Hand puppets are used to tell the age-old story of the two children whose step mother takes them to the forest and leaves them. The trail they've left with bread crumbs, is eaten by the birds, so unable to find their way home, they say their prayers and go to sleep under a tree. They wake in the morning and discover a candy house.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager discusses the political thinking of today. Explains the desirability of the inductive or pragmatic approach to problems of politics and society. Discusses the concepts of majority and minority rule, loyalty, and security in terms of theoretical dangers, fundamental truths, and moral absolutes. Points out the importance of experience, reality, and actuality in judging political action. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager and his guests discuss various aspects and problems of American higher education. Presents one viewpoint concerning the need for change in public thinking toward higher education, how students acquire attitudes, college and university methods, intellectual versus social training, educational leadership, and the problem of standards. Centers the discussion around the importance of society to the ultimate solving of these problems. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager and his guests discuss freedom and security in today's society. Defines freedom as a natural right, a practical necessity, and a way of living. Considers the problem of freedom, security, and loyalty on a national as well as local level. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Commager lectures on the subject of nationalism as something Americans take for granted but as something that is actually new in history. He also clarifies nationalism as a blessing rather than a curse to mankind. He discusses his theory that American nationalism differs in important ways from European or even Asiatic. He shows how nationalism came about as suggesting what the US can should do to mitigate the ravages of nationalism generally.
Dr. Henry Steele Commager discusses the place of America in history. Explains early European curiosity concerning the value of the discovery of America. Points out how America's contribution to technology, social democracy, federal politics, education, separation of church and state, and nationalism have influenced institutions elsewhere. (WQED) Kinescope.
Cameras are carried in rockets to get technical information about the flight. The resulting movies and stills provide interesting viewing in addition to their primary value. Other applications, such as meteorological predictions, beside the present usages, are suggested by some of the pictures.
Describes the art of stage make-up and its function in the theatre. Presents and discusses three main categories of make-up: character, stylized, and straight make-up. Examines the tools and materials used in stage make-up and demonstrates their use. Shows the functions of make-up in relation to characterization, lighting, distance, and color.
Discusses the use of scientific method in psychology. Uses the moon illusion to explain the development of a scientific hypothesis. Shows how psychological experiments are solving the problem of the moon illusion. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Prof. Boring shows how human beings can be “set” or “tuned in” to a special response just as a radio can be tuned to a particular station. The brain can be directed along a certain channel, which it will follow until that channel or “station” is changed. Once told to think of rhyming words for example the voluntary subject concentrates on the sound of words almost exclusively, until she comes to “month,” for which there is only one unfamiliar rhyme. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Show how philosophy differs from science and religion in its methods and objectives, and states that each is independent of the other. Points out that as historians, chemists, and astronomers differ in their methods of inquiry, so also do scientists, philosophers, and theologians. Insists that there need not be conflicts among the three if each group stayed within their own field. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Delinquent behavior is not directly related to IQ. Sheriff Lohman reviews this point with Dr. A. Arthur Hartman of the Psychiatric Bureau of Chicago’s Municipal Court. Case studies of two delinquent boys are presented, one with a low IQ and the other with a high one.
Discusses the dynamics of ideas and ideologies. Suggests a cultural exchange with Russia in an effort to lessen world tensions. Features Dr. Harold Fisher, Professor of International Relations, San Francisco State College and host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discusses the relationship of actions to "set" and unconscious motivation. Demonstrates ideomotor action. Explains visual and tactile muscle reading. Illustrates social motivation through film clips of experiments with pigeons. Concludes with a psychological test showing unconscious perception and immediate forgetting. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses the organization of the colonial empires by the mother countries. Explains how these early patterns have affected the development of South America, including even the independent nations. (KETC) Kinescope.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick relays that real understanding and appreciation is discovered and developed through frequent visits to the art gallery and museum. We enter an exhibition of painting and sculpture, move from one work of art to the other, at the same time discussing the particular aspects of each as they relate to various contemporary movements in the arts. With illustrative drawings done with chalk at a large easel, the points previously observed and discussed are clarified. The program's guest is Miss Stella Nardozza, Teaching Supervisor, Pittsburgh Television Teaching Demonstration.
