Discusses methods of controlling nuclear testing. Outlines the obligation of the United States in assuming leadership in the control of such testing. Points out possible effects of continued tests. Makes suggestions concerning what can be done by various groups to diminish the dangers posed by continued testing of nuclear weapons. Features Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday Review.
Dance is a universal experience, and Miss Myers introduces the series with paintings, sculptures and film clips showing ethnic dances throughout history and the world. Following this, she presents the three major forms of dance – ethnic, ballet, and modern. To illustrate these, the Ximenez-Vargas Company performs two European ethnic dances. They are followed by Melissa Hayden and Jacques D’Amboise, who execute a 17th century court dance, the predecessor of pure classical ballet which is represented by the pas de deux from The Nutcracker Suite. As the French court and manners of the 17th century affected later ballet, so today’s social developments and conditions affect modern dance. Daniel Negrin performs an illustrative dance satire to introduce the audience to forms of the modern dance.
Shows how various viruses fit between the largest non-living molecule and the smallest unit of life. Uses models to explain the organization of various kinds of molecules and viruses. Reviews the first experiment in which a virus was isolated, purified, and crystallized. Concludes with a discussion on the importance of viruses in the understanding of all living matter.
What is Parkinson’s Law? “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” This law, and its ramifications, were first set out in the London Economist in 1956, after Professor Parkinson had developed them during his work in the Royal Air Force and a tour of duty in the South Pacific. He explains their application to civil service work, to the operations of administrative agencies, to the establishment of a university, and to the competition between industries.
What have been the results of the publication of Parkinson’s Law? Although it has prompted other critics to take new looks at the organizations which speckle out society, says Professor Parkinson, too many corporations, universities, and so on still seem to be operating under this law. Professor Parkinson turns his analysis on the social scientists, on the cocktail party, and on American motorized traffic, to conclude his examination of the basic principles of his Law.
Does geography make a difference in political thought? Dr. Parkinson discusses his book Evolution of Political Thought, and suggests that geography, and geographical isolation, do make a difference in political thought and practice. He traces the cycle which goes from a primitive paternal structure through a monarchy to an aristocracy, then to a dictatorship, then back to monarchy. Although he sees this as a fairly consistent pattern, Professor Parkinson does not believe that this is, in effect, historical determinism. Men can change his destiny, he says, and the experiments in democracy, although they have not been going long enough to suggest a definite trend, prove man’s freedom of choice. In fitting the Soviet Union into this pattern, Professor Parkinson remarks that it could be called a technological monarchy.
Raffles Professor of History C. Northcote Parkinson, University of Pittsburgh professor Joseph J. Zasloff, and member of the organizing committee for the 1958 International Systems Meeting Robert Lee discuss the significance of modern Asia.
Discusses the theory of political campaigns, and simulates, with actors, a committee outlining the campaign strategy for a candidate. Covers such issues as the techniques to be used, to whom they will appeal, and financing the campaign. Gives a general summary and evaluation of party campaigns and strategies. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Discusses the history of Arab Nationalism, Arab Nationalistic competition, and Republican versus Monarchical Nationalism. Surveys the use of Nasser in Egypt. Explains the role of anti-colonialism and anti Zionism in the nationalistic rise of the Arab World. Illustrates with film clips, pictures, and maps.
Surveys the rise of nationalism in China and India. Explains the role of Western influence in their struggles. Discusses the reactions of China and India to the impact of the West and the divergent roads traveled to nationalism.
What is the position of the Near Eastern countries today? Dr. Malik introduces the topic by describing why he feels education is so essential to their development. Theoretical values and general policies must be developed before specific problems can be attacked, such as the problems which Islam will have in adjusting to the modern world. It is no longer possible to return to pure Islam, free from the influences of the West, he believes. The Arab nations are anxious to become substantial, self-respecting members of the world community. They look for a leader who will give them direction and guidance without forcing them away from their traditional values. Of the revolutions which have upset the Arab world since the end World War II, Dr. Malik says these are usually due to circumstances which have become intolerable. At the end of the program, Dr. Malik presents a plea for understanding and toleration of the Arab community, as it attempts to establish itself in the modern world.
Charles Malik, President of the General Assembly of the United Nations and ambassador from Lebanon discusses criticism and truth in world diplomacy. He is joined by Dr. Richard Cottam, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh, and Mr. T.F.X. Higgins, Executive Director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh.
