This program deals with the inclined plane and Uncle Wonder uses this to get the plants from the greenhouse floor to the table top. Through art-work and demonstrations he discusses the principle that while the inclined plane makes us go farther, it makes our work much easier.
Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate the application of chemistry for industrial purposes. Explains the electric arc process, flotation, smoke elimination, electroplating, and the recovery of iodine from water. (KQED) Film.
Bash shows how the boll weevil bores into the cotton plant and destroys it, and sings the folk song about the boll weevil. She describes the various activities of spiders, including spider ballooning, and goes into the nonsense song of “The Lade Who Swallowed the Spider.” A discussion of flies follows, and the Lillian Patterson dance children dance to “Shoo Fly.”
Dr. Joel Hildebrand explains why natural "laws" tell how things may be expected to act. Provides examples using the gas laws. Uses a film sequence of molecular action. Tells how explanations of natural "laws" result in "concepts" leading to comprehensive theories. (KQED) Film.
Introduces the subject of Japanese Brush Painting. Explains the use of the brush painting materials. Discusses the Japanese approach to art. Artist-host T. Mikami paints samples of the subjects to be covered in the series. (KQED) Kinescope.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., provides an introduction to the Language and Linguistics series. He discusses the importance of language and points out common misconceptions concerning language. Dr. Smith tells what language really is and explains how the words we use and the way we use them affect the way we think and see the world. He develops the relationship between language, paralanguage, and kinesics.
Virtually all criminal behavior has its roots deep in psychological disorder. This program is the first of several devoted to the psychic problems and their relationship to criminality. Dr. Kelley deals with the mentally deficient individual, the person with the low IQ. He explains congenital and developmental mental problems and organic brain damage and deterioration.
This is Tom Tichenor’s new version of Jack and the Beanstalk. Animal marionettes tell the story. Jack Rabbit sells his cow for magic beans. His mother throws them out the window and a giant beanstalk grows up overnight. Jack Rabbit climbs the stalk to the Giant's castle and finds the Sun Bonney Bird which belongs to Jack's family before the Giant stole it. With the help of the Bird, Jack takes the money that belongs to him and runs down the beanstalk with the Giant in pursuit. Jack's mother and grandmother help him chop down the stalk and the Giant is killed. Jack's cow is returned to him because she won't stand on her head for anyone but Jack.
Fignewton Frog (puppet) and Dora (person) tell a story about Jill the bee who worries about her busy work schedule. Broadly explains the variety of work bees perform including caring for larvae, guarding the hive, and gathering pollen.
Discusses how and why birds migrate. Shows ways in which the movements of birds is studied. Describes and illustrates the use of the mist net in capturing birds for banding. Outlines the results obtained by banding. Tells the migration story of the Arctic Tern and the Golden Plover. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
A frog's tongue is fastened to the front of his mouth. A frog can catch flies while jumping. Frogs eat flies. Dora and Fignewton use the felt-board technique to tell the story of Freddy Frog who found that he turned somersaults when he tried to jump for fliest. One day he entered a contest with another somersaulting frog and became so nervous he forgot how to turn somersaults. He did find that he could catch flies while he jumped, so he was happy anyways.
Uses experiments to explain the principle of kinetic energy. Shows how springs have stored energy that do work for us. Illustrates with a jack-in-the-box, bow and arrow, clocks, screen door, and window shade. (WCET) Kinescope.
Illustrates the Japanese techniques of painting a landscape. Demonstrates by painting the Half Dome and Cathedral Spire in Yosemite National Park. Reviews subjects from entire series. (KQED) Kinescope.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., investigates various modes of communication. He explains paralanguage (tone of voice) and kinetics (body motion). He shows how linguistic science can be applied to the analysis of the psychiatric interview.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., provides a definition of language and discusses the logic of language. He explains misconceptions about language and writing, and points out that language symbolizes experience and writing symbolizes language. Dr. Smith shows the relationship between written and spoken language using vowels, intonation patterns, and distribution patterns.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain catalytic actions. Demonstrates principles which govern catalysis. Explains the difference between organic and inorganic catalysis. Tells how man's conception of catalytic reactions has changed through the years. Features how man's conception of catalytic reactions has changed through the years. Features Dr. Leonard K. Nash, Professor of Chemistry, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the folklore connected with crime. Uses vignettes to show the absurdity of such superstitions as handedness, hair coloring, scars, blemishes, deformities, and glandular problems as causes of criminality. Points out that an indirect relationship may exist between physical characteristics and crime. (KQED) Kinescope.