This discussion centers around the political organization of the ancient Incas in Peru in relation to the work of their craftsmen in pottery and gold. Guests are Dudley T. Easby, Jr., secretary of the Metropolitan, and Julius Bird, department of anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History.
Tells of the importance of corn to the settlers. Explains how the Indians helped the settlers plant corn and their methods of cultivation. Shows the participation of Indian children in planting, grinding, and keeping birds away from the corn fields.
Prof. Boring presents examples of instinctive behavior: Iron filings line up in a magnetic field; a cat rights itself when dropped; plants turn toward light; a person’s eyes blink, when an object suddenly passes close to the eye.
Presents an introduction of the series OF SCIENTISTS AND SCIENTISTS. Discusses the subject of science and shows excerpts from other programs in the series. Illustrates with experiments and mathematical problems the kind of thinking essential to the study of science. Features Dr. Philippe LeCorbeiller and Dr. Gerald Holton, Physics Department, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Introduces as artist who begins the painting, "The Man of Sorrows," portraying Christ on the Cross. Shows the rough sketch which serves as a guide for the painting and discusses philosophic and artistic considerations involved in its execution. (KETC) Kinescope.
Presents the story of the decipherment of ancient cuneiform and hieroglyphic writing. Explains how the Rosetta stone in Egypt became the key to unlock the mystery of hieroglyphics. Discusses the work of Grotefend, Rawlinson, and Champollion in achieving an understanding of ancient writing. (UCS)
Discusses the correspondence between ancient kings of the Middle Eastern countries. The letters were recently discovered in the Egyptian village of El-Amarna, and they deal with problems of money, with intrigues, and with marriage settlements. (NU) Kinescope.
In this program, Mr. Goldovsky clearly demonstrates the need for close attention to the language of the written musical score. Through musical example he aptly demonstrates the use of the musical passage as a guide to stage production and direction. He gives a more complete understanding of the opera through recognition of the language of music.
Relates to rocket development the problem of getting a man out of a fast-moving aircraft with a minimum of personal injury. Illustrates this phase of rocketry with pictures of the rocket sled at Holloman Air Force Base.
Explains the classical principles of learning by association. Discusses the work of Ebbinghaus and Pavlov. Presents the laws of frequency of contiguity and reinforcement by satisfaction. Illustrates contiguity, exercise, and effect. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses and demonstrates through film clips the concept of learning by reinforcement. Describes the shaping of behavior by rewarding of a correct action when it occurs by chance. Illustrates the nature of reinforcement by reward, the disappearance of a learned response when reward is discontinued, and the learning of discriminative and cooperative behavior. Uses filmed sequences of Skinner's experimental work with pigeons. (WGBH-TV)
States that people read for pleasure, information, and enlightenment. Explains what enlightenment means and how to read for this type of learning. Points out that to gain enlightenment, a person should actively read books that are challenging. Gives suggestions for active reading. (Palmer Films) Films.
Discusses the role of conversation and discussion in the life of learning. Gives the three methods of teaching--indoctrination, lecturing, and questioning. Suggests how adult conversation can serve as the means of learning. (Palmer Films) Film.
Presents the case for television as an instrument for learning, and explains the obstacles that stand in the way of successful educational television programs. Suggests how to watch an educational program if it is to help in learning. (Palmer Films) Films.
Discusses international law as an effective force in world affairs. Suggests that international law be backed with an international police force. Features Dr. F. S. C. Northrop, Professor of Philosophy and Law, Yale University, and host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discusses fraternal love, and differentiates it from sexual love. Explains Aristotle's idea of human association based on utility, pleasure, and excellence. Distinguishes between justice and love, and depicts a society based on love and friendship rather than justice. (Palmer Films) Film.
