Discusses The Life of James Madison by Irving Brant. Characterizes this four-volume work as a new kind of writing and considers other modes of treating biography. Praises the book for its portrayal of Madison and for its exposition of American colonial and revolutionary history. (Syracuse University) Kinescope.
Presents a highly condensed version of Russian history since the eve of World War I through the eyes of the "average Ivan" who has lived through this period. Discusses the initial period of capitalism, the collective farm movement, the great purges of the 1930's, the first Five Year Plans, the lack of consumer goods, the bitterness of World War II, and the Cold War. Illustrates each of these phases of Russian history with Russian periodicals and pictures. (Center for Mass Communication) Film.
Discusses the discovery of three elements predicted by Mendeleev. Demonstrates and explains the use of the spectroscope and of other methods in isolating elements. Revises Mendeleev's Periodic Table by adding the three new elements and rare gases. (KQED) Film.
Dr. Feinberg addresses satire; why satire is used, how it combines humor and criticism, its relationship to the nature of reality, and how it causes laughter. Dr. Feinberg points out that cosmic irony, social irony, and individual irony are the basis for satire, and discusses and illustrates each of these three forms.
Discusses opposing views concerning the necessity of government, and illustrates why some form of government is essential for the common good of the group. Explains the two general types of government--leader centered and majority rule. Points out the danger of the two extremes of government--anarchy with unlimited individual rights or a powerful government with no individual rights. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Shows and discusses baby clothing and pictures the actions of two babies less than six weeks old. General styles of various items of baby clothing are displayed, their advantages are pointed out, and minimum quantities needed are suggested. (WQED) Kinescope.
Considers the recently deciphered tablets from Pylos and Knossus that have furnished evidence calling for a thorough revision of Greek history before Homer. Discusses this "brand new" world of Ancient Greece and the possibility that Homer could actually write. (NYU) Kinescope.
Discusses trends in the nominating process and the changes in sectional voting patterns. Briefly mentions the influence of third parties and splinter candidates. Summarizes criticisms of the political convention and the primary system, concluding that the process, whatever its weakness, has proved workable. Considers the influence of television on American elections. (Dynamic Films) Film.
This program considers the role of the president and the significant changes in that role during the past half century. Interviews and discussion also consider the presidential role as administrator of public policy and political leader; the methods used for nomination of candidates for the presidency, and the development of the convention system.
Discusses The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway. Appraises the artistic quality of the book and examines its purposes and the ideas that it contains. Concludes that this rather short, simple story is Hemingway's technically most competent book. (Syracuse University) Kinescope.
Here, working politicians consider selection and preparation of the convention site, the role of the National Committee in the organization and operation of the convention, the functions of standing committees of the convention, and settlement of disputes in seating of contested delegates.
Discusses the competing interests or "factions" which existed as separate groups before political parties were organized. Explains that today these groups make themselves felt through competition with the parties for power and influence or by trying to gain dominance within a party. (KETC) Kinescope.
Explains how the earth, its inhabitants, and its atmosphere are composed of 101 elements alone or in numerous combinations. Discusses the distribution of elements in the earth, in water, and in the atmosphere, and indicates the significance of these proportions. (KQED) Film.
Discusses The Red and the Black by Stendhal. Outlines conditions in France that served as background for this novel and compares it with others that depict revolt against small-town ways. Considers the development of plot and characters and touches on the form and the treatment of ideas in the book. (Syracuse University) Kinescope.
Discusses the rondo and explains its construction. Illustrates with compositions played partially or in their entirety. Features the Paganini Quartet, including a brief history of the quartet's Stratavari instruments, all of which belonged to Paganini. Musical selections include Rondino (Kroisler), Turkish Rondo (Mozart), and the finale from both a sonata and a quartet by Beethoven. (USC) Film.
