Discusses conflicts, and suggests effective ways of handling them. Identifies the various characteristics of a conflict as: the opposition forces, the vacillation, the inability to reach a decision without a great expenditure of energy.
Describes the life of Confucius as being that of a teacher and a statesman. Explains that Confucianism grew out of a question concerning how men could learn to live together without destroying each other. Points out that when spontaneous tradition breaks down it must be replaced with deliberate tradition, and reviews how this was done by those teachings called Confucianism.
Presents a discussion of the 85th congress and the issues to come before it. Examines the political make-up of Congress. Outlines the criteria by which to judge what's happening in politics. Uses charts and maps to review and analyze the results of the 1958 Congressional election. Features interviews with senators Paul H. Douglas and John S. Cooper concerning the major problems confronting the 86th congress. Featured hosts are Dr. Harold Laswell, Professor at Yale Law School, and Mr. Richard Scammon, Director of Elections Research of the Governmental Affairs Institute, Washington D.C. (Michael Armine and Potomac Film Producers) Film.
Discusses Conservationism in America by Clinton Rossiter. Outlines the contents, clarifies terms, and assesses the author's position. Considers the techniques used and appraises the historical and literary merits of the book. Compares this with earlier work on conservatism. (Syracuse University) Kinescope.
Uses a fictionalized story with college students to explain different methods of contraception, their advantages, and their disadvantages. Promotes discussion of contraception between partners and shared responsibility for using contraception.
Outlines the obligations of the average person with respect to controversy and controversial matters, the relationship of freedom of discussion to the shifting of opinion, and the role of minority opinion. (Palmer Films) Film.
Describes convention management in relation to the four committees of all political conventions. Explains the seating of these four committees--rules, platform, credentials, and permanent organization. Shows a film on the fight between Taft and Eisenhower delegates in the credential committee of 1952.
Discusses the sequence of events that takes place when the national political convention is underway. Includes consideration of the role of the contemporary chairman, the "keynoter", general speeches presented as time fillers, reports from the four main committees, role call for nominations, nominating and seconding speeches, and demonstrations for the candidates. Presents films of the departure of Alabama and Mississippi delegates in 1948 and the nomination of Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. (Dynamic Films) Film.
Indicates that the problem of getting to Mars of Venus, heretofore a concern only to science fiction writers and afficionados, has now become an international obsession. Shows that the strides being made in the space race would not be possible were it not for the work of Copernicus and other scientists of his stature. States that it was Copernicus who realized that the earth is not the center of the universe but merely one of many heavenly bodies, all moving according to a definite system.
Visits the Brookfield Zoo to discover those animals which look and live alike but are unrelated. Explains that copy-cats occur in the plant, bird, and animal, worlds, and tells why. Uses film clips of the echidna, flying squirrel, flying phalanger, tenrec, hummingbirds, sunbirds, toucan, and hornbill. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discuses the problem of harmful effects on the human body caused by extended exposure to cosmic radiation. Describes how these effects have been studied by exposing animals, insects, eggs, and seeds to cosmic radiation at high altitudes. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
How the clothes of people living in this country have changed is shown by Bash, in pictures and in living pictorial groups. From the early Spanish peaked helmet and bloomers, through the Cavaliers, with their plumed hats and high leather-jack boots, Bash travels, saying why and how the changes occurred. The Puritan simple dress, the colonial costume, complete with high powdered wigs, the hoop skirts and the bustles all are part of the description. Children’s costumes of the time are shown by actual children, and the dances done by the children of certain periods are demonstrated by the Lillian Patterson dance group.
Bash starts at the earliest meetings of groups of people, the church festival, and traces the development of gatherings on through the country fairs. The camp meetings of the Methodists give rise to the well-known rollicking song, “Methodist Pie.” The custom of bringing goods that were grown on the individual farm, and taking the family to the fair, to see new things, to buy things, and to meet with friends develops in to the country fair, with its gay decorations, its amusements, and its fund of knowledge. Contests are described, such as the athletic events of running and jumping and shooting, which the young men practiced, and the Patterson dance group dances to the song, “Camptown Races,” as they show how the sulkies sped around the track behind the trotting horses.