Tells the story of the deserted city of Columbia, California, one of the key Gold Rush towns in the 1850's. Describes the life and profession of people who went there seeking gold. Shows the old buildings and objects the people used at that time.
Uses slides, the microscope, and graphic illustrations to explain plant and animal cells. Discusses the basic content and structure of cells. Shows how cells differentiate and function as members of larger units--tissues and organs. Illustrates growth by cell division and introduces the concept of meiosis. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Watch a searchlight as it pierces heavy night clouds. Notice that you don’t see the beam of light, merely where it comes from: the face of the searchlight, reflections from the clouds or duct blocking the beam. In other words, the light beam itself is invisible. Beginning with a similar demonstration, Edwin C. Kemble shows the difficulty science has had in providing a wholly satisfactory theory of light. He uses a stroboscopically lighted tank to illustrate wave theory and high-voltage discharges to suggest the violence necessary to generate radiant energy with short wavelengths. The violent damage done by X-rays, gamma rays and ultra violet radiation leads Kemble to the corpuscular explanation of light. By an examination of cloud-chamber photographs, visibly recording action in the unseen world of atomic particles, Kemble reconciles the two theories. The yield of this revolutionary work is dramatic: no less than the discovery of a universal property of all forms of existence.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., discusses the use of the linguistic approach as a means of improving reading ability. Analyzes the deficiencies and strong points of the phonics and word methods of teaching reading. Explains the purpose and nature of reading. Shows examples of patterning in the English spelling system. Suggests a remedy to the reading problem using language structure as a basis.
Continues the discussion of liquid air by explaining its physical and chemical properties. Points out the density and boiling point of the components of liquid air. Illustrates the effect of liquid air on lead and mercury. Demonstrates that liquid air is a rich source of oxygen. (KQED) Film.
Hand puppets make this a lively story for the children. Tom Tichenor has written a new version with the violence deleted. Little Red Riding Hood is a cute little bunny, and when she goes through the woods to her grandmother's house she meets the wolf. When he learns where Red Riding Hood is going he tells her a "short cut" and then runs ahead to the grandmother's house. There, he hides grandmother, dresses in her clothes and gets into bed to wait for Red Riding Hood. Red Riding Hood discovers the trick as grandmother frees herself and they kill the wolf and sit down to enjoy wolf stew.
Tonality, the relationship of tones and chords to the keynotes, is further explored in this program. The mood or musical character as it has been affected by major and minor tonalities in western music from 1600 to 1900 come under study. Beethoven’s expressive use of major-minor interchanges receives emphasis here.
Discusses and demonstrates matter in its various states: solid, liquid, and gas. Shows how matter is broken up into its smallest components. Explains how energy is obtained from matter. Defines the fission and fusion processes. Concludes with a demonstration of a chain reaction. (WQED) Film.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman describes maximum security as the single most important characteristic of the American prison. He relates the consequences of excess security on inmates. Filmed scenes provide the setting of maximum security and an inmate describes the routine in such institutions. Lohman and Alexander discuss the need for diversity in staff and security which would alleviate many of the pitfalls of an inflexible system.
Discusses the medical use of the isotope in understanding the chemistry of the body. Explores the advances in medicine made possible through nuclear energy. Explains radioisotopes and radioactive iodine. Demonstrates the cobalt machine at the Allegheny General Hospital in Pittsburgh.
Describes various staging techniques used in effective ensemble singing. Supplements the discussion with demonstrations showing the importance of synchronization between music, singing, and acting. Stresses the importance of natural movement on the part of the cast in relationship to the music. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand explains how the results of observation and experiment can be illustrated with models. Demonstrates with models of crystal and molecules. Tells how models help in understanding phenomena and suggest mathematical relationships. Points out popular but defective models and theories. (KQED) Film.
