With Fignewton handling the make-do puppets and Dora narrating, this is the story of a butterfly, who because she helped her friends, managed to migrate anyways, in spite of her first intention to stay at home. The story show that many butterflies, like birds, migrate.
After explaining the uses and preparations of candles in early times, Bash takes a film trip to a modern candle factory and compares techniques of the two ages. She sings “Dublin City” and “How Old Are You.”
The importance of men who have learned to work with wood is Bash’s theme in this program. She tells of early settlers who had to do their own building and carving with crude tools. Through film, she then introduces a modern carpenter who demonstrates the use of a collection of historic tools, including one which was used to make wagon spokes. Songs include “Polly Put the Kettle On” and “Ham and Eggs.”
Discusses the evidence and arguments for the Darwinian theory of man's nature and origin. Outlines the Theory of Evolution as it applies to plants and animals, and applies this theory to man, considering both physical and mental evolution. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
Visits the Brookfield Zoo to solve the mystery of how a large group of animals lost their toes. Explains how hoofed animals developed from ancestors with toes. Uses film clips of the dik-dik, giant eland, sable antelope, kudus, sitatunga, babirussa, and the hippopotamus. Tells the story of the mysterious Pere David Deer discovered in China.
Discusses the special problems faced by the child with cerebral palsy and explains how physical disability, psychological problems, mental subnormality, and the great number of clinical types adds to the complexity of this affliction. Uses filmed sequences to show the problems faced by many parents whose children are afflicted, and stresses the importance of cooperative teamwork by psychologists, physicians, therapists, social workers, teachers, and parents. Features Dr. William Cruickshank of Syracuse University.
A historian and a geographer from the University of Michigan, Professor John W. Hall and Professor George Kish, join Professor Peek and Mr. Ravenholt to discuss the problems of rural Asia. The rural Asiatic situation is summed up simply by saying that in that part of the world there are too many people living on too little land and using primitive methods and equipment. Most of the Asiatic people are living at the subsistence level while many witness starvation yearly. Professor Hall displays pictures he took while in Japan recently to illustrate the primitive buildings that house the Japanese farmer and the outmoded farming methods which these farmers are practicing today. The panel discusses these problems of too little food supply and tremendous population growth. Another problem is the condition of the concentration of land ownership. In the struggle to win this "twilight zone" over to their side, both East and West have social reforms to alleviate this condition. The Soviets offer the idea of collective farming. According to Professor Kish, however, this idea is gradually being replaced by the state ownership plan. The democratic plan, on the other hand, advocates individual ownership of the farm land. In order for this plan to be effective, however, the attitude of the Asiatic farmer must be changed--he must be convinced that he can better himself. Final success, then, depends upon the U.S. exporting skills, techniques and machinery along with financial support to the rural areas of Asia.
Discusses and demonstrates the use of the versatility of the instrument and explains how effects are produced. Features Rey de la Torre. Includes the following illustrative selections: Llobet, "Catalonian Melody"; Terrega, "Tremolo Study"; Sor, "Theme and Variation"; and Albenize, "Leyenda."
Defines "classical realism," putting special emphasis on definitions of each of the two words. Explains the theory's basis in the 'natural law' and the theory's application to modern educational problems. Answers objections and comments on a filmed physics class discussion in which the teacher uses the classical realist approach. Featured personality is Harry S. Broudy, professor of education at the University of Illinois.
Discusses various aspects of the colonial overseas empires and suggests how these aspects affected the future nations. Reviews some of the economic aspects of the colonial Latin Americas. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discusses present day attitudes toward colonialism and how they differ from the colonial ideal of the past. Sir Andrew Cohen, ex-colonial official in Africa, answers questions concerning the making of colonial policy, how the colonial mind has changed and what the modern colonial official sees as his function.
Stoessinger analyzes the modern colonial mind in a time when “Colonial Official” has become a bad word phrase. He interviews French and Belgian colonial officials in an attempt to show the changing role of the colonial official in the world today. The modern colonial official wants to set men free, to eliminate the color bar, and to serve as a civil servant, his guests claim.
