Describes the various groups of settlers that came to this country and founded colonies. Tells of the first French, English, Dutch, Swedish, and Spanish settlers. Discusses their lives, homes, and food. (KQED) Kinescope.
Two advertisements for Colorforms, a toy brand that produces thin, colorful, geometric shapes that can be adhered to a plastic laminated background. Colorforms : Operation Safety, is a young people's teaching aid aimed to make "learning fun and living safer."
Explains the use of the tone colors of an instrument or groups of instruments to achieve desired musical effects. Concentrates on the winds and the brasses as a number of musicians display the tonal color limits of their instruments. (University of Rochester) Film.
Uses laboratory experiments to demonstrate the process of combustion and the by-products produced. Explains how combustion depends on fuel, air, and heat. Illustrates combustion with liquid and solid fuels. Shows how and why various by-products are formed. Concludes with experiments showing the properties of carbon dioxide and its effect on combustion. (KQED) Film.
This program traces the history of the Communist Party in the United States. The dramatic sequences feature a re-enactment of the Bridgeman Convention in 1921 and show how the Communist Party of the United States was controlled by the Communist International, and directed by it. Benjamin Gitlow, former General Secretary of the Communist Party of America and American representative to the Comintern in the 1920’s, is a special guest on the program. Mr. Gitlow was twice candidate for Vice President of the USA on the Communist Party ticket. Mr. Gitlow was expelled from the Communist Party of America in 1929, as a result of his refusal to accept a directive ordering himto yield leadership of the Party.
Discusses research being conducted at the Carnegie Institute of Technology to evolve new theories about mental processes. Shows Dr. Bert Green demonstrating his computer experiments with the perception of motion and depth, Dr. Herbert Simon using the computer to present his theory of how human beings memorize, and Dr. Allan Newall showing how the computer was responsible for creating a new theory about human problem solving.
Discusses conflicts, and suggests effective ways of handling them. Identifies the various characteristics of a conflict as: the opposition forces, the vacillation, the inability to reach a decision without a great expenditure of energy.
Shows the confrontation of several Northern communities with the issue of Negro integration in schools, jobs, and housing. Shows Negroes demonstrating for jobs in construction work in Queens, a New York City borough. White reaction to the demonstration is recorded. There are scenes of a Negro demonstration intended to force the hiring of more members of that race by a St. Louis bank. In Chicago a barber vows he would go out of business if he were required by law to cut hair of Negroes; also in Chicago whites organize to oppose an "open occupancy" ordinance. Violence is recorded by the film at Folcroft, Pennsylvania, when a Negro family moves into a previously all-white housing area.
Presents a discussion of the 85th congress and the issues to come before it. Examines the political make-up of Congress. Outlines the criteria by which to judge what's happening in politics. Uses charts and maps to review and analyze the results of the 1958 Congressional election. Features interviews with senators Paul H. Douglas and John S. Cooper concerning the major problems confronting the 86th congress. Featured hosts are Dr. Harold Laswell, Professor at Yale Law School, and Mr. Richard Scammon, Director of Elections Research of the Governmental Affairs Institute, Washington D.C. (Michael Armine and Potomac Film Producers) Film.
Describes convention management in relation to the four committees of all political conventions. Explains the seating of these four committees--rules, platform, credentials, and permanent organization. Shows a film on the fight between Taft and Eisenhower delegates in the credential committee of 1952.
Discusses the sequence of events that takes place when the national political convention is underway. Includes consideration of the role of the contemporary chairman, the "keynoter", general speeches presented as time fillers, reports from the four main committees, role call for nominations, nominating and seconding speeches, and demonstrations for the candidates. Presents films of the departure of Alabama and Mississippi delegates in 1948 and the nomination of Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. (Dynamic Films) Film.
Indicates that the problem of getting to Mars of Venus, heretofore a concern only to science fiction writers and afficionados, has now become an international obsession. Shows that the strides being made in the space race would not be possible were it not for the work of Copernicus and other scientists of his stature. States that it was Copernicus who realized that the earth is not the center of the universe but merely one of many heavenly bodies, all moving according to a definite system.
Visits the Brookfield Zoo to discover those animals which look and live alike but are unrelated. Explains that copy-cats occur in the plant, bird, and animal, worlds, and tells why. Uses film clips of the echidna, flying squirrel, flying phalanger, tenrec, hummingbirds, sunbirds, toucan, and hornbill. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discuses the problem of harmful effects on the human body caused by extended exposure to cosmic radiation. Describes how these effects have been studied by exposing animals, insects, eggs, and seeds to cosmic radiation at high altitudes. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
How the clothes of people living in this country have changed is shown by Bash, in pictures and in living pictorial groups. From the early Spanish peaked helmet and bloomers, through the Cavaliers, with their plumed hats and high leather-jack boots, Bash travels, saying why and how the changes occurred. The Puritan simple dress, the colonial costume, complete with high powdered wigs, the hoop skirts and the bustles all are part of the description. Children’s costumes of the time are shown by actual children, and the dances done by the children of certain periods are demonstrated by the Lillian Patterson dance group.