Tonal and rhythmic change of character develop from the manipulation of the basic “kernel” of motivation. Dr. Jones also analyzes the simple ternary form from Beethoven to illustrate thematic variation or development of themes.
The motive is the core, kernel or “single cell” of a piece of music, according to Dr. Jones. This basic musical symbol is made meaningful by reiteration, which is motivic repetition. Illustrations are presented from Bach, Beethoven, Debussy and Stravinsky.
Discusses the relationship of poetry to music during the Elizabethan period. Describes the manner in which Byrd and Dowland set poetry to music. Musical selections are performed by the Saturday Consort. Featured guest is Dr Frances Eldredge, Department of English, Chatham College, Pittsburgh. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses the form of the masque with samples of music and dances. Concentrates on the Lord Hayes' Masque by Thomas Campion. Musical compositions are performed by the Saturday Consort. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses music in the Catholic Church during the renaissance. Various examples of Music as it might have been played in private chapels is performed by the Saturday Consort. Featured guest is Father Thomas Jackson, Secretary to the Commission of Music of the Pittsburgh Diocese. (WQED) Kinescope.
Compares the music of the reign of Elizabeth I with the social and economic conditions prevalent at the time. Various musical selections of this era in English history are performed by the Saturday consort. Featured guest is Dr. George F. Dowler, Professor of History, University of Pittsburgh. (WQED) Kinescope.
Compares the music during the reign of Maximilian I with the social, economic and political life prevalent at the time. Music, including Ode On the Death of Maximilian, by Ludwig Senfl, is performed by the Saturday Consort. Featured guest is Dr. George Fowler, Professor of History, University of Pittsburgh. (WQED) Kinescope.
Fignewton’s second contest deals with music and the first half of this contest find the children guessing the types of musical instruments and later identifying the instruments by the sounds they hear.
Presents an analysis of two potentially dangerous stages of psychosexual development. Uses filmed sequences to point out influences which result in fixations at these two stages. Projects their effects upon crime emphasizing the development of the psychopath and sociopath. (KQED) Kinescope.
Continues the discussion of nationalism as a constructive force in world affairs. Teenagers from Indonesia, Japan, Lebanon, and the United Kingdom present their views on colonialism and Western foreign policy in the Middle East. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Presents a simple, scientific way of helping young people grasp the basic concepts of reproduction. Shows the event of sperm and egg of the sea urchin uniting and dividing. Illustrates, with the birth of a bat, how the early development of the young goes on inside the female. Contrasts mammalian reproduction with the lower animals which lay eggs. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand discusses the scientific method and how it is used. Points out that science is based on observable facts. Illustrates how complete reliance on the physical senses can be deceiving. Explains the development and use of instruments to measure impressions and quantities man cannot see, hear, or feel. (KQED) film.
Why special treatment for the American farmer? This is the questioned posed in this opening program and, using a story line built around the average family of Ed Harvey, the film seeks a more intelligent handling of agricultural policy on the national level. The program presents a definitive history of agriculture economics in an effort to explain the farmer’s vulnerable position in the constantly changing business cycle of a capitalistic society. Although the program does not advocate any definite policy, it does ask intelligent questions which tend to stimulate thinking on the farm problem.
Uses laboratory experiments to survey the field of organic chemistry. Tells why a whole field study is devoted to carbon and its compounds. Shows how carbon compounds differ from other compounds. Demonstrates properties of various compounds. (KQED) Film.
Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate the properties of oxygen. Tells how oxygen was discovered and how it was named. Presents demonstrations of oxidation. Shows how oxygen is obtained from water by electrolysis. (KQED) Film.
Young opposums are carried in their mother's pouch and they learn to use their tails to hold on to things. While Fignewton runs the shadow puppets, he illustrates the store of little Pete Opposum, who helps to capture a bandit, because he cannot hold on to things with his tail.
Uses a fishing trip, high school debate, and cartoon sequences to explain conservation practices on the farm. Tells what conservation is, how much is needed, and who should pay the cost. (Agrafilms, INC.) Film.
