Discusses the transition in art from realism to the abstract. Explains the reasons underlying abstract and non-objective painting. Demonstrates important points with illustrations drawn in chalk and paint. Uses prints of abstract painting to clarify and develop a greater understanding of the artist's interpretation. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses the purpose, successes, and failures of NATO, the prospects for extending its economic functions, and ways of making it more effective. Gives the history of NATO's formation and explains the financial contribution of each member country. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the formation of the Afro-Asian bloc, the declaration issued by it, and the possible influences this organization may have in world politics. Considers official United States reaction to the bloc and the bloc's possible influence on the formation of United States foreign policy. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses attempts, from the Roman Empire to the present, at European unification. Examines the progress in economic unification through the Schuman Plan. Appraises the effects on the United States on the degree of unification in Europe. (WTTW) Kinescope.
resents the scope of international exchange programs now in process. Explains the various types of exchange. Discusses the Fulbright scholarships and shows a film on the experiment in international living in Austria. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the actor and where he came from. Describes the Greek theater in terms of the actor, his equipment and techniques. Explains the theater of the Middle Ages with its strolling players, liturgical dramas, and the guild system.
Describes the lands of East Africa that are members of the British Commonwealth. Discusses variations in degree of self government and in the composition of populations. A native of Tanganuika presents his views on independence for his homeland and outlines a course of action. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Outlines the political history of the Congo and discusses the success of the Belgian colonial policy. A native of the Congo proposes a program for more self-government of the people. Stresses the economic importance of the Congo to Belgium and to the United States. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Analyzes the score of a symphony and explains why it was scored as it was. Compares this symphony to a painting and to an austere essay and shows how the background, the highlights, and the essential figures are developed. Analyzes a composer's motives and illustrates their orchestral expression. (University of Rochester) Film.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses the role of animals in artistic expression. Shows drawings of animals by ancient man to illustrate various designs. Describes the significance of cave drawings of an ice aged man. Explains the use of simple tools and materials. Demonstrates the drawing of an animal using various interpretations from the real to the abstract. Illustrates with examples of painting and sculpture.
Discusses the present status of archaeology in Russia. Shows and discusses objects, found in Russia, formerly owned by Scythians and buried with them. Stresses the vast quantity of these objects and emphasizes the artistic quality of these exports from Greece. (NYU) Kinescope.
In his final program, John Dodds poses a startling question: “Are Americans civilized?” Undoubtedly, he says, most Americans will reply without hesitation. “Of course, we are!” Yet, Dr. Dodds points out, we are branded by many foreigners as a raw, materialistic, uncouth, mercenary, and even an uncivilized nation. He inquires into the factors in our society that have induced such severe criticism from abroad. He asks if others are merely jealous of our technological advancement –which most are as quick to adopt as they are to criticize –or have they actually found some basic flaws in the fabric of our culture. In peering into the structure of our civilization, he holds up a mirror in which all Americans might profit from viewing themselves. From this analysis we realize that American have their shortcomings both obvious and subtle, but, as to the state of American civilization, Dr. Dodds leads us to believe the picture is more pleasant than many would have us think.
Discusses line, form, and symbol as conventional devices for communication in the visual arts. Demonstrates some of the conventions used for communication in the theater and the dance. Illustrates the communication of ideas, using pictures by Picasso and others.
Shows numerous paintings and discusses factors in the world today which lead artists to produce such paintings. Points out that war, mechanization, anxiety, and insecurity, speed and motion, and emphasis on the individual are some of the concerns of today's artists. (Hofstra College and WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Explains and illustrates the characteristics of the medium of theater art. Outlines the history and evolution of the stage platform. Discusses the functions of the stage and auditorium. Relates the actors and the audience to theater art. Presents theater art as a synthesis of a variety of fine arts.