A third-grade class decides who will be the week's host, shows one youngsters pretending she is a visitor while another acts out the part of the host. Pictures children making introductions, and using "magic-words" such as thank you, excuse me, and please.
Bash tells the romance crossing streams and takes a film trip to see some historic covered bridges which are still in use. Covered bridges had many unusual features including the special toll charge for shoveling snow into the inside for the sleighs to pass on in winter. Bash tells how, fitted together with wooden pins, often they floated downstream intact in floods. Songs include “London Bridge" and "Red River Valley".
Huston Smith interviews Dr. Bertram Beck and Dr. Margaret Mead at the American Museum of Natural History, on the subject of our country’s alarming rise in violence and deviant behavior. Are other countries witnessing comparable increases in crime? What are the causes of the rise in America, and what can be done about the situation? Special attention is given to the new problem of suburban delinquency.
Concentrates on criminal behavior committed by teenagers. Points out that juvenile delinquency may be over-exaggerated. Shows how improvements in statistics, reporting, and apprehension influence the total picture of teenage crime. Presents a group of young people discussing themselves and their problems. (KQED) Kinescope.
Host Lee Wilcox discusses the phenomenon of crying with University of Chicago childhood development expert Maria Piers. Examines motivations for crying, including physical discomfort, a need for attention, hunger, fear, and anger. Discusses approaches to calming crying that can either comfort or build independence in a child. A project of the Harris Foundation. Presented by the Childcare Program of the Institute for Psychoanalysis and the University of Chicago.
Minerals are combinations of the elements of the earth. They can be identified by luster, color, hardness, specific gravity, density and cleavage, and by their crystal form. This program will deal with these forms. When the minerals solidify in cavities without interference with solid substances, they usually assume shapes which are characteristics of each particular mineral. To a physicist the crystal arrangement describes the internal arrangement of atoms. To the amateur observer the large well-formed crystals are beautiful examples of symmetry in nature. Some crystals are angular, others are then and needle-like; some dendritic or branching like limbs of a tree; others botryoidally or grapelike. You will see some common crystal forms: quartz, feldspar, mica, obsidian, garnet, magnetite, hematite, fluorite, calcite, dolomite, pyrite, gypsum, sugar, and salt.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain properties of crystals and glass. Tell how crystals are formed and demonstrates crystallization taking place. Discusses glass, its formation, and how it differs from crystals. (KQED) Film.
Uses dance routines and originally scored music to demonstrate cultural differences in early training of infants. Compares families of southern urban Negroes, the Manus of the Admiralty Islands, and the Hopi Indians of northern Arizona. Describes group objectives of early training, its impact upon the child's personality, and the end result of childhood training.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray differences in marriage rituals of three societies. Emphasizes the basic motive behind the selection of marriage partners, the rituals that join them, and the values that guide their relationships. Compares Americans, the Bantu of Africa, and the Muria of India.
Analyzes patterns of culture and their influence on the rise of criminality, using the Nazi regime in Germany as an example. Points out how accepted behavior in one culture may be a crime in another. Discusses the impact of cultures meeting head-on, thus giving rise to criminal behavior.
One common denominator of our culture, according to Dr. Dodds, is the people's desire for self-improvement. Describes an early American institution that endured until the 1920s--"Tent Chautauqua." Depicts Chautauqua as a source of inspiration, education, and entertainment, reaching hundreds of towns throughout the nation. Pictures Tent Chautauqua as quietly succumbing to the competition of radio and motion pictures, but indicates that its modern equivalent may be found, in a more sophisticated form, in our Great Books groups and adult education seminars.
