Presents a discussion of the use of man's freedom. Tells how freedom can best be utilized to bring about and adjustment between aspirations and needs. Panelists include Dr. Erich Fromm, psychoanalyst, Barbara Ward, economist and author, and host Dr. Huston Smith. (KETC) Kinescope.
Huston Smith interviews Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt in New York City and, in Cambridge, Dr. and Mrs. Walt Rostow of MIT, on our relations with our Western Allies. Are they an asset or an embarrassment? Is the alliance as it should be; if not, why not, and what might be done to improve it?
Explains how a child learns ethical and spiritual values. Discusses the process through which a child develops a mature understanding of God. Answers questions concerning the telling of lies, stealing, using the concept of God to punish, and whether or not a child should go to church if his parents do not. (KECT) Kinescope.
Discusses religion as a force of individual freedom. Stresses the theses that the family is the core of freedom and freedom can be found only in obedience. Featured guests are the Reverend John Courtney Murray, S.J., Woodstock College, the Right Reverend Stephan J. Bayne, JR., Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Olympia, Washington, and Barbara Ward, Editor of THE ECONOMIST. (WOSU-TV) Film.
Shows how terra cotta clay may be used to create a reproduction. Demonstrates two different methods of using terra cotta. Explains several large pieces of terra cotta sculpture and presents them in their natural setting. Discusses and shows how this technique of sculpture can be used for monuments and on buildings. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Modern reptiles have body structures and characteristics much like their giant ancestors of long ago. This will be an introduction to the contemporary reptiles, the ones living now which we can watch and observe and study. On this program, Meyer Bornstein, who is studying biology at Northeastern University, will introduce through living examples the four kinds of reptiles; alligators, lizard, snakes and turtles. He will tell you about their habits, and show you how he cares for and learns from reptiles as pets.
Uses charts, pictures, and specimens to explain how the geologist discovers what lies beneath the earth's surface. Shows how earthquakes provide information about the interior construction of the earth. Tells how examination of effects at the surface of the earth provides a picture of what lies below. Demonstrates and discusses the instruments used to provide knowledge upon which the geologist can theorize. Features Dr. Kirtley F. Mather, Professor of Geology, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Shows in detail what happens in a stimulus-response situation. Illustrates with a startle response. Explains the sensitivity of the five senses. Discusses the rods and cones of the eye and their purposes. Describes the type of response caused by muscles and glands. Points out the interrelations of the endocrine glands. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Continues the discussion of hypnosis from the preceding program, "HYPNOSIS." Explains hypnotism as an interpersonal reaction between the hypnotist and the subject. Points out how hypnotism functions in relation to sensitivity, anesthesia, action, rigidity, amnesia, hypermnesia, contradiction, and post-hypnotic suggestion. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
The exciting topic of “stretching time” is explained by Professor Jones in this program. Devices used for continuity without change of character in the music include postponement or avoidance of cadences and extension and overlapping of phrases. To the commentator this is truly the most “exciting” area of music appreciation.
Richard Rodgers was brought up in a passionately musical family. His mother was brilliant pianist; his father, a doctor, sang. They would sing and play the comic operas of the day. He was weaned on “The Merry Widow” and “Chocolate Soldier.” “These are the happy memories of childhood.” When he was sixteen years old, he met 23-year-old Lorenz Hart, who proceeded to explain his theory of lyric writing. Rodgers was proud that the age of sixteen he understood Hart. Rodgers played a couple of tunes for him and that was the beginning of a 24-year partnership. Nothing has ever been more gratifying than his first success to its fullest ... loved every minute of it. Everything that’s come along since, I’ve loved. I roll success around in my mouth like a piece of candy.” He hates failure –but thinks it’s the result of being alive –and readily admits to several: “Chee Chee,” “Pipe Dream,” and “Higher and Higher.” “I love it when it’s good and I hate it when it’s bad,” he says. Another Rodgerism: “In writing for people, there are two facets –one is emotional, the other is intellectual.”
