Presents an investigative report on the political, economic, and social development in Kenya and Tanzania, including an extensive interview with Tanzanian President Julius K. Nyerere. Observes that under Kenya's President Kenyatta the capitalistic system of business and trade is largely controlled by foreign investors which has led to increased unemployment and poverty. Explains that in Tanzania people are working together toward socialism as outlined by the Arusha Declaration and foreign investors must invest their profits in Tanzania so that Tanzanians may benefit.
Segment from episode 20 of Black Journal. Points out that discrimination within labor unions restricts minority membership, thus perpetuating the existing power structure. Notes that minorities in the New York local of the Transport Workers Union are trying to overcome discrimination by forming their own union. Indicates that although the TWU organizes on Transit Authority property, other groups are not allowed to do so.
Dr. St. Clair Drake states that the middle class is not only based on the economy, but is a way of life. Black middle and upper classes parallel those of the whites, yet he is "still a brother" and without a "mental revolution" will never escape the bonds of prejudice.
This film shows a typical day at the Exchange Home near the Speech and Hearing Center at Indiana University. Founded in 1938, it is named after the Exchange Clubs of Indiana, which provided funding for the home. The Exchange Home is a two story residence that includes a kitchen, dining rooms, laundry room, play room, TV lounge, and bedrooms for 25 children. A house mother and students majoring in speech and hearing live in the Exchange Home with the children.
Strout, Toby (Writer, Producer); Schwibs, Susanne (script); Sumpter, Wally (Director); Arnove, Robert (Producer); Michael Luhan(Producer);
Documents the political issues and diverse views of the people of Nicaragua during the period surrounding the elections of 1984; the first elections held since the overthrow of the Somoza regime. Sampling the campaigns of seven contending political parties, several major issues surface repeatedly and dominate debate: the direction of national reconstruction, changing social roles and responsiblities (particularly of women and young people), the war with the Contras, economic conditions, the makeup of the electoral process, and the conduct of the election itself.
Tells the story of an inspired inner-city teacher and eight bright and spirited Black sixth graders who together challenged some skeptical observers by organizing a chess team, and with three years of hard work, went on to win a national championship. Called the "Masters of Disaster," a label they adopted during their early struggles, the team is shown at practice, in school, in chess competitions, with families and friends, on a trip to Japan, and during a visit with the President of the United States, as the documentary pieces together the progress from their frustrating beginnings until their last national competition as a group. Teacher Bob Cotter's motivational techniques and the team members' unique contributions to the group's successes stand as inspiration to young people and adults everywhere.
Shows children in Brooklyn's Bedford-Stuyvesant section learning about their African heritage through classroom activities and "digs" in vacant lots and urban renewal areas to locate artifacts linking them to their 19th century ancestors. Explains that under "Project Weeksville" the black children are piecing together the history and organization of this self-sufficient black community which existed in the early 1800s. Examines how the Bedford- Stuyvesant residents held off white raiders during the Draft Riot of 1863.
Warning: This film contains nudity and close up images of corpses.
Focuses on Brazilian explorers Orlando and Claudio Villas Boas who, with the aid of the disc-lipped Tchukahmei, search the Amazon jungle from the air and ground for the Kreen-Akrore Indians, a group which has previously killed on sight. Explains that the objective is to bring the Kreen-Akrore to the 8,500 square mile Xingu National Park where Indian culture and economy survive. Records similar efforts to save other Amazon tribes.
Celebrates the 1820-1970 sesquicentennial of Indiana University by surveying its history and current programs. Points out the admission of women and students from other countries. Covers the development of the schools of music, medicine, education, business, and law, as well as the growth of the College of Arts and Sciences. Features brief scenes of the five regional campuses and of various athletic programs. Includes footage of Chancellor Herman B Wells, former President Elvis J. Stahr, and current President Joseph Sutton.
Part of episode 221 of PBL. Studies the widespread and often erroneous notions about welfare recipients. Presents the fallacy that many people on welfare could work if they wanted to. Reveals that 90 percent of all welfare recipients are young children or are aged, blind, or totally disabled. Attempts, through interviews, to give a view of welfare life. Shows segments of the hearings of the President's Commission on Income Maintenance.
Indicates that a suicide attempt is a cry for help, sympathy, and understanding--all of which can be handled by the suicide clinic. Indicates that most suicide attempts are the result of a crisis which passes leaving the person fully recovered. Shows that suicides cross all socioeconomic levels and that these individuals are not necessarily emotionally unstable. Links most suicides with long-term depression involving love, work, or physical illness. Looks at the need for recognition and therapy of persons with suicidal tendencies.
Examines the competitive struggle of cable television operators against movie-theater owners, commercial broadcasters, and the telephone company. Discusses the differences in programming philosophies of commercial and cable TV. Includes a discussion of Federal Communications Commission policies in the regulation of broadcasting.
This is an excerpt showing one segment of episode 117. Presents critical comments and views of Asian scholar and war correspondent, Bernard B. Fall. Discusses the nature of the war in Vietnam, its effect upon the people, and the possibility of a practical solution. Includes taped comments.