Dame Edith Sitwell’s guest are Dr. Neal Woodruff and Oliver Shoemaker, both of the English Department of Carnegie Institute of Technology. She discusses with them some of the outstanding qualities of poetry depicted by poets throughout the ages and she gives some of her impressions of great society.
Discusses the use of the dance as a social commentary and relates it to the critical statements of artists in other fields. Presents a performance of "Caprichos" based on Goya's etchings of man's weaknesses. In contrast, an excerpt from Paeon is performed. Features choreographer Herbert Ross and his troupe.
Demonstrates the following procedural steps in reviewing problems between school officials and parents with regard to students: appointing the case conference committee, sharing information, initiation of individual educational plan, placement review, and revised program. Indicates that the appointment of the case conference committee is determined by the child's problems and shows the committee specialist sharing information pertaining to David's behavior patterns. Discusses a program that will remedy David's academic and social problems. | Intended audience: professional. Summary: Explains the five steps of the case conference procedure, and illustrates with a sample case. Accompanies Case Conference: a simulation and source book. [Summary from original catalog card.]
Discusses the decline of printing during the 18th and 19th centuries. Points out the main reasons behind the decline of printing. Reviews the work of William Morris and his successors in reviving the art of printing. (USC) Film.
Harold Otwell, Karl Martz, Robert Gobrecht, George Fleetwood, Indiana University Audio-Visual Center
Shows a skilled ceramist applying designs on several ceramic pieces prior to final firing. He uses the clay itself, a comb, a piece of burlap, or clay stamps to create textured designs. Other decoration methods illustrated include colored glazes, clay slip, "Mishima," sgraffito, and wax resist. Shows samples of representative pieces after decoration and firing.
Modern community hygiene controls are presented. How the death rate from communicable diseases has been reduced through scientific advances and social controls. The effective functioning of a public health department.
Modern community hygiene controls are presented. How the death rate from communicable diseases has been reduced through scientific advances and social controls. The effective functioning of a public health department.
Traces the development of the Good Neighbor Policy, the Rio Treaty against aggression, and the Organization of American States set up at Bogota. Describes the importance to the Western Hemisphere of NATO and the U.N. military action in Korea. Stresses the economic interdependence of the American countries and the responsibility of the United States in the Western Hemisphere.
Reviews defensive driving and the importance of perception. Defines defensive action. Discusses loss in perception, comprehensive viewing vs. acute viewing, scanning, the need to make sure the other driver sees you, distractions, the importance of developing seeing habits, highway design and high accident locations. Concludes with review questions. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Discusses the element of chance and the philosophy of defensive driving. Emphasizes that obeying the law is not enough--it is important to uses our sense of perception. Defines what is meant by the word perception. Concludes with review questions. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., Wilbur Johns, Norman Sper
Analyzes defensive footwork action in basketball by first demonstrating the correct stance. Slow motion and close-up photography then portray the two basic defensive moves: the parallel movement, which governs lateral guarding motions, and the stride, which governs advancing and retreating motions. Emphasis is placed on the correlation of arm movement with footwork, turning, pivoting, and getting into position for taking the ball on the rebound.
Expands the popular definition of "primitive"--one who is self-taught--to include artists who reject academic or conventional expression, subject matter, or technique. Shows and discusses various examples of primitive art. (WQED) Kinescope.
Professor Nathaniel H. Frank discussed the nature of forces which produce curved paths, brings out the concept of centripetal vector acceleration, and shows how knowledge of the path and mass of an object gives information on the force involved.
Richard F. Brown, Jean S. Boggs, Lester Novros, Russell J. Smith, Paul Levine, Richard Herber, Richard MacCann, Walter Ducloux, Herbert Farmer, Ted Comillion, Kenneth Miura, Daniel Wiegand, James Hopkins, David Johnson, Richard Dyer MacCann, University of Southern California, Department of Cinema
An exhibition of more than 100 works of Degas--drawings, paintings, and sculpture--at the Los Angeles County Museum, emphasizing his three favorite subjects: horses and jockeys, portraits, and ballet dancers. Explains that Degas was an artist who saw with his intellect as much as he saw with his eyes and his feelings and captured the beauty and uniqueness of a moment of movement.
