Here, Dr. Jones defines the episodic principle as the simple rondo-form combining the two principles of repetition and contrast and illustrates the principle with a selection from Haydn. Concluding the series, he presents a selection from Beethoven’s “Quintet for Winds and Piano,” in which the repetitions between the contrasting episodes are varied.
In what sense can Americans be equal? Not in looks, or in talents, but in opportunity, decide Dr. Wriston, Mr. Canham, and Martin S. Ochs, editor of the Chattanooga Times. Equality of opportunity, they state, is essential in a democracy. Turning in more detail to the system of democracy in this country, the three panelists discuss possible reforms within the operations of the Congress, the executive branch of the federal government, and the state governments. Among their suggestions are the consolidation of urban areas and school districts, the reform of self-limiting tax laws, the reform of election districts, and a re-examination of existing corporate law.
Dohnanyi and his guests discuss the compositions which the Maestro wrote in Budapest. The numbers he plays on this program are “Variations on Hungarian Folk Songs,” “Ruralia Hungarica,” and “Pastorale.”
Dr. Harbaugh describes the work of water, the most important agent at work in forming the finer features of the face of the Earth. He describes the hydrologic cycle: the round trip that water takes in evaporating from the ocean, precipitating on the land, and flowing back to the ocean. His guest is Ray K. Lindsey, associate professor of hydraulic engineering at Stanford University. Formerly a member of the faculty of the U.S. Department Graduate School and the University of California, he was a participant in the UNESCO Symposium on Hydrology in Ankara, Turkey (1952) and UN consultant to the Yugoslavian Hydro-matero-logical service. They discuss the mechanics of water: the way it can suspend materials and carry them along.
Miss Pearson shows how paint is a medium: water color, poster paint, and oil. She illustrates how it works, how it mixes, textures and application. Examples of works of art in these paint media are shown.
Explores the significance of ethnic dance in the field of formal dance. Presents a variety of West Indian dances. Explains their derivations and movements. Includes Bele, a West Indian adaptation of the minuet; Yanvallou, a voodoo dance; and Banda, a Haitian dance about death. Features Geoffrey Holder and Carmen de Lavallade.
The panel takes up the importance of the national convention in drafting a party platform and important intra-party conflicts which have developed over the drafting of such platforms at recent conventions. Along these same lines, the panel considers the procedure used to draft the platform and the question of whether the platform is drafted to represent the policy position of the candidate or for the candidate to stand on.
A panel here considers the advantages and disadvantages of the convention systems as it now operates. Speakers also discuss suggestions for improving the convention as a nominating device, alternatives methods for nominating a president and vice president, and the problems and advantages of these alternatives.
Evaporation is shown to be a cooling process. The degree of evaporation of water illustrates humidity. Evaporation of water and other liquids is shown. Alcohol and acetone evaporate more readily than water. Solids can evaporate. This is called sublimation. Illustrations are dry-ice and iodine.
Discusses architecture as a clue to cultural change. Shows how, in the early 1900s, architects sought inspiration in traditional European styles, and a melange of modified Greek Revival, Italian Renaissance, Norman manor, and Tudor half-timber homes sprang up. Indicates that although earlier innovators Henry H. Richardson and Louis Sullivan had proposed a fresh approach to domestic architecture, it was not until the impact of Frank Lloyd Wright that public opinion shifted. Paralleling this movement toward "organic" architecture, the Bauhaus school of "functional," "abstract," and "international" styles began to flourish. Points out that in modern architecture we can detect the combined influences of these original thinkers in the emphasis on functional simplicity and the ingenious use of natural materials.
Traces the history of imperialism from the 15th Century to the present, Explains the reasons which lead to empire building by nation states. Discusses the geographical, economic, and political changes brought about by colonialism.
Discusses human action and its causes. Compares voluntary and involuntary response. Uses a slow motion film clip to demonstrate the startle response. Concludes with a demonstration to show that voluntary effort has its causes. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses methods used by composers to create variety in their musical sentence structure, or extend originally "regular'' phrases to longer proportions. Illustrates the following methods of extension: (1) cadence extension; (2) repetition, exact or sequential, in the body of the phrase; and (3) augmentation, or lengthening of note-values.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Presents an interview with exiled South African essayist and short story writer, Mphahlele, who discusses the advantages and disadvantages of a writer in exile. Reveals that he feels he has absorbed both the European and African traditional ways of life but shows he remains gloomy about creative writing in a divided society. Discusses the author's autobiography and the impact of emerging African literature.