One segment from episode 119 of PBL. Describes the campaign to save Illinois' archaeological sites from urban and industrial expansion. Interviews Stuart Struever, archaeology professor at Northwestern University, who explains the significance of the sites. Shows Struever and others surveying and digging at sites. Ends with the suggestion that the area's heritage could be saved with the help of others.
The effectiveness of the African medicine man or “witch doctor” has been a subject of much speculation among the lay public and professional medical men for many years. In this program a Western physician investigates the work of “witch doctors” in Nigeria. The viewer is shown actual “healing” sessions and sees the results of what many doctors believe is mass hypnosis induced in his patients by the “witch doctor.” Nigerian physicians and psychiatrists give their explanations of the healing phenomenon.
Probes, in documentary style, the attempts which are made to solve the problems which have been brought about by the urban population explosion. Cites slum areas, racial unbalance in the schools, and the needs of untrained or illiterate rural immigrants as some of the elements involved. Points out projects in urban renewal and urban rehabilitation, bussing children from one school district to another, and antipoverty programs as attempted solutions.
Discusses the two major aspects of the crime problem in the United States--police protection of citizens from crime and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through training schools and reformatories. Aspects of these problems are examined by police experts, criminologists, and others. Methods of operation used by the Chicago Police Department are evaluated; training schools are visited; and their methods are contrasted with community programs designed to keep the juvenile from ever becoming a criminal.
Condensed version of "Gift of Choice" episode of Population Problem. Reports on experiments being carried out to determine the factors controlling pregnancies both to aid those who want children and to control fertility for those who want to limit family size.
Examines the problem of the individual in a complex society. Analyzes how various aspects of American life satisfy man's need for self-identification. Assesses the impact of government planning on individual initiative and community identification and examines the problems of people living in urban renewal projects. Points out how the Polaroid Corporation deals with the suppression of individuality in industry and how a steel corporation treated an executive who expressed personal opinions.
Shows the confrontation of several Northern communities with the issue of Negro integration in schools, jobs, and housing. Shows Negroes demonstrating for jobs in construction work in Queens, a New York City borough. White reaction to the demonstration is recorded. There are scenes of a Negro demonstration intended to force the hiring of more members of that race by a St. Louis bank. In Chicago a barber vows he would go out of business if he were required by law to cut hair of Negroes; also in Chicago whites organize to oppose an "open occupancy" ordinance. Violence is recorded by the film at Folcroft, Pennsylvania, when a Negro family moves into a previously all-white housing area.
Records highlights of the emergence of democratic government in Venezuela. Shows that the Venezuelan election of December 2 1963, allowed for the first transfer of office from one democratic administration to another in that nation's history. The film documents numerous national problems and aspects of the political campaign. Factors included for examination are the importance of the military, the terrorists' campaign to prevent the election, and the problems of illiteracy and poverty. Refers to the large political setting of Venezuela within Latin American history. Shows the failure of the Cuban-backed terror campaign to keep the people from voting. Includes interviews with Past-President Betancourt and President-Elect Leoni.
Compares the daily activities of four elementary teachers from Japan, Poland, Puerto Rico, and Canada. Presents facts about each teacher's personality, classroom techniques, facilities available for use in the classroom, student-teacher relationships, salaries, home life, status in the community, and the importance of education in each of the countries. Between sequences, discussion of pertinent problems in education is carried on by a Montreal teacher, Glenna Reid; a Toronto professor, John R. Seeley; and the film's producer-commentator, Gordon Burwash.
Presents Arnold Toynbee, an historian, and James Beveridge, the film producer, discussing the common bonds of the four major faiths: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. Toynbee and Presents Arnold Toynbee, an historian, and James Beveridge, the film producer, discussing the common bonds of the four major faiths: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. Toynbee and Beveridge briefly discuss and analyze how the religions differ and how they agree. Uses narrated film segments of actual religious ceremonies and observances to provide illustrations on how the four religions give meaning to Christ, and Toynbee's opinion that as the world moves closer together, the individual will have greater choice in selecting a religion to meet his needs, rather than a choice based primarily on culture.
Richard F. Brown, Jean S. Boggs, Lester Novros, Russell J. Smith, Paul Levine, Richard Herber, Richard MacCann, Walter Ducloux, Herbert Farmer, Ted Comillion, Kenneth Miura, Daniel Wiegand, James Hopkins, David Johnson, Richard Dyer MacCann, University of Southern California, Department of Cinema
An exhibition of more than 100 works of Degas--drawings, paintings, and sculpture--at the Los Angeles County Museum, emphasizing his three favorite subjects: horses and jockeys, portraits, and ballet dancers. Explains that Degas was an artist who saw with his intellect as much as he saw with his eyes and his feelings and captured the beauty and uniqueness of a moment of movement.
A comparison of family life in France, Japan, India, and Canada. How each family treats and cares for a year-old baby. Mother-child relationships, feeding and bathing the child. Anthropologist Margaret Mead discusses how the upbringing of a child contributes to distinctive national characteristics.