Bash starts at the earliest meetings of groups of people, the church festival, and traces the development of gatherings on through the country fairs. The camp meetings of the Methodists give rise to the well-known rollicking song, “Methodist Pie.” The custom of bringing goods that were grown on the individual farm, and taking the family to the fair, to see new things, to buy things, and to meet with friends develops in to the country fair, with its gay decorations, its amusements, and its fund of knowledge. Contests are described, such as the athletic events of running and jumping and shooting, which the young men practiced, and the Patterson dance group dances to the song, “Camptown Races,” as they show how the sulkies sped around the track behind the trotting horses.
A third-grade class decides who will be the week's host, shows one youngsters pretending she is a visitor while another acts out the part of the host. Pictures children making introductions, and using "magic-words" such as thank you, excuse me, and please.
Bash tells the romance crossing streams and takes a film trip to see some historic covered bridges which are still in use. Covered bridges had many unusual features including the special toll charge for shoveling snow into the inside for the sleighs to pass on in winter. Bash tells how, fitted together with wooden pins, often they floated downstream intact in floods. Songs include “London Bridge" and "Red River Valley".
Marionettes present the story of a man and wife who think their house is too small for visiting relatives. Promising to follow the advice of their wise friend, Mr. Wiseman, they bring a rooster, a lamb, a goat, and a cow into their home. After each animal is brought in, Mr. Wiseman asks his friends if their home seems larger, and each time they declare it seems smaller. When the cow is brought in with the other animals, Mr. Wiseman asks again if they don't think that their house seems bigger. The husband then realizes he should be glad his sister and 10 children aren't staying with them. The animals are taken out of the house and the couple realizes how large their home really is.
Concentrates on criminal behavior committed by teenagers. Points out that juvenile delinquency may be over-exaggerated. Shows how improvements in statistics, reporting, and apprehension influence the total picture of teenage crime. Presents a group of young people discussing themselves and their problems. (KQED) Kinescope.
Host Lee Wilcox discusses the phenomenon of crying with University of Chicago childhood development expert Maria Piers. Examines motivations for crying, including physical discomfort, a need for attention, hunger, fear, and anger. Discusses approaches to calming crying that can either comfort or build independence in a child. A project of the Harris Foundation. Presented by the Childcare Program of the Institute for Psychoanalysis and the University of Chicago.
Minerals are combinations of the elements of the earth. They can be identified by luster, color, hardness, specific gravity, density and cleavage, and by their crystal form. This program will deal with these forms. When the minerals solidify in cavities without interference with solid substances, they usually assume shapes which are characteristics of each particular mineral. To a physicist the crystal arrangement describes the internal arrangementof atoms. To the amateur observer the large well-formed crystals are beautiful examples of symmetry in nature. Some crystals are angular, others are then and needle-like; some dendritic or branching like limbs of a tree; others botryoidally or grapelike. You will see some common crystal forms: quartz, feldspar, mica, obsidian, garnet, magnetite, hematite, fluorite, calcite, dolomite, pyrite, gypsum, sugar, and salt.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain properties of crystals and glass. Tell how crystals are formed and demonstrates crystallization taking place. Discusses glass, its formation, and how it differs from crystals. (KQED) Film.
Uses dance routines and originally scored music to demonstrate cultural differences in early training of infants. Compares families of southern urban Negroes, the Manus of the Admiralty Islands, and the Hopi Indians of northern Arizona. Describes group objectives of early training, its impact upon the child's personality, and the end result of childhood training.
Employs dance routines and originally scored music to portray differences in marriage rituals of three societies. Emphasizes the basic motive behind the selection of marriage partners, the rituals that join them, and the values that guide their relationships. Compares Americans, the Bantu of Africa, and the Muria of India.
Analyzes patterns of culture and their influence on the rise of criminality, using the Nazi regime in Germany as an example. Points out how accepted behavior in one culture may be a crime in another. Discusses the impact of cultures meeting head-on, thus giving rise to criminal behavior.
One common denominator of our culture, according to Dr. Dodds, is the people's desire for self-improvement. Describes an early American institution that endured until the 1920s--"Tent Chautauqua." Depicts Chautauqua as a source of inspiration, education, and entertainment, reaching hundreds of towns throughout the nation. Pictures Tent Chautauqua as quietly succumbing to the competition of radio and motion pictures, but indicates that its modern equivalent may be found, in a more sophisticated form, in our Great Books groups and adult education seminars.