Points out that there are possibly 30,000 solar systems which have conditions suitable for life. Illustrates how the spectroscope can determine the temperature, composition, and other information about distant stars by analyzing their light. Describes how mathematics and the various sciences help predict that life on other planets would be comparable to that found on earth.
Explains and illustrates the use of the Stanford-Binet test in the context of a school guidance program; indicates its accuracy of measurement; and how the results may be properly used. Gives the advantages and disadvantages of group and individual testing and emphasizes the basis of intelligence testing as a relative standing in relationship to standardized norms. The case of one child is followed, showing his classroom problems, the administration and scoring of his test, and the relating of his test scores to other data on him in a meeting of the various members of the school guidance staff, where a procedure is outlined for adjusting the curriculum and the individual to achieve educational and personal adjustment.
Presents profiles of President William Henry Harrison and John Tyler with emphasis upon the presidential campaign of 1840. Uses maps, period illustrations, and photographs to highlight their childhood, education, pre-political activities, political growth, campaigning, and achievements in the White House.
Shows the actual excavation of pre-Columbian sculpture at Veracruz, Mexico, by a National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution expedition. Emphasizes the discovery of the largest deposit of jade ever found.
Describes the Canadian effort in World War II including news footage of Churchill addressing the Canadian Parliament, the building of the Alaska-Canada Highway, and Canadian tank and aircraft production.
Limited to a Bolex, a tripod, a light meter, and 100 feet of Kodak 16mm B&W reversal film, we captured the film digitization phase of the Media Digitization and Preservation Initiative (MDPI) at Indiana University in Bloomington, IN. The film was shot in chronological order of the MDPI film digitization process and all editing was done in camera.
Follows the course of the Garonne River and its varying landscapes until it enters Toulouse. Shows how it flows through the village where Montesquieu was born, then reaches Bordeaux vineyards, then flows into the Atlantic.
Explores the problem that young people have with alcoholism. Stimulates consideration of self-reliance, decision-making, and resistance to peer pressure as part of developing the resolve to live free of dependence on alcohol or other drugs.
Discusses a well-known system for practicing pronunciation: articulation of consonants and enunciation of vowels. Emphasizes again more "parts" which are to be applied to "wholes." Shows how sounds are associated with a color code: blue for voiceless, red for voiced, and brown for nasal manner of articulation. Illustrates an early lesson at the "Presentation Stage" and introduces specific touch positions for color work.
Discusses shaping the pronunciation of vowels and consonants. Depicts the teacher helping the pupil combine voiced and nasal consonants with long vowels. Also presents more difficult sound combinations, including short vowels.
Demonstrates one pupil's accomplishment of the early goals of color work: pronunciation of vowel and consonant combinations. Depicts a pupil producing the majority of speech sounds on request, and imitating (shaping) some complex sounds: "SH", "R", "L", and "S". Discusses the application of "part" learning to the pronunciation of a new word, "talent," which the pupil sees in print.
Explains the contents of the Essentials of Good Speech. Discusses duration as an aspect of voice production and how it refers to the length of sound. Illustrates a lesson on duration at the "Presentation Stage" of Face A of the Speech Model. Shows the pupil learning a "part" (Duration) which will later be applied to a "whole" (word or words).
Presents a lesson at the "Imitation Stage" on duration, covering the "part" that will later be applied to a "whole" word or words. Depicts the shaping of the pupil's duration of vowels, using three levels of reinforcement.
Presents a lesson at the "Production Stage" on duration, an aspect of voice production. Depicts the pupil producing vowels of long or short duration on request. Points out how the knowledge and skill of the "part" learning of duration is then applied to the word "welcome." Demonstrates the use of verbal direction alone to help the pupil learn correct syllable duration in the word.
Discusses loudness as an aspect of voice production and how it refers to the relative strength of sounds. Emphasizes loudness as "part" learning which will be applied to a "whole" word or words. Shows an early lesson at the "Presentation Stage" of loudness, including a technique for handling inattention.
Demonstrates the production of vowels using requested loudness on first trials. Depicts the pupil applying her "part" learning, loudness, to get proper accent on the word "mama" through verbal request alone.