Deals with the complexities that result from increased traffic conditions such as turns, clearing intersections, choosing proper lanes, and pedestrian problems. Explains the effectiveness of courtesy in relation to positive and negative situations. Covers the restrictions and requirements of parking. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
The strict rules of classical ballet have been developed over the past five hundred years, and in this program Miss Myers demonstrates some of the basic principles, and the final applications of the traditions of this type of dance. Prints, drawings and photographs display the development of the traditions, and the three young students of the ballet demonstrate the essential positions and steps which every student must know. Maria Tallchief and Andre Eglevsky perform the pas de deux from “Swan Lake” and “Sylvia.” In addition, the opening of the program is a film clip of the corps de ballet of the Bolshoi Company dancing a scene from “Swan Lake.”
Reviews defensive driving and the importance of perception. Defines defensive action. Discusses loss in perception, comprehensive viewing vs. acute viewing, scanning, the need to make sure the other driver sees you, distractions, the importance of developing seeing habits, highway design and high accident locations. Concludes with review questions. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Discusses the element of chance and the philosophy of defensive driving. Emphasizes that obeying the law is not enough--it is important to uses our sense of perception. Defines what is meant by the word perception. Concludes with review questions. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Dr. Wriston is interviewed by Edward Green, executive assistant to the President on the Westinghouse Air Brake Corporation, and Dr. Joseph Zasloff, professor of political science at the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Wriston discusses his life-long interest in the State Department. His interest grew while he was a graduate student at Harvard. He traces the State Department from the time of George Washington to the present. He claims the department had little serious responsibility before World War I, that in past years the Foreign Service was a corps of independently wealthy elite, and that now the United States had an extraordinarily well-trained foreign service. However, according to Dr. Wriston, the idea of a Foreign Service Institute to train diplomats as thoroughly as the military academies train military man, is a good one which has been poorly executed.
On his PLATFORM programs, Dr. Thomas A. Dooley speaks his mind on the image of America in Southeast Asia. He calls for a renewal of the traditional American approach to under-developed countries --the approach through American individuals and voluntary organizations rather than heavy reliance on government agencies. “The most powerful tool we have is the human personality. Education is the most important thing we have to offer to Asia, and people are the only ones who can bring education. Books and propaganda leaflets cannot do it. The tremendous value that I wish more people in Washington would realize is the value of the individual person. If we would just flood these countries with individual young American men and women we could accomplish a great deal. We need people who will live and work with these people in their villages.” Dr. Dooley points out that the Communists realize that the future of Asia lies in the villages. They are making an intensive effort through local people to identify America with the hated French colonialism. He says the Communists attack the spirit of America and we too often counter with mere boasting about our material achievements. Dr. Dooley also discusses the “Great White Fleet” which he feels is going to cause more harm than good. He believes the term “Great White Fleet” is an unfortunate one since it fails to recognize the Asian distrust of the white man and hatred of colonialism. Fleets were instruments of imperialism in the past and a great aircraft carrier in a harbor of Asia or Africa even if it is loaded with medicine conveys another meaning to the people. His major criticism of the “Great White Fleet” is, however, that it is not a “grass roots” program designed to be an integral long-range part of the underdeveloped countries.
Explores the significance of ethnic dance in the field of formal dance. Presents a variety of West Indian dances. Explains their derivations and movements. Includes Bele, a West Indian adaptation of the minuet; Yanvallou, a voodoo dance; and Banda, a Haitian dance about death. Features Geoffrey Holder and Carmen de Lavallade.
Traces the history of imperialism from the 15th Century to the present, Explains the reasons which lead to empire building by nation states. Discusses the geographical, economic, and political changes brought about by colonialism.
Presents an analysis of the structure of viruses and how they are studied. Shows and explains how an electron microscope works. Uses film clips of experiments to demonstrate the cultivation, isolation, and purification of viruses. Concludes with a discussion of the differences between viruses.
This program presents rare film clips of outstanding dancers: Anna Pavlova, Irene and Vernon Castle, and Argentinita, as well as performances by Alexandra Danilova and Frederick Franklin, to illustrate the importance of the dancer as the creator of a dance. Two sets of distinguished dancers perform the same roles from the balled “Le Beau Danube” to show how individual interpretation can vary the effect of the same choreography. Dance critic Walter Terry joins Miss Myers to discuss the importance of an interplay between choreographer and performer.
