranges jobs with nearby businesses, and offers community services in the house itself. Includes conferences between patients and staff at the house and at places of work.
A comparison of family life in France, Japan, India, and Canada. How each family treats and cares for a year-old baby. Mother-child relationships, feeding and bathing the child. Anthropologist Margaret Mead discusses how the upbringing of a child contributes to distinctive national characteristics.
The changes of season are described in terms of what the animals of the forest do during these times. Bash tells how each of the animals live during the four seasons. She sings “Saturday Night,” “Mr. Rabbit” and the “The Fox.”
Compares the daily activities of four elementary teachers from Japan, Poland, Puerto Rico, and Canada. Presents facts about each teacher's personality, classroom techniques, facilities available for use in the classroom, student-teacher relationships, salaries, home life, status in the community, and the importance of education in each of the countries. Between sequences, discussion of pertinent problems in education is carried on by a Montreal teacher, Glenna Reid; a Toronto professor, John R. Seeley; and the film's producer-commentator, Gordon Burwash.
Designed to serve as a stimulus for discussion, this film shows the various steps in determining whether a student will be placed in a special education class. Demonstrates the following procedural steps used by school officials to determine whether Fred will be transferred to a special education class: appointing the case conference committee, sharing information, initiation of individual educational plan, placement review, and revised program. Records Fred's parents being told that his cognitive, verbal, and perceptual progress is below normal for his grade level and shows their disapproval for transferring Fred to a special education class. Indicates that they will request a hearing to determine Fred's status.
Dr. John W. Dodds explores the concept of freedom as treated in literature. Includes readings from the works of Milton, Benet, Becker, Wordsworth, Perry, Browning, Whitman, Lowell, and Tennyson. (KQED) Kinescope.
Rabi and Viereck join Louis Lyons to discuss the freedom of the individual with their emphasis on the scientist and the artist. They agree there is no great cause for concern over the freedom today of the scientist or artist in terms of the freedoms and that they gain these freedoms through laws which bind them in their own professions. Included in the program is a spirited debate on scientific achievement and the necessity to combat mass determination of taste, particularly in the mass communications. Guests are Isidor I. Rabi, Higgins Professor of Physics, Columbia University; Nobel Prize winner in physics, 1944 and Peter Viereck, poet, professor of history, Mount Holyoke College; Pulitzer poet, 1949.
Uses laboratory experiments with water to illustrate that all matter exists in three states: solid,liquid, and gas. Discusses distillation and condensation. Shows the power of frozen water when it expands. Explains and demonstrates a dilatometer. (KQED) Film.
Describes Paris in the early 19th century and the operas written there by various composers and the beginning of individual French Operatic styles. Describes FAUST and CARMEN as the better known beginning works of French opera, presenting portions of each with piano and voice. (Univ. Calif. Ext.) Film.
Describes Paris in the early 19th century and the operas written there by various composers and the beginning of individual French Operatic styles. Describes FAUST and CARMEN as the better known beginning works of French opera, presenting portions of each with piano and voice. (Univ. Calif. Ext.) Film.
Discusses the benefits one receives from friends, and through interviews presents the values and bases of friendship. Presents reasons why some people are friendless and ways to help them acquire friends. Points out that one can have friends by engaging in activities with others. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Why do the report cards of many children show such a wide range of achievement? Dr. Maria Pier’s points out that it is normal for a child’s report card to vary in quality. She discusses whether or not the bright child should be allowed to skip grades (years) and what marks really measure.
Discusses how sentences are put together to form the "explaining paragraph." This paragraph structure begins with a generalization from which specific ideas are developed and is followed by a summarizing generalization. Shows that the same developmental patterns are used in mathematics, music, and poetry.
Discusses how generalities in a paragraph should be supported by evidence. List vague, technical specific, and descriptive detail as the three kinds of detail that a writer uses as evidence. Illustrates that technical writers, poets, scientists, and novelist use the same paragraph patterns in their writing. (WQED) Kinescope.
Tells the story of Oberlin College in Ohio which first offered opportunities for higher education on a co-educational bases. Describes the significance of this institution to education for women and African Americans.
Reviews the penetration of later Latin Americans into the hinterlands of the several colonies. Points out that these frontier movements expanded the territory held and often set the boundaries of the future nations. (KETC) Kinescope.
