Discusses the first weeks and months of a baby's life. Explains how the relationship of the parents to the infant affects his future development. Points out various pitfalls parents should be aware of including a let down on the part of the mother, jealousy that may develop between father and baby, and changes in attitude toward each other. Answers questions concerning the role of the father, bottle vs. breast feeding, colic, and self-demand vs. scheduled feeding. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Traces the various methods of propulsion. Explains the development of jet propulsion by the Chinese in 1232. Relates the history of the use of rocker power to the age of firearms. Shows how the rocket became an important weapon at sea because of the flammable nature of the ships. Surveys the actualities and dreams of rocketry throughout its development. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Describes the problem of reducing the effect of gravity on humans. Discusses the sense of sight, balance, position, and touch and how they will be affected by upper air travel. Describes the construction of the inner ear and the way in which it affects our sense of balance. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Explains what marine biologists do and the procedures used in solving the problems they choose to investigate. Illustrates questions that marine biologists are investigating including cellular biology. Presents film sequences showing research scientists at work determining the functions of various organs and systems of marine animals. Concludes with a discussion of the importance of research in teaching and training young scientists. (KCTS)
In this second program Mr. Ruml, Professor Rudick and Dr. Morrison discuss education and the liberal college, the liberal element in universities, science in a liberal education, teachers and teacher training, “The Picture Method,” monetary support of universities , the student and his work load, teachers’ salaries, teacher recruiting, quality in teachers and students and problems of college admission.
Fignewton Frog (puppet) and Dora (person) tell a story about a bat named Beatrice who buys a beautiful necklace but gets sick due to trying to sleep right-side-up so as to keep the necklace on. Gives basic information about bats and enforces the idea that sleep is important.
Describes the work of the newspaper reporter. Joins the Police Reporter on his regular beat, and covers a feature story at the zoo. Through an interview with the Managing Editor, indicates that a newspaper does more for its readers than reporting news. (KETC) Kinescope.
Tells and illustrates the Japanese legend of a man who roamed the streets of Kyoto at night and took men's swords. He meets his match, however, and ends up the servant of another man. Demonstrates the brush painting techPiques used in painting Benkei and the man who defeats him.
Presents an overview of best sellers of the 20th century and analyzes the continuities and contrasts in the literary tastes of the American public. Notes the persistency of "how-to" books, from those describing short-cuts to financial success to those on religious topics. Examines the concept of reading for escape and the ways in which it has changed over the years.
There are different types of pollen. Bees gather pollen. Mr. Robinson provides sketches of Betsy, a honeybee, who gets hay fever from one kind of pollen. She gathers pollen from another source and becomes the best pollen gathering bee in a contest.
Shows how various viruses fit between the largest non-living molecule and the smallest unit of life. Uses models to explain the organization of various kinds of molecules and viruses. Reviews the first experiment in which a virus was isolated, purified, and crystallized. Concludes with a discussion on the importance of viruses in the understanding of all living matter.
Max Lerner and five Brandeis students air the questions: Has the big media in America been cheapened by its manipulation to the lowest common denominator? Is the media limited to the sensational and the exploited? Have the people be molded by publishers into holding these values? Is there a difference between the big media and how that media is used? How can we be sure that the potential of the media will be realized?
A story of land economy and one man, Bill Bailey of Clarksville, Tennessee, through whose foresight and untiring effort the Four Pillars of Income were established in Montgomery County, Tennessee (adapted from the Reader's Digest story of the same name by J. P. McEvoy).
Dr. Gould introduces Oscar, his stuffed Emperor penguin, which he brought home from the first Byrd Expedition in 1930. Using Oscar as an example, Eklund discusses Antarctic penguins. Eklund, one of the world’s foremost authorities on the Skua, a special type of Antarctic bird, narrates films of his work with this bird. Lastly, the two men discuss seals and show films of seal branding in Antarctica. It is noted that a biology program has been added to the sciences to be explored under the scientific program USARP (US Antarctic Research Project), which is, on a limited scale, continuing the scientific exploration of Antarctica, following the completion of IGY.
Shows many fish-eating birds and indicates how the characteristics of each, although different, enable them to catch and eat fish. Emphasizes such characteristics as the long neck, a strong bill, long legs, toes that are sometimes webbed, and the ability to swim and dive underwater.