Reviews the progress of the Communist Party in Japan from pre-war days to the present. Includes film footage showing the release from prison of leading communist leaders just after World War II. Discusses the high degree of trained leadership, the party and the party's influence in politics.
In this summary program, Dr. Cruickshank and Dr. Johnson review the aspects of exceptionality and emphasize that it is up to all of us as parents, neighbors and individual members of our total society to do all we can to help all children achieve the maximum of their potentialities.
Discusses liberty as a changeable concept, the "climate"for liberty, and threats to freedom. Stresses individual responsibility to institutions, community, and government. Featured guests are Mr. Paul Hoffman, United States delegate to the United Nations General Assembly, and Dr. Clinton L. Rossiter, Professor of Government, Cornell University. (WOSU-TV) Film.
Tells about the Institute of Philosophical Research in San Francisco, and discusses its purpose and activities. Explains the necessary conditions for philosophical progress, and describes the contribution of the Institute to liberal education. Points out that the Institute is not attempting to find answers to all questions, but rather to establish a foundation for future philosophers. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Dramatizes the fight of Franklin D. Roosevelt to prevent defeat of New Deal laws through Supreme Court decisions and highlights his efforts to change the structure of the Court. Centers attention on the fight to save the Social Security Act and the National Labor Relations Act from nullification by the Supreme Court and also treats the legal decisions which voided the NRA, the AAA, the McGuffey Act, and the Municipal Bankruptcy Act. Recounts the process whereby the Court achieved the power of Judicial Review and set the precedent for voiding federal laws. Indicates how previous presidents and Congress worked to avoid nullification of their programs by the Supreme Court. Closes with the defeat in Congress of the Roosevelt Court Bill and the effects of the fight on future Court decisions.
Presents the famous Leyra vs. Denno Case. Deals with the right to jury trial, the right to be represented by counsel, and protection against unreasonable search and seizure. Shows how the above principles apply to the average man.
Explains how the development of the computer has made possible the automatic control of routine tasks in government, industry, and general business. Includes demonstrations of the use of computers by the Social Security Administration, by a medium-sized industrial plant, by a machine corporation, and at an oil refinery. Comments on the value of computers in administration and management.
The program begins with Mr. Huntington’s explanation of why he works as hard as he does. Does the income tax make any difference to his incentive to work? Mr. Morris describes his objections to the present income tax system. He explains his theory that production, which is the purpose of the corporation, is best served when they interests of the individual coincide with company interests. To this Mr. Greber adds his belief that an organization must have room for active participation in it by all its members. Mr. Huntington adds that this explains why it is important for the organization to work well as a team. The three men discuss how much a large corporation should engage in “non-profit” activities. Mr. Huntington and Mr. Morris agree that a job must give satisfaction to the individual, if it is to be well done, and worth doing. In conclusion, Mr. Morris declares that he has not felt any desire to go into business for himself: he finds his job in the corporation altogether satisfying and stimulating
In this program, the history, role and current status of county jails is explored. An interview with a Cook County Jail inmate brings out the prisoner’s experience there and in similar jails. The county jail facilities are explored. Mattick and Lohman discuss the county jail population and emphasize the idea that the criminal education process occurring in jails often leads the minor offender on to a path of further crime. This system’s effects on the community-at-large and indicated improvements are described.
Discusses the need for a constructive program for criminal rehabilitation. Points out that a true correctional philosophy has not been formulated. Illustrates with a scale model of an ideal correctional system. Stresses the desirability of a program for convict evaluation and subsequent treatment. (KQED) Kinescope.
Discusses the concept of punishment of criminal behavior and explains the evolution of rehabilitation with emphasis on the criminal rather than the crime. Includes a visit to a cell block in San Quentin Prison where five inmates are interviewed. Features Dr. Douglas M. Kelly.
Discusses the special problems confronting the child with physical handicaps. Points out the importance of early diagnosis, counseling, and special services. Explains the difficulties in solving the social and physical needs of the handicapped child. Uses filmed sequences to show methods of physical and occupational therapy, and counseling for parents. Features Dr. Kathryn A Blake, Professor in Special Education, Syracuse University. (Syracuse University) Kinescope and film.