Explores astronomy's present conception of the universe. Reviews the physical make-up of the Milky Way Galaxy and its rotation and motion through space, explains how galaxies are classified, and discusses two conceptions of the evolution of galaxies. Concludes with speculation concerning the possibilities of other planet systems supporting life similar to our own. Features James S. Pickering of the American Museum, Hayden Planetarium.
Bash tells why more games are played in the United States than any other country in the world. She says this is because immigrants brought the games of their native lands with them when they migrated here. She shows how games make for friendship among children of different countries. Hopscotch, jacks, checkers and football are included and the fun of making up your own games or rhymes and songs for old games is brought out. The Lillian Patterson dance group dances to several games. Songs include “Round and Round the Mulberry Bush,” “The Riddle Song,” and “Bluebells.”
Explains the role of fuel gas as a source of energy. Begins with the history of gas lighting. The cleanliness, efficiency and versatility of gas is investigated. Describes the production of various types of manufactured gas, using natural photography and animated drawings. Details the production of coke oven gas and carborated water gas, including the collection of raw materials, heating, cooling and purification. Examines how the by-products of the production of gas are used. Shows how natural gas is obtained from wells and distributed through pipelines to population centers. Discusses the importance of research and education in gas conservation. Discusses future technological developments being made in gas manufacture through testing fuel burning equipment and studying new chemicals.
Bash describes the difference in the way people shopped in the early days, telling how traveling “Yankee Peddlers” brought things in their wagons from farm to farm, then how the old fashioned general store sprang up. Authentic objects from the past are displayed, form high button shoes, to early spectacles. All the flavor of the general store, with its cracker barrels, Franklin stove, and crowded counters comes alive on the set, and gives a picture of the life of the early communities. Songs include “Paper of Pins,” “The Keeper,” and “Jennie Jenkins.”
Discusses ways of getting along with people and through interviews shows why some people can more easily get along wit h others. Emphasizes interest in others, acceptance, and understanding, as well as cheerfulness, helpfulness, and neatness and basic factors in getting along with people. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Presents an analysis of the structure of viruses and how they are studied. Shows and explains how an electron microscope works. Uses film clips of experiments to demonstrate the cultivation, isolation, and purification of viruses. Concludes with a discussion of the differences between viruses.
Condensed version of "Gift of Choice" episode of Population Problem. Reports on experiments being carried out to determine the factors controlling pregnancies both to aid those who want children and to control fertility for those who want to limit family size.
Dr. Howard returns as Dr. Harbaugh's guest. With a model of a valley and synthetic ice, they simulate two types of glaciers in order to show the geologic work done by flowing ice. They point out areas on the Earth's surface where glaciers are at work today and show evidence of glacial work in the geologic past that has profoundly altered the whole geography of the North American continent as well as many other areas in the world.
Drs. Gould and Zumberge discuss the extent,volume, structure and general dynamics of the Antarctic ice cap. Dr. Zumberge explains the techniques of the glaciologist and illustrates with film taken at Camp Michigan the kinds of glaciological studies he and his colleagues were pursuing over there. They conclude the program with a discussion of what is now known about Antarctic glaciology and what remains to be studied.
Points out the purposes and procedures of the series of motion pictures, YESTERDAY'S WORLDS. Reviews objects shown and summarizes ideas discussed in the preceding 25 half-hour programs. Emphasizes the values of research into man's past. (NYU) Kinescope.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman states that parole is to many people only “a legal escape route” from the prison to the free community and he indicates that a parole system should be much more than this. The release of one inmate and an interview with a former prisoner illustrate the problems experienced on release. Meeker and Lohman explore current statistics and compare the number of prisoners who “go straight” with those who return to a life of crime. They indicate aspects of a parole system that will aid in the former prisoner’s adjustment to conventional society.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., examines the structure, patterning, and classification of words. He explains how the linguist defines a word in terms of base, vowels, and stress patterns, and presents examples using nouns, verbs, and pronouns.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., continues the discussion of grammar and how words are classified. Explains how adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions are identified by structure rather than meaning. Examines the structure of phrases and sentences.
Should babysitters be young or old –teenagers or grandparents? Can grandparents be good babysitters? What do children need from a babysitter? Why do grandparents “spoil” their grandchildren? Mrs. Maria Piers discusses the modern family and some difficulties when “outsiders” come to help.
Hand puppets tell the story of a colony of ants hard at work to store food for winter. Marry Ann Ant and Wilburforce are two young ants who hate to work and when the Grasshopper comes by with his funny musical instruments they want to stop and play. But the Queen Ant asks them to return to work and the Grasshopper goes off to play. Winter comes, and everyone is happy that they worked so hard to store food. The Ants find Mr. Grasshopper half-frozen in the snow and bring him in to get warm. The Queen orders him to work for his food by playing his musical instruments so that they can dance.