Dora shows how to make a penguin puppet out of a clothespin. The Make Do Theatre production tells the story of Percival Penguin who always lands on his head when coming out of the water. He has a special hat he wears and to keep it dry, keeps his head above water and in doing so lands on his feet.
Because “Robbie” the cartoonist for Fignewton’s Newspaper is ill, Fignewton asks Brushy, Linda, Skip and Susie-Q to draw the cartoon illustrations. They draw pictures of where to play and where not to play in the community.
Discusses United States foreign policy. Presents viewpoints concerning the relationship of foreign policy to military policy. Questions the possibility of atomic war. Concludes that the most important problem today is the use of force. Featured guests are Mr. Hans J. Morgenthau, University of Chicago, and Mr. S.L.A. Marshall, Editorial Writer for the Detroit News. (WOSU-TV) Film.
Pollywogs grow their legs and lose their tails as they become frogs. Dora Velleman tells the story of Polly, a pollywog, who is very vain of her beautiful tail. She snubs all her friends as a result, and she is very lonely. Finally she loses her tail and as she grows legs, she rejoins her friends who forgive her for being so vain. Fignewton Frog illustrates the story on the shadow theatre.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain the process of polymerization: the formation of compounds in which chains of carbon atoms are linked together. Demonstrates the process with the making of polyethylene, bakelite, foam rubber, and rayon. Presents examples of polymers which occur naturally. (KQED) Film.
Discusses imitative polyphony as a basic principle of musical structure. Illustrates two types of composition which use imitative polyphony as the structural principle, namely, the sixteenth century motet and the fugue as heard in Handel's Messiah. (WMSB-TV) Kinescope.
Bash’s story begins when the only way letters were delivered was in a sack of mail throw on the corner table of a coffee house, to be picked up, perhaps, by the owner or his friend. Early envelopes, quill pens, sealing wax are shown, and then the first rides of the Post Riders, through difficult forest paths are described. The developments in various of the colonies add stories of letters passing from plantation to plantation, and of sheriffs empowered to commandeer horses and riders to deliver official papers. Then came the first paid postmaster, whose job it was to receive mail and see that it got to the proper addresses. Stagecoach delivery of mail ends the program, with a model of the famous Wells Fargo coach, and mention of the Pony Express. Songs include “Green & Yellow Basket,” “Cotton Eye’d Joe” and “Yankee Doodle.”
Discusses the effects of general pressure on Congressmen from a state, national, and world-wide basis. Examines the problems of lobbying. Features Dr. John T Dempsey, Professor of Political Science, University of Detroit, and members of Congress. (WYES-TV)
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman outlines the extent of inmate unemployment and describes the work opportunities needed. Filmed scenes illustrate some of this work and a prison inmate describes his employment experiences. Alexander and Lohman indicate ways in which lack of work and “make work,” active idleness contribute to the maladjustment of inmates. They discuss the results of an increase in constructive prison employment.
In this program, the clandestine system of communication and standards operating in many penal institutions is examined, and illustrated with film clips of inmates passing information to each other without the administration’s knowledge. One inmate describes how the prisoners’ credo is established and maintained. Lohman and Gagnon discuss the “Grapevine,” the verbal contact of prisoners, and explain “kangaroo court,” used by the prisoners to maintain “law and order,” as they see it. Lohman points out that these things must be recognized as existing if administrators are to operate efficiently.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman contrasts the public’s attitude and desires for penal institutions with the current knowledge of the social sciences. With Kenyon Scudder, he explains the facts which would disprove existing myths, such as “The way to deal with prisoners is to treat them rough” and “Anybody can run a prison.” Film clips illustrate the unreasonable penal practices that are a product of these myths. An Interviewed prisoner brings out his experiences under such systems.