Continues the painting shown in THE HANDS. Shows the outlining and painting of the cross, including the addition of the grain of the wood. Explains the importance of the cross to the theme of the painting. (KETC) Kinescope.
September 1939 brought war. American apprehensions increased and neutrality grew less and less tenable. The Japanese military settled the conflict of attitudes in early December, 1941. Americans went to war and this time no one, save possibly the Russians, and with little reason, would dispute awarding them the real victors. But, unfortunately, only two of the totalitarian powers were defeated.
Outlines the ways in which an individual develops a concept of himself as delinquent or criminal. Pictures typical episodes from the record of a delinquent and presents an interview with a delinquent become criminal. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the psychological difference between knowledge and opinion, and describes the skeptic point of view. Compares knowledge and opinion in relation to truth, and states that most of the things learned in school--history, geography, geometry--are right opinions, not knowledge. Presents Adler's views, and quotes from great philosophers. (Palmer Films) Film.
Discusses the dignity of man and its importance. Examines the influence upon the human race of the ideas of such men as Galileo, Darwin, Marx, and Freud. Points out the state of man's dignity today in a world of terrorism, torture, hatred, and progressive dehumanization. Concludes with the reasons for a belief in man's dignity. (KQED) Film.
The Wright Brothers solved three problems with their first plane: lift, control, and propulsion. The problem of lift was the one which caused the most controversial opinions between scientists and engineers. Dr. Lippisch traces the development of the cambered wing section until a streamlined cambered plate led to the development of the modern wing profile.
Uses charts, models, and diagrams to illustrate basic concepts of solar measurement. Explains the use of parallax in finding the scale of the universe. Demonstrates how to find the distance to the moon and sun. Features Dr. Cecelia Payne-Gaposchkin, Professor of Astronomy, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Distinguishes between work and play and work and leisure, and discusses the meaning of chores. Explains that work is that which we have to do for subsistence. Presents a derivation of the word "leisure", and lists some leisure activities. Places leisure between work and play, and points out that there are no distinct dividing lines between leisure and work and leisure and play. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Explains misconceptions concerning the purpose, suspension or revocation of, and prerequisites for a driver's license. Presents a desirable driver's license program. (Cincinnati Public School and WCET) Kinescope.
Shows man's first effort to count with symbols, and demonstrates how Egyptian and Babylonian mathematic have contributed to our present number system. Stresses this contribution in terms of the essential elements of a modern numeration system: base, place, symbols, zero, decimal point. Through models, demonstrates and explains certain physical methods of writing and reckoning with numbers. Devices shown are the English tally stick, quipa, abacus, and counting board. From these, such words and ideas are identified as "sock, bank, carry", and "borrow". (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Explains centrifugal force and its relationship to the establishment of an earth satellite. Shows the three-stage missile and the part it might play in the formation of a satellite. Outlines various possible orbits of such a satellite. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.)
Discusses some of the problems related to the recovery of a multi-stage rocket used to establish and maintain an earth satellite. Describes the recovery, by parachute or glider technique, of the first two stages of a three stage missile. Outlines how the third stage of such a rocket would return to the earth. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.)
Discusses the basic elements of painting--line, form, color, and texture--as well as those of music and poetry. Clarifies the meaning of these elements with charcoal drawings, musical selections, and poetry readings.
Take melody – add harmony – rhythm – counterpoint and you have a musical composition, one element at a time. Members of the New York Woodwind Quintet return to explain and illustrate the component parts of music. Two young students of flute and clarinet play a duet by Tellemann to illustrate counterpoint. In closing, a familiar melody is selected and the children themselves choose the components for their own composition. In closing, a familiar melody is selected and the children themselves choose the components for their own composition.
Hand puppets tell the story of a kind but poor husband and wife who are making their living as shoemakers. Two elves decide to help the couple and come to their home at night to make shoes for him to sell.
Marionettes are used to tell the story of a very vain King who orders a new suit for his parade. Two mice, one very clever, and one quite a dullard, plan to trick the king. They pretend to have some material that can’t be seen by anyone but those who are worthy of their office. The King and his Prime Ministers all pretend they can see the material rather than admit they are unfit for office.