This program presents rare film clips of outstanding dancers: Anna Pavlova, Irene and Vernon Castle, and Argentinita, as well as performances by Alexandra Danilova and Frederick Franklin, to illustrate the importance of the dancer as the creator of a dance. Two sets of distinguished dancers perform the same roles from the balled “Le Beau Danube” to show how individual interpretation can vary the effect of the same choreography. Dance critic Walter Terry joins Miss Myers to discuss the importance of an interplay between choreographer and performer.
Discusses Great River by Paul Horgan. Sets forth the scope of the book, analyzes its form, and appraises the strengths and limitations of its author as historian and writer. Stresses the importance of the work with regard to the historical technique used.
Compares the reactions of Americans, the Manus of the Admiralty Islands, and the Kiriwina if the Trobriand Islands when exposed to the crisis of human birth. Uses dance routines and originally scored music to portray cultural differences in the selection of the birth place, the reactions of husband and wife, and the way a child is delivered. (KUHT) Film.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray differences in personal contact between males and females as sanctioned by three societies. Emphasizes differences in opportunity for courtship, the patterns of association that emerge, and how these experiences relate to marriage. Compares Americans, the Bantu of Africa, and the Muria of Central India. (KUHT) Film.
Mr. Lerner and five Brandeis students discuss the following: what is it like to grow up in America; what kind of personality are we shaping; what is happening to the family; what is happening to the parent-child relationship; have the parents forgotten what it is like to be children; are children now being trained for competition rather than for happiness; do parents see children as a second chance; to what degree should there be permissiveness and restrictiveness; and is consistency the answer?
In this first program, HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” discusses with Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and Mr. TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, his early life, his parents, how he met his wife, his early news experience, his days on the staff of the “Brooklyn Eagle,” his education at Harvard University, and his introduction into the field of world commentary.
In this program, HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” and Mrs. Dorothy Daniel, Pittsburgh journalist and broadcaster; Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, discuss the early days of radio and how it differs from radio today, and the acceptance and the responsibility of editorializing on radio. Mr. Kaltenborn suggests how a young commentator can prepare himself for a career as a news analyst. With his guests, Mr. Kaltenborn discusses television and the role of educational radio and TV news and the obligations of these media. Mr. Kaltenborn tells of many incidents in his life as a commentator and his interviews with distinguished people. He concludes with an optimistic look at the future of radio and TV in the area of ideas.
Mr. HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” begins this program with a discussion of the United States’ role as an important force in world affairs as it came to be recognized at the time of Theodore Roosevelt. With Mrs. Dorothy Daniel, Pittsburgh journalist and broadcaster, Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and Mr. TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, he discusses the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, Germany before World War I, dictators, Hitler, Mussolini, and dictatorship in the Western Hemisphere. He goes on to discuss colonialism and the USSR. In general, this program concerns itself with twentieth century history as seen through the eyes of a commentator.
In the first part of this program, Mr. Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” tells of the presidents he has known (Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, Coolidge, Hoover, Truman, FDR, and Eisenhower). He gives a re-imitation of Truman’s imitation of him after the 1948 election. He tells of these presidents in terms of their character traits, their courage, and their abilities to handle world problems. The last part of the program is devoted to a discussion with Mr. Kaltenborn as a trusted commentator and the responsibilities of radio and television. He talks about what he calls “enduring news” and the importance of background information. He tells of the changes in himself, in radio, and the news in the last 50 years, and generally sums up his philosophies and opinions, claiming he has become more tolerant in recent years.
Students from Switzerland, Thailand, Pakistan, and India discuss the habits and customs of their countries. The individual flavor of each of their cultures is shown in their often strongly divergent points of view. While the discussion begins with a brief description by each of the students of his religion, in a rather relaxed manner, the topics which are aired later in the program produce a lively give-and-take discussion. The student from Pakistan describes Islam as a faith which stresses the belief in one God and the equality of all men, while the student from India speaks of Hinduism as emphasizing transmigration -- the attainment of oneness with reality -- with God as a means to that end. Thailand's representative characterizes Buddhism as being closely related to Hinduism, particularly in the belief in transmigration, but she goes on to point out the qualities of passivity and contentedness which Buddhism encourages. The most significant aspect of Christianity is seen as its sense of "nearness to God" by the student from Switzerland. Some discussion of the desirability or feasibility of a single world religion seems to show that each was loathe to sacrifice his own way of life, despite the fact that they all felt they had much in common. The role of religion in education is also discussed. United States foreign policies come in for some scrutiny, particularly the question of military versus economic aid. While the discussion does not always seem to stick to the topic too closely, this is most welcome, since, as the participants become more involved, they become less inhibited. This shows very clearly how much each has been influenced by his country's culture, and this presents a lively picture of that culture in action.