Breezes can move boats across water, lift kits to the sky and dry clothes. Dora tells a story, illustrated by shadow puppets of a little breeze called Blower who didn't want to play with his bigger rough friends. Instead, he sets out to make friends of his own, by drying clothes, taking a boy's kite into the air and by sailing some boats across a pond.
Relates criminal behavior to the lack of psychological controls on energies and impulses. Uses a modified Freudian approach to trace the development of the psychic. Explains the functions of the super-ego, the ego and the ego ideal. (KQED) Kinescope.
Branch Rickey discusses one of the most famous highlights of his career: placing skill above racial and religious consideration and naming Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers. He discusses the problems faced by Robinson during the early part of his career with the Brooklyn team and indicates how this talented sportsman handled the situations which arose.
Branch Rickey discusses the development of baseball during his lifetime. He explains his viewpoint toward amateur and professional status in sports, and eligibility rules in college athletics; traces the development of the farm system and his role in its development; and reviews his education, ideals, family, and recalls personalities during his career.
Branch Rickey discusses some of the men he has known as a result of his career in baseball. With him during this discussion are sportswriter Arthur Mann, Rickey's biographer, and Kenneth Blackburn, his secretary.
Discusses and illustrates some principles that can be applied in the breaking of habits with specific application to smoking and alcoholism. Points out that to break a habit, one must know what needs the habit satisfies, must have a strong urge to break it, and must practice the new ways of satisfying the needs formerly satisfied by the habit. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Tells the story of Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island, Michigan and its role in the War of 1812. Explains how the island got its name. Outlines the events which led to the War of 1812 and its mutually unprofitable consequences.
Depicts Michael McClure, an experimental poet who has written in many styles, and Brother Antoninus, a Dominican lay brother who is distinguished as a poet because of his unique combination of poetry reading and dramatic encounters with his audiences. Touches upon McClure's use of hallucinogenic experimental system of developing poetry through the use of words printed on cards which are shuffled to create poems at random. Places the viewer in the audience during one of Brother Antoninus' celebrated readings.
Brushy learns to adapt to a changing environment when he finds out that he can help with his new baby brother. At first he sees the baby as no fun at all. But when mother asks him to help her fix the baby's carriage, he learns that he can be of help.
Tells the story of Buddha and how he grew up to go out alone seeking eternal life. Explains that Buddha accepted the basic principles of Hinduism, but thought them cumbersome and would not abide by rules of social distinction. Relates how, after much hardship and failure, he finally arrived at a position near benevolence and began to preach his simple religion.
Illustrates the similarity of Buddhism to the other great religions. Compares a Buddhist approach to life to a doctor's approach to a medical problem. Indicates symptoms, diagnosis, prescription, and treatment. Describes the treatment as concerning itself with knowledge, aspiration, speech, behavior, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and meditation.
Explains the two main divisions of Buddhism--Hinayana and Mahayana--and the basic causes underlying the division. Surveys the missionary movement of Buddhism and its progress in Japan, resulting in a division called Zen Buddhism, which scorns reason and operates on intuition.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain how a new theory in science replaces an old one. Relates the method used by Count Rumford to disprove the caloric theory of heat. Features Dr. Sanborn Brown, Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Tells the early history of the lead industry in what is now Dubuque, Iowa. Talks about location and distribution of other mineral resources in the Old Northwest Territory. Explains how Julien Dubuque established contracts with the Indians and Spanish government to start the lead industry along the Mississippi.
The circus is a glorious mixture of many different acts, and the circus crowd is a glorious mixture of many different kinds of people with greatly varied taste. For some, the antics of the clowns are the most memorable parts of the show; for others, the grace and daring of the aerialists draw the loudest cheers; and there are some to whom the massive, lumbering elephants are the circus’s most exciting offering. This program is about the elephants (dubbed “bulls” in circus jargon). It also looks at two other important circus animals; the bears and the chimpanzees.
