Shows and discusses the order of insects known as lepidoptera or scale-winged insects. Illustrates with collections of butterflies and moths from many parts of the world. Explains how to begin a collection, equipment needed, where to find specimens, and how to properly mount and keep them. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
What is Parkinson’s Law? “Work expands to fill the time available for its completion.” This law, and its ramifications, were first set out in the London Economist in 1956, after Professor Parkinson had developed them during his work in the Royal Air Force and a tour of duty in the South Pacific. He explains their application to civil service work, to the operations of administrative agencies, to the establishment of a university, and to the competition between industries.
What have been the results of the publication of Parkinson’s Law? Although it has prompted other critics to take new looks at the organizations which speckle out society, says Professor Parkinson, too many corporations, universities, and so on still seem to be operating under this law. Professor Parkinson turns his analysis on the social scientists, on the cocktail party, and on American motorized traffic, to conclude his examination of the basic principles of his Law.
Does geography make a difference in political thought? Dr. Parkinson discusses his book Evolution of Political Thought, and suggests that geography, and geographical isolation, do make a difference in political thought and practice. He traces the cycle which goes from a primitive paternal structure through a monarchy to an aristocracy, then to a dictatorship, then back to monarchy. Although he sees this as a fairly consistent pattern, Professor Parkinson does not believe that this is, in effect, historical determinism. Men can change his destiny, he says, and the experiments in democracy, although they have not been going long enough to suggest a definite trend, prove man’s freedom of choice. In fitting the Soviet Union into this pattern, Professor Parkinson remarks that it could be called a technological monarchy.
Raffles Professor of History C. Northcote Parkinson, University of Pittsburgh professor Joseph J. Zasloff, and member of the organizing committee for the 1958 International Systems Meeting Robert Lee discuss the significance of modern Asia.
Discusses the theory of political campaigns, and simulates, with actors, a committee outlining the campaign strategy for a candidate. Covers such issues as the techniques to be used, to whom they will appeal, and financing the campaign. Gives a general summary and evaluation of party campaigns and strategies. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Mr. Peck opens the program by introducing a film clip which shows the raising of the free Indian flag at the UN. Mr. Talbot, Executive Director of American Universities Field Staff, explains the complexity of India. The discussion begins with a consideration of the Congress Party and its problems since independence, with references to Gandhi and Nehru. It is agreed that a real understanding of India depends on a knowledge of the country’s internal development. A five-minute film illustrates efforts to control malaria and the contrast between old and new methods of agriculture. It is concluded that the best way to fight Communism is to strengthen India internally, rather than press her to declare against Red China.
Bash describes the workings of a canal and shows how it is possible to make a ship “go upstairs” from one water level to another. The reasons for digging canals are discussed along with the importance of canals such as the Erie Canal and the Panama Canal. The influence of canals on the lives of people in this country is explained. Songs include “Erie Canal,” “Venezuela” and “My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean.”
Discusses the relationship between viruses and cancer. Explains how viruses can cause cancers in animals and why it is believed they may be responsible for cancer in humans. Concludes by summarizing the important known facts about viruses. Indicates directions which future research in virology might take.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain the properties of carbon and its compounds. Discusses the three natural forms of carbon: amorphous, graphite, and diamond. Demonstrates the properties of carbon compounds using calcium carbide, acetylene, carbon disulfide, and ethyl alcohol. (KQED) Film.
Describes the plan for Caribbean Federation and presents a historical survey of the area included. Shows a film on the area and peoples involved. Appraises the chances of success of this newest nation in the western hemisphere. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Discusses the history of Arab Nationalism, Arab Nationalistic competition, and Republican versus Monarchical Nationalism. Surveys the use of Nasser in Egypt. Explains the role of anti-colonialism and anti Zionism in the nationalistic rise of the Arab World. Illustrates with film clips, pictures, and maps.
Surveys the rise of nationalism in China and India. Explains the role of Western influence in their struggles. Discusses the reactions of China and India to the impact of the West and the divergent roads traveled to nationalism.
Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate the action of catalysts. Demonstrates with the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, solution of zinc in hydrochloric acid, and the burning of a sugar cube. Points out the commercial uses of catalysts. (KQED) Film.
Wild animal exhibitions originated with the menagerie, but jungle beasts as performers are relative newcomers to the circus. Because traveling menageries were so successful financially, circus operators around the turn of the century began to incorporate into their shows wild animal exhibitions with “lion tamers” in attendance. The American public flocked to see the dangerous denizens of faraway jungles paraded with great ballyhoo by nerveless human handles, and wild animal acts swiftly became an integral part of the circus. There is another kind of animal act which answers a different interest among circus audiences and comes out of a longer standing tradition than the wild animal acts: the tame animal act in which the animal, through meticulous training, is able to perform tricks exploiting the upper limits of its physical capability and intelligence. It is always with squeals of delight that the audience watches an animal –a seal, pony, chimpanzee, or dog –break into a routine which makes it look “human.”This program concentrates on these two kinds of animal performance. It uses as examples of the tame animal act the skillful and imaginative “Stephenson’s Dogs,” seen in rehearsal on the Ringling lot. In the wild animal category there are three different performers: Clyde Beatty, Pat Anthony, and Robert Baudy. In each case the viewer sees them at work with their “cats” (tigers and lions), while their voices come over their own performance shots describing the dangers of their profession, their training methods, how they groom the animals, and what happens when a snarling cat turns against his master (Anthony, who puts his arm in the mouth of a tiger, tells us that if the animal begins to bite his arm, he bites his ear, which makes the tiger relinquish its hold.) The three trainers on this program represent two different approaches to the art of the wild animal act. Both Pat Anthony (who studied animal training under the G.I. Bill) and veteran Clyde Beatty (whose performances are seen in both old and current film clips) give “fighting acts,” concentrating on the physical aspects of their performances –often wielding the gun and whip irritating the cats into loud roaring, and, in general, making it as clear as possible that a 165-pound man is taking on 8700 pounds of “unleashed jungle fury.” Robert Baudy, a Frenchman, has a different approach. His act emphasizes “style” rather than combat, and, clad in rich costume, he enters the steal arena with a more aesthetic objective than that of his colleagues Beatty and Anthony: he makes his Siberian tigers go through the paces of their impossible tricks with quiet, sinister, grace.
Bash Kennett visits a mountain roundup and tells the story of cattle from the few which the early settlers had to the great herds which roamed the Great Plains. The importance of cattle in the history of our country is combined with a talk about problems of raising cattle. Songs include “Cowboy’s Lullaby” “Donney Gal” and “The Night Herding Song.”
Presents a view of the guidance process and indicates the great number of individuals involved. urges efforts to estimate the potential of each individual, to interpret to him and his parents the opportunities available to him, and to provide him with educational experiences which will assures his best development.
Explains the meaning of style in art, enumerates some of the qualities of style, and gives reasons why styles change. Compares medieval, 18th century, and 20th century art styles by showing works characteristic of these periods; points out similar differences in style in the literature of each period. Features Dr. Malcolm H. Preston, chairman of the Fine Arts Department of Hofstra College.
Illustrates tempo and character contrast between movements of cyclic forms like the sonata and suite with Beethoven's Fifth Symphony and C-Sharp Minor Piano Sonata. Examples of the episodic principle are from Mozart and Chopin.
What is the position of the Near Eastern countries today? Dr. Malik introduces the topic by describing why he feels education is so essential to their development. Theoretical values and general policies must be developed before specific problems can be attacked, such as the problems which Islam will have in adjusting to the modern world. It is no longer possible to return to pure Islam, free from the influences of the West, he believes. The Arab nations are anxious to become substantial, self-respecting members of the world community. They look for a leader who will give them direction and guidance without forcing them away from their traditional values. Of the revolutions which have upset the Arab world since the end World War II, Dr. Malik says these are usually due to circumstances which have become intolerable. At the end of the program, Dr. Malik presents a plea for understanding and toleration of the Arab community, as it attempts to establish itself in the modern world.