Bash traces the development of drama and entertainment from the medieval days of acrobats at fairs, to the present. She demonstrates use of early puppets and marionettes, speaks of the troubadours and minstrels, and describes the pantomimes of the Harlequin and Columbines. The Lillian Patterson dancers assist in presenting the pictures through dance and acrobatics, and Bash ends the program by taking a very modern merry-go-round ride. Songs are “The Little Marionette” and “Jumping Jack.”
Discusses jealousy and fighting for attention among brothers and sisters. Tells what parents can do to overcome sibling rivalry. Answers questions concerning acceptance of only one brother and sister and not the others, treatment of siblings with respect to gifts, punishment, privileges, and loyalty of brothers and sisters for one another. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses rational and irrational fears with illustrations from real-life situations. Distinguishes between these two types of fears, and suggests ways of controlling them through a system of unlearning the original fear by gradually making it pleasant. (KOMO-TV) Kinescope.
Fences tell a story about the way of life of the people who built them, the use to which the land was put and something of the personality of the builder. Bash Kennett tells of early fences and takes a tour through the countryside, showing how one can imagine the story of each farm or house from the fence which surrounds it. She tells the story of the early fence-viewer, whose chain measure was the basis of the measurement of today’s mile and city block. Songs include “The Bird Song” and “The Sow Who Got the Measles.”
Sharing and taking turns with others can be the best way to play and Brushy and Susie-Q show us what happens when you don’t play this way. They never had any fun because they fought over things they wanted to play with. But, mother taught them by sharing they could each have more fun.
Discusses the various instruments and methods used in gaining knowledge of stellar composition and in studying objects in space. Reviews the development of the telescope. Uses diagrams, photographs, and models to explain the importance of photography, the spectroscope, and radio-astronomy in unlocking the secrets of the universe. Features James S. Pickering of the American Museum, Hayden Planetarium.
Discusses finishing techniques in ceramic sculpture. Explains how the finish must make the sculptured work permanent and at the same time enhance its feeling and form. Shows the method of firing ceramic pieces in the kiln. Demonstrates different methods of finishing the pieces including staining, waxing, and the application of different types of glazes. Concludes with a discussion of ancient and modern polychrome sculpture. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Discusses and explains the zones of a candle flame. Shows the differences between a candle and a burner flame. Uses experiments to illustrate and define air density and convection currents. (KQED) Film.
Host Bash Kennett describes the danger of fire aboard the clipper ships. Visits the San Francisco Bay's "Phoenix" fire boat, which is shown docked next to the Hills Brothers Coffee Company, and presents a demonstration of how the boat pumps water. Explains fire control in modern ships and discusses the important role of firemen who work in this role. Includes a performance of the traditional "I Grieve My Lord".
Discusses the problems which confront the child, the parents, and the teacher when the six-year-old starts out to school. Explains what school can mean to the child and his parents, how former habits are dropped and new ones developed, how friendships are made, and the overall affect of school on the child's development. Tells what parents can and should do when problems concerning the school arise. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Bash tells of fishing in New England, where the fishermen fished close to the shore at first and then went all the way to the Grand Banks in their small craft. Examples of the ways in which various fish are caught includes the lobster trap, the use of lines or purse seine nets and the use of dredge nets. Songs include “Sarah,” “Hulla Baloo Belay” and “Crawdad.”
Bash talks about the brave men who have sailed small boats into the open ocean in search of fish from earliest times. They risk their lives and gamble their fortunes in these ventures. Bash takes a film trip to Fisherman’s Wharf to watch the mending of nets, the bustle of preparation and to see the fishing boats return to unload their catch of fish and crabs. Songs include “Blow the Man Down” and “Goodbye My Lover, Goodbye.”
Discusses high-altitude flying with particular attention to rocket craft. Relates this discussion to flight in space. Features Mr. William B. Bridgeman, test pilot, who presents an account of his own experiences with the pioneer Douglas "Skyrocket." (KUHT) Film.