In this program, Temianka explains the meaning and origin of the word, “scherzo,” which refers to a sprightly, humorous instrumental composition or movement commonly used in quick triple measure. Illustrative compositions are selected for Mozart, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Dvorak and Schumann.
Dr. Roney examines the scientific method. He discusses such questions as: How does a scientist decide when an observation is “true”? What are the differences between inductive and deductive procedures? What is a raw “fact”? He also demonstrates the use of a micro-projector, and shows more views of amoeba.
Discusses the national party convention as a nominating device. Considers control of the convention, the convention as a "sane" method for choosing candidates, and the nomination of the vice-presidential candidates. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discusses and demonstrates the Stradivarius violin, the viola, and the cello. Explains the distinguishing features of the Stradivarius instruments being used and presents musical selections featuring each of the instruments in turn. Music includes: Beethoven, Serenade from Trio, Paganini, Caprice; Dohnanyi, Serenade from Trio; and Bach, Bourree from C Major Suite. (Arts and Audiences, Inc.) Film.
Explains that a major problem of jet propulsion is increasing the speed of the expanding gas in the jet engine. Shows how the speed is increased by the addition of heat, more gas,and heavier molecules. Points out that there is no limit tot he speed that gas will move through the end of propulsion chambers if a material can be obtained that will stand the increased temperature. (New Mexico College of A.& M.A.) Film.
The Finder shows us how basic printing is in our lives by bringing before the camera a variety of things which are printed—stamps, billboards, toys, milk bottles, tin cans and plastic curtains. He goes on to investigate letterpress, the oldest printing method invented by Gutenberg 500 years ago. It is still one of the widely used printing methods.
Describes the child in his second and third years. Stresses importance of play, vocabulary development, the nap and bed-time ritual, and the development of possessiveness and self-assertion. Shows some of the activities of children in this age group. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dr. Otto Struve, director of the Leuscher Observatory in Berkeley and the first man to prove that stars rotate on their axes, is Dr. Seaborg’s guest on this program. Hydrogen is rare and helium is positively scarce on earth but these two elements alone make up 99 percent of the universe as a whole. Dr. Seaborg and his guest attempt to explain this phenomenon and other topics such as the creation of the universe, the emptiness of “empty space,” and the ways in which astronomers unravel the secrets of the cosmos. The viewers also is taken on a journey of exploration in outer space with our host and Dr. Struve as they explore the sun, the Milky Way, and distant galaxies, all illustrated with remarkable astro-photos.
Professor Kraemer reads from an illustrated account by an Egyptian envoy, written in 1200 BC, who traveled to Syria at a time when law and order within the Egyptian empire were in a state of corruption. The account stresses the indignities suffered by a traveler.
Discusses and demonstrates theme and variations and traces the development of this musical form. Illustrations include variations of the Vintner's Daughter, and the "Trout-Quintet," played in its entirety by the Paganini Quartet, with piano. (USC) Film.
Defines art by discussing its distinguishing qualities. Differentiates between art and artifact. Shows a variety of art objects and paintings and contrasts art and artifact by playing two musical selections. (Hofstra College and WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses the characteristics of a "good" candidate in terms of age, religion, and home state. Points out that men from populous states stand the best chance of receiving the nomination. Also discusses favorite sons, dark horse candidates, and the nomination of candidates previously defeated.
This final program on the series is a “crystal ball” attempt to look into the future and answer the question, “Where is American art going?” A panel of well-known American figures in American art assists Dr. Preston in an attempt to select those elements in today’s painting which may well be termed characteristic of this era by later generations and to trace out the lines of development which will determine the future.
Going more deeply into the how and why of laughter, Dr. Feinberg discusses international jokes and tells how they originated. A clown routine, so common in international jokes, is demonstrated and analyzed.