Shows and discusses the order of insects known as lepidoptera or scale-winged insects. Illustrates with collections of butterflies and moths from many parts of the world. Explains how to begin a collection, equipment needed, where to find specimens, and how to properly mount and keep them. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
What is Parkinson’s Law? “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” This law, and its ramifications, were first set out in the London Economist in 1956, after Professor Parkinson had developed them during his work in the Royal Air Force and a tour of duty in the South Pacific. He explains their application to civil service work, to the operations of administrative agencies, to the establishment of a university, and to the competition between industries.
What have been the results of the publication of Parkinson’s Law? Although it has prompted other critics to take new looks at the organizations which speckle out society, says Professor Parkinson, too many corporations, universities, and so on still seem to be operating under this law. Professor Parkinson turns his analysis on the social scientists, on the cocktail party, and on American motorized traffic, to conclude his examination of the basic principles of his Law.
Does geography make a difference in political thought? Dr. Parkinson discusses his book Evolution of Political Thought, and suggests that geography, and geographical isolation, do make a difference in political thought and practice. He traces the cycle which goes from a primitive paternal structure through a monarchy to an aristocracy, then to a dictatorship, then back to monarchy. Although he sees this as a fairly consistent pattern, Professor Parkinson does not believe that this is, in effect, historical determinism. Men can change his destiny, he says, and the experiments in democracy, although they have not been going long enough to suggest a definite trend, prove man’s freedom of choice. In fitting the Soviet Union into this pattern, Professor Parkinson remarks that it could be called a technological monarchy.
Raffles Professor of History C. Northcote Parkinson, University of Pittsburgh professor Joseph J. Zasloff, and member of the organizing committee for the 1958 International Systems Meeting Robert Lee discuss the significance of modern Asia.
Discusses the theory of political campaigns, and simulates, with actors, a committee outlining the campaign strategy for a candidate. Covers such issues as the techniques to be used, to whom they will appeal, and financing the campaign. Gives a general summary and evaluation of party campaigns and strategies. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Most children have been off on a trip with their families and this time Bash takes them on a camping trip where, on film, the sleep on the ground, hike in the mountains and fish in trout streams. The work seem like play on a trip, and Bash discusses the friendly atmosphere of working together and playing together. Of course, no trip is complete without a campfire at night where everyone shares songs and learns new ones. Bash includes several camping favorites: “Dig My Grave,” “Hey Ho, Nobody Home,” “Camping Trail” and sings by the campfire.
Mr. Peck opens the program by introducing a film clip which shows the raising of the free Indian flag at the UN. Mr. Talbot, Executive Director of American Universities Field Staff, explains the complexity of India. The discussion begins with a consideration of the Congress Party and its problems since independence, with references to Gandhi and Nehru. It is agreed that a real understanding of India depends on a knowledge of the country’s internal development. A five-minute film illustrates efforts to control malaria and the contrast between old and new methods of agriculture. It is concluded that the best way to fight Communism is to strengthen India internally, rather than press her to declare against Red China.
Bash describes the workings of a canal and shows how it is possible to make a ship “go upstairs” from one water level to another. The reasons for digging canals are discussed along with the importance of canals such as the Erie Canal and the Panama Canal. The influence of canals on the lives of people in this country is explained. Songs include “Erie Canal,” “Venezuela” and “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean.”
Discusses the relationship between viruses and cancer. Explains how viruses can cause cancers in animals and why it is believed they may be responsible for cancer in humans. Concludes by summarizing the important known facts about viruses. Indicates directions which future research in virology might take.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain the properties of carbon and its compounds. Discusses the three natural forms of carbon: amorphous, graphite, and diamond. Demonstrates the properties of carbon compounds using calcium carbide, acetylene, carbon disulfide, and ethyl alcohol. (KQED) Film.
Discusses the history of Arab Nationalism, Arab Nationalistic competition, and Republican versus Monarchical Nationalism. Surveys the use of Nasser in Egypt. Explains the role of anti-colonialism and anti Zionism in the nationalistic rise of the Arab World. Illustrates with film clips, pictures, and maps.
Surveys the rise of nationalism in China and India. Explains the role of Western influence in their struggles. Discusses the reactions of China and India to the impact of the West and the divergent roads traveled to nationalism.
Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate the action of catalysts. Demonstrates with the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, solution of zinc in hydrochloric acid, and the burning of a sugar cube. Points out the commercial uses of catalysts. (KQED) Film.