Shows the simple forms of plant life that appear upon retreat of the glaciers and the role of these plants in preparing the earth's surface for other plant and animal life. "Forests" of the high Arctic are shown to be only inches high though many years old. The struggle for life existing among plant forms and animal forms in this harsh environment is depicted as the variety of species in the region are surveyed.
Emphasizes the hazards the inexperienced city driver must learn to recognize. Shows the unusual situations that may arise from driver fatigue. Explains how to avoid fatigue. Presents a complete picture of the advantages and special dangers confronted on expressways. Describes necessary action to protect occupants in your car.
Explains how a virus destroys cells. Uses animated films and microcinematography to show how a virus enters a cell, stops its normal functions, and reproduces more viruses. Tells how the new viruses are made and describes their method of escape to infect other cells. Concludes with a discussion of possible methods of controlling viral diseases.
Mr. Alwin Nikolais and Miss Myers discuss the dancer’s need to say something new in terms of his medium, and the resulting break with the classical forms which was pioneered by Isadora Duncan and Ruth St. Denis. Film clips show Miss St. Denis’ famous dance “Rhada,” and one of Miss Duncan’s students demonstrating some of Miss Duncan’s techniques. Finally, Mr. Nikolais and his troupe present examples of modern techniques to express ideas such as fear, love, height, and weight. They perform excerpts from four of the concert pieces they have created.
Introduces heredity, as that which concerns what is biologically transmitted from one generation to the next, and the first question which the series seeks to answer is, what is inherited? Dr. Roney examines facts and fallacies connected with such questions as, is blood a heredity carrier? Are mental illnesses and diseases inherited? Also, some patterns of inheritance, and who gets what characteristic from whom? Dr. Roney explains three sources of heredity information, and finally some of the results from studies in the area concerning genes and heredity.
Discusses the problem of homesteading and labor shortages with commissioners of natural resources and labor. Strongly suggest that anyone contemplating entering business or establishing a homestead in Alaska look carefully into the prospects first. Visits with an "old" and "new" homesteader and discusses some of the problems they faced.
In this program, Miss Myers and Jose Limon explain the language of the dance – the language of movement. They introduce the basic elements of the dancer’s material – human emotion – and show how it can be transformed into a dance movement for one person, a group of dancers, and an entire company. This program features the television premiere of Jose Limon’s ballet “There is a Time,” for which Norman Dello Joio composed his Meditations on Ecclesiastes.
Defines in detail the word "insurance" and discusses the various types of insurance-liability, comprehensive, collision, etc. Explains the correct procedure to follow when reporting an accident. Gives information concerning various rates of insurance premiums, financial responsibility laws, and sample cases. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Three young foreign students--one from Sweden, one from Venezuela, one from Belgium--talk to Louis Armstrong about what he has done as a musical ambassador. Mr. Armstrong tells them about experiences he had in their home countries when he performed there--about how how he met a Belgian diplomat who came to this country on a matter of state, but arrived early to spend some time with Satchmo, about a young Swedish girl who sang with his band and subsequently became a star, about a threatened bombing of an auditorium where he was scheduled to play in Venezuela which never took place, because when he arrived the people were more interested in music than in munitions. But more than anecdotes, he tells how he found people all over the world who were united, in spite of their differences, by their interest in music.
Mr. Armstrong is joined by Robert McCully, writer and public relations expert, Adam Lynch, news and classical music broadcaster, and Benny Benack, a musician who has concentrated on Dixieland jazz and a trumpeter who looks up to Louis Armstrong as his great hero. In this program Mr. Armstrong describes a New Orleans musical funeral and the impulses that give rise to it, the music it creates, and the way it is carried out. Speaking about emotion and music, he remarks that a good musical performance has as its base a great sympathy and feeling for the music. He talks about his love for any good music--jazz, classical or popular--and about the future of jazz and of young people who like music.
The final program of the series presents Mr. Armstrong, Benny Benack, a musician who has concentrated on Dixieland jazz, and Professor Frederick Dorian, a classical musicologist from the Carnegie Institute of Technology. Dr. Dorian was Mr. Benack's professor at Carnegie Tech, and has joined his former pupil to learn about jazz and what a great jazz musician thinks of classical music. Dr. Dorian, who is not very well acquainted with jazz, asks Mr. Armstrong what the elements are of good jazz, and it is this definition which occupies the major part of the program.