In this concluding program on prejudices, the delegates stress some of the similarities between nations represented in the Forum group. These include Switzerland-Germany, common language and literature; Switzerland-Israel, multilingual country and neutrality; Switzerland-Finland, winter sports, neutrality; Germany-Israel, anti-Semitism in Germany, anti-German feeling in Israel; and Israel-Egypt, struggle to develop the desert, find water, be independent of foreign influence, and solve problems of refugees.
Outlines and discusses various theories of humor, and presents examples of laughter created to illustrate each theory. Shows, through the use of a polygraph, that physiological changes occur in various parts of the body when a person laughs. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Discuss the book, Witness, by Whittaker Chambers. Examines the content of this autobiographical work and the reasons why it was written. Appraises the significance of the book as a source for historians and as literature.
Shows how to choose a job by first knowing one's self as revealed by performance in intelligence, aptitude, and personality tests, by learning the characteristics of different jobs, and by fitting these two together. Illustrates these steps by following a series of counseling sessions between a counselor and a counselee. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses World Enough and Time by Robert Penn Warren. Outlines the plot, briefly sketches the characters, and appraises the literary form of this novel. Identifies and examines ides embodied in this work and indicates the author's serious concern with them. (Syracuse University) Kinescope.
This program is a summary and conclusion of the course. Dr. Smith first briefly hits highlights of the major religions. Then he discusses some of the attitudinal changes that may have resulted from the course.
Portrays the psychology at work in the use of alcohol by adolescents. A documentary approach is taken in presenting the origin, development, and results of an actual research project, "A Study of the Use of Alcohol Among High School Students", made by the Hofstra College Bureau of Social Research. (Hofstra College & WPIX) Kinescope.
Discusses agriculture in terms of the raising of hogs, beef, and dairy cattle. Explains that corn is the vital link between the soil and the production of these animals. States that the large production of corn and farm animals in the United States enables us to eat 61 times as much meat per person per year as the average Japanese citizen.
In this program, Dr. Sumner uses maps and graphs to demonstrate another reason why the soil is considered to be the most precious of all natural resources. He draws the attention to the variety of crops which we raise in large quantities within our borders. He gives production figures added meaning with descriptions of the agricultural production of Japan and India.
Friction in the Old World led to war. The USA tried to maintain neutrality, but with each passing month the problems created became more and more thorny. Finally, the nation was drawn into the conflict. With amazing speed and efficiency the country mobilized. Its participation in World War I was the deciding factor in bringing victory to the Allies.
Hardly had the exultation of victory and accomplishment cooled, when the nation found itself face to face with an old problem, which it had hoped was a dead issue. The application of California for statehood was not covered by the Missouri Compromise. The Southerners fought to hold their equal advantage in the Senate – they had long ago lost the House. In the end they had to take the “half loaf” which the Compromise of 1850 offered, but they were unhappy and fearful of the future. Yet a few years of prosperity lulled all into a feeling of security and hopes began to build. Then came the question of the route of the transcontinental railroad. Next, the Kansas-Nebraska Act. From 1854 the way led steadily downhill toward sectional conflict, this time with guns, rather than orators, barking. The Republican Party was uncompromisingly a Northern, anti-slavery faction – the last real bond which had hitherto resisted sectional friction was now gone, the national political party. The South was outnumbered in the legislature. Its victory in the judiciary – the Dred Scott decision – only roused its opponents to more determined action. The success of the Lincoln candidacy could mean the coup de grace. The South conditioned itself for that possibility.
Drive-in movies, bow ties, ready-made clothes and convertible cars are commented upon by the high school students from thirty-four countries. In answer to questions from viewers of the series, the students give their impressions of the United States and its way of life. A chorus of "No!" greets the question, "If you had your choice, would you stay in the United States?" Only two boys who have ambitions to be physicians say they would like to remain here to study. Most of the others declare they feel a duty to return home and help improve the status of their own countries.
How self-sufficient is the United States? This question and its significance in an appraisal of the United States as a world power are discussed by Dr. Sumner. He reviews the materials covered during the series and concludes that the United States is a world leader today largely because of her wealth in natural resources.