Traces the various methods of propulsion. Explains the development of jet propulsion by the Chinese in 1232. Relates the history of the use of rocker power to the age of firearms. Shows how the rocket became an important weapon at sea because of the flammable nature of the ships. Surveys the actualities and dreams of rocketry throughout its development. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Describes the problem of reducing the effect of gravity on humans. Discusses the sense of sight, balance, position, and touch and how they will be affected by upper air travel. Describes the construction of the inner ear and the way in which it affects our sense of balance. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Hand puppets with lively personalities tell this original story by Tom Tichenor of Blossom Possum, who forgets where she puts things. When she receives a phone call from Grandma Rabbit, she can't find the phone. Grandma asks Blossom Possum to hurry over with the hot water bottle, and Blossum Possum has trouble remembering where she put it. When Blossom arrives at Grandma's she forgets who is ill and puts the wrong person in bed. Blossom returns home to put her three children to bed but has forgotten where she put the littlest one. Lots of fun for the youngsters in this story with a comedy of errors.
Discusses the political history of Brazil and her relations with the U.S. Considers Brazilian art, economic problems and potentialities, and the role of U.S. business in Brazil. A photo series presents the land and the people. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Explains the factors involved in earth movement. Shows the mechanics whereby rock may be folded and bent. Points out the relationship of erosion to the breaking and bending of the earth's crust in forming land features.
Shows and discusses the order of insects known as lepidoptera or scale-winged insects. Illustrates with collections of butterflies and moths from many parts of the world. Explains how to begin a collection, equipment needed, where to find specimens, and how to properly mount and keep them. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the plan for Caribbean Federation and presents a historical survey of the area included. Shows a film on the area and peoples involved. Appraises the chances of success of this newest nation in the western hemisphere. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Ella's new stepmother discharges all the servants and forces Ella to wait on her and her two stepsisters and to sleep on the cinders. Ella's name is then changed to Cinder-Ella. When the Prince has a grand ball, Cinderella is not allowed to go. But her fairy godmother appears, giving her a beautiful coach, a beautiful new dress for the ball.
Dr. Golden reviews the historical development of worker organizations, the role of labor unions in society, and the general structure of union organizations. Examines and evaluates labor's concern for sound social institutions and new constructive efforts. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dynamics of Industrial Philosophy (1942), by Mr. Golden, is evaluated for use in the area of labor relations today. “How has militant unionism affected the acceptance of labor organizations?” “Are labor’s needs furthered by strike methods?” “What was the significance of the instigation of the 40 hour week?” “Is there democracy in unionism?” “What should be the qualities of a labor leader?” “How can labor reach a greater acceptance in our society?” These are some of the questions answered and discussed in this program. Mr. Golden makes a strong appeal for greater individual expression and participation by employers and union members in order to build a stronger growth policy and more workable system for labor negotiations in our time.
“The Responsibility of Unions in our Democracy,” “the choosing and training of labor leaders,” “educating the public to labor philosophies and policies,” and “the opportunities for growth and cooperation in labor relations” are points of discussion in this last of four programs with Clinton Golden. The spiraling of rising prices and rising wages, the union shop and wildcat strikes are critically examined by Mr. Golden and his guests. The progress of arbitration techniques and new constructive policies for labor relations are presented as a summarization for this series.
Explains the use of the tone colors of an instrument or groups of instruments to achieve desired musical effects. Concentrates on the winds and the brasses as a number of musicians display the tonal color limits of their instruments. (University of Rochester) Film.
Discuses the problem of harmful effects on the human body caused by extended exposure to cosmic radiation. Describes how these effects have been studied by exposing animals, insects, eggs, and seeds to cosmic radiation at high altitudes. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Marionettes present the story of a man and wife who think their house is too small for visiting relatives. Promising to follow the advice of their wise friend, Mr. Wiseman, they bring a rooster, a lamb, a goat, and a cow into their home. After each animal is brought in, Mr. Wiseman asks his friends if their home seems larger, and each time they declare it seems smaller. When the cow is brought in with the other animals, Mr. Wiseman asks again if they don't think that their house seems bigger. The husband then realizes he should be glad his sister and 10 children aren't staying with them. The animals are taken out of the house and the couple realizes how large their home really is.