Host Bash Kennett tells the story behind many of the sayings we use today. Explains the events and circumstances leading to use of such phrases as: to pull up stakes; in the knick of time; lock, stock and barrel; and to fly off the handle. Includes performances of the traditionals "When Cockleshells Turn Silver Bells", "Lord Lord Lord", "Big Rock Candy Mountain".
Bash describes the value and beauty of the timber of our country, and how it helps hold the soil, gives cover for the animals, and is a valuable crop. Then she goes on a film expedition to an actual forest fire, showing the fire racing up the hillsides, destroying a forest, being fought by bucket, shovel, and even by planes bombing with chemicals before the fire is put out. Songs include “Mr. Rabbitt” and “Frog Went a Courtin’.”
Illustrates and discusses the chief causes of forgetting. Compares the theories of disuse and interference. Explains the part of retroactive inhibition and motivation in forgetting. Uses charts, diagrams, and examples to illustrate major points. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Mr. Albert Ravenholt, correspondent of the American Universities Field Staff and staff correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, and Dr. George A. Peek, Jr., assistant professor of political science at the University of Michigan and coordinator for the series, focus their first discussion of the "tension areas" in the Far East on Formosa. Mr. Ravenholt, considered one of the nation's best-informed men on the Far East, comments on the important strategic position of Formosa, the complicated internal "police state" condition of the Island, and how the situation affects the United States. He explains that the Chinese communists are building up their forces along the China coastline. They may be planning to attach Formosa directly, to capture the Chinese Nationalist held islands closer to the mainland, or to force a diplomatic settlement concerning the possession of Formosa. The latter would then involve the issues of recognition of Red China and admission of that country into the United Nations. The United States is sending to Formosa economic and military aid totaling three to four million dollars per year, Mr. Ravenholt points out. This aid not only consists of building up the defenses of the Island, but also improving the diet of the Nationalists soldiers, improving their uniforms, constructing air fields and bridges, and making agricultural improvements. Finally, Mr. Ravenholt stresses the need for the U.S. to begin thinking of what kind of support we are willing to extend to the Chinese Nationalists in the event of war, and the need for thinking about the kind of non-communist Chinese leadership which we would like to have evolve in the future.
Outlines and explains the various forms of government, pointing out their strengths and weaknesses. Describes government by one man, by a few men, and by the populace, and discusses governments in terms of whether they are working for the common good of the people or self interests. Distinguishes between representative and direct democracy, and points out that extreme democracy is mob rule. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
The members of the third panel in discussing "The World We Want," talk about how Americans take criticism and then branch out to comment on the policies of the West in Asia and in Western Europe. The question of American economic aid in Southeastern Asia is examined and there is a lively give-and-take on the true purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization --is it a purely defensive alliance or is it planned just to fight Communism
Discusses the future in terms of the areas that now interest scientists at the Argonne National Laboratories. Indicates problems that are still to be solved concerning the effects of radiation, the peaceful use of radiation, and the dangers of radiation.
The changes of season are described in terms of what the animals of the forest do during these times. Bash tells how each of the animals live during the four seasons. She sings “Saturday Night,” “Mr. Rabbit” and the “The Fox.”
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Introduces the personalities and works of Frank O'Hara and Ed Sanders through their readings, environments, and approaches to their medium. Presents O'Hara reading "To the Film Industry in Crisis," "The Day Lady Dies," "Song," and "Having a Coke with You." Visits O'Hara's bookstore while he discusses his pacifism, literary rock-and-roll, his interest in filmmaking, and the content of some of his poetry. Shows Sanders in the Lower East Side neighborhood of New York where he lives, in his bookstore. Describes an experience of his and the poem "Cemetery Hill" which came out of this experience.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Depicts Frank Stella and Larry Poons, two young New Abstractionists, in their studios painting and discussing their work.Concludes that these artists have instituted an innovation by exploiting repetition, emptiness, and monotony to produce their abstract works. Describes Stella's productions as high geometric polygons and Poon's current work as a counterpoint of dots on canvas.
Dr. John W. Dodds explores the concept of freedom as treated in literature. Includes readings from the works of Milton, Benet, Becker, Wordsworth, Perry, Browning, Whitman, Lowell, and Tennyson. (KQED) Kinescope.