This series, aired from 1954 through 1958, is built around the annual New York Herald Tribune World Youth Forum, which hosts approximately thirty foreign high school students from around the world in the US. The World Youth Forum features the high school students discussing problems of concern to America and the world. Discussions are presided over by Mrs. Helen Hiet Waller, World Youth Forum Director, with a maximum of encouragement to free expression. In this program from 1955, students from Pakistan, Vietnam, South Korea, Nigeria, and South Africa discuss the cultural differences and similarities between their countries and the USA. Contemporary high school students may have to disobey their parents in order to push new ideals ahead, though disagreeing with one's parents is a difficult thing to do. The student panelists point out that they have had to adjust to more changes in these past seventeen years than our ancestors did in the last 700.
Describes the work of the newspaper reporter. Joins the Police Reporter on his regular beat, and covers a feature story at the zoo. Through an interview with the Managing Editor, indicates that a newspaper does more for its readers than reporting news. (KETC) Kinescope.
Tells the story of Buddha and how he grew up to go out alone seeking eternal life. Explains that Buddha accepted the basic principles of Hinduism, but thought them cumbersome and would not abide by rules of social distinction. Relates how, after much hardship and failure, he finally arrived at a position near benevolence and began to preach his simple religion.
Illustrates the similarity of Buddhism to the other great religions. Compares a Buddhist approach to life to a doctor's approach to a medical problem. Indicates symptoms, diagnosis, prescription, and treatment. Describes the treatment as concerning itself with knowledge, aspiration, speech, behavior, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and meditation.
Explains the two main divisions of Buddhism--Hinayana and Mahayana--and the basic causes underlying the division. Surveys the missionary movement of Buddhism and its progress in Japan, resulting in a division called Zen Buddhism, which scorns reason and operates on intuition.
Mr. Peck opens the program by introducing a film clip which shows the raising of the free Indian flag at the UN. Mr. Talbot, Executive Director of American Universities Field Staff, explains the complexity of India. The discussion begins with a consideration of the Congress Party and its problems since independence, with references to Gandhi and Nehru. It is agreed that a real understanding of India depends on a knowledge of the country’s internal development. A five-minute film illustrates efforts to control malaria and the contrast between old and new methods of agriculture. It is concluded that the best way to fight Communism is to strengthen India internally, rather than press her to declare against Red China.
The Friendly Giant reads the book, Chicken Little, Count-to-ten, by Margaret Friskey, illustrated by Katherine Evans, and published by the Children's Press. After the story, Rusty shows how chickens drink. (WHA-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses Christianity not only as ideology, but also as a historical religion, focusing upon Jesus. Surveys the human aspects of Jesus, and contrasts standards of values in the world with the teachings of Christ.
Reviews the early years of the church when the gospel was spread by a group of ex-fishermen and tentsmen. Points out that "the good news" was not an example of the ethical teachings of Jesus, but was related to the actual experiences of the people. Discusses the concepts of the early disciples as being rooted deep in their experiences concerning incarnation, atonement, and the Trinity.
Explains the three basic symbols of Christianity--the church, the vine and branches, and the body. Diagrams the spread of the three largest Christian groups--Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Greek Orthodox--and emphasizes the main beliefs of each of these groups.
Discusses the weather of the United States and its effect on human comfort. Points out the nature of the country's agriculture as valuable bequests from our land. Shows how our climate differs from that of Alaska and Hawaii and the resulting differences in life and culture. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses the supply of coal and iron ore in the United States. States that America has 4000 years supply of coal--this in spite of the fact that the U.S. produces thirty per cent of the world's supply. Points out that the reason for this large supply is that our mines are five times as productive as those of other nations. Uses maps to show the location and size of our supplies of iron ore. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the life of Confucius as being that of a teacher and a statesman. Explains that Confucianism grew out of a question concerning how men could learn to live together without destroying each other. Points out that when spontaneous tradition breaks down it must be replaced with deliberate tradition, and reviews how this was done by those teachings called Confucianism.