This is the tale of a Japanese lord who, seeking to know the true feeling of his people, travels incognito among his population. He is caught in a snow store and taken in by a poor couple. So poor was the couple that there was no firewood in the house. To warm their guest, they burned their only treasured possessions, three potted plants. For their generosity, the lord rewarded them with wealth and rand. Artist Mikamo illustrates this story with drawing of potted plum and pine trees.
Bash Kennett tells of the Spanish soldiers who came here on duty during the Spanish rule over California and decided to stay on, living on large ranchers in adobe haciendas. Bash takes a film trip to some remaining haciendas and compares modern living in California with the past. Songs include “La Cucaracha” and “Chisholm Trail.”
This tale involces the feathered robe of an angel and a fishermam who found it on a pine tree branch and was reluctant to give it up. The fisherman agrees to return the robe if the angel will perform a celestial dance for him, whereupon the angel dons the robe to dance and ascends to heaven. The pine tree on which the robe was hung is said to be standing now at Miho-no-matsubara in Shizuoka, Japan. Mr. Mikami illustrates this legend with a drawing of a fisherman.
Explains and illustrates the causes of strong feelings such as anger, anxiety, and aversion, and shows how people deal with them. Suggests controlling strong feelings through understanding, and presents approved outlets as outdoor, religious, and thrill activities, sports, music, helping others, confidential talks, and scribbling. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Hand puppets are used to tell the age-old story of the two children whose step mother takes them to the forest and leaves them. The trail they've left with bread crumbs, is eaten by the birds, so unable to find their way home, they say their prayers and go to sleep under a tree. They wake in the morning and discover a candy house.
What fingerprinting is to the F.B.I., spectroscopy is to the scientist. Through its use, astronomers have been able to learn more about the chemical composition of the sun than is known about the composition of the earth. Spectroscopy is used in food research to find impurities in canned food and cans of beer; it is used to trace the origin of paint found on a car in a hit-and-run accident; or to determine how jewelry was made centuries ago. Just how does this technique work? It is a simple story as explained by physicists at Argonne National Laboratory. Yet its applications are extremely precise. The basic instrument is the spectroscope, which can be as simple as a piece of glass used to split sunlight into a “rainbow” of color or as complicated as a piece of delicate apparatus that can single out sixty thousand different colors and requires a room as big as a small house. The use of spectroscopy was extremely important during the development of the atomic bomb. Large quantities of uranium and graphite were needed to produce the bomb, and scientists knew that the very success of the project depended on obtaining these elements in their purist forms. Using a spectroscope, scientists were able to measure the purity of the valuable elements. They knew that each element emits certain colors in the same manner that each man has different fingerprints. Thus, scientists could “look” at two pictures of different samples of uranium and determine which was the purer, since uranium containing impurities gave a different color or wavelength when photographed and compared with photographs of light from pure uranium. Scientists have spent literally years studying photographic plates from the spectrograph to determine the frequencies of light from specimens of chemical elements. The measurement and interpretation is an exacting and time-consuming task which is important if scientists are to understand the structure of atoms.
Dora (host) tells a story about a hermit crab named Harry who is looking for a new house with his sea anemone friend. Despite looking at houses with modern amenities such as a washing machine and television, they settle for a large shell where they can continue their mutually beneficial relationship. Fignewton Frog (puppet) performs the story through shadow puppet. Episode also describes how to use the library to find out more information about ocean life.
Bash takes a film trip to a forest, in company with a forest ranger, who shows her how the Forest Service raises trees, even the biggest evergreens, as a crop. The methods of selecting them for harvest, and the wise use of our heritage of lumber is shown. The Ranger marks a tree for harvest, after pointing out various facts about a healthy tree, and we see the tree cut and taken to the logging mill. Songs include, “Saturday Night” and “Dublin City.”