Rabi and Viereck join Louis Lyons to discuss the freedom of the individual with their emphasis on the scientist and the artist. They agree there is no great cause for concern over the freedom today of the scientist or artist in terms of the freedoms and that they gain these freedoms through laws which bind them in their own professions. Included in the program is a spirited debate on scientific achievement and the necessity to combat mass determination of taste, particularly in the mass communications. Guests are Isidor I. Rabi, Higgins Professor of Physics, Columbia University; Nobel Prize winner in physics, 1944 and Peter Viereck, poet, professor of history, Mount Holyoke College; Pulitzer poet, 1949.
Uses laboratory experiments with water to illustrate that all matter exists in three states: solid,liquid, and gas. Discusses distillation and condensation. Shows the power of frozen water when it expands. Explains and demonstrates a dilatometer. (KQED) Film.
Discusses the benefits one receives from friends, and through interviews presents the values and bases of friendship. Presents reasons why some people are friendless and ways to help them acquire friends. Points out that one can have friends by engaging in activities with others. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Why do the report cards of many children show such a wide range of achievement? Dr. Maria Pier’s points out that it is normal for a child’s report card to vary in quality. She discusses whether or not the bright child should be allowed to skip grades (years) and what marks really measure.
Discusses how sentences are put together to form the "explaining paragraph." This paragraph structure begins with a generalization from which specific ideas are developed and is followed by a summarizing generalization. Shows that the same developmental patterns are used in mathematics, music, and poetry.
Discusses how generalities in a paragraph should be supported by evidence. List vague, technical specific, and descriptive detail as the three kinds of detail that a writer uses as evidence. Illustrates that technical writers, poets, scientists, and novelist use the same paragraph patterns in their writing. (WQED) Kinescope.
Tells the story of Oberlin College in Ohio which first offered opportunities for higher education on a co-educational bases. Describes the significance of this institution to education for women and African Americans.
Reviews the penetration of later Latin Americans into the hinterlands of the several colonies. Points out that these frontier movements expanded the territory held and often set the boundaries of the future nations. (KETC) Kinescope.
Explores astronomy's present conception of the universe. Reviews the physical make-up of the Milky Way Galaxy and its rotation and motion through space, explains how galaxies are classified, and discusses two conceptions of the evolution of galaxies. Concludes with speculation concerning the possibilities of other planet systems supporting life similar to our own. Features James S. Pickering of the American Museum, Hayden Planetarium.
Bash tells why more games are played in the United States than any other country in the world. She says this is because immigrants brought the games of their native lands with them when they migrated here. She shows how games make for friendship among children of different countries. Hopscotch, jacks, checkers and football are included and the fun of making up your own games or rhymes and songs for old games is brought out. The Lillian Patterson dance group dances to several games. Songs include “Round and Round the Mulberry Bush,” “The Riddle Song,” and “Bluebells.”
Bash describes the difference in the way people shopped in the early days, telling how traveling “Yankee Peddlers” brought things in their wagons from farm to farm, then how the old fashioned general store sprang up. Authentic objects from the past are displayed, form high button shoes, to early spectacles. All the flavor of the general store, with its cracker barrels, Franklin stove, and crowded counters comes alive on the set, and gives a picture of the life of the early communities. Songs include “Paper of Pins,” “The Keeper,” and “Jennie Jenkins.”
Discusses ways of getting along with people and through interviews shows why some people can more easily get along wit h others. Emphasizes interest in others, acceptance, and understanding, as well as cheerfulness, helpfulness, and neatness and basic factors in getting along with people. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Presents an analysis of the structure of viruses and how they are studied. Shows and explains how an electron microscope works. Uses film clips of experiments to demonstrate the cultivation, isolation, and purification of viruses. Concludes with a discussion of the differences between viruses.
Dr. Howard returns as Dr. Harbaugh's guest. With a model of a valley and synthetic ice, they simulate two types of glaciers in order to show the geologic work done by flowing ice. They point out areas on the Earth's surface where glaciers are at work today and show evidence of glacial work in the geologic past that has profoundly altered the whole geography of the North American continent as well as many other areas in the world.
