Discusses various types of work, ranging from sheer drudgery to labors of love. Lists several activities, such as dancing, football, carpentry, and music, which are play for some and work for others. States two conditions by which work takes on dignity, and defines the dignity of man and the dignity of labor. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Shows how man has learned to measure quantities beyond his sight and grasp. Uses diagrams to explain how the size of the earth was discovered in classical times. Examines modern problems of extreme scale including the universe and size of viruses. Features Dr. Philippe LeCorbeiller, Professor of Physics, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Points out and discusses the various groups or classes of colonial society--the whites, the mixed breeds, and the pure breed. Considers the religious, intellectual, and artistic life of these groups. (KETC) Kinescope.
Uses the cross section of a tree stump to explain the events in the life of a tree. Tells how insects, weather, hurricanes, and urbanization effect the life of a tree. Describes the function of the parts of a tree trunk. Illustrates, through experiments, how a tree lifts great quantities of water high in the air. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Animal marionettes portray the characters in the story of a Little Rabbit who is always wishing. His mother sends him to Professor Groundhog, the wisest animal in the forest because she knows the Professor will advise the Little Rabbit not to wish all the time. Prof. Groundhog sends the Little Rabbit to find Pinkney Green, an elf, who can grant one wish. Pinkney Green shows Little Rabbit the magic wishing pond and gives him magic instructions which he must follow before he makes his wish. Little Rabbit wishes for little red wings and home he goes to show his mother. She doesn't recognize him and sends him away. Only Prof. Groundhog knows him and lets him sleep in his home but Little Rabbit finds the wings are most uncomfortable and he can't sleep.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses the place of "The Madonna" in painting and sculpture. Uses prints to explain the many ways of representing this theme. Illustrates important points with sculptured madonnas and other religious works. Demonstrates various approaches to this subject with sketches.
Explains the need for law, and discusses the kinds of law which men provide over and above natural or divine law. Compares the various kinds of law with the enforcement necessary to make them binding. Shows how penal codes and civil law define various types of offenses, and describes different law-making authorities. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions). Kinescope.
Reports on excavations concluded at Nimrud, Iraq. Emphasizes the bronze gates, now in the British Museum, that were originally located in Balavat, near Nimrud. Points out that recent discoveries have shed light on various facets of ancient Assyrian civilization. (NYU) Kinescope.
Distinguishes between morality and virtue, and discusses good and bad love. Points out that the three bad loves are love of money, pride, and romantic love, and explains both that Adler's and Freud's views of love. Presents and defines the commands of love--love God, love thyself, and love others--and illustrates how bad love can defeat good love. (Palmer Films) Film.
Considers the kinds of human love, the various meanings of the word "love" as it is used in ordinary speech, and the different attitudes that people take toward love. Focuses on the problem of the distinction between love and desire and their relation to one another. (Palmer Films) Film.
Two artists demonstrate the creative process by reacting to a stimulus presented by a psychologist. Defines creativity and outlines the elements composing it; stresses the influence of environment on the creative impulse.
Discusses the process of revision through which a painting is developed, revealing how the artist uses his skill, knowledge, and experience to shape his ideas into a finished work of art. Compares many drawings and sketches with the paintings based upon them.
Discusses the fundamental ideas of government, and points out that a government to be just must be for, of, and by the people. Explains why a government must have power and authority in order to function. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Discusses intellectual learning and the role of the teacher. Shows how learning is only a small part of education, and mentions briefly some theories of learning. Points out that the learner must act if learning is to take place and that the teacher us only a guide and an aid to the learner. (Palmer Films) Film.
Explains the difference in the use of the word "law" in natural science, and the word "law" as used in art, politics, and conduct. Shows pictures to illustrate various concepts of law, and points out that criminal law makes up only a small portion of the laws of daily life. Discusses opposing views on what constitutes "the law." (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Discusses the nature of opinion as contrasted with knowledge. Points out that where opinion can be right or wrong, knowledge can not be wrong. States that opinions are subject to conflict, and gives various examples of opinion such as majority rule, opinion polls, and controversy. (Palmer Films) Film.