Charles Malik, President of the General Assembly of the United Nations and ambassador from Lebanon discusses criticism and truth in world diplomacy. He is joined by Dr. Richard Cottam, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh, and Mr. T.F.X. Higgins, Executive Director of the Foreign Policy Association of Pittsburgh.
While most chemical reactions take place almost immediately, there are some which can be made to occur after a timed delay. These are the so-called clock reactions. By varying the temperature or concentration of reactants, the delay can be shortened or lengthened in a striking manner.
The progress of sciences such as chemistry is due to the work of many great men. These men have made their mark in science by their curiosity and their efforts to understand natural laws. Some of these men and the fields in which they worked are: Sir Robert Boyle, properties of gases; Sir Isaac Newton, laws of motion; Antoine Lavoisier, analytical chemistry; Sir J. J. Thomson, discoverer of the electron; Jacobus von't Hoff, physical chemistry.
Changes in nature are classed as either physical or chemical changes. Examples of both types of changes are shown. Simple chemical reactions such as the burning of magnesium and phosphorous are demonstrated. Other, more complicated reactions include those of the decomposition and double displacement type.
The tale of the foolish little chicken who is hit on the head by an acorn and thinks the world is falling in is told by Poindexter and his friends. How "Chicken Little" nearly starts a panic among the animals until a sensible friend stops them is the story for today.
The Friendly Giant reads the book, Chicken Little, Count-to-ten, by Margaret Friskey, illustrated by Katherine Evans, and published by the Children's Press. After the story, Rusty shows how chickens drink. (WHA-TV) Kinescope.
Summarizes discussions in previous UNDERSTANDING THE CHILD films dealing with patterns and measurements of growth in children. Indicates the need for scientific knowledge in child rearing practices and how this knowledge is constantly changing. Discusses how changing attitudes toward habit training are affecting the approach to learning in the schools. (University of Michigan Television) Kinescope.
Tells the story of a day in the life of two boys and a girl living in a small Scottish fishing village as seen through their own eyes. The children are followed during the day as they walk through the village, buy fish, attend school and gather with other family members for meals. The highlight of the day is a trip aboard the father's fishing boat to a nearby town where on the children's tour they explore an old castle and here "through imagination" a Scottish Bagpipe band appears and briefly plays.
Points out character traits that are important to look for when evaluating a marriage partner. Stresses the importance of self-analysis, the possibility of making certain changes in oneself and fewer demands on other people, and accepting in a marriage partner those basic attributes which cannot be changed.
Discusses the influence of the president in picking vice-presidential nominees and the difficulties in getting able men to accept this nomination. Points out that candidates are most often selected to "balance the ticket" from the standpoint of geography as well as points of view on pertinent issues. Considers the "whys" behind the nomination of seven vice presidents who eventually became president.
Huyghens (HY-gunz) discovery that Saturn is surrounded by rings which look different on earth at different times led to considerable speculation as to the nature of the rings. Some scientists believed they were solid, others maintained they were made up of particles of matter, as is actually the case. Among Huyghens’ other discoveries was the triangular expanse on Mars (“Syrtis Major”), which may be an expanse of vegetation. He also invented a very fine eyepiece, still used by physicists, which overcomes color spread. And “Huyghens Principle” regarding light spread is also constantly in use. Despite early illness and his resulting weak constitution, Huyghens was able to make discoveries that have been inestimable use to scientists who came after him.
Discusses Christianity not only as ideology, but also as a historical religion, focusing upon Jesus. Surveys the human aspects of Jesus, and contrasts standards of values in the world with the teachings of Christ.