A reminiscence about Lorenz Hart is naturally followed by Rodgers’ personal and professional transition in Oscar Hammerstein II. One big difference: Oscar was interested in what to say, Larry in how to say it. The first thing Rodgers and Hammerstein ever did, “Oklahoma!,” turned out to be one of the greatest American musical theatre hits. But there was nothing about “Oklahoma!,” to suggest success. The original play was a flop … the producers announced it was their last show, they were so sure it would die … Hammerstein had had eleven years of failures … the director couldn’t get a job before they hired him … the choreographer had only one other show to her credit. Rodgers and Hammerstein declared they wouldn’t touch “My Fair Lady,” as they didn’t have the courage to tamper with GB Shaw. When they decided to do “Carousel,” based on Molnar’s “Liliom,” they dared to change the ending. At an early run-through, they learned the author was in the theatre and were thoroughly intimidated by his presence. But they were relived at his enthusiastic response and particularly at his approval of the ending. In this program there is a moment of great poignancy as Oscar Hammerstein is shown reciting “Surrey with the Fringe on top,” a song which always makes Rodgers cry because of its sentimental simplicity. More Rodgers philosophy: “Somehow or other, we find what we need – in marriage, work, friends and music.
Richard Rodgers talks about his collaborators, Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein, and the difference in the relationship he had with these two men as compared to that of Gilbert and Sullivan “who loathed each other.” Hart was “way out,” says Mr. Rodgers, whereas Hammerstein was more down to earth. In the Rodgers and Hammerstein team, Rodgers acquired the reputation of the businessman – the man who transacted the deal, took care of the finances, and knew how to count. Rodgers pooh-poohs this with “I don’t know the salary of one person who works for me. I have a business office and people who take care of that end. I don’t want to be known as a good business man. I like the reputation of writing good music, if I do.” When Hammerstein realized that his days were numbered, he told Rodgers to get a young person to work with. “A young person will give you energy, new ideas, direction; you will give somebody young experience,” he said. When 20th Century Fox wanted to remake “State Fair,” they asked Rodgers and Hammerstein for three songs to add to the old score. When it became obvious that Oscar could never do it, Rodgers decided to undertake both music and lyrics, for the first time in his life. The songs were accepted, and he says, “I never had more fun working my life. I’m on a new road whether it’s with another collaborator or alone.”
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Interviews Richard Wilbur and Robert Lowell (Pulitzer Prize winners) and explores their interests in poetic expression, and the origins of the ideas in their respective poems. Presents Wilbur reading "On the Marginal Way," "Love Calls Us to the Things of This World," and "Advice to a Prophet." Shows Lowell reading "Water," "Soft Wood," "A Flaw," "Fall, 1961," and "The Opposite House."
Early use of rivers is described, form the Indian canoe of hollowed log to the flatboats and keelboats of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Bash tells of the importance of water transportation, of families building flatboats and traveling down the currents with even their cows and chickens aboard, and she shows the ways the keelboats were propelled upstream by sweeps and by men with tow ropes walking along the banks. Cargoes of wheat, corn, animal skins and log rafts are related in their importance to the lives of the people. Songs include “Sewanee River,” “Shenandoah,” and “Old Woman.”
Reviews the records of both parties in the area of conservation and use of our natural resources. Points out that controversy has been particularly sharp on the development of power resources. (KQED) Kinescope.
Bash describes the manner in which the Indians marked the first pathways. She tells of the boot nailed to a tree which told postmen a settler lived nearby and wanted mail delivery. Singing “Big Rock Candy Mountain,” “I Know Where I’m Going” and “Wanderin.” Bash traces many landmarks.
Tells the story of John Brown and his resistance to slavery in Kansas. Explains his resort to violence to help keep slavery out of Kansas and his use of the 'underground railway' to guide slaves to freedom. Concludes with a review of the Harper's Ferry incident and Brown's hanging.
The interesting development of roads, from a path through the forest which a horse could scarcely travel, on through the building of the roads which led westward, and which were used by the huge Conestoga Wagons for hauling freight. A model of the Conestoga Wagon is shown, and models of the various kings of roads, those made of logs, those of boards, and later the McAdam Road. The building of the Cumberland Road is described, and the life which centered around those who used the roads depicted. The early toll road is mentioned, and a tie-in made with the Turnpike of today. Song material includes, “Goin’ Down the Road Feelin’ Bad,” “On Top of Old Smoky,” and “Low-Backed Car.”
