Uses laboratory experiments to illustrate the size of atoms and molecules. Demonstrates the smallness of these particles by means of oil film on water and the passage of hydrogen through a clay cup. Shows models to point out the arrangement of atoms in forming molecules. Defines and explains molecular action.
Explains and illustrates the characteristics of the medium of theater art. Outlines the history and evolution of the stage platform. Discusses the functions of the stage and auditorium. Relates the actors and the audience to theater art. Presents theater art as a synthesis of a variety of fine arts.
Pictures Austria, an Alpine country of western Europe, against the rich background of its Colorful history, its cultural heritage, and its beautiful cities. Describes how it continues a traditional economy related to the mountains--lumbering, dairying, and tourism--but is developing a newer economy based on hydroelectric power, oil, steel, textiles, and chemicals.
Reports on survival--car design, highway simulation tests, and the "skid school" at the research center of the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company at Hopkinton, Massachusetts. Shows two cars designed to protect a driver from crash injuries--a research and a production model. Demonstrates the use of the highway simulator and delineates methods used in the skid school to train drivers to control skids.
Mr. Hoffer examines the role that works plays in self-esteem as well as the effects of growing automation upon this self-esteem. He comments on the basic human need in all societies, in every period of history, for self-realization. It is, he feels, the feeling of worth derived from productive activity whether it be manual labor or the creation of art, literature and philosophy. Mr. Hoffer points out that early science grew out of Western man’s conception of God as “a master scientist,” and that Leonardo da Vinci, for his art, investigated anatomy and became interested in science because he believed it was “God’s work.” He then traces the development of machines from early civilization to what he terms, “present day over-mechanization and automation.” Today’s fast-growing automation and shrinking labor market is turning early man’s dream of luxury and leisure into a nightmare. Unemployment among workers is outstripping the ability of today’s economy to supply jobs for the unskilled. Mr. Hoffer cites current unemployment figures and projects them into the future, commenting that “when man is cut off from the chance to exercise his skills, he loses his confidence, his joy for life, and his sense of worth. Where you have people without a sense of usefulness, you have a potentially explosive situation ideal for the growth of hatred, bigotry and racism.”
Shows a mother with her child in the doctor's office where the baby is examined and mother and doctor discuss feeding, use of vitamins, and general progress of the infant. Discuss the concept of child care that emphasizes guidance and prevention of problems rather than treatment of disease only.
Discusses the first weeks and months of a baby's life. Explains how the relationship of the parents to the infant affects his future development. Points out various pitfalls parents should be aware of including a let down on the part of the mother, jealousy that may develop between father and baby, and changes in attitude toward each other. Answers questions concerning the role of the father, bottle vs. breast feeding, colic, and self-demand vs. scheduled feeding. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Traces the various methods of propulsion. Explains the development of jet propulsion by the Chinese in 1232. Relates the history of the use of rocker power to the age of firearms. Shows how the rocket became an important weapon at sea because of the flammable nature of the ships. Surveys the actualities and dreams of rocketry throughout its development. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
Discusses the so called "bad" habits which many children acquire and ways which parents should cope with them. Points out that "bad" habits are a form of play to the child and should not be considered serious except in relationship to the age of the child and the extent to which they are practiced. Answers questions concerning the habits of thumb sucking, sexual play, head banging, and rocking in bed. (WTTW)
Describes the problem of reducing the effect of gravity on humans. Discusses the sense of sight, balance, position, and touch and how they will be affected by upper air travel. Describes the construction of the inner ear and the way in which it affects our sense of balance. (New Mexico College of A. & M.A.) Film.
The grace and beauty of bamboo—familiar subject to all Japanese artists—is captured by T. Mikami as he teaches hos to draw bamboo as it appears on a windy day, starting with the truck, then the slender branches , and finally the leaves. Mr. Mikami also paints bamboo as it appears in the rain and in the snow.
Presents the characteristics, history, and applications of the binary system and emphasizes the basic principles of base and place in our system of numeration. Shows how numbers are represented in the binary system, its relationship to electronic digital computers, and how business applies the binary system through the use of Keysort cards. Mentions specific applications and sketches the historical contribution of Leibniz and Harriot to the binary system. Demonstrates the importance of base and place in our number system. Shows such functions as the role of ten and checking for the transposition of digits through division by nine. Features Phillip S. Jones.
In this second program Mr. Ruml, Professor Rudick and Dr. Morrison discuss education and the liberal college, the liberal element in universities, science in a liberal education, teachers and teacher training, “The Picture Method,” monetary support of universities , the student and his work load, teachers’ salaries, teacher recruiting, quality in teachers and students and problems of college admission.
Fignewton Frog (puppet) and Dora (person) tell a story about a bat named Beatrice who buys a beautiful necklace but gets sick due to trying to sleep right-side-up so as to keep the necklace on. Gives basic information about bats and enforces the idea that sleep is important.