Discusses Christian dogma versus the Darwinian theory. Stresses the impact of modern psychology and biology upon man's concept of man. Discusses some sociological and legal distinctions between man and animals. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
Describes the nature of work, and discusses work in relation to other life activities. Compares the time spent in labor by the average working man today with that of the pre-industrial man, and illustrates the change in his available free time. States that rest has a religious significance as referred to in the Old Testament and does not mean sleep. (Mortimer-Adler San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Explains that the personality of music is determined by the composer's style and by the use of various musical effects. Demonstrates and contrasts styles through selections played at the piano. Includes music by Bach, Schumann, Debussy, Liszt, and Chopin.
Shows and discusses the play from the point of view of the playwright and the stage director. Describes how the playwright uses such sources as feelings, ideas, actuality, real people, and in analyzing and interpretation the play. (KUON-TV) Film.
Beautifully costumed marionettes bring this original story by Tom Tichenor to life. It’s the tale of Princess Frumptious who is called "Frumpy" by her servants and people of the kingdom, because her hair is never combed, her apron never tied, her manners always rude. Youngsters will be intrigued with the manner in which she changes her habits and has her name changed to Princess Scrumptious.
Discusses the powers a government should have and how they should be limited. Identifies two basic problems--the power of men in government and the power of the government itself. Quotes Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton to illustrate opposing views concerning the power of government. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Reviews the principles of sound and its transmission as it applies to rocket propulsion. Using the V-2 rocket motor as an example, the orientation of a typical rocket motor, including the types of materials used for fuels, is explained. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.)
Tells the story of the beaver and its role in the history of America. Explains how the beaver builds dams and creates new environments. Shows a beaver dam with the animals swimming, feeding, and diving. Uses diagrams and models to study a beaver community, the lodge, and their engineering skills. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the influence of organized labor on governments and in the direction of foreign policy. Discusses the work of labor organizations and presents a film that shows the coming of the Industrial Revolution to various world areas. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Examines the construction--theme by theme, movement by movement--of a modern symphony. Like as musical form to a mural, to a complicated building, and to a well-planned public speech. Feature the playing of Hanson's Romantic Symphony, No. 2. (University of Rochester) Film.
Continues the painting shown in THE CROSS. Shows the addition of the rope to the painting, binding "The Man of Sorrows" to the cross. "The process of further developing and finishing the surface of the painting has begun. (KETC) Kinescope.
Explains and demonstrates how the writer selects and arranges words to achieve proper placement of detail for meaning. Stresses the importance of understanding the relationship between the writer's roving eye and point of view. Uses examples from The Killers, Tom Sawyer, The Canterbury Tales, and the Iliad. (KETC) Kinescope.
Evaluates the significance of the "sense of tragedy" in making a measure of a man. Analyzes the pleasure man derives from the tragedy of a fellow creature in literature or drama. Presents writings and documents from real life to inquire into the elements that make tragedy. (KQED) Film.
discusses the analysis, tabulation, and charting of music. Proposes six categories and undertakes to show that nearly all music fits into this pattern. Uses numerous illustrative musical selections. (University of Rochester) Film.
Discusses and explains the size and arrangement of the universe. Defines and illustrates light minutes, light hours, and light years. Uses photography to chart the universe of galaxies and plot the size of the universe. Features Dr. Bart J. Bok, Professor od Astronomy, National University of Australia. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Traces the movements of the Spanish in the Americas. Stresses their efforts to find "another Mexico" after Cortez had conquered the Aztec empire. Explains the role of such men as Cabeza de Vaca, Coronado, and De Soto in these later movements. (KETC) Kinescope.
Explains that a major problem of jet propulsion is increasing the speed of the expanding gas in the jet engine. Shows how the speed is increased by the addition of heat, more gas,and heavier molecules. Points out that there is no limit tot he speed that gas will move through the end of propulsion chambers if a material can be obtained that will stand the increased temperature. (New Mexico College of A.& M.A.)
A Tom Tichenor original story. Marionettes tell the story of a little bunny who never wants to stay home. When her mother leaves her to attend a meeting, Bunny throws a tantrum. Bunny has a dragon friend named Nogard, who comes to visit her when she has to stay at home. Nogard suggests that Bunny touch his wings so that she can fly, and they fly out of the window together. They visit a castle, and Bunny meets a Princess; they fly on to the Wild Wild Woods where they meet a skunk. Mr. Skunk tells Bunny that he would invite her to his home for dinner but he has nothing to eat. A wolf appears and frightens the skunk away and Bunny terrified hides in a tree trunk. She flies home after the wolf leaves, having learned her lesson… and resolves to always want to stay home.