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Provides a candid view of poet Robert Creeley in his home and introduces his poetry. Presents him describing the influences of other literary figures on his works and explaining his own method of working. Includes readings of several of his poems, such as "La Noche," "The First Time," "The Place," and "Someplace."
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Studies the return of romanticism to contemporary poetry through the poetry of Robert Duncan and John Wieners. Presents Duncan reading several poems, including "The Architecture," and excerpts from "A Biographical Note" and "A Statement on Poetics." Shows Wieners, a student of Duncan, reading "A Poem for Painters," "Cocaine," and an excerpt from an unpublished prose work.
Provides a close look at the works and creative philosophy of Robert Erickson, a composer and inventor of musical instruments. Illustrates Erickson composing an original composition, '9 1/2 for Henry (Orville and Wilbur)," which integrates the sounds of modern technology with traditionally-produced music. Follows Erickson as he tapes the sounds of automobiles, airplanes, and wind, mixes the sounds in his studio, and attends the presentation of the final work.
The first program includes highlights from the other programs in this series to serve as an overview. Robert Frost discusses with a group of high school students and adults how and why he writes poetry. Illustrates his points with readings of his own poems, including "The Pasture" and "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening." Emphasizes that prose has rhythm but that poetry is rhythm plus rhyme. Features a conversation with Dr. Jonas Salk, developer of the Salk polio vaccine. (WQED) Kinescope.
Robert Frost talks about and illustrates with his own poems the fundamental meaning of poetry. He speaks of the fun of writing, listening to words, and stories in poetry. He reads from his own poems “The Runaway Colt,” “Dust,” “The Woodchuck,” “The Ant,” “The Bluebird,” and “Stopping by the Woods.” This program evolved from a lecture to fifth grade classes involved in WQED’s Television Teaching Demonstration.
Robert Frost discusses with a group of high school students what brings him happiness in life, what he does for entertainment, and what it means to write a poem. Reads and interprets from "The Gift Outright," "The Road Not Taken," and "Mending Wall." He denies that poems say anything more than they seem to say. (WQED) Kinescope.
Robert Frost speaks informally with a group of friends about poetry, authors, and publishing. He discusses his philosophy of poetry, and his ideas on religion, loyalty, world affairs, love, and science. Suggests that one should not read more into a poem than is intimated by the poet. (WQED) Kinescope.
This program is a conversation between Robert Frost and DR. JONAS SALK, developer of the Salk Polio Vaccine. They compare and discuss the similarities of science and poetry, and the devotions and the methods of procedure the poet and the scientist must make as well as the satisfaction derived in both fields by fulfillment.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Examines several of Robert Rauschenberg's works, including "Oracle," a piece of "radio-sculpture," scenes from his theatrical works "Spring Training" and "Pelican," and a painting called "Barge." Discusses why, at the peak of his fame as a painter, Rauschenberg stopped painting altogether and how he feels about his art. Includes a discussion by Leo Castelli, an art dealer and friend of Rauschenberg, about the artist as a person and the significance of his works.
Discusses the role and status of artists in society. Considers the sources of support of artists and suggests that artists are necessary to any society. Includes participation by Mark Van Doren, the author, and Philip Evergood, an American painter. (Hofstra College and WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the critic as having a responsibility to society while expressing his own point of view. the critic does not attempt to educate but rather to observe keenly and to report and comment upon the arts. Features critics from the New York Herald-Tribune, Time magazine, and the New York Times. (Hofstra College and WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Reveals the intense feeling for the weak individual and the place in society which Eric Hoffer has achieved. Describes working as source of power for these people. Focuses on Hoffer's systematized mode of living with its inherent difficulties for the weak individual.