Dr. Dietrich Reitzes, associate professor of social psychology at the University of Indiana and a member of the US Selective Service in Felon Studies, joins Sheriff Lohman for a study of the relationship between youth’s neighborhood and his acts of misbehavior. Captain Boone presents another case study. The Sheriff and Dr. Reitzes discuss the problem of areas which seem to breed delinquency. Illustrations of houses in the shadow of commerce and industry, buildings in neighborhoods that are physically deteriorating and dangerous, neighborhoods where the population is in transition, where economic dependency is on relief agencies, where neighborhood disorganization is taking place, where the population of adult criminals is high and where gangs are common –these are all illustrated.
WQED, Tom Coleman, Sam Silberman, Frank Stuckman, Albert B. Martin, Dr. Peter H. Odegard
Dr. Peter H. Odegard, head of the political science department at the University of California at Berkeley, delivers the paper he prepared at the time of the inauguration of Edward H. Litchfield as the twelfth chancellor of the University of Pittsburgh. He discusses the role that the universities of the United States must play in the country’s role in the world. He places particular emphasis on the social sciences.
Presents a political history of Japan from its early autocracy to the formation of its democratic government under the direction of the U. S. in 1945. Explains how Japan operates on two levels politically--outwardly it is a democracy, but beneath lies a spirit still predominantly authoritarian, expressed in bitter antagonism between the political parties. | Presents a political history of Japan from its early autocracy to the formation of its democratic government under the direction of the United States in 1945. Explains how Japan operates politically--outwardly as a democracy, but the dominant "domestic" spirit is authoritarian.
Jay Bonafield, Larry O'Reilly, Phil Reisman, Jr., Dwight Weist, Richard Hanser, Herman Fuchs
Shows the organization of the The New York Times and the vast interrelationship of the numerous departments. Then illustrates the methods for giving up-to-the-minute news, and stresses the need for a free press.
Students demonstrate the procedures that may be applied to fashion a space design. Details the making of an initial sketch, a three-dimensional model, and a final structure. Shows steps in the creation of space design usng metal, plastic, and other materials. Consultant, George Barford.
United Productions of America, Howard T. Batchelder
Through animation, the film compares and contrasts the "assembly line" kind of educational process with one that is tailored to meet young people's needs. Shows how in the former little or no consideration is given to individual needs, whereas in the latter a decentralized educational system can fit the curriculum to local community setups.
One of 13 episodes in a series, Design With A Camera offers instructions and tips on framing subjects in photography. Joan Jockwig Pearson demonstrates subject placement using drawings and frames of varying sizes to achieve a unique, artistic effect.
Discusses the processes involved in creating a piece of sculpture suitable for reproduction. Explains compositional elements in sculpture while a figure is modeled. Shows the process of making a plaster mold from the completed figure. Demonstrates how the "slip" or liquid clay is poured in the mold and after drying how the mold is removed. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Joseph Moray, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, John M. Davidson, Richard Gilbert, Arthur M. Kaye, Shirley Tebbe, Francesca Greene, Peter Smith, Carole Eickhoff, Davidson Films
Delineates interesting facets of the development of our decimal system. Compares the additive, subtractive, multiplicative, and positional notation aspects of the Chinese, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Hindu-Arabic systems. Uses models to explain concepts which lead to greater understanding of base 10 systems.
This film traces the historical development of our present decimal system--the Hindu-Arabic system of numeration. The meaning and importance of base ten, place value, grouping, numerals, and expanded notation are carefully described.