Forum delegates attempt to define Europeanism as contrasted to Americanism as they launch this challenging topic of discussion. Talk moves naturally into a consideration of a federated Europe and all five delegates agree on the desirability of a united Europe. In considering sacrifices of individual countries in an effort to achieve this unity, the German delegate points out the cynicism of his teachers about politics—the result of having to admit twice that what they had previously taught was false. Italian and French participants both comment on the lack of instruction in contemporary politics in their school systems.
The question of the future of Europe is discussed by students from Germany, Switzerland, Italy, France, and Belgium. Each of the participants has a good knowledge of European history and culture, and each contributes some very interesting ideas. The role of West Germany in a united Europe is closely examined, particularly the advisability of re-armament and re-industrialization. Much attention is devoted to the economic aspects of European recovery, particularly relaxation of tariff barriers, and the close relationship of Europe's economy to that of the United States. In this connection, some attention is given to the export-import policies of the United States. While much of the discussion centers on these economic and political problems, the consensus of the group seems to be that certain cultural problems must be solved before any lasting solution to these practical problems can be evolved. The tendency of Europe to live in its past is critically examined, and all of the group seemed more or less to agree that before Europe can fully recover, it must learn to look forward. Also, there is an attempt to evaluate nationalism, and possibly to evolve a new concept of nationalism. They all feel that the strength of Europe lies in its young people, and thus are anxious for opportunities to know one another. This is a most mature and thoughtful discussion. There seems to be little rancor, even between the student from Germany and the one from France. While all are aware of the great problems confronting them, they are anxious to solve them intelligently and fairly.
The hat you wear tells much about where you live, what kind of life you lead and what the climate is, says Bash in this program. Hats can be fun and in this program the story of hats is started with the earliest head coverings used in ancient times. Songs include “Jennie Jenkins,” “Soldier and the Lady,” “Pussy Cat, Pussy Cat” and “He’s Gone Away.”
Representatives of Japan, Iceland, United Kingdom and Denmark ask themselves, “Have Your Ideas Changed?” What has been learned, accepted, discarded by the panelists in the past three months? What value can be assigned to the Youth Forum project? How important was the strictly academic experience in their stay here? How can American and foreign schools be compared? What are some weaknesses of American schools? What effect does foreign language training have on students in various countries? What effect does the traveler abroad have on the people of the country he visits? What is the effect of an army of occupation, such as existed for a while in Japan? How can people learn more about each other?
Discusses the child's struggles to be "himself". Explains why children may or may not want to follow in their parent's footsteps. Points out the dangers of pushing children too hard in fulfilling ambitions set up by parents. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Visits the monkeys at the Brookfield Zoo. Explains that the monkeys have many differences, especially in heads and tails. Uses filmed sequences of the DeBrazzas, langurs, patas, lemurs. Shows primitive near-monkeys like the marmosets and ukaris, ring-tailed, wolly, and spider monkeys. Includes a slow-motion sequences of a spider monkey family taking its daily exercise. (WTTW) Kinescope.
This program will introduce volcanism and the rocks (igneous) which result from heat. Igneous rocks are formed from molten rock and can befound either beneath the earth’s surface or on the surface. Identification of them is made by texture. this dependson where they cooled, and how fast the cooling took place. You will examine the texture and characteristics of someof the common igneous rocks. Granite is one of these and has many different forms. Basalt is another, a dense rock with small crystals, but having a different chemical make-up from that of granite. You’ll find out too about the formations in which igneous rocks are frequently found; dikes, sheets, sills, and laccoliths. Finally you will see a miniature volcano erupt to introduce the most catastrophic form of volcanism, and the rocks formed from this kind of heat; obsidian, pumice, and scoria.
Explores the strange world of sound beneath the sea. Discusses non-animal sounds and those produced by marine animals. Illustrates how fish and other marine organisms make sounds through air sacs, teeth, external body parts, and air flaps. Explains how underwater sounds serve as attraction devices, reaction devices to environmental conditions, and signals, and as incidental noise which serves no purpose. Uses underwater phototgraphy and recordings to demonstrate purposes of various sounds made by the snapping shrimp, grunt fish, grouper, queen trigger fish, porcupine fish, spiney lobsters, jacks, propoises, and the unidentified "echo fish".
Hailstones grown in concentric layers because they pass through the varying temperatures of different air levels. With the felt board, Dora and Fignewton tell the story of a hailstone who lost his temper while trying to get to earth.