Drs. Gould and Zumberge discuss the extent,volume, structure and general dynamics of the Antarctic ice cap. Dr. Zumberge explains the techniques of the glaciologist and illustrates with film taken at Camp Michigan the kinds of glaciological studies he and his colleagues were pursuing over there. They conclude the program with a discussion of what is now known about Antarctic glaciology and what remains to be studied.
Points out the purposes and procedures of the series of motion pictures, YESTERDAY'S WORLDS. Reviews objects shown and summarizes ideas discussed in the preceding 25 half-hour programs. Emphasizes the values of research into man's past. (NYU) Kinescope.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman states that parole is to many people only “a legal escape route” from the prison to the free community and he indicates that a parole system should be much more than this. The release of one inmate and an interview with a former prisoner illustrate the problems experienced on release. Meeker and Lohman explore current statistics and compare the number of prisoners who “go straight” with those who return to a life of crime. They indicate aspects of a parole system that will aid in the former prisoner’s adjustment to conventional society.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., examines the structure, patterning, and classification of words. He explains how the linguist defines a word in terms of base, vowels, and stress patterns, and presents examples using nouns, verbs, and pronouns.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., continues the discussion of grammar and how words are classified. Explains how adjectives, adverbs, and prepositions are identified by structure rather than meaning. Examines the structure of phrases and sentences.
Should babysitters be young or old –teenagers or grandparents? Can grandparents be good babysitters? What do children need from a babysitter? Why do grandparents “spoil” their grandchildren? Mrs. Maria Piers discusses the modern family and some difficulties when “outsiders” come to help.
Hand puppets tell the story of a colony of ants hard at work to store food for winter. Marry Ann Ant and Wilburforce are two young ants who hate to work and when the Grasshopper comes by with his funny musical instruments they want to stop and play. But the Queen Ant asks them to return to work and the Grasshopper goes off to play. Winter comes, and everyone is happy that they worked so hard to store food. The Ants find Mr. Grasshopper half-frozen in the snow and bring him in to get warm. The Queen orders him to work for his food by playing his musical instruments so that they can dance.
This program presents rare film clips of outstanding dancers: Anna Pavlova, Irene and Vernon Castle, and Argentinita, as well as performances by Alexandra Danilova and Frederick Franklin, to illustrate the importance of the dancer as the creator of a dance. Two sets of distinguished dancers perform the same roles from the balled “Le Beau Danube” to show how individual interpretation can vary the effect of the same choreography. Dance critic Walter Terry joins Miss Myers to discuss the importance of an interplay between choreographer and performer.
Discusses Great River by Paul Horgan. Sets forth the scope of the book, analyzes its form, and appraises the strengths and limitations of its author as historian and writer. Stresses the importance of the work with regard to the historical technique used.
Compares the reactions of Americans, the Manus of the Admiralty Islands, and the Kiriwina if the Trobriand Islands when exposed to the crisis of human birth. Uses dance routines and originally scored music to portray cultural differences in the selection of the birth place, the reactions of husband and wife, and the way a child is delivered. (KUHT) Film.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray differences in personal contact between males and females as sanctioned by three societies. Emphasizes differences in opportunity for courtship, the patterns of association that emerge, and how these experiences relate to marriage. Compares Americans, the Bantu of Africa, and the Muria of Central India. (KUHT) Film.
Mr. Lerner and five Brandeis students discuss the following: what is it like to grow up in America; what kind of personality are we shaping; what is happening to the family; what is happening to the parent-child relationship; have the parents forgotten what it is like to be children; are children now being trained for competition rather than for happiness; do parents see children as a second chance; to what degree should there be permissiveness and restrictiveness; and is consistency the answer?
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Examines the recent political and economic developments in Guyana, South America, where a system of cooperatives has been initiated by the government. Explains that after winning independence in 1966, Guyana nationalized the bauxite industry, hoping to make the cooperative the dominant sector of the economy. Includes interviews with Prime Minister Forbes Burnam who describes such repercussions encoutered during the nationalization as alleged equipment sabotage by ALCAN and trade sanctions by its sister company, ALCOA.