Outlines the principles that guided the work of the romantic painter and illustrates these principles with paintings and prints. Shows a landscape in the romantic mode depicted at the easel. Identifies romanticism as the beginnings of expressionism. (Hofstra College and WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Describes the program of self-determination in Roosevelt City, a newly-incorporated all black city in Alabama. Explains that because the city has very little money, all government officials and those providing community services are unpaid. Describes the attempt to make all people desire to become involved in the operations of city government.
Illustrates the techniques involved in drawing roosters. Depicts the rooster in several poses: looking "over his shoulder" and feeding. Explains various beliefs of the Japanese concerning the rooster. (KQED) Kinescope.
Demonstrates how are memory operated to maintain prejudice, and shows how people remember things which are favorable to their own beliefs. Discusses the various points of view concerning prejudice--historical, economic, sociological, and psychological. Points out the use of stereotypes in mass media, and cites examples of the way in which mass media can break down these stereotypes. (Hofstra College & WPIX) Kinescope.
Teenagers from Malaya, Philippines, Greece, Iceland, Thailand, and Turkey discuss prejudices within their own countries and toward others. Criticism is made of the American soldier and tourist as representatives of the United States. Presents comments on Russia as a current problem source and the effect of tradition and war in stimulating prejudice. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Teenagers from the United Kingdom, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Indian discuss prejudices against Britain and her policies. They further discuss their preconceived notions about America and indicate how their visit has changed these ideas. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Herald Tribune Forum delegates from Israel, France, Turkey, and Lebanon discuss their prejudices against other forum delegates and their countries. They indicate that some of their prejudices have been removed through acquaintances made in the U.S. (WOR-TV) Kinescope.
Bash describes the three ways there were to get to California when the nation was excited about the gold found there, 1848-49. The use of the covered wagon, and “Prairie Schooner” is described, including information that it was shaped as it was so it could float across the rivers that had to be crossed. The route of taking a ship to Panama, then crossing the swampy Isthmus on foot is described, and then the third way, that of taking the long and dangerous trip by ship all the way around Cape Horn. Maps and authentic pictures illustrate the material, and a model of the record breaking Clipper Ship, “The Flying Cloud” is shown. Songs include “She’ll Be Comin’ Round the Mountain,” “Let the Rest of the World Go By,” and “Sacramento.”
Pictures three expeditions which trace the acquisition by the metropolitan Museum of Art of jewelry which belonged to an Egyptian Princess of the XIIth Dynasty. Traces and discusses changes in the techniques of archeology during the past 100 years. (NYU) Kinescope.
"How stable is their political leadership? How strong is their military power?" Discussion of Russia's political leadership and military power, and what that means for Russia as a country and its potential threat to the United States. This is the first episode in the series and is the first out of three discussing Russia.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Introduces the humorist S.J. Perelman and his opinions on a wide variety of subjects. Discusses the authors who have influenced him and the reasons why a writer must imitate somebody. Concludes with a talk about reading, F. Scott Fitzgerald, travel, and Nathanael West.
Explains the use and necessity of the windshield and windows, lights, sun visors, horn, rear view mirrors, horse power, control devices, and the good driver. Discusses the future of and public attitude toward safety features. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
Bash describes the rugged life aboard an early day sailing vessel … the various chores of the crews, and the romance of sailing to faraway ports in search of cargoes. On film, Bash goes aboard the ship Blaclutha, showing the rigging, the tall masts, how the sailors climbed to the yardarms, and how they paced around the capstan, to pull up the heavy anchor chain. She visits the crew’s quarters, and demonstrates the various kinds of “scrimshaw,” the sailors’ handiwork of carving whalebone, knotting ropes for decoration, and making model ships.
Host Dora shows Fignewton Frog the puppet how to make a star hand puppet and a cut-out fish to enact a play. She uses these to tell the story of Sayy the too-inquisitive starfish, who gets into trouble by being nosy. Dora recommends books on sea life.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Provides a close look at the work and creative philosophy of Sam "Lightnin" Hopkins, who has been singing and playing the blues for over fifty years. Recreates through the many songs he sings, a picture of "Lightnin's" life. Includes segments of his on-campus performances at the University of Houston and Notre Dame.