Explains how an understanding of pure science can lead to applied science. Demonstrates this relationship by reviewing a theory of heath and how it led to a number of inventions: smokeless fireplaces, new types of stoves, pressure cookers, and drip-style coffee pots. Features Dr. Sanborn C. Brown, Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Marionettes are used to tell the delightful age-old story of the cat who wore boots when he visited the King for his Master. Puss told the King that his Master was the Marquis and presented him with his favorite good rabbit. The King invites the Marquis to visit him. Puss tells a servant at the Ogre’s castle to tell the King that all the land around the castle belongs to the Marquis. The Ogre is tricked into changing himself into a mouse which Puss quickly eats. The Marquis goes to the castle, meets the King and the Princess. The Princess and the Marquis fall in love and are married and live happily ever after.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand reviews the important concepts of the preceding programs through questions and answers. Touches briefly on such concepts as the "law of survival," "law of averages," intelligence, and the criteria of scientific judgement. (KQED) Film.
The causes of radioactivity, how it is detected, measured and controlled are noted by Dr. Warren F. Witzig and guest Edward Sanford. They also demonstrate the instability of energy and discuss the different types of radiation. Sanford explains the meaning of alpha, beta and gamma rays and explores the uses and dangers of radioactivity.
After looking at the first railroad engine, the Tom Thumb, and the De Witt Clinton, and seeing an engine in a race with a horse, wherein the horse won, Bash climbs aboard a real engine of the early days, and has a ride. She shows how the engine worked, and even mounts to the cab to throw wood in the firebox, and handle the throttle. The engine is the “Genoa, #12,” of the Virginia & Truckee Railroad, which hauled millions of dollars’ worth of gold from the Comstock Lode in Nevada. Songs include “Puffer Belly,” “Casey Jones,” and “Little Red Caboose.”
Marionettes are used to tell the story of a wife who longed for some rapunzels (cross turnips and rutabagas) which grow in a witch's yard. The husband agrees to give the witch his first child in exchange for the rapunzels, but does not tell his wife of this. Their first child is born and the witch comes for her and takes the child away to a tower and names the child Rapunzel.
Discusses religion as a force of individual freedom. Stresses the theses that the family is the core of freedom and freedom can be found only in obedience. Featured guests are the Reverend John Courtney Murray, S.J., Woodstock College, the Right Reverend Stephan J. Bayne, JR., Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Olympia, Washington, and Barbara Ward, Editor of THE ECONOMIST. (WOSU-TV) Film.
Modern reptiles have body structures and characteristics much like their giant ancestors of long ago. This will be an introduction to the contemporary reptiles, the ones living now which we can watch and observe and study. On this program, Meyer Bornstein, who is studying biology at Northeastern University, will introduce through living examples the four kinds of reptiles; alligators, lizard, snakes and turtles. He will tell you about their habits, and show you how he cares for and learns from reptiles as pets.
Uses charts, pictures, and specimens to explain how the geologist discovers what lies beneath the earth's surface. Shows how earthquakes provide information about the interior construction of the earth. Tells how examination of effects at the surface of the earth provides a picture of what lies below. Demonstrates and discusses the instruments used to provide knowledge upon which the geologist can theorize. Features Dr. Kirtley F. Mather, Professor of Geology, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Continues the discussion of hypnosis from the preceding program, "HYPNOSIS." Explains hypnotism as an interpersonal reaction between the hypnotist and the subject. Points out how hypnotism functions in relation to sensitivity, anesthesia, action, rigidity, amnesia, hypermnesia, contradiction, and post-hypnotic suggestion. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
The exciting topic of “stretching time” is explained by Professor Jones in this program. Devices used for continuity without change of character in the music include postponement or avoidance of cadences and extension and overlapping of phrases. To the commentator this is truly the most “exciting” area of music appreciation.
Early use of rivers is described, form the Indian canoe of hollowed log to the flatboats and keelboats of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Bash tells of the importance of water transportation, of families building flatboats and traveling down the currents with even their cows and chickens aboard, and she shows the ways the keelboats were propelled upstream by sweeps and by men with tow ropes walking along the banks. Cargoes of wheat, corn, animal skins and log rafts are related in their importance to the lives of the people. Songs include “Sewanee River,” “Shenandoah,” and “Old Woman.”