Presents a second lesson on pitch at the "Presentation Stage." Introduces hand signals used in association with extremes of pitch to help the pupil imitate extremes; these signals will be used later to cue her for correct pitch while she is talking.
Demonstrates the guiding of a pupil to consciously produce the desired pitch of vowels through reinforcement of his correct imitations. Depicts the teacher assessing the pupil's natural pitch for the vowels (ü), (ä), and (ē), in one case making the child conscious of his naturally high (ü).
Presents four lesson segments demonstrating advanced stages of pitch learning. Demonstrates, in the first segment, the production of vowels which move from low to high or high to low, and the production of combinations of loud, soft, high, and low-pitched vowels. Presents, in the second segment, the application of "part" learning of pitch to the correct general pitch by asking the pupil to lower his voice. Shows, in the final segment, the application of "part" learning of pitch to the intonation of the question, "Is it big?"
Discusses pitch as an aspect of voice production, and how it refers to the degree of highness or lowness of sound. Emphasizes pitch as a "part" which will be applied to "wholes." Presents a child's first lesson at the "Presentation Stage" of pitch, in which touch variations are introduced and explained.
Presents a pupil working at the "Imitation Stage" on pitch. Shows the pupil developing high vowels (ä) and (ē) from one naturally high vowel, (ü). Depicts a pupil being taught to sustain high vowels in moving in continuous voice from (ü) to (ä) and (ē).
Demonstrates teaching devices which can be employed to help the deaf pupil with step 1 of learning to pronounce the SH sound: three devices for tongue blunting, one device for keeping the tongue tip placement centered during blunting, and three devices for maintaining a high wide tongue during blunting.
Stresses the practice of the learned skill, proper tongue blunting, as a first step in learning "SH". Shows the pupil, now correct approximatley 75% of the time, being given a homework assignment, with his parents evaluating his practice.
Sets forth the incorporation of "SH" into words. Takes five nuclei words through Face A of the speech model. Demonstrates work on the first word, "she," from "Presentation, Imitation, and Production Stages" including carry-over devices and no-error level of practice. Uses one teaching device to review "SH" in isolation as well as one GLGSP in the language area.
Focuses on "CH" and "J" at Face C of the speech model through the GLGSP in classroom situations as the sounds arise incidentally in words. Shows the pupil working at the "Production Stage" of "CH" and the "Presentation Stage" of "J". Concludes the learning session, which began at Face A when the pupil started the in-depth work on "SH" as a single sound.
Works on the second nucleus word, "show", on Face A of the speech model through the "Production Stage". Shows evaluation and practice on all five nuclei words at the no-error level of practice at the "Production Stage" of Face A. Includes one GLGSP expanding language.
Presents the teacher collecting evidence of correct automatic production of all five nuclei words in general speech situations. Transfers skills learned on Face A to all words containing "SH" at Face B of the speech model. Follows the pupil as he progresses to Face C of the speech model, generalizing skills from Face A and B to analogous areas of speech, in this case the correct pronunciation of "ZH", "CH", and "J". Shows the pupil working at the "Presentation Stage" of Face C for "ZH" through the GLGSP.
Assesses the automatic and conscious production of a phrase. Depicts a teacher using the synthetic approach to begin a correction of the "whole" word, "welcome". Observes the child moving from "Presentation Stage" to "Imitation Stage" of Face A of the speech model. Examines the ability of the pupil to discriminate the difference in accent between her production (wel kum) and the correct accent (wel km). Shows the teacher using a discriminating activity, interweaving touch, vision, and auditory discrimination.
Continues synthetic practice of the "whole" word, "welcome", narrowing to analytic work on the second syllable (km). Shows the teacher shaping (km) toward correctness: weak form of the syllable, i.e., soft, short, nasal emission on (km). Then pupil works at the "Presentation and Imitation Stages" on Face A of the speech model.
Continues to practice, as well as working on the whole phrase incidentally. Evaluates the automatic production of the entire phrase. Includes five examples of use of the General Language: General Speech Pattern unrelated to specific work on (km).
Demonstrates the incorporation of the "part" (weak second syllable) back into the "whole", "Welcome." Depicts the teacher attempting to get proper intonation on the word through (a) shaping and (b) general practice. Presents an assessment of the automatic production of the phrase.