Discusses the influence of the sun upon space travel. Describes how over ninety per cent of interplanetary travel will be made in the sun's gravitational field and only small portions of each journey will be close enough to planets for their gravitation to predominate. Shows solar prominences and flares, and discusses their influence on us. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.)
Discusses three major aspects of expression in the fine arts: medium, subject, and form. Studies these aspects of theater as a fine art. Compares theater art with other art forms. Presents specialists in art, music, and theater. (KUON-TV) Film.
This is the story of a young girl who didn't want to spin. Her mother beats her and when the Queen asks why, tells her that Maria will not stop spinning.The Queen takes Maria to her castle and promises her son's hand in marriage when she has spun all the straw in the castle. Three Fairies appear and agree to help Maria if she will invite them to her wedding and introduce them as her Aunts. At the wedding everyone is shocked at the appearance of the three "aunts." One has an enlarged lip, the second a huge thumb, the third an enormous foot, all from spinning straw...all the time. The Prince and the Queen tell Maria she shall never spin again so that she might always be beautiful.
Hand puppets are used to tell the story of husband and wife who are visited by the Fairy Princess, disguised as an old woman. The husband and wife refuse to feed the Old Woman because their cupboard is bare and they are selfish. The Old Woman visits another peasant cottage, where a kinder husband and wife, beset by misfortune, offer to share their meager meal with the Old Woman.
Discusses the training of the men who represent the U.S. overseas. Describes the embassies and the men we have abroad, the history of our diplomatic service, and its present organization and budget. Considers the adequacy of the present program, with suggestions for the future. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Physicists and biophysicists find common ground in interpreting the oscillation of a suspended spring. It is a simple piece of coiled metal which pulses over a small pool of mercury. The spring and the mercury are connected to a battery. Both scientists agree that the motion, regular and seemingly tireless, results from a design embodying the principle of “positive feedback.” From the biophysicist’s point of view, the pulsing spring is rather like the beating human heart. More and more areas of agreement common to all branches of science thus seems, as Professor LeCorbeiller puts it, “too beautiful not to be true.” And if science is one in revealing nature, will it not demonstrate that nature itself is one … animate and inanimate, spring and heart, body and tone?
This is the first of a series of four discussions on philosophy. In it, Dr. Adler defines philosophy and discusses the relationship of philosophy to science and religion. He also answers the question whether man needs a philosophy of life and reveals his belief that philosophy is useful and, in fact, is the foundation of all learning.
The V-2 was called the A-4 by the Germans and as such should have been the fourth in the A series of missiles. Actually it was the fifth since the A-5 was predecessor to the V-2. The A-4 incorporated most of the latest rocket knowledge and even extrapolated by increasing the dimensions greatly over any missile that had previously been built. Pumping of propellants and cooling of the motor were two major problems that were solved. Since the collapse of Germany, the V-2 has been used in several novel experiments.
Shows fueling operation, static firing, and the actual firing of the Viking missile. Pictures the recovery of the rocket after it has fallen, and explains that upper air information may be obtained by the study of the parts that are recovered.
The ants are social insects with a fascinating story of division of labor and social organization. Their history of how this social structure developed from very simple beginnings to more complicated systems is interesting too. You’ll find that some ants eat protein food while others are vegetarians, and you’ll discover that the kind of society which ants maintain is related to their food habits. Robert Willey, an entomologist, will demonstrate these things with live colonies of ants. You’ll learn too how to keep an ant colony and what kinds of questions about behavior of ants you might answer by observation. On film, you will see an ant herdsman tending the aphid cows and stoking them to secure their sweet honeydew.
A public service announcement from the Wilderness Society in which a scene of forest wildlife is overlaid with audio of developers clearing trees. An offscreen male narrator reminds the viewer that "man does not live by development alone," while onscreen text provides information on how to order a free booklet on "the American wilderness." Submitted for the Clio Awards.
Illustrates, through music and poetry, the importance of interpreting the writer's tone of voice in deriving meaning from written communication. Defines tone as the relationship between what is meant and what is said. Points out that all written communication has some kind of tone. Discusses the reader's responsibility in reading the right tone from the printed page. (KETC) Kinescope.