Presents three representatives of entrepreneurial activity who are questioned about their businesses. Opinions are offered concerning the risks involved in business, the rewards obtained, the worries present, and the type of social structure necessary to permit independent development of abilities.
Continues the examination of the entrepreneur from The Entrepreneur, Part 1. Mr. Sunnen of Sunnen Products Company describes his early failures. Mr. McDonnell of McDonnell Aircraft Corporation explains why he started his business fairly late in life. Mr. Wolff of Wolff-Taber Shoe Company tells why he does not retire and why it is important to work hard.
Discusses the relationship of crime to race, national origin, and minority groups. Points out patterns of belief and the misconceptions that exist. Relates living conditions and geographical distribution to crime. Concludes that race is irrelevant to criminality. (KQED) Kinescope.
In this program, the problems facing the “ex-con” who leaves prison with a record and mingles with a public that forgets he is a criminal but that cannot forget that he has been imprisoned are discussed by criminologist Joseph D. Lohman. Filmed scenes illustrate the prisoner’s alienation from society and the lack of procedures to reintegrate him into the community. An inmate describes experiences he had while free which led him back to crime and prison. Hannum and Lohman discuss the aspects of prison life needed to teach skills and orient inmates toward release and the problems of return to society.
Focuses upon actress Ingrid Thulin and producer-director Ingmar Bergman. Shows Miss Thulin at home and at work as she comments upon the acting profession in Sweden. Presents background to the development of Bergman. Contains scenes from some of his work, including "Winter Light" in which Miss Thulin played the leading female part.
Discusses the changes taking place in the structure of the American family. Dr. Margaret Mead and Dr. Bertram Beck are questioned on the effect of cultural pressures on family life and the changing distinctions between men and women. Also presents views on a trend toward family centeredness, early marriages, and a greater desire for children.
Bash Kennett takes a trip to show the crude wooden tools used by the pioneer and tells the story of tools from the plow, combine and steam tractor to modern farm equipment. The use of primitive farm tools illustrates a way of life; with each improvement in tools came a change in the way of life of the settler and thus history is reflected in the tools farmers use. Songs include “Old Joe Clarke” and “I Know My Love.”
Examines the fundamental political ideas of fascism--rejection of the individual and deification of the state, distrust of reason and belief in force, and renunciation of freedom in favor of security. Uses documentary film footage to show the environment in which fascism rose in Germany and Italy immediately following World War I, and the disastrous results it brought until its defeat in 1945. Points out that fascism was not necessarily eradicated by World War II.
Traces development in Big Business, supported by the Republican Party, which led to efforts by the farmers and by labor to protect their share of opportunity. Discusses the growth of the Granger movement and the beginning steps toward unionism. (KETC) Kinescope.
Defines fine art and distinguishes between the terms liberal and servile as applied to the arts. Points out that a work of fine art has individuality, originality, and says something. Depicts modern painting as a revolt against the public's lack of aesthetic understanding. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
Considers the earliest peoples to come to America, namely, Vikings, Chinese, and much earlier, the American Indian. Studies these early civilizations and reviews the relationships between the Indians and their European conquerors. (KETC) Kinescope.
Discusses the initial visit to the doctor after pregnancy is suspected. Indicates some of the physiological changes which are indications of pregnancy and outlines some of the procedures in the doctor's office, including a step by step description of the pelvic examination. (WQED) Kinescope.
Bash takes a film expedition to a fish hatchery and shows the pools where fish are raised. She shows close-ups of a giant rainbow trout and goes with the hatchery truck to plant fish in the river. She walks down a stream to watch a boy fishing and then tells of the importance of natural wildlife in the past and today. Songs include “Irene” and “Long, Long Trail."