Fignewton Frog (puppet) and Dora (person) tell a story about a reluctant root and the troubles that causes to its flower. Ends with a suggestion that children go to the library to learn more about gardening.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager discusses the political thinking of today. Explains the desirability of the inductive or pragmatic approach to problems of politics and society. Discusses the concepts of majority and minority rule, loyalty, and security in terms of theoretical dangers, fundamental truths, and moral absolutes. Points out the importance of experience, reality, and actuality in judging political action. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager and his guests discuss various aspects and problems of American higher education. Presents one viewpoint concerning the need for change in public thinking toward higher education, how students acquire attitudes, college and university methods, intellectual versus social training, educational leadership, and the problem of standards. Centers the discussion around the importance of society to the ultimate solving of these problems. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager and his guests discuss freedom and security in today's society. Defines freedom as a natural right, a practical necessity, and a way of living. Considers the problem of freedom, security, and loyalty on a national as well as local level. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Commager lectures on the subject of nationalism as something Americans take for granted but as something that is actually new in history. He also clarifies nationalism as a blessing rather than a curse to mankind. He discusses his theory that American nationalism differs in important ways from European or even Asiatic. He shows how nationalism came about as suggesting what the US can should do to mitigate the ravages of nationalism generally.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager discusses the place of America in history. Explains early European curiosity concerning the value of the discovery of America. Points out how America's contribution to technology, social democracy, federal politics, education, separation of church and state, and nationalism have influenced institutions elsewhere. (WQED) Kinescope.
Some animals adopt protective coloration for winter. By means of the peep-show parade, Dora tells the story of an elderly rabbit in the impoverished nobility who forgot that nature would take care of her "wardrobe."
Makes the assumption that the heroes of a society embody its ideals and aspirations, and shows that we can learn a great deal about American values by exploring some of the hero types of the past sixty years. Describes the adulation of matinee idols, from Valentino to Sinatra; of doers of big deeds, from Lindbergh to Shepard; of preeminent political figures, from Lincoln to Churchill. Shows that today, in a sophisticated age of psychological analysis, the fictional romantic "hero" stereotype is fast disappearing, but claims that we are still apt to confuse the celebrity with the hero, the manufactured myth with reality.
Discusses and illustrates how dictionaries are prepared. Explains how the meanings of words are learned without using the dictionary. Provides examples of how words are inferred from both physical and verbal contexts. Points out that a writer of a dictionary is a historian, not a lawgiver. Stresses the importance of being sensitive to language changes. (KQED) Kinescope.
Cameras are carried in rockets to get technical information about the flight. The resulting movies and stills provide interesting viewing in addition to their primary value. Other applications, such as meteorological predictions, beside the present usages, are suggested by some of the pictures.
Dr. Maria Piers talks about teenagers facing the “wide wide world.” Choosing a career, whether to go to college or not –these are difficult questions which trouble teenagers. Dr. Piers suggests some things parents can do to help their youngsters and points out what some teenagers’ questions are.
Describes the art of stage make-up and its function in the theatre. Presents and discusses three main categories of make-up: character, stylized, and straight make-up. Examines the tools and materials used in stage make-up and demonstrates their use. Shows the functions of make-up in relation to characterization, lighting, distance, and color.
Emphasizes the hazards the inexperienced city driver must learn to recognize. Shows the unusual situations that may arise from driver fatigue. Explains how to avoid fatigue. Presents a complete picture of the advantages and special dangers confronted on expressways. Describes necessary action to protect occupants in your car.
Discusses the worldly desires of all people--pleasure, wealth, fame, and power--and the ways in which they are related to Hinduism and the caste system. Points out that obtaining these worldly desires is not always satisfying. Explains the symbol of the Hindu view of God.
Outlines the four yogas, or paths, to a union with God, and states that individuals should use their own resources to move themselves along these paths. Points out that the material wants or being, awareness, and happiness are only ways to man's deeper desires and that God will answer these needs.
Explores the belief of reincarnation as it relates to the ultimate union of the soul of man with God. States that the soul moves through several material worlds--the one we know, several higher, and several lower, depending on how well one has lived in the world of action--on its journey to the final liberation from all material worlds. Reviews Hinduism, stressing that ultimately God is infinite and that salvation is union with God.
Much of today’s exploration of space would be impossible without the early astronomical discoveries of Hipparchus (hih-PAR-kus). According to Dr. Posin, the greatest of these discoveries was that“the tip of the axis of the earth, through the centuries, make a circle in the heavens.” With the help of work done by scientists before him, such as Archimedes, Hipparchus was able to find ways of determining longitudes on earth and in the sky, thereby laying important groundwork for astronomical discoveries through the ages.