Joseph Moray, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, John M. Davidson, Richard Gilbert, Arthur M. Kaye, Shirley Tebbe, Francesca Greene, Peter Smith, Carole Eickhoff, Davidson Films
Delineates interesting facets of the development of our decimal system. Compares the additive, subtractive, multiplicative, and positional notation aspects of the Chinese, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Hindu-Arabic systems. Uses models to explain concepts which lead to greater understanding of base 10 systems.
This film traces the historical development of our present decimal system--the Hindu-Arabic system of numeration. The meaning and importance of base ten, place value, grouping, numerals, and expanded notation are carefully described.
Erling M. Hunt, Wade Arnold, Abraham Ribicoff, Center for Mass Communication, Columbia University Press
Discusses the purposes and functions of the five major divisions within the department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Describes the several offices, agencies, and bureaus, and indicates how these deal with foods, drugs, social security, vocational rehabilitation, and education. Emphasizes that the major concern of the department is to benefit individuals in their living. Narrated by Abraham Ribicoff, a former secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Describes a geometric circle and defines and illustrates such terms as radius, congruent circles, chord, diameter, major and minor arcs, semicircles, and central angle. Shows the relationship between a central angle and its arc; presents methods for proving arcs equal in degrees and length; and describes the relationships of a diameter, a chord, and its intersected arcs.
Ellis Katzman, Elbert C. Weaver, John A. Skarulis, William H. Pasfield, Ross Lowell, Herman J. Engel, Robert Braverman, Peter Robinson, Geraldine Lerner, Max J. Rosenberg, Fisher Scientific Company
Demonstrates the differences between saturated, unsaturated, and supersaturated solutions; that solutions are dynamic, not static in character; and also shows suspensions and colloidal dispersions. Presents characteristics of solutions and explains insolubility, solutions without chemical reactions, mixtures, suspensions, and the Tyndall effect in colloidal dispersions.
Thomas F. Barton, Daisy M. Jones, Roger Niemeyer, James W. Taylor, Indiana University Audio-Visual Center
Compares two dairy farms--one in Southeastern Wisconsin and the other in Central New York State. Shows the land use and cultural practices which reflect adaptation to such elements of the physical environment as topography, soil, precipitation, temperature, and length of growing season. Describes such man-made conditions that influence the marketing of milk as the proximity of farms to urban areas, sanitation requirements, and transportation and refrigeration facilities.
Discusses the life of Durer and the pivotal point he represented in connecting the artistic development of Italy and Northern Europe. Presents examples of his work that show his passage from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance. Develops the idea that through a study of his work the fusing of his Gothic inheritance and the organic Renaissance can be observed.
Discusses the use of the dance as a social commentary and relates it to the critical statements of artists in other fields. Presents a performance of "Caprichos" based on Goya's etchings of man's weaknesses. In contrast, an excerpt from Paeon is performed. Features choreographer Herbert Ross and his troupe.
What happens when a rocket ship in space is struck and damaged by a meteor? Capt. Gell, a Navy expert on crew equipment, demonstrates the Navy’s full-pressure space suit for emergency escape from a shattered craft. Dr. Haber, an aerodynamic engineer who has made a thorough study of the theoretical problems of escape and survival far out in pace, explains the difficulty of making an individual descent into the atmosphere, on one hand, and of rescuing the stranded flyer in space, on the other. Dr. Herbert’s recommendation: the crew should ride the damaged vehicle back to earth --if anything remains of it.
Portrays the role of developmental genetics in dealing with ways phenotypes come into being through the action of genes. Presents a complete discussion of the Creeper domestic fowl--its genetic basis, morphology, embryological history, and the experimental work that led to an understanding of how this gene affects early development to produce the morphological features seen as the outcome of the developmental process. Lecture given by Dr. L. C. Dunn.
Describes the ways in which genes produce phenotypic differences by acting very early in embryonic development. Shows that this action may take place at a distance through chemical messengers (pituitary dwarfism in the house mouse, lethal giant larva in Drosophila), or it may involve tissue induction systems (Brachyury and taillessness in the house mouse). Discusses the development of eye color in Drosophila as a model of how each of the steps in a chain of chemical processes leading to development is under genic control. Lecture given by Dr. L. C. Dunn.
University Films, J. D. Watson, Irwin H. Herskowitz
Describes RNA and DNA which are favored as the carriers of genetic information. Presents DNA molecules as shown in the electron microscope and describes the polymeric nature of the DNA molecule and DNA nucleotides. Compares the base content of DNA from various organisms. Describes in detail the three-dimensional organization of DNA as revealed through X-ray diffraction experiments. Pictures a Watson-Crick double helix model of DNA which suggests that DNA may replicate by the two complementary chains separating with each single strand then acting as a template to form its complement. Lecture given by Dr. J. D. Watson.
Delta Films, E. H. C. Hildebrandt, Robert Pruitt, Evelyn P. Anderson, Seymour Zolotareff
Uses examples of everyday objects to develop the basic formula V=Bh for computing the volumes of cubes, prisms, and cylinders. Builds each concept, formula, or definition through use of live action, animation, and application to a situation.