Discusses the development of the rocket missile and earth satellite. Presents a description of the ballistic missile program. Forecasts the use of rocket vehicles in transcontinental and intercontinental passenger transport. Explores the uses of manned satellites in weather studies, communications, and research on conditions in outer space. Feature Major General Bernard A. Schriever, Commander, Ballistic Missile Division, Air Research and Development Command, Inglewood, California. (KUHT) Film.
On the second of two programs on satire, Dr. John W. Dodds reads the hilarious article by Frank Sullivan, “Brothers in N.G.S.” excerpts ranging from Byron’s “Don Juan” to Phyllis McGinley’s poem “Public Journal” complete the program.
Two forms of satire are illustrated by Dr. John W. Dodds in this first of two programs that include selections ranging from Swift to S.J. Perelman. Savage, withering satire as expressed by excerpts from Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” and Samuel Butler’s “Hudibras,” and satire on types of people by author G.B. Shaw, Ogden Nash, and S.J. Perleman are read by Dodds.
Satyajit Ray, noted Indian film maker, explains the underlying philosophy guiding him in the production of his films, which he sees as a confluence of Eastern and Western cultures. Ray's main objective is to make his audiences see and think about issues such as poverty and politics.
Indiana University, Bloomington. Audio-Visual Center
Interviews noted Indian film maker, Satyajit Ray, whose films have been analyzed as containing themes of conflict between the old and the new India. Explains that Ray sees Western societies as mechanized cultures in which people are not their own masters. Shows that his main objective is to make his audiences see and think about issues such as poverty and politics.
Discusses and demonstrates scenic design and the part it plays in theatrical production. Introduces the scenic designer and his work, discusses the problems he faces as an artist, and shows how he creates scenery. Illustrates the objective of stage scenery. Presents styles of scenic design including realism, stylism, and theatricalism.
Discusses the problems and rewards presented by the integrated school. Explains how the integrated school can, through constructive experiences, provide an opportunity for children to learn about problems they must eventually face. Answers questions concerning race and minority group prejudice, formation of undesirable manners and language, and the prevention od delinquency. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the relationship between science and common sense. Demonstrates the validity of the theory that "nature abhors a vacuum." Conducts experiments with water and mercury barometers to show the relationship of atmospheric pressure to the development of a newer and more concise theory. Features Dr. Leonard K. Nash, Professor of Chemistry, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Explains the difference between scientific and non-scientific endeavor. Examines various areas such as flying saucers, astrology, and weather predictions to point out how these problems are approached from a scientific and non-scientific point of view. Features Dr. Harlow Shapley, Professor of Astronomy, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Discusses the importance of numerical measurement in the progress of science. Uses experiments from physics, chemistry, and astronomy to show how a quantitative approach to science aids in understanding. Presents a brief history of the evolution of the mathematics in science. Features Dr. Gerald Holton, Professor of Physics, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Explains the role of whole numbers in understanding the organization of the physical universe. Uses non-mathematical props, such as rock crystals, to point up the arithmetic nature of basic discoveries in science. Tells how whole numbers limit the knowable universe around us. Features Dr. Philippe LeCorbeiller, Professor of Applied Physics, Harvard University. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Dr. Joel Hildebrand discusses the importance of scientific forecasting. Compares forecasting through astrology, palmistry, "Laws of average," and the "business cycle" with the scientific methods of valid theory and statistical evaluation. (KQED) Film.
Explains and demonstrates how sculpture in relief developed from the cave man to the present. Illustrates with ancient and modern examples. Discusses the composition and carving techniques of full-scale reproductions of famous sculptures. Describes how the artist's sculpture is transferred in the production of a commemorative medal. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Discusses the use of stone as a medium of sculpture. Demonstrates the tools and techniques of stone carving. Shows several works carved from different types of stone explaining why particular stone os chosen for a specific piece of sculpture. Illustrates with the carving of a portrait of Washington. features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick presents a historical review of sculpturing, emphasizing the materials and techniques employed in creating this art form. Discusses sculptural masterpieces from Egypt, Assyria, and Greece. Displays and explains the use of various varieties of stone. Demonstrates ways in which the beginner may use simple materials and tools--plaster of Paris, insulating brick, and a knife. Continues with a more detailed explanation of the sculptor's tools--mallet and various chisels. Features Henry Bursztznowicz demonstrating the techniques and tools used.