The interesting development of roads, from a path through the forest which a horse could scarcely travel, on through the building of the roads which led westward, and which were used by the huge Conestoga Wagons for hauling freight. A model of the Conestoga Wagon is shown, and models of the various kings of roads, those made of logs, those of boards, and later the McAdam Road. The building of the Cumberland Road is described, and the life which centered around those who used the roads depicted. The early toll road is mentioned, and a tie-in made with the Turnpike of today. Song material includes, “Goin’ Down the Road Feelin’ Bad,” “On Top of Old Smoky,” and “Low-Backed Car.”
Illustrates the techniques involved in drawing roosters. Depicts the rooster in several poses: looking "over his shoulder" and feeding. Explains various beliefs of the Japanese concerning the rooster. (KQED) Kinescope.
Teenagers from Malaya, Philippines, Greece, Iceland, Thailand, and Turkey discuss prejudices within their own countries and toward others. Criticism is made of the American soldier and tourist as representatives of the United States. Presents comments on Russia as a current problem source and the effect of tradition and war in stimulating prejudice. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Bash describes the three ways there were to get to California when the nation was excited about the gold found there, 1848-49. The use of the covered wagon, and “Prairie Schooner” is described, including information that it was shaped as it was so it could float across the rivers that had to be crossed. The route of taking a ship to Panama, then crossing the swampy Isthmus on foot is described, and then the third way, that of taking the long and dangerous trip by ship all the way around Cape Horn. Maps and authentic pictures illustrate the material, and a model of the record breaking Clipper Ship, “The Flying Cloud” is shown. Songs include “She’ll Be Comin’ Round the Mountain,” “Let the Rest of the World Go By,” and “Sacramento.”
Bash describes the rugged life aboard an early day sailing vessel … the various chores of the crews, and the romance of sailing to faraway ports in search of cargoes. On film, Bash goes aboard the ship Blaclutha, showing the rigging, the tall masts, how the sailors climbed to the yardarms, and how they paced around the capstan, to pull up the heavy anchor chain. She visits the crew’s quarters, and demonstrates the various kinds of “scrimshaw,” the sailors’ handiwork of carving whalebone, knotting ropes for decoration, and making model ships.
Host Dora shows Fignewton Frog the puppet how to make a star hand puppet and a cut-out fish to enact a play. She uses these to tell the story of Sayy the too-inquisitive starfish, who gets into trouble by being nosy. Dora recommends books on sea life.
Discusses the problems and rewards presented by the integrated school. Explains how the integrated school can, through constructive experiences, provide an opportunity for children to learn about problems they must eventually face. Answers questions concerning race and minority group prejudice, formation of undesirable manners and language, and the prevention od delinquency. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Explains the difference between scientific and non-scientific endeavor. Examines various areas such as flying saucers, astrology, and weather predictions to point out how these problems are approached from a scientific and non-scientific point of view. Features Dr. Harlow Shapley, Professor of Astronomy, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Explains the role of whole numbers in understanding the organization of the physical universe. Uses non-mathematical props, such as rock crystals, to point up the arithmetic nature of basic discoveries in science. Tells how whole numbers limit the knowable universe around us. Features Dr. Philippe LeCorbeiller, Professor of Applied Physics, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand discusses the importance of scientific forecasting. Compares forecasting through astrology, palmistry, "Laws of average," and the "business cycle" with the scientific methods of valid theory and statistical evaluation. (KQED) Film.
The movement of traveling farmers, who follow the crops around the country, picking them as they ripen at different times in various areas is described in this program. The beginnings of the seasonal worker, when the land for farming for one’s self became difficult to find, start the story. It carries on through the possibility of following various crops all over the country, moving from one to another as they ripen. The ripening of cotton, apples, onions, tomatoes, strawberries and various others are shown on a large map, and the travels of the seasonal worker depicted on an animated visual. Songs include, “Chilly Winds,” “He’s Gone Away,” and “The Big Rock Candy Mountain.”
Discusses the serious problem of sex and crime and explains three categories: offense motivated by sexual desire, profit from sex, and sex deviation. Contrasts the American and British attitude toward this problem. Features Dr. Douglas M. Kelly.