This series, aired from 1954 through 1958, is built around the annual New York Herald Tribune World Youth Forum, which hosts approximately thirty foreign high school students from around the world in the US. The World Youth Forum features the high school students discussing problems of concern to America and the world. Discussions are presided over by Mrs. Helen Hiet Waller, World Youth Forum Director, with a maximum of encouragement to free expression. In this program from 1956, students from Finland, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Vietnam discuss whether American children have too much freedom.
A prediction that the white South Africans will suffer if they do not adapt themselves to the "changing times" by eliminating segregation is made by Lebricht Hesse, Gold Coast delegate, in this discussion on racial problems. Other panelists represent the Union of South Africa, Denmark and Indonesia. The Union of South Africa delegate contends that the white South African government will give the Negro his freedom as soon as he has been "educated and civilized". Concluding the discussion, Erik Jorgensen of Denmark said that "you can't separate black and white and work for a peaceful world.”
Discusses the production of electric power in the United States. States that a heritage of our land is our system of rivers and lakes, particular when this water power is harnessed to provide electricity. Discusses the use of dams, thermal power plants, and generators in the production of electricity. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Presents the story of the English settlements along the Atlantic seaboard--first in Virginia, then in New England, Maryland, and the Carolinas. Explains how England later consolidated her holdings by taking the middle area from the Dutch. (KETC) Kinescope.
Mr. Albert Ravenholt, correspondent of the American Universities Field Staff and staff correspondent for the Chicago Daily News, and Dr. George A. Peek, Jr., assistant professor of political science at the University of Michigan and coordinator for the series, focus their first discussion of the "tension areas" in the Far East on Formosa. Mr. Ravenholt, considered one of the nation's best-informed men on the Far East, comments on the important strategic position of Formosa, the complicated internal "police state" condition of the Island, and how the situation affects the United States. He explains that the Chinese communists are building up their forces along the China coastline. They may be planning to attach Formosa directly, to capture the Chinese Nationalist held islands closer to the mainland, or to force a diplomatic settlement concerning the possession of Formosa. The latter would then involve the issues of recognition of Red China and admission of that country into the United Nations. The United States is sending to Formosa economic and military aid totaling three to four million dollars per year, Mr. Ravenholt points out. This aid not only consists of building up the defenses of the Island, but also improving the diet of the Nationalists soldiers, improving their uniforms, constructing air fields and bridges, and making agricultural improvements. Finally, Mr. Ravenholt stresses the need for the U.S. to begin thinking of what kind of support we are willing to extend to the Chinese Nationalists in the event of war, and the need for thinking about the kind of non-communist Chinese leadership which we would like to have evolve in the future.
The members of the third panel in discussing "The World We Want," talk about how Americans take criticism and then branch out to comment on the policies of the West in Asia and in Western Europe. The question of American economic aid in Southeastern Asia is examined and there is a lively give-and-take on the true purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization --is it a purely defensive alliance or is it planned just to fight Communism
Describes Paris in the early 19th century and the operas written there by various composers and the beginning of individual French Operatic styles. Describes FAUST and CARMEN as the better known beginning works of French opera, presenting portions of each with piano and voice. (Univ. Calif. Ext.) Film.
Describes Paris in the early 19th century and the operas written there by various composers and the beginning of individual French Operatic styles. Describes FAUST and CARMEN as the better known beginning works of French opera, presenting portions of each with piano and voice. (Univ. Calif. Ext.) Film.
Discusses how sentences are put together to form the "explaining paragraph." This paragraph structure begins with a generalization from which specific ideas are developed and is followed by a summarizing generalization. Shows that the same developmental patterns are used in mathematics, music, and poetry.