Wild animal exhibitions originated with the menagerie, but jungle beasts as performers are relative newcomers to the circus. Because traveling menageries were so successful financially, circus operators around the turn of the century began to incorporate into their shows wild animal exhibitions with “lion tamers” in attendance. The American public flocked to see the dangerous denizens of faraway jungles paraded with great ballyhoo by nerveless human handles, and wild animal acts swiftly became an integral part of the circus. There is another kind of animal act which answers a different interest among circus audiences and comes out of a longer standing tradition than the wild animal acts: the tame animal act in which the animal, through meticulous training, is able to perform tricks exploiting the upper limits of its physical capability and intelligence. It is always with squeals of delight that the audience watches an animal –a seal, pony, chimpanzee, or dog –break into a routine which makes it look “human.”This program concentrates on these two kinds of animal performance. It uses as examples of the tame animal act the skillful and imaginative “Stephenson’s Dogs,” seen in rehearsal on the Ringling lot. In the wild animal category there are three different performers: Clyde Beatty, Pat Anthony, and Robert Baudy. In each case the viewer sees them at work with their “cats” (tigers and lions), while their voices come over their own performance shots describing the dangers of their profession, their training methods, how they groom the animals, and what happens when a snarling cat turns against his master (Anthony, who puts his arm in the mouth of a tiger, tells us that if the animal begins to bite his arm, he bites his ear, which makes the tiger relinquish its hold.) The three trainers on this program represent two different approaches to the art of the wild animal act. Both Pat Anthony (who studied animal training under the G.I. Bill) and veteran Clyde Beatty (whose performances are seen in both old and current film clips) give “fighting acts,” concentrating on the physical aspects of their performances –often wielding the gun and whip irritating the cats into loud roaring, and, in general, making it as clear as possible that a 165-pound man is taking on 8700 pounds of “unleashed jungle fury.” Robert Baudy, a Frenchman, has a different approach. His act emphasizes “style” rather than combat, and, clad in rich costume, he enters the steal arena with a more aesthetic objective than that of his colleagues Beatty and Anthony: he makes his Siberian tigers go through the paces of their impossible tricks with quiet, sinister, grace.
Bash Kennett visits a mountain roundup and tells the story of cattle from the few which the early settlers had to the great herds which roamed the Great Plains. The importance of cattle in the history of our country is combined with a talk about problems of raising cattle. Songs include “Cowboy’s Lullaby” “Donney Gal” and “The Night Herding Song.”
Presents a view of the guidance process and indicates the great number of individuals involved. urges efforts to estimate the potential of each individual, to interpret to him and his parents the opportunities available to him, and to provide him with educational experiences which will assures his best development.
Illustrates tempo and character contrast between movements of cyclic forms like the sonata and suite with Beethoven's Fifth Symphony and C-Sharp Minor Piano Sonata. Examples of the episodic principle are from Mozart and Chopin.
What problems are posed by the underdeveloped countries to the rest of the world? Mr. Malik begins by describing the standard of living, and what independence from colonial status has meant for these countries. Many of these must accept economic aid, raising the question of how they can accept it and remain independent. Mr. Malik believes that there are fundamental principles which must be common to all nations, whatever their social or political structure may be. These principles could in part be contributed by countries giving aid. Both the new and the established countries recognize the need for economic groupings similar to the OEEC, or the European Coal and Steel Community, although small nations are handicapped in participating by a lack of experience and of funds, a disproportionately large portion of which is devoted to the maintenance of an army. This, concludes Mr. Malik, is one reason why development is slower than it could be.
What is the position of the Near Eastern countries today? Dr. Malik introduces the topic by describing why he feels education is so essential to their development. Theoretical values and general policies must be developed before specific problems can be attacked, such as the problems which Islam will have in adjusting to the modern world. It is no longer possible to return to pure Islam, free from the influences of the West, he believes. The Arab nations are anxious to become substantial, self-respecting members of the world community. They look for a leader who will give them direction and guidance without forcing them away from their traditional values. Of the revolutions which have upset the Arab world since the end World War II, Dr. Malik says these are usually due to circumstances which have become intolerable. At the end of the program, Dr. Malik presents a plea for understanding and toleration of the Arab community, as it attempts to establish itself in the modern world.