Examines carry-over practice involving habituation of the correct accent and intonation of the entire phrase. Demonstrates carry-over practice given through the General Language: General Speech Pattern by the teacher in the language lesson, by other teachers in a nursery school, and by parents at home. Concludes with a pupil automatically using the phrase correctly in a general situation.
Continues the shaping of the production of the element (km) to become weak. Depicts a pupil achieving a second approximation [making (km) very short], and later moving from High-Error to Low-Error to No-Error practice. Demonstrates the General Language: General Speech Pattern.
Discusses the GLGSP as an integrative device for the general teaching of language and speech so that every communication between pupil and adult can be made a learning situation for language or speech or both. Presents five steps a teacher can use in understanding what a pupil has said.
Follows the activities of a group of international Girl Scouts at a wilderness encampment in an Oregon national forest. Shows how they prepare for and take a five-day hike into the Three Sisters' Wilderness Area of Oregon without adult leaders. Quotations from their evaluation session are heard.
This older film is directed to young girls. Using diagrams, it helps them learn about menstruation and gives them a healthy understanding of the physical and emotional changes that occur in growing up.
Teaching Film Custodians abridged classroom version of a Cavalcade of America television series episode, "The Gift of Dr. Minot" (season 3, episode 20), which originally aired on April 12th, 1955 on ABC-TV. This film re-enacts the research of Boston physician and Nobel Prize winner Dr. George Minot, who disregarded his own diabetic condition to develop a cure for pernicious anemia in 1922. Concurrently, Canadian Dr. Frederick Banting (also a Nobel Prize winner) perfected insulin as a cure for diabetes, enabling Minot to conclude his experiment.
Joseph Moray, National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, John M. Davidson, Richard Gilbert, Arthur M. Kaye, Shirley Tebbe, Francesca Greene, Peter Smith, Carole Eickhoff, Davidson Films
Delineates interesting facets of the development of our decimal system. Compares the additive, subtractive, multiplicative, and positional notation aspects of the Chinese, Babylonian, Egyptian, and Hindu-Arabic systems. Uses models to explain concepts which lead to greater understanding of base 10 systems.
This film traces the historical development of our present decimal system--the Hindu-Arabic system of numeration. The meaning and importance of base ten, place value, grouping, numerals, and expanded notation are carefully described.
Informs the police that alcohol may mask symptoms of both physical and mental disorders and suggests a system of observation that begins when a person is first seen by the police. It emphasizes the significance of alcoholism as a problem and stresses the increasingly humanitarian role of the police.
This film, designed primarily for members of the medical, nursing and allied hospital professions, portrays an experiment in maternity care which is being conducted in the obstretical division of St. Mary's Hospital, Evansville, Indiana.
Ever since the establishment of the European Coal and Steel Community, the progress of the Six, or "Little Europe" as the Community was called, had evoked mixed emotions. Many nations outside the Six —and even some within —felt skeptical about the project. Though the Initial vigor of the new movement was surprising, the defeat of the European Defense Community by the French Assembly seemed to confirm the sceptics' opinions. Yet the Six were undaunted by the setback, and, less than a year later, were busily planning further economic integration. Their intention to create, within the boundaries of the EuropeanCoal and Steel Community, a common market extending to all fields of commerce was viewed with deep misgivings by some other European nations. These "outside" nations felt that an open market within and a common tariff wall around the area involved might be a serious threat to existing trade patterns. Further, these antagonists felt that the concept posed a severe political threat to the solidarity of Europe and the western world. Using as its platform the existing Organization for European Economic Cooperation with its seventeen-country membership --which included the Six —the antagonists proposed to form a European Free Trade Area whose members would gradually eliminate existing trade barriers among themselves.
Pictures the globe as a model of the earth and points out the representative shape and color of land and water areas. Identifies the continents and compares their sizes and locations. Uses animation to show the character of the ocean floor. Explains the poles and scales of latitude and compares various types of globes.
Describes the states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida as comprising the Gulf Coast region of the United States. Picture crops in Florida and explains that these crops are grown twelve months of the year. Contrast the varieties of soils found in the region. Briefly describes the large ports of Houston and New Orleans. Highlights the industires of the region including oil, grazing, and lumbering.