Discusses how generalities in a paragraph should be supported by evidence. List vague, technical specific, and descriptive detail as the three kinds of detail that a writer uses as evidence. Illustrates that technical writers, poets, scientists, and novelist use the same paragraph patterns in their writing. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses the worldly desires of all people--pleasure, wealth, fame, and power--and the ways in which they are related to Hinduism and the caste system. Points out that obtaining these worldly desires is not always satisfying. Explains the symbol of the Hindu view of God.
Outlines the four yogas, or paths, to a union with God, and states that individuals should use their own resources to move themselves along these paths. Points out that the material wants or being, awareness, and happiness are only ways to man's deeper desires and that God will answer these needs.
Explores the belief of reincarnation as it relates to the ultimate union of the soul of man with God. States that the soul moves through several material worlds--the one we know, several higher, and several lower, depending on how well one has lived in the world of action--on its journey to the final liberation from all material worlds. Reviews Hinduism, stressing that ultimately God is infinite and that salvation is union with God.
The British colony of Hong Kong is the second "tension area" discussed by Mr. Ravenholt, Professor Peek, and their guest Dr. John W. Hall, director of the Center for Japanese Studies at the University of Michigan. Describing Hong Kong as a "window in the bamboo curtain," Mr. Ravenholt explains that the colony, made up of 76 islands and a peninsula, is the crossroads of the world where there is fairly free travel across the border into Red China. Here we are able to get a picture of what is happening in Communist China. The picture is not complete, he points out, but we are able to determine general trends in that vast country. It is now becoming apparent, according to Dr. Hall, that China is emerging as a major power for the first time in over 150 years. With this accumulation of power there is a natural "spilling over" into other countries such as North Korea. The grassroots level is the source of this new found power. The Communist Government of China has succeeded in organizing the peasantry. Mass organizations have been established with chapters in every village. Here the leaders are trying to change the Chinese society--trying to make it a community-centered society instead of the traditional family-centered society. The country has also been "westernized" and it now has the largest standing army in the world. Concluding the discussion, Mr. Ravenholt predicts that, in time, Red China will pose as a rival to the Soviet Union.
Considers England's relations with her colonies after defeat of France. Points out her mistakes which led to antagonism and finally to open revolt by the Americans. Outlines the conditions the conditions that led the British to follow their disastrous course. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discussion of Russia's industry and agriculture and what that means for Russia as a country and its potential threat to the United States. This is the second episode in the series and is the second out of three discussing Russia.
The discovery of the New World by Columbus was really an accident, but one of those accidents which had been long in getting ready to happen. The Crusaders opened new lands to Europeans and made the first direct contact with things which Europe if she did not actually need, most certainly could use to her advantage. The Italian Merchants perfectly placed geographically and old hands at trading became the middlemen in the trade which developed. Soon other European merchants began to dream of ways of circumventing the Italians and becoming the middlemen themselves. The Turks added taxes to the goods which passed through their lands and hence the European found himself paying not only the Italian middleman but also the Turkish infidel for goods which were no longer luxuries, but which now had become necessities. New routes had to be found and these almost inevitably had to be water routes. Then into Portugal came an Italian from Genoa. Columbus believed that by sailing a few thousand miles to the west he would be able to reach Cathay and the Indies. In October, 1492, he did find land, but it didn’t fit the description which Marco Polo had given of the Orient. Soon it became evident that Columbus had actually discovered a new and uncharted world. No one was particularly happy about these two continents which blocked the western route to the Orient.
Mr. Peek suggests that the aspect of French politics most familiar and perplexing to Americans is the quick turnover of premiers. Mr. Wit states that this is less important than it seems, for through the rise and fall of twenty Prime Ministers, there were only four foreign ministers. A film shows French involvement abroad, toughing on French internal problems. It is agreed that France is an essential ally but no longer a first-class power. We should assist in bringing her commitment s into balance with her weakened capacity.