This is the old favorite, "The Three Bears," with a whimsical touch by Tom Tichenor. The Baby Bear always forgets to do what he is told to do. He has a terrible time remembering instructions given him by Mother Bear. When the Three Bears go for a walk Baby Bear forgets to lock the door. Goldilocks finds the door open, helps herself to the porridge, breaks Baby Bear's chair, and goes to sleep on his bed. When the Bear family returns, they find her asleep. Frightened by the Three Bears, Goldilocks runs away and Baby Bear promises never to forget again.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman points out that the families of offenders are lost in the community after the husband/father is sent to prison. He mentions the economic problem of the loss of a wage earner and the emotional impact on children. Filmed scenes show the limited contact inmates have with their families and the effect on the inmate is brought out during an interview. Mrs. Killings and Lohman review the impossibility of holding a family together through the mail and infrequent visiting days. Mrs. Killings points out that these families become broken homes, which in turn produce a disproportionate number of delinquent children.
Outlines and explains the various forms of government, pointing out their strengths and weaknesses. Describes government by one man, by a few men, and by the populace, and discusses governments in terms of whether they are working for the common good of the people or self interests. Distinguishes between representative and direct democracy, and points out that extreme democracy is mob rule. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
The energy expended in thinking or talking or moving or simply living must be supplied by fuel; this program outlines the kinds of fuel which a living being needs, and describes how this fuel is used by the cells, and how it is stored for future use. The function of adenosine triphosphate, an essential chemical compound in the metabolism of life, is explained, and models illustrating its functions display clearly how the compound is formed and reacts within the cell.
Electrical power to heat and light American homes and industries in the future will be furnished by plutonium. This program reports on plutonium, one of the eleven man-made elements, which as a future source of fuel will produce two million times more energy than coal. Plutonium did not exist on earth until less than a quarter-century ago when it was born in a nuclear reactor. Born in a wartime program to obtain material for the atomic bomb, plutonium is finding important peacetime uses because it is a potent nuclear fuel. In fact, 99 percent of all uranium that is mined must be converted into plutonium in a reactor in order for mankind to use its latent energy. It has been estimated that the reserve of uranium that can be converted into plutonium represents hundreds of times more energy than the nation’s combined reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas. Against this background of the importance of plutonium, the program shows some of the elaborate precautions that must be taken in handling it. Plutonium is highly toxic. It burns easily in air. Its metallurgical properties make it extremely difficult to work with. At the Plutonium Fabrication Building, the cameras capture the elaborate precautions employed, revealing how plutonium is combined with uranium and other elements and shaped into wire-thin rods of fuel. As the program points out, 25 years ago the word plutonium could not be found in the dictionary, but tomorrow – through scientific research – the word plutonium will be as common as the words coal and oil are today.
Discusses delinquency as a group phenomenon and contrasts the boys' gang and the boys' club. Reveals typical gang behavior and activities through an interview and in film sequences. Examines the influence of the gang in a community and on the members of the gang. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Explains the importance of oxygen in sustaining life. Points out problems involved in developing a closed ecological system such as a sealed cabin in space. Presents the research being conducted with photosynthesis. Features Dr. Jack Myers, Chief, Laboratory of Algae Physiology, University of Texas. (KUTH) Film.
Hand puppets tell the story of a lonesome couple who want children. The wife decides to make some gingerbread and makes it in the shape of a little boy. When she takes him out of the oven he comes to life. The gingerbread boy runs away from his new home and meets a worker in the field who tries to catch him. The Gingerbread boy meets a wolf, who offers to let him ride on his back across the stream. The little boy sits first on the wolf's tail, then on his back, and finally on his head. The wolf quickly eats the Gingerbread boy.
Takes the viewer on a trip down the Nile with a nobleman of the XIth Dynasty and his entourage in ancient Egypt in the year 2000 B.C. Uses original ship models from the tomb of Meket-Re. (NYU) Kinescope.
Covers the period between Lenin's seizure of power and his death in 1924. Analyzes Lenin's peace treaty with Germany. Describes the reasons for the opposition to it which brought Russia to the verge of another civil war. Explains how chaos was prevented by the intervention of Herbert Hoover's American Relief Association. Shows the gradual steps in Stalin's rise to power, newsreel footage of the death and burial of Lenin, leaving the future government of Russia to the conflict between Trotsky and Stalin.