Records the poetry and personality of Gwendolyn Brooks and the Chicago environment which provided the sources for most of her materials. Features Miss Brooks reading several of her poems, each accompanied by scenes of the people or locale described. Examines her method of working, the things she finds most pleasant in life, and the thrill of winning the 1950 Pulitzer Prize for poetry.
In this first program, HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” discusses with Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and Mr. TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, his early life, his parents, how he met his wife, his early news experience, his days on the staff of the “Brooklyn Eagle,” his education at Harvard University, and his introduction into the field of world commentary.
In this program, HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” and Mrs. Dorothy Daniel, Pittsburgh journalist and broadcaster; Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, discuss the early days of radio and how it differs from radio today, and the acceptance and the responsibility of editorializing on radio. Mr. Kaltenborn suggests how a young commentator can prepare himself for a career as a news analyst. With his guests, Mr. Kaltenborn discusses television and the role of educational radio and TV news and the obligations of these media. Mr. Kaltenborn tells of many incidents in his life as a commentator and his interviews with distinguished people. He concludes with an optimistic look at the future of radio and TV in the area of ideas.
Mr. HV Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” begins this program with a discussion of the United States’ role as an important force in world affairs as it came to be recognized at the time of Theodore Roosevelt. With Mrs. Dorothy Daniel, Pittsburgh journalist and broadcaster, Mr. Herb Morrison, Pittsburgh newscaster, and Mr. TFX Higgins, executive director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh, he discusses the League of Nations, the Treaty of Versailles, Germany before World War I, dictators, Hitler, Mussolini, and dictatorship in the Western Hemisphere. He goes on to discuss colonialism and the USSR. In general, this program concerns itself with twentieth century history as seen through the eyes of a commentator.
In the first part of this program, Mr. Kaltenborn, often called “Dean of American Commentators,” tells of the presidents he has known (Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, Coolidge, Hoover, Truman, FDR, and Eisenhower). He gives a re-imitation of Truman’s imitation of him after the 1948 election. He tells of these presidents in terms of their character traits, their courage, and their abilities to handle world problems. The last part of the program is devoted to a discussion with Mr. Kaltenborn as a trusted commentator and the responsibilities of radio and television. He talks about what he calls “enduring news” and the importance of background information. He tells of the changes in himself, in radio, and the news in the last 50 years, and generally sums up his philosophies and opinions, claiming he has become more tolerant in recent years.
Students from Switzerland, Thailand, Pakistan, and India discuss the habits and customs of their countries. The individual flavor of each of their cultures is shown in their often strongly divergent points of view. While the discussion begins with a brief description by each of the students of his religion, in a rather relaxed manner, the topics which are aired later in the program produce a lively give-and-take discussion. The student from Pakistan describes Islam as a faith which stresses the belief in one God and the equality of all men, while the student from India speaks of Hinduism as emphasizing transmigration -- the attainment of oneness with reality -- with God as a means to that end. Thailand's representative characterizes Buddhism as being closely related to Hinduism, particularly in the belief in transmigration, but she goes on to point out the qualities of passivity and contentedness which Buddhism encourages. The most significant aspect of Christianity is seen as its sense of "nearness to God" by the student from Switzerland. Some discussion of the desirability or feasibility of a single world religion seems to show that each was loathe to sacrifice his own way of life, despite the fact that they all felt they had much in common. The role of religion in education is also discussed. United States foreign policies come in for some scrutiny, particularly the question of military versus economic aid. While the discussion does not always seem to stick to the topic too closely, this is most welcome, since, as the participants become more involved, they become less inhibited. This shows very clearly how much each has been influenced by his country's culture, and this presents a lively picture of that culture in action.
This is the tale of a Japanese lord who, seeking to know the true feeling of his people, travels incognito among his population. He is caught in a snow store and taken in by a poor couple. So poor was the couple that there was no firewood in the house. To warm their guest, they burned their only treasured possessions, three potted plants. For their generosity, the lord rewarded them with wealth and rand. Artist Mikamo illustrates this story with drawing of potted plum and pine trees.
Bash Kennett tells of the Spanish soldiers who came here on duty during the Spanish rule over California and decided to stay on, living on large ranchers in adobe haciendas. Bash takes a film trip to some remaining haciendas and compares modern living in California with the past. Songs include “La Cucaracha” and “Chisholm Trail.”