Portrays the role of developmental genetics in dealing with ways phenotypes come into being through the action of genes. Presents a complete discussion of the Creeper domestic fowl--its genetic basis, morphology, embryological history, and the experimental work that led to an understanding of how this gene affects early development to produce the morphological features seen as the outcome of the developmental process. Lecture given by Dr. L. C. Dunn.
Describes the ways in which genes produce phenotypic differences by acting very early in embryonic development. Shows that this action may take place at a distance through chemical messengers (pituitary dwarfism in the house mouse, lethal giant larva in Drosophila), or it may involve tissue induction systems (Brachyury and taillessness in the house mouse). Discusses the development of eye color in Drosophila as a model of how each of the steps in a chain of chemical processes leading to development is under genic control. Lecture given by Dr. L. C. Dunn.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr.,explains and demonstrates dialect differences in standard English. He calls upon five guests from different geographical areas in the United States who illustrate pronunciation differences. The film illustrates how language variations are divided into geographical areas.
Explains dialogue from the point of view of the playwright who composes it and the actor who gives it expression. Describes and demonstrates three types of dialogue: straight dialogue, set speech, and soliloquy. Illustrates devices and techniques used by the actor to support the dialogue including articulation, tempo, force, and quality. (KUON-TV) Film.
Reveals the all-too-common plight of one family living in New York City's black Harlem through the photographs of Gordon Parks. Includes the problems of inadequate educational background, restricted job opportunities, a lack of food and adequate heating, the drinking of the father and the despair of the mother, and the hostility and violence that results. Points out the importance of poverty agencies or other help, and leaves the family's difficulties unsolved.
The first airplane to fly was what would be called today a Canard Type airplane; it had a horizontal stabilizer in front of the main wing. Today’s Conventional Type plane has the stabilizing surfaces are of the same size. Dr. Lippisch explains all three models. He also describes the Allwing Type plane which is made by combining wing and tail surfaces, sweeping thewing tips backward, and placing the control areas on the wing tips. He discusses the fundamental law of stability and demonstrates this on models in flight and in the Smoke Tunnel.
Winifred Cullis, Gaumont-British Instructional Films, Beryl Denman Lacey, Frank Wells, Louis Dahl
Uses animation to demonstrate the chemical processes of digestion. Shows the chemical breakdown of foods, the structure and functions of the glands involved, the absorption of digested foods, and the distribution and storage of food in the body.
Shows children in Brooklyn's Bedford-Stuyvesant section learning about their African heritage through classroom activities and "digs" in vacant lots and urban renewal areas to locate artifacts linking them to their 19th century ancestors. Explains that under "Project Weeksville" the black children are piecing together the history and organization of this self-sufficient black community which existed in the early 1800s. Examines how the Bedford- Stuyvesant residents held off white raiders during the Draft Riot of 1863.
Visits Dinosaur National Monument in Utah and Colorado. Discusses the age of the dinosaur, how the dinosaur quarry was formed, and why the dinosaur became extinct. Illustrates with film footage of dinosaur quarry and photographs of dinosaurs and their enviroment as it existed 140,000,000 years ago.
Erpi Classroom Films, Lawson Robertson, Dean Cromwell, Brutus Hamilton, Harold A. Bruce, Amateur Athletic Union of the United States
Includes races from 1,000 to 10,000 meters and steeplechase. Style of distance runner contrasted vividly with that of dash man. Differences in typical physiques. Steeplechase portrays various methods employed by participants in clearing barriers. An instructional sound film.
Presents technical developments in the preservation and transportation of foods, the economic problems involved, and the world flow of foods. Depicts how such developments have increased the possibilities of distributing perishable foods on a world basis. Shows the problem of family income, maintaining flow of food from producer to consumer, the problem of tariffs, and the intercontinental movement of major foods on an animated map background.
Portrays the nature and the role of the Distributive Education Program in the state of Virginia in preparing students for possible future jobs. Shows ow personality traits of an individual provide the basis upon which distributive education training can be pursued and depicts the duties of the distributive education coordinator and the activities of the distributive education clubs.