Demonstrates the tools and techniques of wood carving. Discusses and shows the advantages and disadvantages of wood as a medium of sculptor. Illustrates with finished works carved from different woods explaining the sculptural qualities and techniques of each. Features Merrell Gage, sculptor and Professor of Fine Arts, University of Southern California. (USC) Film.
Sculpture on its grandest scale is seen in the face of the Earth where rivers work to carve the hills and valleys. Dr. Harbaugh’s guest is Dr. Arthur D. Howard, professor of geology at Stanford University, who served as geologist with the Fourth Byrd Expedition to Antarctica in 1946-47. With the aid of three dimensional models, they demonstrate the ways in which a narrow stream can shape a vast expanse of land which is dozens of times its width. They discuss the way in which an area of the Earth, just as a man, goes through the ages of “youth,” “maturity,” and “old age.”
Dr. Harbaugh describes the unceasing war between land and the sea and illustrates the work of ocean waves in shaping the seacoast. With Dr. Howard again as his guest, he investigates the origin of such seashore features as beaches, spits, and sea cliffs.
Describes research related to atomic structure through which the scientist is attempting to discover the structure of the universe. Shows how particle accelerators produce intense beams of radiation which enable study of the structure of the atom, the nucleus, and the basic components of the nucleus. Explains how accelerators operate and shows one of the world's largest particle accelerators, the Zero Gradient Synchrotron, a $50,000,000 machine still under construction. Describes the sub-nuclear particles in which the high energy physicist is interested and briefly discusses the concept of matter and anti-matter.
The movement of traveling farmers, who follow the crops around the country, picking them as they ripen at different times in various areas is described in this program. The beginnings of the seasonal worker, when the land for farming for one’s self became difficult to find, start the story. It carries on through the possibility of following various crops all over the country, moving from one to another as they ripen. The ripening of cotton, apples, onions, tomatoes, strawberries and various others are shown on a large map, and the travels of the seasonal worker depicted on an animated visual. Songs include, “Chilly Winds,” “He’s Gone Away,” and “The Big Rock Candy Mountain.”
Dr Harbaugh's guest is Dr. Stanley Davis, assistant professor of geology at Stanford University. A graduate of the University of Nevada with a M.S. from the University of Kansas and a Ph.D. from Yale, he has also worked with the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and the Kansas and Missouri Geological Surveys. Dr. Davis makes his own rocks on this program. In doing so, he demonstrates how nature is able to make solid rock through the copaction of clays, sands, and silts under great pressure. They discuss the part of North America which although now dry land was once part of the ocean.
Father Linehan uses charts and diagrams to explain the interior structure of the Earth and the transmission of Earth waves through the various layers of the Earth. Dr. Gould emphasizes two facts: (1) seismology is a science that permits us to develop an x-ray picture of the Earth’s interior and, turning to Antarctica, he notes (2) that ice, in the Antarctic, is a rock and hence satisfactory for seismic x-raying. Using film Father Linehan describes the first seismic study ever made at the South Pole to determine the ice depth.
Discusses how self-confidence can be developed, and shows why people do some things more confidently than others. Recommends practice with success, unlearning fears, and the feeling of belongingness which help build confidence in us to do things in which we had no confidence at first. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Explains different ways sea creatures defend themselves against enemies and how the balance between attack and defense among marine animals maintains the overall balance of nature. Uses underwater photography to show how armor, speed, and agility, hiding, poison, escape by autotomy, and camofluage are used for survival. Includes close-ups of lobsters, crabs, starfish, sting ray, the conch, chiton, sea worms, and the squirrel fish.