Today beneath our feet we find dwarf plants which once were green giants of the Coal Age. We may hold a fossil in our hands of a plant that live 250,000,000 years ago, yet looked very much like a fern of today. The club mosses, horsetails and ferns, mostly miniature plants in northern forests, once grew to be 60-1000 feet tall in the warm, damp climate of the Carboniferous Period. Out of a terrarium, which you might set up in your living room, will unfold this story of a past age of plant life. You will find out how these simple plants reproduce by spores, and you’ll learn how to keep them in a miniature world.
Bash Kennett visits an old time grist mill, pointing out the huge water wheel used to turn the mill where wheat was ground into flour. She shows viewers the patterned mill stones and tells of activities in the days when settlers did everything form the planting of wheat to the baking of the bread. Songs include “Old Mill Stream” and “Waltzing Matilda.”
San Francisco longshoreman and author-philosopher Eric Hoffer began more than fifteen years ago to identify in his thought the nature of the “true believer,” the inspiration for his book on the subject. After writing the book, he turned his thoughts to the underdeveloped nations of the world, leading him to a consideration of the effects of change. Suddenly, Mr. Hoffer found himself thinking about juveniles; concluding that nations, as people, can be juvenile and that “true believers” are, in fact, perpetual juveniles – “true believers” such as General de Gaulle of France, Premier Khrushchev of Russia, and Premier Sukarno of Indonesia. His conclusion from all this is that each human being has one central preoccupation, - one train of thought- to which all of his thoughts are related.
Dora and Fignewton Frog teach about different types of plant seeds including a milkweed, dandelion and maple seed along with a burr and how they travel and get planted. They ride wind currents and travel on a fox's fur until they find a place to land together.
Discusses the revolutionary reign of King Akhnaton in Egypt, 1400 B.C. Emphasizes his attempt to establish monotheism and to direct Egyptian death. Considers, also, the change in painting and sculpture from ritualistic forms to realism. (NYU) Kinescope.
Presents a survey of Antarctic exploration. Discusses the contributions of early seafaring explorers, the golden age of exploration, 1900-1920, and the Bryd expedition of 1928-30. Describes the discovery of the South Pole. Uses filmed sequences of the first expedition to show construction activities, living conditions, and the problems and accomplishments. Illustrates with charts, maps, and models.
"Dr. Lippisch's theme is the historical development of the flying machine. He begins his lecture with a short demonstration of Penaud's model. He shows how the invention of the cambered wing led to the first man-carrying aircraft, the glider. The next problem, the problem of control, was not conceived until the Wright Brothers began their pioneering glider experiments in Kitty Hawk, and Dr. Lippisch shows a scale model of their last (1902) glider and its control arrangement is demonstrated. As he shows film clips of the Wright Brothers' airplane, he explains the function of this first power aircraft."
Uses pictures, models, art objects, and discussion to describe ancient Delphi and the structures on MT. Parnassus. Explains the uses and unusual features of Apollo's temple, the amphitheater, and the treasuries. (NYU) Kinescope.
Discusses the world from which the conquistadors came. Describes their lands of origin on the Iberian Peninsula and traces their ancestral antecedents. Appraises these Europeans who first established American empires. (KETC) Kinescope.
The word hormone is derived from the Greek word hormone, meaning to excite or arouse. This is, briefly, the function of the hormone in the body –those chemical molecules produced in very small quantities within the body to stimulate and control key functions of growth, metabolism and reproduction. Using diagram and drawing, Dr. Saltman describes the ways in which these hormones are produced in the glands, how they are circulated through the blood stream, and what can happen is they do not perform their functions adequately.
Discusses the collaboration between authors and illustrators in illustrating a text. Describes the problems involved and stresses the importance of the illustrator and the author working together. Defines an illustration as successful when it conveys accurately the ideas in the text. Uses examples from John Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, George Cruikshank's etchings for The Old Curiosity Shop, Rockwell Kent's woodcuts for Moby Dick, and others. (KETC) Kinescope.