Falcon Films, E. H. C. Hildebrandt, Robert Pruitt, David Wisner, Evelyn P. Anderson, Seymour Zolotareff, Delta Films
Uses a combination of animation and live-action photography to logically develop the formulas for determining the volume of pyramids, cones, and spheres. After reviewing the formulas for the volumes of prisms and cylinders, the volume of a pyramid with a rectangular base is determined. This is then related to pyramids with non-rectangular bases and cones, the volume of the latter being compared to a cylinder. Defines a sphere and portrays a method of determining its volume. Concludes with commercial and industrial applications of these formulas.
Wind, heat, cold, and rain combine to weather the rocks and break them down. But the face of our earth is molded and the decayed rock carried away from one place and deposited in another mainly by water. The deposits laid down by water, wind, or ice produce after long periods of time and under pressure, rocks which are classed as sedimentary. You will see and learn how to distinguish some of the common sedimentary rocks; limestone, sandstone, shale, and conglomerate. Each of these sedimentary rocks is formed in a different way; limestone by chemical precipitations, sandstone by grains of sand cemented together, shale from beds of mud or clay pressed and cemented into thin layers, and conglomerate is made of gravel or pebbles of assorted sizes cemented together. You will be introduced to one of the most interesting features of sedimentary rocks -their fossils. These records of living things are guides to the history of life on the earth.
There are many partnerships in nature where two plants may help each other, or a plant and animal may mutually benefit one another, or where two animals may contribute to each other’s welfare. You will see on this program an example of each. The lichen, a common plant, looks like one individual, but really consists of two kinds of plants living together. You will see this story through the microscope. And you will see the story of cross-pollination, in which bees and insects take nectar from the flowers and in so doing transfer pollen from one flower to another. Ever look inside a wood eating termite? You will and with a microscope to see a story of mutual benefit. Inside the termite lives a host of one-celled animals which assist the termite in digesting the cellulose in the wood he consumes. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Expands the popular definition of "primitive"--one who is self-taught--to include artists who reject academic or conventional expression, subject matter, or technique. Shows and discusses various examples of primitive art. (WQED) Kinescope.
Shows through readings, paintings, and natural photography the development of the portrayal of English lakes and landscapes by painters, poets, and others. Depicts the printing of illustrated tour guides and other books to create interest in the English lake country. (BBC) Film.
Bernard Girard, James Fonda, Shirley Gordon, Michael Ross, Henry Corden, Lou Krugman, Gene Roth, William Hayden, Ernest Sarracino, Peter Brocco, Lewis Charles, Todd Hunter, Grant Holcomb, Walter Cronkite, Walter Blake, Sidney Van Keuren, Ed Fitzgerald, Budd Small, William Ferrari, Richard Dixon, Rudy Butler, Frank Webster, Joel Moss, Robert B. Harris, Jack P. Pierce, Carmen Dirigo, CBS Television, The National Association for Mental Health, Inc.
Uses a dramatized, "on-the-scene" news type of interviewing and documentary reporting to present the story of how Dr. Pinel fought for improved treatment of the insane. Describes his principles that the insane were sick people and should be treated as such, not as wild beasts. Shows some of the opposition he received from officials and the townspeople when he unchained the insane.
Portrays the nature and the role of the Distributive Education Program in the state of Virginia in preparing students for possible future jobs. Shows ow personality traits of an individual provide the basis upon which distributive education training can be pursued and depicts the duties of the distributive education coordinator and the activities of the distributive education clubs.
William J. Thiele, William Bruckner, Jack Chertok, Lee Van Cleef, Kenneth Tobey, Henry Morgan, Keith Richards, Lyle Talbot, Peter Hanson, Teaching Film Custodians
Teaching Film Custodians abridged classroom version of an episode of the Cavalcade of America television series, "Duel at the OK Corral" (season 2, episode 20), which originally aired March 9th, 1954 on ABC-TV. This film highlights the efforts of Marshall Wyatt Earp to free the West of dangerous armed gunmen. Earp's activities in Dodge City, Kansas, in Deadwood, South Dakota, and in Tombstone, Arizona are featured.
Shows the Leonardo da Vinci drawings in the Windsor collection and includes such subjects as man, animals, architecture, machines for waging war, water in motion, and a sketch for "The Last Supper." Integrates translation of some of the artist's own notes with an interpretive commentary spoken by Sir Laurence Olivier.
United Productions of America, Howard T. Batchelder
Through animation, the film compares and contrasts the "assembly line" kind of educational process with one that is tailored to meet young people's needs. Shows how in the former little or no consideration is given to individual needs, whereas in the latter a decentralized educational system can fit the curriculum to local community setups.
Tells the story of a typical American family, and how they use Thanksgiving Day as the occasion to review the freedoms and privileges which they enjoy in their everyday living under the American way of life. Shows how they come to remember that they have much more to be thankful for than just the usual symbols associated with Thanksgiving Day.