This program deals chiefly with the work of Gregor Johann Mendel, one of the greatest biologists of recent times. The question to which he devoted himself was this: What order, of any, exists in the transfer of characteristics from parent to child to grandchild? In developing his theory, he studied the reproduction of common green peas, and Dr. Roney shows film clips which reproduce some of Mendel’s early experiments. He explains the terms derived by Mendel to explain biological inheritance. Demonstrations are shown which illustrate factors in reproduction and inheritance, and the program concludes with a summary of Mendel’s contributions to biological sciences.
Beginning with a visit to Anchorage, shows the city's modern developments in offices, houses, schools, and factories which best typify modern Alaska. Visits other sources of industry, commerce, education, and culture in Alaska. Points out factors that may slow Alaska's growth.
Anthony Tudor, the choreographer, and Nora Kay and Hugh Laing, dancers who appear on this program, are figures prominently associated with the new developments in modern dance which began in the 1940’s. Mr. Tudor and Miss Myers describe the changes in subject and mood which accompany this new dance form and the reasons for a retention of the traditional steps and positions in the new dances. The highlight of the program is a recreation of the famous ballet “Pillar of Fire,” starring Nora Kaye and Hugh Laing.
America’s task is to stop imperialism. Communism is based on imperialism. What can we do? If we ally ourselves against Soviet imperialism we run into difficulty because of Nationalism and Colonialism. For instance, Portugal is our ally but a Portuguese colony in India wants to be our independent ally. Where is our loyalty? When faced with a choice such as this, our loyalty must remain with the countries which will protect the most people from aggression. And these problems are intensified because of atomic power. If we share it, will it alienate us from other powers? There is always the danger that if we give to nationalist nations, we cannot be sure that it will be used for peace. The basic problem lies in the fact that Soviet imperialism is ambiguous. What policy can we accept?
NOTE: Since this program was completed, France has joined the “atomic club.”
This program summarizes the major points which have been brought out in the series and evaluates Nationalism and Colonialism in terms of the basic problems now facing the world community – the paradox that he liberal idea of self-determination of nations may result in divisiveness and fragmentation of the world’s energies and resources at the very time when man’s power to unleash the forces of nature has made necessary the highest degree of international harmony and worldwide cooperation. How has the world community organized to deal with National-Colonial power? What is the future of Nationalism and Colonialism? These are the questions answered by Stoessinger in this program. Films of Philippine diplomat Carlos P. Romulo are included in this program.
Visits Eskimos in the North and Indians in the South and discusses some of the problems confronting these native Alaskans since the appearance of the white man. Tells how native Indians are assimilating with the white settlers and the Eskimos are threatened with extinction through destruction of their hunting and fishing grounds.
Recreates the excitement of the gold rush by showing the prospector's trails, their campsites and the gold rush cities. Illustrates with prints of the settlers, miners, and dance hall girls. Visits an old gold mining town and saloons. Interviews an old prospector about gold mining days.
Huston Smith interviewers Harold Stassen in Philadelphia and Dr. and Mrs. Walt Rostow of MIT in Cambridge about our posture toward our foremost adversary. Is coexistence possible? What are Russia’s intentions and how should we meet them? Can we hope that Russia will change with the passing of time? Can we do anything to assist a change?
Discusses the origin, development, and rise of political interest groups in America and their role in the legislative process. Describes the organization and techniques of interest groups, and reviews legislation governing their activities. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Discusses the voting behavior of the public in the 1952 election. Compares the public participation in the 1952 election with participation in other countries. Classifies the eligible voters into three groups, and discusses significant aspects of each group. Presents reasons for people voting as they do. Reviews the shifts in parties controlling the federal government since 1916. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
The development of life, from a cell to a man, from a seed to a tree, is the subject of this program. Film clips are used, showing the self-duplication of molecules and cells and the fertilization process, as well as the cellular structure which is responsible for “inherited” characteristics of new living things. The genes, chromosomes, and the nucleus are analyzed separately as Dr. Saltman explains the processes of mutation which may occur within the cell.
Is it true that we have an American national character? Is America old enough to have developed a distinctive personality? Can you predict the kind of mental breakdown that an American will have? Do we have a different kind of neurotic personality today that was present ten years ago? Who goes to the psychiatrist? Has the psychiatric couch now become a part of the American landscape? Are neuroses the result of a capitalist policy? Do we need more ritual in America to help the personality to develop? What are the characteristics of a mature personality? These are some of the questions that Max Lerner and five Brandeis students discuss during the program.