In this program, criminologist Joseph D. Lohman explains that the failure of the American prison system is due to attempts to induce reform through external processes of security, harsh discipline and regimented life. Scudder and Lohman discuss the progress gained in self-governing prisons where the inmates’ role is changed from one of responding to orders to one of a creative source. Films are used to show inmates in various prison settings and an inmate is interviewed to bring out his feelings about these types of prisons.
In this program, Mr. Fitzpatrick discusses the importance of the self-portrait as a means of art expression. Tells how the self-portrait not only preserves a physical likeness of the artist, but provides an insight into his character, mode of dress, and customs. Demonstrates the various techniques involved painting self-portraits by having two professional artists develop their own likenesses. Presents and explains the work and self-portraits of great artists to help develop a greater understanding of this art form.
This program presents sentence variety, with a quick glance at some debatable points in grammar. Professor Peterson gives his opinion on such question as whether or not it is wrong to end a sentence with a preposition.
Discusses the essentials of love, and explains how sexual love and erotic love can be combined. Distinguishes between sexual desire and sexual love, outlining the elements of both. States that if sex or want come first, love is short lived but that love will last if it comes first. (Palmer Films) Film.
Discusses the serious problem of sex and crime and explains three categories: offense motivated by sexual desire, profit from sex, and sex deviation. Contrasts the American and British attitude toward this problem. Features Dr. Douglas M. Kelly.
Visits Yellowstone National Park to explain the story of American buffalo and its destruction. Shows the Yellowstone herd and then explains the methods used by the Indians to capture the buffalo. Tells why the white man, after the Civil War, destroyed the buffalo herds. Illustrates with film footage, dioramas, and photographs.
Defines leadership as a set of group functions and a good leader as one who helps the group to accomplish its goals. Defines and shows examples of self-serving functions, task functions, and group building functions. Points out that these functions are necessary to effective leadership.
Bash Kennett visits with a blacksmith and watches him prepare and fit horse shoes. She describes the days when the smith’s shop was the busiest place in town and tells of the interdependence of the pioneer and the horse. Songs include “Old Paint,” “Donney Gal,” and “Horse Named Bill.”
Bash takes a trip to an old general store, driving up in a buggy as the early settler might have done. In the store she shops for old-time items and tells of their uses. She gets coffee from a big red coffee grinder and her meat is chopped in an old-fashioned hand cranked meat chopper. The stove and the “TV of the early day,” the stereopticon, are observed. Songs include “Blue Tail Fly” and “Bought Me a Cat.”
Explains and demonstrates logarithms, the slide rule, and other methods for simplifying computation. Through the use of models and charts, presents finger multiplication, the lightning or cross method of multiplication, and Napier's "bones." Explains the development and application of logarithms. Shows how a log table is constructed and used. Relates this to a model of a slide rule, and demonstrates its operation and uses. Indicates the many other uses of logarithms in representing important relationships in such areas as electricity and chemistry. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Four high school students representing Norway, Australia, Korea, and the Philippines will debate the subject: Resolved that the United Nations must have universal membership to be effective. This is the first of fourteen programs presenting thirty-four students from thirty-four countries who are in the United States as delegates to the 1955 Herald Tribune Forum for High Schools. The delegates, on a three month visit in the US, were selected to take part in this Forum through competitive examinations in their individual countries.
Man learned early to read the messages of the footprint and the broken twig and the book of the clouds and the tides, as truly as though these were printed texts. Soon he began to make readable marks, blazing trails, signaling with piled stones and scratches on rock. Out of this came primitive pictograph for purposes of magic, commemoration, and communication. He talked to strangers in a sign language, the very symbols of which later were written down as characters. Simple pictures of these things came to stand for complicated ideas, as well as the things themselves. This opening program shows how very elaborate messages were early conveyed by simple signs.
Discusses the question, "How do wee find meanings in the things we see and hear that leave deep impressions on us?" Points out that for a writer, it is not enough just to remember; a current meaning must be expressed. Examples are quoted from Conrad, Wolf, Keats, and others. (WQED) Kinescope.
Demonstrates the basic materials and techniques of silk screen printing. Shows how to make a silk screen frame. Explains how designs are made with crayon and stencils. Illustrates the printing process using oil and water color paints.