This tale involces the feathered robe of an angel and a fishermam who found it on a pine tree branch and was reluctant to give it up. The fisherman agrees to return the robe if the angel will perform a celestial dance for him, whereupon the angel dons the robe to dance and ascends to heaven. The pine tree on which the robe was hung is said to be standing now at Miho-no-matsubara in Shizuoka, Japan. Mr. Mikami illustrates this legend with a drawing of a fisherman.
Explains and illustrates the causes of strong feelings such as anger, anxiety, and aversion, and shows how people deal with them. Suggests controlling strong feelings through understanding, and presents approved outlets as outdoor, religious, and thrill activities, sports, music, helping others, confidential talks, and scribbling. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Hand puppets are used to tell the age-old story of the two children whose step mother takes them to the forest and leaves them. The trail they've left with bread crumbs, is eaten by the birds, so unable to find their way home, they say their prayers and go to sleep under a tree. They wake in the morning and discover a candy house.
Dora (host) tells a story about a hermit crab named Harry who is looking for a new house with his sea anemone friend. Despite looking at houses with modern amenities such as a washing machine and television, they settle for a large shell where they can continue their mutually beneficial relationship. Fignewton Frog (puppet) performs the story through shadow puppet. Episode also describes how to use the library to find out more information about ocean life.
Bash takes a film trip to a forest, in company with a forest ranger, who shows her how the Forest Service raises trees, even the biggest evergreens, as a crop. The methods of selecting them for harvest, and the wise use of our heritage of lumber is shown. The Ranger marks a tree for harvest, after pointing out various facts about a healthy tree, and we see the tree cut and taken to the logging mill. Songs include, “Saturday Night” and “Dublin City.”
Forum delegates attempt to define Europeanism as contrasted to Americanism as they launch this challenging topic of discussion. Talk moves naturally into a consideration of a federated Europe and all five delegates agree on the desirability of a united Europe. In considering sacrifices of individual countries in an effort to achieve this unity, the German delegate points out the cynicism of his teachers about politics—the result of having to admit twice that what they had previously taught was false. Italian and French participants both comment on the lack of instruction in contemporary politics in their school systems.
The question of the future of Europe is discussed by students from Germany, Switzerland, Italy, France, and Belgium. Each of the participants has a good knowledge of European history and culture, and each contributes some very interesting ideas. The role of West Germany in a united Europe is closely examined, particularly the advisability of re-armament and re-industrialization. Much attention is devoted to the economic aspects of European recovery, particularly relaxation of tariff barriers, and the close relationship of Europe's economy to that of the United States. In this connection, some attention is given to the export-import policies of the United States. While much of the discussion centers on these economic and political problems, the consensus of the group seems to be that certain cultural problems must be solved before any lasting solution to these practical problems can be evolved. The tendency of Europe to live in its past is critically examined, and all of the group seemed more or less to agree that before Europe can fully recover, it must learn to look forward. Also, there is an attempt to evaluate nationalism, and possibly to evolve a new concept of nationalism. They all feel that the strength of Europe lies in its young people, and thus are anxious for opportunities to know one another. This is a most mature and thoughtful discussion. There seems to be little rancor, even between the student from Germany and the one from France. While all are aware of the great problems confronting them, they are anxious to solve them intelligently and fairly.
The hat you wear tells much about where you live, what kind of life you lead and what the climate is, says Bash in this program. Hats can be fun and in this program the story of hats is started with the earliest head coverings used in ancient times. Songs include “Jennie Jenkins,” “Soldier and the Lady,” “Pussy Cat, Pussy Cat” and “He’s Gone Away.”
Discusses the child's struggles to be "himself". Explains why children may or may not want to follow in their parent's footsteps. Points out the dangers of pushing children too hard in fulfilling ambitions set up by parents. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Visits the monkeys at the Brookfield Zoo. Explains that the monkeys have many differences, especially in heads and tails. Uses filmed sequences of the DeBrazzas, langurs, patas, lemurs. Shows primitive near-monkeys like the marmosets and ukaris, ring-tailed, wolly, and spider monkeys. Includes a slow-motion sequences of a spider monkey family taking its daily exercise. (WTTW) Kinescope.