Presents Ansel Adams as he photographs Yosemite National Park and explains how a sense of discovery and rediscovery is conveyed through his photography. Shows a collection of his photographs. Mr. Adams discusses his methods of teaching and his indebtedness to other photographers.
Discusses the role of the corporation and the corporate executive in political life. Reviews the laws which affect or restrict the active participation of each in politics. Presents an analysis of the responsibilities of a corporation in working for the good of the country. Explains how and why management and labor should participate more actively, and with more freedom, in the political affairs of the nation.
What does statehood mean to Alaskans? John MacVane conducts sidewalk interviews with the new citizens, and draws from them a series of interesting responses. Joe Kirkbridge, editor of The Daily Alaska Empire(a Juneau paper), tells about the many conditions that hamper Alaska’s future development. Governor William Egan, in an interview in his offices, speaks of the Alaskans’ inventiveness and their willingness to be self-reliant, to accept hardship, and to help one another. His statement is a remarkable combination of idealistic anticipation and realistic appraisal of the difficulties facing the development of Alaska.
Discusses the criticisms of the present party system and evaluates proposed changes. Points out the changes in the election system that would be necessary for any party reform. Suggests that any reforms would depend on greater public participation in the parties, which in turn would create less need for party reform. (University of Michigan Television) kinescope.
Interviews members of the Negro community in York, South Carolina. Questions are answered concerning the equality of the Negro, method of achieving equality, education, and voting rights. Opinions are also offered on improvements in relations in the immediate future.
Discusses Alaska's proximity to Russia and its importance as a base of warning in the event of a surprise attack. Depicts the nature of the warning systems and military installations. Interviews military leaders to comment on the extent of our defenses in Alaska.
Dr. C. Arthur Knight, featured on this program, introduces his topic with a brief description of properties which characterize living things, and then explains to what degree viruses do or do not have these properties. What is significant, he points out, is that viruses are like other living things to the extent that they are capable of reproducing themselves. Because viruses have a chemical content, similar to that of chromosomes — the cells which determine heredity — and because they can be more easily isolated and fragmented than chromosomes, they are a source of much information for scientists who study life's creation and formation. In addition to his general points, Dr. Knight shows, through a remarkable series of micro-motion pictures, how mutations within viruses can be formed and identified.
Documents Ansel Adams as he discusses light, interpretation, the use of different filters, exposures, ranges, and magnification, illustrating each from his own vast collection of photographs. The presentation centers around his demonstrations of various techniques to achieve given effects.
Presents an historical survey of colonialism as practiced by Britain and France. Discusses the methods of rule and the phases of colonization of each. Uses film clips, phots and charts to show how each has moved from direct colonial rule to cooperation with their colonies.
Reviews the activities of the United States in the area of colonialism. Discusses the colonies of the U.S. past and present. Outlines the course of action taken in helping the various territories in achieving self-government.
The basic unit of life –the cell –could not be studied in detail until recently. The electron microscope first enabled man actually to see its delicate construction. This program deals with a detailed description of the structure of a cell, and an analysis of the role each part plays in maintaining life. Dr. Saltman shows films of cells dividing, and photographs taken under the strong magnification of an electron microscope.
Discusses present day attitudes toward colonialism and how they differ from the colonial ideal of the past. Sir Andrew Cohen, ex-colonial official in Africa, answers questions concerning the making of colonial policy, how the colonial mind has changed and what the modern colonial official sees as his function.
Stoessinger analyzes the modern colonial mind in a time when “Colonial Official” has become a bad word phrase. He interviews French and Belgian colonial officials in an attempt to show the changing role of the colonial official in the world today. The modern colonial official wants to set men free, to eliminate the color bar, and to serve as a civil servant, his guests claim.
The word hormone is derived from the Greek word hormone, meaning to excite or arouse. This is, briefly, the function of the hormone in the body –those chemical molecules produced in very small quantities within the body to stimulate and control key functions of growth, metabolism and reproduction. Using diagram and drawing, Dr. Saltman describes the ways in which these hormones are produced in the glands, how they are circulated through the blood stream, and what can happen is they do not perform their functions adequately.