Professor Peek, Mr. Ravenholt, and Charles Davis, professor of geography at the University of Michigan and recently returned from the Far East, discuss the nature of the U. S. military aid in the Far East. Mr. Ravenholt points out that the U.S. is sending more military aid to the Far East than to Europe. This aid is directed primarily at Korea, Japan, Formosa, Siam, Indochina, and the Philippines. These six countries are in the "twilight zone," the zone between the bamboo curtain and the U.S. dominated Pacific. Two worlds are vying for this critical area. Members of the panel use two case studies to describe the aid extended to the Philippines and the aid directed toward Formosa. In the Philippines, U. S. officials made many mistakes such as mismanaging guerilla recognition after the war. After 1950 and the outbreak of the Korean War, however, the U.S. reorganized its methods of aid to the new republic and helped the Philippines in their thorough clean up of the Army. By contrast, Formosa has received more U.S. military aid than the Philippines. Here, however, there has been no attempt to educate the people in a democratic fashion or to help give the military the idea of being loyal to a country and a Constitution rather than to an individual. Here the U.S. has been successful in equipping the Island, but not in giving organizational assistance. The panel agrees, that, if we can send military aid and ideals, it is a cheap price for our boys' lives. The Philippine peoples are friendly toward the U.S. because the U.S. aid has been demonstrated to be in their interest. This is not so in other countries. Many of the Asiatic peoples feel they have no control over the American military aid. Ravenholt concludes the discussion by stressing the need for demonstrating that the U.S. aid is in the interest of the people in order for it to succeed.
Reviews the evidence on both sides and discusses the importance of the issue of accepting or rejecting Darwin's theory. Discusses the evidence in support of the conception that man is different in kind from other animals because he is rational. Stresses the significance of the entire issue. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
Examines the problem of the individual in a complex society. Analyzes how various aspects of American life satisfy man's need for self-identification. Assesses the impact of government planning on individual initiative and community identification and examines the problems of people living in urban renewal projects. Points out how the Polaroid Corporation deals with the suppression of individuality in industry and how a steel corporation treated an executive who expressed personal opinions.
Discusses induced drag which is directly connected with the principles of lift and demonstrates the vortex configuration caused by the wing tip. Illustrates with diagrams and models in the wind tunnel. (State University of Iowa) Kinescope.
Tells the story of railroad development in the early 1800's. Reviews briefly other forms of transportation in wide use before the advent of railroads. Explains how railroading was financed through Federal Subsidies. Covers other interesting aspects of railroading in the Midwest.
Discusses contemporary opera, outlines the movements and more notable productions form various countries since World War I. Identifies the three idiomatic schools of contemporary writing--expressionistic, impressionistic, and neo-classical--and explains why each developed. Presents the story and contemporary work by Foss, JUMPING FROG OF CALAVERAS COUNTY. (University of California Ext.) film.
Defines "justice of law," and discusses the relation of natural to just and unjust law. Explains the equality of justice, and illustrates how man-made laws have been evolving toward natural laws. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
This is a fairy tale about a mischievous badger who plays tricks upon a friendly rabbit. We learn how he was taught a lesson and never again played pranks. Mr. Mikami illustrates this tale with brush painting of a rabbit and badger.
Discusses the Khrushchev era and interprets the policies of his regime. Provides details of Khrushchev's ascension to power and describes the differences between him and Stalin. Features special guest Merrill Spalding, research associate at the Hoover Institution and former professor of Russian history at Stanford University.
Describes various kinds of art and their distinct differences. Distinguishes between the productive and the cooperative arts, and states that the latter consists only of farming, healing, and teaching. Explains and illustrates the differences between useful arts and fine arts. (Palmer Films) Kinescope.
Divides laws into three categories--human, natural (moral), and divine--and discusses the nature of each. Suggests two ways of identifying the different laws, and explains how natural laws are discovered. Compares the characteristics of the positive or human law with the natural or moral law, and points out the conflicts which arise between the two. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Discusses various types of work, ranging from sheer drudgery to labors of love. Lists several activities, such as dancing, football, carpentry, and music, which are play for some and work for others. States two conditions by which work takes on dignity, and defines the dignity of man and the dignity of labor. (Mortimer Adler-San Francisco Productions) Kinescope.
Shows how man has learned to measure quantities beyond his sight and grasp. Uses diagrams to explain how the size of the earth was discovered in classical times. Examines modern problems of extreme scale including the universe and size of viruses. Features Dr. Philippe LeCorbeiller, Professor of Physics, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.