Charles Malik, President of the General Assembly of the United Nations and ambassador from Lebanon discusses criticism and truth in world diplomacy. He is joined by Dr. Richard Cottam, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh, and Mr. T.F.X. Higgins, Executive Director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh.
While most chemical reactions take place almost immediately, there are some which can be made to occur after a timed delay. These are the so-called clock reactions. By varying the temperature or concentration of reactants, the delay can be shortened or lengthened in a striking manner.
The progress of sciences such as chemistry is due to the work of many great men. These men have made their mark in science by their curiosity and their efforts to understand natural laws. Some of these men and the fields in which they worked are: Sir Robert Boyle, properties of gases; Sir Isaac Newton, laws of motion; Antoine Lavoisier, analytical chemistry; Sir J. J. Thomson, discoverer of the electron; Jacobus von't Hoff, physical chemistry.
Changes in nature are classed as either physical or chemical changes. Examples of both types of changes are shown. Simple chemical reactions such as the burning of magnesium and phosphorous are demonstrated. Other, more complicated reactions include those of the decomposition and double displacement type.
The tale of the foolish little chicken who is hit on the head by an acorn and thinks the world is falling in is told by Poindexter and his friends. How "Chicken Little" nearly starts a panic among the animals until a sensible friend stops them is the story for today.
The Friendly Giant reads the book, Chicken Little, Count-to-ten, by Margaret Friskey, illustrated by Katherine Evans, and published by the Children's Press. After the story, Rusty shows how chickens drink. (WHA-TV) Kinescope.
Summarizes discussions in previous UNDERSTANDING THE CHILD films dealing with patterns and measurements of growth in children. Indicates the need for scientific knowledge in child rearing practices and how this knowledge is constantly changing. Discusses how changing attitudes toward habit training are affecting the approach to learning in the schools. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Discusses the influence of the president in picking vice-presidential nominees and the difficulties in getting able men to accept this nomination. Points out that candidates are most often selected to "balance the ticket" from the standpoint of geography as well as points of view on pertinent issues. Considers the "whys" behind the nomination of seven vice presidents who eventually became president.
Huyghens (HY-gunz) discovery that Saturn is surrounded by rings which look different on earth at different times led to considerable speculation as to the nature of the rings. Some scientists believed they were solid, others maintained they were made up of particles of matter, as is actually the case. Among Huyghens’ other discoveries was the triangular expanse on Mars (“Syrtis Major”), which may be an expanse of vegetation. He also invented a very fine eyepiece, still used by physicists, which overcomes color spread. And “Huyghens Principle” regarding light spread is also constantly in use. Despite early illness and his resulting weak constitution, Huyghens was able to make discoveries that have been inestimable use to scientists who came after him.
Discusses Christianity not only as ideology, but also as a historical religion, focusing upon Jesus. Surveys the human aspects of Jesus, and contrasts standards of values in the world with the teachings of Christ.
Reviews the early years of the church when the gospel was spread by a group of ex-fishermen and tentsmen. Points out that "the good news" was not an example of the ethical teachings of Jesus, but was related to the actual experiences of the people. Discusses the concepts of the early disciples as being rooted deep in their experiences concerning incarnation, atonement, and the Trinity.
Explains the three basic symbols of Christianity--the church, the vine and branches, and the body. Diagrams the spread of the three largest Christian groups--Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Greek Orthodox--and emphasizes the main beliefs of each of these groups.
Discusses the special problems confronting the child with a chronic disorder such as hemophilia. Explains various types of chronic disorders and points out how social and emotional growth is complicated by a chronic illness. Tells how separation from parents and school, plus the medical treatment used, can bring on serious psychological problems. Stresses the importance of a wholesome relationship between the chronically ill child and his parents. Shows how educational training is provided for some children with chronic disorders. Features Dr. William Cruickshank of Syracuse University.
Discusses the two major aspects of the crime problem in the United States--police protection of citizens from crime and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through training schools and reformatories. Aspects of these problems are examined by police experts, criminologists, and others. Methods of operation used by the Chicago Police Department are evaluated; training schools are visited; and their methods are contrasted with community programs designed to keep the juvenile from ever becoming a criminal.