Dr. Ray Koppelman, University of Chicago, American Institute of Biological Sciences
Diversity of life resulting from evolution: recognition and treatment of diversity –definitions and taxonomic approaches; results of diversity in the plant kingdom; results of diversity in the animal kingdom, with particular emphasis on the evolution of man; diversity in time –divergence, convergence, extinction, the fossil record diversity in space –ecological relations in a habitat.
University Films, J. D. Watson, Irwin H. Herskowitz
Describes RNA and DNA which are favored as the carriers of genetic information. Presents DNA molecules as shown in the electron microscope and describes the polymeric nature of the DNA molecule and DNA nucleotides. Compares the base content of DNA from various organisms. Describes in detail the three-dimensional organization of DNA as revealed through X-ray diffraction experiments. Pictures a Watson-Crick double helix model of DNA which suggests that DNA may replicate by the two complementary chains separating with each single strand then acting as a template to form its complement. Lecture given by Dr. J. D. Watson.
This series, aired from 1954 through 1958, is built around the annual New York Herald Tribune World Youth Forum, which hosts approximately thirty foreign high school students from around the world in the US. The World Youth Forum features the high school students discussing problems of concern to America and the world. Discussions are presided over by Mrs. Helen Hiet Waller, World Youth Forum Director, with a maximum of encouragement to free expression. In this program from 1956, students from Finland, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Vietnam discuss whether American children have too much freedom.
Presents members of the New York Herald Tribune World Forum and forum director Helen Hiett Waller. Reveals that the Indian and the Yugoslav forum members oppose any type of international military pact, while Norwegian delegate defend the North Atlantic Treaty organization. The Iranian delegate appraises the pros and cons of the argument.
Max Lerner and five Brandeis students agree that a new educational revolution is needed. The discussion mainly focuses on the question of why it is needed and how it should come about. Among the questions dealt with are: To what end is education going? What kinds of emphasis should be placed on education (science versus the humanities)? Why have we fallen into our present educational predicament … can it be re-molded, and how? Does the fault lie in the teacher? What schools (elementary, grammar, high school, or college) could stand the greatest improvement? Is the giving of special privileges to brighter children averse to our democratic way of life?
Coronet Instructional Films, Viola Theman, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education, Northwestern University
Three elementary pupils learn that everyone attaches personal meanings to words and that the wording of newspaper stories, conversations, advertisements, and politics, for example, needs careful analysis to prevent confusion.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray reactions to human illness. Emphasizes detection, treatment, and acceptance of treatment methods of illness. Compares Americans, the Ojibwa Indians of Canada, and the Djuka Bush Negroes of Dutch Guiana. (KUHT) Film.
Continues the discussion of how and in what respects man differs from other animals. Defines what is meant by difference in kind and degree giving the biologist's conception and the philosopher's definition. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
A prediction that the white South Africans will suffer if they do not adapt themselves to the "changing times" by eliminating segregation is made by Lebricht Hesse, Gold Coast delegate, in this discussion on racial problems. Other panelists represent the Union of South Africa, Denmark and Indonesia. The Union of South Africa delegate contends that the white South African government will give the Negro his freedom as soon as he has been "educated and civilized". Concluding the discussion, Erik Jorgensen of Denmark said that "you can't separate black and white and work for a peaceful world.”
In all societies, children have a need to play. The doll, made in the human image is a universal toy. The puppet, made in the human or animal form, is another means of diversion for children, as well as adults. In some non-technological societies, puppetry has been developed into a high art. Shari Lewis examines the variety of ways in which man, using materials at hand, has created replicas of himself for fun and amusement.