One of Miss Fosdick’s key points is that England’s allegiance to the Commonwealth countries comes before her allegiance to her other allies, including the United States. A film shows two of the strongest factors in recent British history –the blitz of London and Churchill. It is agreed that our differences with England are less significant than the policies we have in common and that we can learn a great deal from Britain’s long experience in international diplomacy.
Like the young lad who decided to leave home to start out on his own, the Young USA found that independence brought problems of its own, along with responsibilities and many terrifying challenges. First, there was the problem of organizing a central government which could mold thirteen sovereign commonwealths into a truly United States. The Articles of Confederation experiment failed because it denied the Central Government the necessary strength to enforce its laws. Then a fortuitous chain of meetings and discussion ultimately led to the gathering in Philadelphia of May 1787, out of which came the remarkable Constitution. After eleven years the bitterly contested ratification was complete and the first stage of the so-called “critical period” was passed.
Explains how industry grew after 1865 to made the U.S.A. one of the leading industrial nations by the early years of the twentieth century. Discusses factors which produced this growth--chiefly American enterprises and inventiveness. (KETC) Kinescope.
Outlines the content of the thirteen motion pictures of THE QUILL series, and examines reasons why one should want to write better. Stresses style that is pleasant and simple; sentences that are powerful, clear, forceful, and say precisely what one wants to say; and paragraphs that are persuasive, meaningful, and friendly. (WQED) Kinescope.
There are many reasons why Americans are inclined to shy away from opera, and some of those reasons are good ones, says Dr. Jan Popper as he introduces opera to the layman. But, he points out, there is opera for every taste – from the Spanish dances of Bizet to the serenity of Wagner and to the languishing harmonies of Puccini. Thus this lively little Czech begins his discussion of opera, a discussion which is punctuated with demonstrations at the piano by the noted musician and by musical interjections form opera singers.
A panel of high school students representing Germany, the Philippines, Israel, Ceylon and Iran are divided in opinion as to whether or not US aid acts as a war curb. The panel agrees that aid is necessary to the economic development of their countries, but two of the speakers point out that American aid has a detrimental side as well. The delegate from Iran states that, in his opinion, American economic aid to Iran has not worked and has pointed up class differences by providing big salaries for some while leaving the unemployment problem unsolved. The Israel delegate answers, however, by saying that his country is using American aid to "great benefit… This serves the cause of peace."
Presents filmed lecture of Dr. Huston Smith describing the religion founded by Mohammed as one of precision and orderliness in which the believers must submit themselves to God. Points out differences between the Bible and the Koran and tells the story of how Islam and the Koran were formed. Explains the elements of the "straight path" as the way to salvation.
Presents filmed lecture of Dr. Huston Smith outlining the five great religious practices of Islam--a creed, praying, charity, observance of the holy month, and the pilgrimage to Mecca. Highlights the teachings in the Koran as they pertain to economics, sex, and the use of force. Notes that Islam is gaining in popularity as a religion.
Discusses and explains Italian realistic opera and its major composers and their works. Gives a broad overview of the works of Puccini, illustrating with piano and voice, portions of La Boheme and Madame Butterfly. Points out that Italian realism began in 1890 when Mascagni completed his one-act opera, Cavalleria Rusticana. (Univ. Calif. Ext.) Film.
Surveys Jewish history as it relates to the Jewish religion. Points out the conviction of the Jewish people that every man has the right of justice, purity, and truth, which even the power of kings cannot erase. Discusses belief of the Jews that they are "the chosen people" and must rise above situations since they were elected, not to special privilege, but to special responsibility. Outlines the concept of the Jewish people that even though suffering, they will have learned more deeply the meaning of freedom and justice. Features Dr. Huston Smith, associate professor of philosophy at Washington University.
Describes the polygraph or lie detector. Actual tests are made with graduate students posing as subjects. Some of the uses of the device in criminal detection, industrial and security work are explained. (Hofstra College & WPIX) Kinescope.