Describes various kinds of art and their distinct differences. Distinguishes between the productive and the cooperative arts, and states that the latter consists only of farming, healing, and teaching. Explains and illustrates the differences between useful arts and fine arts. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
In addition to organic elements, living beings are necessarily composed also of inorganic elements such as calcium, iron and cooper. This program analyzes the ways in which these inorganic substances behave, and what their function is in maintaining life. Bulk elements, including calcium, sodium and phosphorous salts, serve as structural materials to build bones, link cells, and activate nerves. Trace elements, existing in minute quantities throughout the system, include the iron, cooper, nickel and zinc which are found in the blood, or in the chlorophyll of green plants. Experiments and demonstrations of the ways in which minerals behave in living things form part of the program.
Stoessinger suggest that the rise of the new nationalism may characterize this era more than the East-West struggle. He discusses the two trends today; new nations and new unified supra-states, and discusses the main unifying factors common to the rise of new nationalistic states. These include neutralism, the quest for racial equality, religion as a unifying or dividing factor, the planned socialistic economy, and Westernization in its various manifestations. How can democracy export its ideas and ideals to countries that have little background and experience in democratic methods? This is the great problem of communication, concludes Stoessinger.
Reviews the life of Charles Dickens, using sketches pictures, lithographs, and etchings to illustrate times and places important to the author. Interprets his writing with excerpts from David Copperfield, Pickwick Papers, and other works.
Born into the British nobility in 1788, George Gordon, Lord Byron, managed to crowd into the thirty-six years of his life enough travels, adventures, and romances to make him the most famous, and notorious, of the Romantic posts. After a formal education at Harrow and Cambridge, he traveled to Greece and the Near East, and from his experiences on this trip brought forth poems including “Maid of Athens,” “Childe Harold,” and many others. After an unhappy marriage, he was forced to leave England, and traveled on the Continent. It was during this period that he wrote his great epic satire “Don Juan,” of which the lovely lines about the isles of Greece form part. His sympathy for Greece led him to return there to help fight for independence against the Turks, and it was there that he died in 1824.
Reviews the life of John Milton, using drawings, etchings, lithographs and photographs to illustrate times and places important to the author. Interprets his writing with excerpts from "L Allegro," "Lycidas," "Samson Agonistes," and "Paradise Lost."
Reviews the life of Nathaniel Hawthorne, using etchings, photographs, paintings and lithographs to illustrate the places and events connected with the author. Interprets his writings with excerpts from several of his novels..
Reviews the life of Oliver Goldsmith, using drawings, etchings, and lithographs to illustrate the events connected with the author. Interprets his writing with excepts from "The Deserted Village, "She Stoops to Conquer," "Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog," and "The Vicar of Wakefield."
Reviews the life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge, using etchings, drawings and lithographs to illustrate the events and places connected with the author. Interprets his writing with complete readings of "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and "Kubla Khan."
Reviews the life of Victor Hugo, using drawings, etchings, and lithographs to illustrate the places and events connected with the author. Interprets his writing with excerpts from Les Miserables, Notre Dame de Paris, and Toilers of the Sea.
Despite its microscopic size, a cell may contain several thousand highly complex chemicals. Nonetheless, molecules of carbohydrates, fats, proteins and nucleic acids consistently form part of the structure of living cells. These combine in various ways to make the cells which cause a tree to grow, an eye to see, or the brain to think. In this program, each kind of cell is analyzed through a combination of lecture and chemical demonstrations, together with a use of the models developed and used by Dr. Linus Pauling to study cellular structure.
Reviews the biomechanical processes presented in the preceding programs. Relates these concepts to the way in which all forms of life are linked and resembles each other. Concludes by offering an answer to the question "How did life begin?"
Presents an analysis of bacteriophages and how they may change. Explains why bacterial viruses are useful to scientists studying different life forms. Uses diagrams and animation to show how bacteria reproduce within a cell and how mutations of these viruses can be identified. Describes the "copy errors" responsible for mutation, and the ways in which cross-breeding among viruses takes place.
Walter Kerr, drama critic for the New York Herald Tribune, interviews noted Irish author Frank O'Connor. Mr. O'Connor contrasts the novel and the short story in relation to characterization, plot, and the time element. He discusses styles of the short story and appraises past and present psychological and subject matter trends in prose fiction.
In this program, Criminologist Joseph D. Lohman charts the growth and increasing complexity of the crime problem which has accompanied the development of an urban, industrial culture in the U.S. He shows a corresponding inadequacy in the control and treatment of crime and criminals. An interviewed inmate points out these inadequacies and the need for individual treatment, which is pointed out by Harrison and Lohman, also. Harrison notes that differences in crimes and criminals indicate needs for individual treatment.