Shows growth of cities today and the steps man is taking to improve them. Describes city population in the United States as seventy percent of the total population. Compares new cities of Brasilia, Brazil; Reston, Virginia; and Chandigahi, India, with old cities of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Boston, Massachusetts; and Stockholm, Sweden.
Shows from the point-of-view of a bus driver on the job what happens during a day's run in a well-equipped city bus. Covers all aspects of the driver's job, including his preparations of the trip, his driving skills, his courtesy in dealing with passengers, and his responsibility for their comfort and safety. Uses scenes in the garage and the office of the bus company to illustrate problems involved in maintaining an efficient transportation system.
Deals with the complexities that result from increased traffic conditions such as turns, clearing intersections, choosing proper lanes, and pedestrian problems. Explains the effectiveness of courtesy in relation to positive and negative situations. Covers the restrictions and requirements of parking. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Shows the importance of organized fire-fighting activities in a city. Includes a visit to a city fire house, the equipment there and in action at a fire, simple precautions against fires, and how to turn in alarms in case of fire.
Illustrates the need of pets for adequate care, urges children to care for their city pets and shows by example how such care is administered. Portrays the kinds of pets that are conveniently kept in city apartments as Jimmy and his dog take a walk in the park and visit a pet shop. Encourages pupils to tell and write stories about the pets that are shown.
The strict rules of classical ballet have been developed over the past five hundred years, and in this program Miss Myers demonstrates some of the basic principles, and the final applications of the traditions of this type of dance. Prints, drawings and photographs display the development of the traditions, and the three young students of the ballet demonstrate the essential positions and steps which every student must know. Maria Tallchief and Andre Eglevsky perform the pas de deux from “Swan Lake” and “Sylvia.” In addition, the opening of the program is a film clip of the corps de ballet of the Bolshoi Company dancing a scene from “Swan Lake.”
In this program, film sequences illustrate the steps in the prison separation and analysis technique, and an inmate tells of his experience with the classification system. Criminologist Joseph D. Lohman outlines the basic and conflicting ideas which underlie imprisonment, punishment and rehabilitation. Powers and Lohman
emphasize the need for professional personnel to implement the classification of prisoners and the importance of setting up programs to meet their individual needs.
Brushy, Susie-Q and Linda leave so much litter when they play in the park that the clean-up man has to stay late to tidy up after them. When the children realize that they are keeping him from a party, they correct their mistake and help clean up.
Discusses the weather of the United States and its effect on human comfort. Points out the nature of the country's agriculture as valuable bequests from our land. Shows how our climate differs from that of Alaska and Hawaii and the resulting differences in life and culture. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Dr. Golden reviews the historical development of worker organizations, the role of labor unions in society, and the general structure of union organizations. Examines and evaluates labor's concern for sound social institutions and new constructive efforts. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dynamics of Industrial Philosophy (1942), by Mr. Golden, is evaluated for use in the area of labor relations today. “How has militant unionism affected the acceptance of labor organizations?” “Are labor’s needs furthered by strike methods?” “What was the significance of the instigation of the 40 hour week?” “Is there democracy in unionism?” “What should be the qualities of a labor leader?” “How can labor reach a greater acceptance in our society?” These are some of the questions answered and discussed in this program. Mr. Golden makes a strong appeal for greater individual expression and participation by employers and union members in order to build a stronger growth policy and more workable system for labor negotiations in our time.
“The Responsibility of Unions in our Democracy,” “the choosing and training of labor leaders,” “educating the public to labor philosophies and policies,” and “the opportunities for growth and cooperation in labor relations” are points of discussion in this last of four programs with Clinton Golden. The spiraling of rising prices and rising wages, the union shop and wildcat strikes are critically examined by Mr. Golden and his guests. The progress of arbitration techniques and new constructive policies for labor relations are presented as a summarization for this series.
Bash tells us that there were no clocks or watches aboard the Mayflower and that the watch was invented after the first settlers in America had landed. The history of mechanical methods to tell time is told by Bash from the marking of shadows by the sundial through early water clocks, notched candles on to the developments of clocks. Songs include “Dillar A Dollar,” “Grandfather’s Clock” and “Dublin City.” The Lillian Patterson dance group performs in this program.