Provides an opportunity for the viewer to compare the personality of Dorothea Lange, photographer-artist, with her work. Many of her photographs are presented; these cover various periods, such as the depression, World War II, and the growth of the urban sprawl in contemporary California. Lange is shown in her home as she states she is convinced the world is not being truly photographed at all today. To the present generation of photographers, she proposes a new photographic project with the cities of America as the subject--to be done on a scale comparable to that of the Farm Security Administration Photographic Project of the thirties.
Provides a close view of Dorothea Lange and her photographs, enabling the viewer to share her deep involvement in her work and her philosophy as a photographer. Looks in on Lange as she prepares for a one-woman exhibition of her work covering the past fifty years and comments on the reasons and emotions that have moved her to photograph particular scenes. Represents, with her death in October, 1965, a memorial to her and to the despair and hope which she captured so well in her documentary photographs.
Division of Visual Aids, U.S. Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, Ray-Bell Films, Inc.
Shows how to assemble broaching inserts in right- and left-hand toolholders, how to mount and adjust toolholders in the double ram; how to mount and adjust the work fixtures; how to set trip dogs for the ram stroke; how to measure the workpiece after trial broaching; and how to surface-broach on a double ram vertical broaching machine at a production rate.
In this program research scientists explore a mystery that has baffled man for ages – the life process itself. To gain knowledge that someday might answer questions such as, “How do plants make food?” and “What will control the spread of cancer?” Scientists at the United States Atomic Energy Commission’s Argonne National Laboratory are experimenting with the simplest forms of plant and animal life. One avenue of research is centered on the study of algae, one-celled green plants commonly found in pools of stagnant water. The algae were singled out because, like man, they are basically chemical factories – only infinitely more simple in structure. Scientists explain, in this program, how they have succeeded in growing algae in pure “heavy” water, a rare form of water that has hydrogen atoms that are twice as heavy as Normal hydrogen atoms.From a unique “algae farm” the scientists harvest these tiny plants. Their crop gives them chemicals that have heavy hydrogen in place of ordinary hydrogen atoms. Other larger plants are being grown successfully in mixtures of heavy water and ordinary water, and these also are valuable chemical factories.The scientists found that organisms growing in heavy water grow at a slower rate and have different nutritional requirements than organisms growing in ordinary water. From these findings, research scientists are exploring the possibility that heavy water might cause a slow-down in the aging process. Scientist has experimented also with mice to determine what effect heavy water has on animals. Already, they have succeeded in replacing about 30 percent of the normal water in mice with heavy water. Scientists have found that heavy water retards the growth of mice and that tissue which normally grows the fastest appeared to be the most retarded in growth. This latter finding may someday have a bearing on understanding cancer in humans and may lead to a breakthrough in its treatment.Other startling biological effects also have been demonstrated in organisms which have been given doses of “heavy” carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. In these experiments, scientists were able to alter the growth of the organisms. These alterations may hold further clues to the life process.
Part 1: Discusses the occasions when it is necessary to shift to a lower gear ratio and gives directions as to how this is done. Explains the dangers of and the reasons for emergency stops. List series of things that happen before the car actually stops--driver sees object in his path, recognizes object, decides to stop, and then applies the brakes. Part 2: Explains how to make proper right turns on 2-way streets, left turns on 2-way streets, right and left turns on 1-way streets, and the three ways of turning the car around--U-turn, turning the width of the street, and turning in an alley or side street. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Dr. Mayo discusses the role and purpose of the World Health Organization, the World Medical Association, and the American Medical Association. Explains his role as delegate to the United Nations in 1953. Presents his viewpoint on foreign education and medical students from other countries. Outlines the importance of medical administration as a corner stone of the medical profession. Concludes by answering questions on doctor-patient relationships. Dr. Charles W. Mayo is interviewed by Victor Cohn, Minneapolis Tribune Science Reporter, and Dr. John C. Schwartzwalder, General Manager KTCA TV.