Presents one view of loyalty and its importance in the measure of a man. Considers martyrdom, the relationship of loyalty to prejudice, and loyalty as self-protection. Questions which loyalties are the most important. Suggests an answer, but leaves the ultimate solution open for further consideration. (KQED) Film.
Discusses the needs of education, federal aid, teacher and classroom shortages. Points out how individuals should be educated to make more valuable use of leisure time. Features Dr. Clarence Faust, President of the Fund for the Advancement of Education. (KETC) Kinescope.
Presents a discussion of the philosophic atmosphere in which scientists are doing their thinking. Questions man's freedom to do anything. Dr. Arthur H. Compton, Professor of Natural Philosophy, Washington University, is interviewed by host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
Presents an analysis of man's trust and greatest needs. Points out that man's aspirations and needs are not always one and the same thing. Features an interview between Dr. Erich Fromm and host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses masks as a form of art expression, how they are made, and their uses. Describes ceremonial festivals, and the theater. Demonstrates the making of the mask in clay, paper mache, and bent cardboard. Explains how various materials such as raffia, paint, and metal are applied to the mask for decoration. Uses models to illustrate the artistic merit and effectiveness of masks.
Explains how learning is aided by the meaningfulness of the material to be learned. Points out how rhyme, rhythm, and symbolism are aids to learning. Conducts an experiment to show the relationship of meaning to learning. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Introduces the harp, explains how it produces sounds, and reviews its development from early times in Egypt. Explains and demonstrates techniques of playing, of tuning, and of producing special effects. Musical selections include: Salzedo, Fraicheur, La Desirade, Cortige, Chansons Dans la Nuit, and Traipsin' thru Arkansaw; Bach, Arioso; and ravel, Piece en Frome de Habanera. (Arts and Audiences, Inc.) Film.
Explains how the composer conveys to his audience the emotions, the actions, and the thoughts of the personages in an opera. Shows how particular character "themes" and descriptive settings are worked out so as to express musically the thoughts, emotions, and behavior of the characters. (University of Rochester) Film.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses the use and adaption of metal as an art form. Explains how new metals have created a challenging material for the sculptor. Demonstrates the use of simple tools in creating different types of metal sculpture from rod, wire, sheet, and mesh. Illustrates with metal sculptures.
Discusses rhythm as the punctuation in the language of music. Illustrates tempo, pulse, rhythm, meter, and accent with musical selections. Demonstrates and suggests the different emotional responses evoked by them. (University of Rochester) Film.
Discusses the use of military force as the major deterrent to war until an international force can be established. Features General John E. Hull, United States Army (retired) and host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
Interview-in-depth with Henry A. Wallace. A warning from a leading agriculturalist of the imperative necessity to bring agricultural resources all over the world, and most especially in the under-developed areas, to their maximum production or face a misery in those under-developed areas which could trouble world peace even more than the opposing ideologies of American and Russia. There is a suggestion for a world loan development for small farmers through the co-operation of the wealthy nations.
An interview-in-depth with Barbara Ward. An analysis of the existing economic resources of the world; a pointing up of the great disparity between different parts of the world; and a suggestion for a massive transfer of seed capital from the west to the east in order to bring the world standard of living to an over-all high level.
Presents an actual demonstration of the modeling of a portrait in clay. Explains how a sculptured portrait reflects "likeness" and reveals the character and personality of the sitter. Discusses the problems of working in three dimensions and the creation of the sculptural form and proportion. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Traces the history of the development of the liquid-fuel missile by groups in Germany and the U.S. Views the development of the White Sands Proving Grounds and a parallel development of rocketry by the Germans, and explains the similarity of the two. Identifies the German A-9 and A-10 rockets as the forerunners of the multi-stage rocket. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.