Harold Otwell, Karl Martz, Robert Gobrecht, George Fleetwood, Indiana University Audio-Visual Center
Shows a skilled ceramist applying designs on several ceramic pieces prior to final firing. He uses the clay itself, a comb, a piece of burlap, or clay stamps to create textured designs. Other decoration methods illustrated include colored glazes, clay slip, "Mishima," sgraffito, and wax resist. Shows samples of representative pieces after decoration and firing.
Traces the development of the Good Neighbor Policy, the Rio Treaty against aggression, and the Organization of American States set up at Bogota. Describes the importance to the Western Hemisphere of NATO and the U.N. military action in Korea. Stresses the economic interdependence of the American countries and the responsibility of the United States in the Western Hemisphere.
Winifred Cullis, Gaumont-British Instructional Films, Beryl Denman Lacey, Frank Wells, Louis Dahl
Uses animation to demonstrate the chemical processes of digestion. Shows the chemical breakdown of foods, the structure and functions of the glands involved, the absorption of digested foods, and the distribution and storage of food in the body.
Jay Bonafield, Larry O'Reilly, Phil Reisman, Jr., Dwight Weist, Richard Hanser, Herman Fuchs
Shows the organization of the The New York Times and the vast interrelationship of the numerous departments. Then illustrates the methods for giving up-to-the-minute news, and stresses the need for a free press.
Coronet Instructional Films, Viola Theman, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education, Northwestern University
Three elementary pupils learn that everyone attaches personal meanings to words and that the wording of newspaper stories, conversations, advertisements, and politics, for example, needs careful analysis to prevent confusion.
Division of Visual Aids, U.S. Office of Education, Federal Security Agency, Ray-Bell Films, Inc.
Shows how to assemble broaching inserts in right- and left-hand toolholders, how to mount and adjust toolholders in the double ram; how to mount and adjust the work fixtures; how to set trip dogs for the ram stroke; how to measure the workpiece after trial broaching; and how to surface-broach on a double ram vertical broaching machine at a production rate.
Stresses the importance of teeth in the digestive system, identifies and explains the purposes of the different teeth, and shows tooth development from infancy, the structure of teeth, how tooth decay starts, and the necessity for correct diet. A classroom film.
Pathescope, Charles J. Vierck, Charles D. Cooper, Paul E. Machovina, Ralph S. Paffenbarger, Hollie W. Shupe
Designed to be used with an engineering drawing text. Describes the relationship between the making of a drawing and various production operations in shop and factory. Then shows representative operations in the pattern shop, the foundry, the forge shop, the machine shop, and the assembly shop which depend upon the drawing.
Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc., Wilbur Johns, Norman Sper
Analyzes defensive footwork action in basketball by first demonstrating the correct stance. Slow motion and close-up photography then portray the two basic defensive moves: the parallel movement, which governs lateral guarding motions, and the stride, which governs advancing and retreating motions. Emphasis is placed on the correlation of arm movement with footwork, turning, pivoting, and getting into position for taking the ball on the rebound.
Presents technical developments in the preservation and transportation of foods, the economic problems involved, and the world flow of foods. Depicts how such developments have increased the possibilities of distributing perishable foods on a world basis. Shows the problem of family income, maintaining flow of food from producer to consumer, the problem of tariffs, and the intercontinental movement of major foods on an animated map background.
A story of land economy and one man, Bill Bailey of Clarksville, Tennessee, through whose foresight and untiring effort the Four Pillars of Income were established in Montgomery County, Tennessee (adapted from the Reader's Digest story of the same name by J. P. McEvoy).
Discusses the importance of prenatal care of mothers and the eating of proper foods in helping children to develop good teeth. The structure of teeth, the progress of tooth formation, and the process of decay are explained by means of diagrams.
Visualizes Color-keyed moods, recurrent themes, contrapuntal melodies, and various rhythmic patterns through the animation of Oskar Fischinger. Presents an interplay of shapes, Colors, and movement in GasparColor.
Modern community hygiene controls are presented. How the death rate from communicable diseases has been reduced through scientific advances and social controls. The effective functioning of a public health department.
Technique of drilling and tapping blind holes in cast steel on a radial drill. A drill jig with loose bushings is used for locating the holes. Setting up the work on the table of the machine, setting the jig on the piece to the layout lines. Calculating the size of the tap drill and the method used when setting the machine to drill a number of holes to the same depth. A wizard drill chuck is used in the drilling operation, and a standard friction chuck for holding the tap. The action of a tap in a hole is shown in animation and the reason why a tap binds in the hole and must be reversed frequently when tapping in tough metals.
Erpi Classroom Films, Lawson Robertson, Dean Cromwell, Brutus Hamilton, Harold A. Bruce, Amateur Athletic Union of the United States
Includes races from 1,000 to 10,000 meters and steeplechase. Style of distance runner contrasted vividly with that of dash man. Differences in typical physiques. Steeplechase portrays various methods employed by participants in clearing barriers. An instructional sound film.