Dr. Mayo explains the origins of the Mayo Clinic, the main purpose of early hospitals, and relates anecdotes about his youth. Discusses the growth of medicines, the rise of group specialists in medicine, and how the Mayo Clinic reflects this growth and change in methods. Dr. Charles W. Mayo is interviewed by Victor Cohn, Minneapolis Tribune Science Reporter, and Dr. John C. Schwartzwalder, General Manager KTCA TV.
Dr. Mayo explains the purpose of the Mayo Foundation, the teaching branch of the Mayo clinic. Tells of the origins of medical education at the clinic and the informal beginnings of the Foundation in 1909. Discusses the qualifications for becoming a doctor. Concludes with a discussion of the value of women in medicine. Dr. Charles W. Mayo is interviewed by Victor Cohn, Minneapolis Tribune Science Reporter, and Dr. John C. Schwartzwalder, General Manager KTCA TV.
Dr. Urey relates scientific thinking to philosophical, political and religious areas. He discusses the revolutionary change in the ideas of today due to radical discoveries by scientists. He speaks of the important role of the scientist today.
Dr. Urey describes the advancement of civilization as a result of scientific discoveries. He points out the impact of science on humanity, the importance of ethics in science, and the significance of seemingly "impractical" scientific investigation. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Harold Urey discusses the responsibilities of the scientist to science, to the world, and to himself in relation to his discoveries. He is joined by guests and they speak of the moral responsibility of the scientist with regard to potentially dangerous work. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Urey discusses the work of the twentieth century scientist and the problems which he meets and how he accomplishes his goals. In his talk, Dr. Urey draws from his own background in research on heavy hydrogen.
Dr. Wriston discusses diplomacy as practiced in a democracy. He explains the importance of public opinion as an influence in foreign policy and how communications media have aided in public understanding. Presents views on maintaining continuity of foreign policy under changing administrations. Concludes by pointing out the various problems involved in planning foreign policy. Hosted by Dr. Henry M. Wriston, former President of Brown University and Chairman of the American Assembly.
Dr. Wriston discusses his views on education for positions in management and administration. He outlines the problems of administering a university, and what makes a good administrator. Concludes by providing recommendations for improving education in the United States, and how to solve the problem of quality and quantity in education. Hosted by Dr. Henry M. Wriston, former President of Brown University and Chairman of the American Assembly. His guests are John S. Millis, President of Western Reserve University and Edward Green, Executive Assistant to the President of Westinghouse Airbrake Corporation.
Dr. Wriston is interviewed by Edward Green, executive assistant to the President on the Westinghouse Air Brake Corporation, and Dr. Joseph Zasloff, professor of political science at the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Wriston discusses his life-long interest in the State Department. His interest grew while he was a graduate student at Harvard. He traces the State Department from the time of George Washington to the present. He claims the department had little serious responsibility before World War I, that in past years the Foreign Service was a corps of independently wealthy elite, and that now the United States had an extraordinarily well-trained foreign service. However, according to Dr. Wriston, the idea of a Foreign Service Institute to train diplomats as thoroughly as the military academies train military man, is a good one which has been poorly executed.
Bernard Girard, James Fonda, Shirley Gordon, Michael Ross, Henry Corden, Lou Krugman, Gene Roth, William Hayden, Ernest Sarracino, Peter Brocco, Lewis Charles, Todd Hunter, Grant Holcomb, Walter Cronkite, Walter Blake, Sidney Van Keuren, Ed Fitzgerald, Budd Small, William Ferrari, Richard Dixon, Rudy Butler, Frank Webster, Joel Moss, Robert B. Harris, Jack P. Pierce, Carmen Dirigo, CBS Television, The National Association for Mental Health, Inc.
Uses a dramatized, "on-the-scene" news type of interviewing and documentary reporting to present the story of how Dr. Pinel fought for improved treatment of the insane. Describes his principles that the insane were sick people and should be treated as such, not as wild beasts. Shows some of the opposition he received from officials and the townspeople when he unchained the insane.