Why do children form clubs? Is this a step toward delinquency? Dr. Maria Piers describes children's needs to belong to group and how they learn about democracy from belonging to these smaller groups. She also describes the difference between a club and a gang.
Teenagers from Pakistan, Vietnam, Germany, and Yugoslavia discuss socialism in Yugoslavia and Russian Communism. Questions the definition of the word "freedom." Analyzes the prospects of reunification for Germany and Vietnam. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
The neighborliness of people in the South gives rise to many stories of help to others living nearby. The assistance with plowing, picking of crops and helping “catch up on work” is told, then the custom of a logrolling is pictured, wherein the neighbors gather to clear the fields of trees and logs. After the logrolling came the brush burning, or “woods burning” to further clear the land. This life is described, followed by the good times they had at a feast, after the work was done. Songs include “In the Evening,” “Nicodemus” and “Liza Jane.”
Discusses the supply of coal and iron ore in the United States. States that America has 4000 years supply of coal--this in spite of the fact that the U.S. produces thirty per cent of the world's supply. Points out that the reason for this large supply is that our mines are five times as productive as those of other nations. Uses maps to show the location and size of our supplies of iron ore. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
What happens when a rocket ship in space is struck and damaged by a meteor? Capt. Gell, a Navy expert on crew equipment, demonstrates the Navy’s full-pressure space suit for emergency escape from a shattered craft. Dr. Haber, an aerodynamic engineer who has made a thorough study of the theoretical problems of escape and survival far out in pace, explains the difficulty of making an individual descent into the atmosphere, on one hand, and of rescuing the stranded flyer in space, on the other. Dr. Herbert’s recommendation: the crew should ride the damaged vehicle back to earth --if anything remains of it.
Describes the various groups of settlers that came to this country and founded colonies. Tells of the first French, English, Dutch, Swedish, and Spanish settlers. Discusses their lives, homes, and food.
Explains the use of the tone colors of an instrument or groups of instruments to achieve desired musical effects. Concentrates on the winds and the brasses as a number of musicians display the tonal color limits of their instruments. (University of Rochester) Film.
Uses laboratory experiments to demonstrate the process of combustion and the by-products produced. Explains how combustion depends on fuel, air, and heat. Illustrates combustion with liquid and solid fuels. Shows how and why various by-products are formed. Concludes with experiments showing the properties of carbon dioxide and its effect on combustion. (KQED) Film.
In discussing communism as an internal problem, students from Britain, Norway, India and the Philippines deal in a rather inclusive manner with this difficult issue. In a most lively discussion, the panelists examine the topic from numerous angles, but stress particularly how we can at the same time control communism and protect civil liberties. Whether politicians should deal with internal communism, and whether it would be advisable to outlaw the communist party are also considered. In this connection several related problems are brought to light: Would the party be more difficult to control if it were forced completely underground; would there be danger of confusing liberals and other nonconformists with communists? An attempt is also made to define subversion, and several opinions are presented. Whether or not congressional committees are operating fairly and successfully is also discussed. One student expresses the fear that men may be unnecessarily hurt because of the fact that a committee may publicly suggest that he is guilty of some act, and yet is not empowered actually to establish that guilt or innocence. While much of the discussion centers, around the problem in the United States, several of the students describe what is being done in their own country about the problem, and the point is made that the solution for one country may not necessarily be the answer for another.
This program traces the history of the Communist Party in the United States. The dramatic sequences feature a re-enactment of the Bridgeman Convention in 1921 and show how the Communist Party of the United States was controlled by the Communist International, and directed by it. Benjamin Gitlow, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of America and American representative to the Comintern in the 1920’s, is a special guest on the program. Mr. Gitlow was twice candidate for Vice President of the USA on the Communist Party ticket. Mr. Gitlow was expelled from the Communist Party of America in 1929, as a result of his refusal to accept a directive ordering himto yield leadership of the Party.
Discusses research being conducted at the Carnegie Institute of Technology to evolve new theories about mental processes. Shows Dr. Bert Green demonstrating his computer experiments with the perception of motion and depth, Dr. Herbert Simon using the computer to present his theory of how human beings memorize, and Dr. Allan Newall showing how the computer was responsible for creating a new theory about human problem solving.