Discusses the special problems confronting the child with a chronic disorder such as hemophilia. Explains various types of chronic disorders and points out how social and emotional growth is complicated by a chronic illness. Tells how separation from parents and school, plus the medical treatment used, can bring on serious psychological problems. Stresses the importance of a wholesome relationship between the chronically ill child and his parents. Shows how educational training is provided for some children with chronic disorders. Features Dr. William Cruickshank of Syracuse University.
Ella's new stepmother discharges all the servants and forces Ella to wait on her and her two stepsisters and to sleep on the cinders. Ella's name is then changed to Cinder-Ella. When the Prince has a grand ball, Cinderella is not allowed to go. But her fairy godmother appears, giving her a beautiful coach, a beautiful new dress for the ball.
Discusses the two major aspects of the crime problem in the United States--police protection of citizens from crime and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through training schools and reformatories. Aspects of these problems are examined by police experts, criminologists, and others. Methods of operation used by the Chicago Police Department are evaluated; training schools are visited; and their methods are contrasted with community programs designed to keep the juvenile from ever becoming a criminal.
Deals with the complexities that result from increased traffic conditions such as turns, clearing intersections, choosing proper lanes, and pedestrian problems. Explains the effectiveness of courtesy in relation to positive and negative situations. Covers the restrictions and requirements of parking. (Cincinnati Public Schools and WCET) Kinescope.
The strict rules of classical ballet have been developed over the past five hundred years, and in this program Miss Myers demonstrates some of the basic principles, and the final applications of the traditions of this type of dance. Prints, drawings and photographs display the development of the traditions, and the three young students of the ballet demonstrate the essential positions and steps which every student must know. Maria Tallchief and Andre Eglevsky perform the pas de deux from “Swan Lake” and “Sylvia.” In addition, the opening of the program is a film clip of the corps de ballet of the Bolshoi Company dancing a scene from “Swan Lake.”
In this program, film sequences illustrate the steps in the prison separation and analysis technique, and an inmate tells of his experience with the classification system. Criminologist Joseph D. Lohman outlines the basic and conflicting ideas which underlie imprisonment, punishment and rehabilitation. Powers and Lohman
emphasize the need for professional personnel to implement the classification of prisoners and the importance of setting up programs to meet their individual needs.
Brushy, Susie-Q and Linda leave so much litter when they play in the park that the clean-up man has to stay late to tidy up after them. When the children realize that they are keeping him from a party, they correct their mistake and help clean up.
Discusses the weather of the United States and its effect on human comfort. Points out the nature of the country's agriculture as valuable bequests from our land. Shows how our climate differs from that of Alaska and Hawaii and the resulting differences in life and culture. (WOI-TV) Kinescope.
Dr. Golden reviews the historical development of worker organizations, the role of labor unions in society, and the general structure of union organizations. Examines and evaluates labor's concern for sound social institutions and new constructive efforts. (WQED) Kinescope.
Dynamics of Industrial Philosophy (1942), by Mr. Golden, is evaluated for use in the area of labor relations today. “How has militant unionism affected the acceptance of labor organizations?” “Are labor’s needs furthered by strike methods?” “What was the significance of the instigation of the 40 hour week?” “Is there democracy in unionism?” “What should be the qualities of a labor leader?” “How can labor reach a greater acceptance in our society?” These are some of the questions answered and discussed in this program. Mr. Golden makes a strong appeal for greater individual expression and participation by employers and union members in order to build a stronger growth policy and more workable system for labor negotiations in our time.
“The Responsibility of Unions in our Democracy,” “the choosing and training of labor leaders,” “educating the public to labor philosophies and policies,” and “the opportunities for growth and cooperation in labor relations” are points of discussion in this last of four programs with Clinton Golden. The spiraling of rising prices and rising wages, the union shop and wildcat strikes are critically examined by Mr. Golden and his guests. The progress of arbitration techniques and new constructive policies for labor relations are presented as a summarization for this series.
Why do children form clubs? Is this a step toward delinquency? Dr. Maria Piers describes children's needs to belong to group and how they learn about democracy from belonging to these smaller groups. She also describes the difference between a club and a gang.