Discusses the processes involved in creating a piece of sculpture suitable for reproduction. Explains compositional elements in sculpture while a figure is modeled. Shows the process of making a plaster mold from the completed figure. Demonstrates how the "slip" or liquid clay is poured in the mold and after drying how the mold is removed. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Explains dialogue from the point of view of the playwright who composes it and the actor who gives it expression. Describes and demonstrates three types of dialogue: straight dialogue, set speech, and soliloquy. Illustrates devices and techniques used by the actor to support the dialogue including articulation, tempo, force, and quality. (KUON-TV) Film.
Dr. Urey relates scientific thinking to philosophical, political and religious areas. He discusses the revolutionary change in the ideas of today due to radical discoveries by scientists. He speaks of the important role of the scientist today.
Dr. Urey describes the advancement of civilization as a result of scientific discoveries. He points out the impact of science on humanity, the importance of ethics in science, and the significance of seemingly "impractical" scientific investigation. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Harold Urey discusses the responsibilities of the scientist to science, to the world, and to himself in relation to his discoveries. He is joined by guests and they speak of the moral responsibility of the scientist with regard to potentially dangerous work. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Urey discusses the work of the twentieth century scientist and the problems which he meets and how he accomplishes his goals. In his talk, Dr. Urey draws from his own background in research on heavy hydrogen.
Herald Tribune Forum delegates from Lebanon, France, India, United Kingdom, Indonesia, Korea, Philippines, Germany, and the Union of South Africa compare education in the U.S. with that of their countries. Includes comments on teaching methods, classroom procedures, and co-education. (WOR-TV) Kinescope. 1957
Discusses human action and its causes. Compares voluntary and involuntary response. Uses a slow motion film clip to demonstrate the startle response. Concludes with a demonstration to show that voluntary effort has its causes. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses finishing techniques in ceramic sculpture. Explains how the finish must make the sculptured work permanent and at the same time enhance its feeling and form. Shows the method of firing ceramic pieces in the kiln. Demonstrates different methods of finishing the pieces including staining, waxing, and the application of different types of glazes. Concludes with a discussion of ancient and modern polychrome sculpture. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Discusses and explains the zones of a candle flame. Shows the differences between a candle and a burner flame. Uses experiments to illustrate and define air density and convection currents. (KQED) Film.
Illustrates and discusses the chief causes of forgetting. Compares the theories of disuse and interference. Explains the part of retroactive inhibition and motivation in forgetting. Uses charts, diagrams, and examples to illustrate major points. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Reviews the penetration of later Latin Americans into the hinterlands of the several colonies. Points out that these frontier movements expanded the territory held and often set the boundaries of the future nations. (KETC) Kinescope.
Points out the purposes and procedures of the series of motion pictures, YESTERDAY'S WORLDS. Reviews objects shown and summarizes ideas discussed in the preceding 25 half-hour programs. Emphasizes the values of research into man's past. (NYU) Kinescope.
Hand puppets are used to tell the age-old story of the two children whose step mother takes them to the forest and leaves them. The trail they've left with bread crumbs, is eaten by the birds, so unable to find their way home, they say their prayers and go to sleep under a tree. They wake in the morning and discover a candy house.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager discusses the political thinking of today. Explains the desirability of the inductive or pragmatic approach to problems of politics and society. Discusses the concepts of majority and minority rule, loyalty, and security in terms of theoretical dangers, fundamental truths, and moral absolutes. Points out the importance of experience, reality, and actuality in judging political action. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager and his guests discuss various aspects and problems of American higher education. Presents one viewpoint concerning the need for change in public thinking toward higher education, how students acquire attitudes, college and university methods, intellectual versus social training, educational leadership, and the problem of standards. Centers the discussion around the importance of society to the ultimate solving of these problems. (WQED) Kinescope.