Describes the work of the newspaper reporter. Joins the Police Reporter on his regular beat, and covers a feature story at the zoo. Through an interview with the Managing Editor, indicates that a newspaper does more for its readers than reporting news. (KETC) Kinescope.
Tells and illustrates the Japanese legend of a man who roamed the streets of Kyoto at night and took men's swords. He meets his match, however, and ends up the servant of another man. Demonstrates the brush painting techPiques used in painting Benkei and the man who defeats him.
Presents an overview of best sellers of the 20th century and analyzes the continuities and contrasts in the literary tastes of the American public. Notes the persistency of "how-to" books, from those describing short-cuts to financial success to those on religious topics. Examines the concept of reading for escape and the ways in which it has changed over the years.
There are different types of pollen. Bees gather pollen. Mr. Robinson provides sketches of Betsy, a honeybee, who gets hay fever from one kind of pollen. She gathers pollen from another source and becomes the best pollen gathering bee in a contest.
Shows how various viruses fit between the largest non-living molecule and the smallest unit of life. Uses models to explain the organization of various kinds of molecules and viruses. Reviews the first experiment in which a virus was isolated, purified, and crystallized. Concludes with a discussion on the importance of viruses in the understanding of all living matter.
Outlines the discovery of the first six elements beyond uranium. Describes the discovery of neptunium and demonstrates the significant experiment showing that plutonium undergoes fission with slow neutrons. Discusses the modification of the Periodic Table resulting from the discovery of these new elements. Indicates the importance of some of the new elements by demonstrating a chain reaction and explaining the operation of an atomic power plant.
Demonstrates how scientists and mathematicians write and use very large and very small numbers. Illustrates the meaning, application, and importance of exponents and powers. Explains "perfect numbers" as an example of man's continual fascination with numbers and introduces Euclid's formula for finding such numbers. Features Phillips S. Jones.
Dr. Gould introduces Oscar, his stuffed Emperor penguin, which he brought home from the first Byrd Expedition in 1930. Using Oscar as an example, Eklund discusses Antarctic penguins. Eklund, one of the world’s foremost authorities on the Skua, a special type of Antarctic bird, narrates films of his work with this bird. Lastly, the two men discuss seals and show films of seal branding in Antarctica. It is noted that a biology program has been added to the sciences to be explored under the scientific program USARP (US Antarctic Research Project), which is, on a limited scale, continuing the scientific exploration of Antarctica, following the completion of IGY.
With the sparrow as the main subject of this fourth program, T. Mikami teaches the few simple strokes involved in painting this little bird. First he paints the sparrow sitting on a rambling branch, then on the ground feeding. He stresses the Japanese technique of painting birds in their natural setting and paints samples of a few birds common in Japan.
Hand puppets with lively personalities tell this original story by Tom Tichenor of Blossom Possum, who forgets where she puts things. When she receives a phone call from Grandma Rabbit, she can't find the phone. Grandma asks Blossom Possum to hurry over with the hot water bottle, and Blossum Possum has trouble remembering where she put it. When Blossom arrives at Grandma's she forgets who is ill and puts the wrong person in bed. Blossom returns home to put her three children to bed but has forgotten where she put the littlest one. Lots of fun for the youngsters in this story with a comedy of errors.
Breezes can move boats across water, lift kits to the sky and dry clothes. Dora tells a story, illustrated by shadow puppets of a little breeze called Blower who didn't want to play with his bigger rough friends. Instead, he sets out to make friends of his own, by drying clothes, taking a boy's kite into the air and by sailing some boats across a pond.
Shows the life of a ten-year-old Amarya Indian boy living with his family on the Altiplano in Bolivia. Explains that the boy asks the household wish god to help him get a truck. Follows the boy as he goes with his father to La Paz to get his truck. Shows modern buildings and streets, contrasting them with those of the past. Describes the dreams of the young boy as he returns to his poor farmhouse. Shows the primitive farming methods on the Altiplano and the boy's mother spinning wool. Illustrates through the temple ruins at Tiahuanaca the ancient culture of the people.
Relates criminal behavior to the lack of psychological controls on energies and impulses. Uses a modified Freudian approach to trace the development of the psychic. Explains the functions of the super-ego, the ego and the ego ideal. (KQED) Kinescope.
Branch Rickey discusses the development of baseball during his lifetime. He explains his viewpoint toward amateur and professional status in sports, and eligibility rules in college athletics; traces the development of the farm system and his role in its development; and reviews his education, ideals, family, and recalls personalities during his career.
Branch Rickey discusses some of the men he has known as a result of his career in baseball. With him during this discussion are sportswriter Arthur Mann, Rickey's biographer, and Kenneth Blackburn, his secretary.
Discusses the political history of Brazil and her relations with the U.S. Considers Brazilian art, economic problems and potentialities, and the role of U.S. business in Brazil. A photo series presents the land and the people. (WTTW) Kinescope.
Explains the factors involved in earth movement. Shows the mechanics whereby rock may be folded and bent. Points out the relationship of erosion to the breaking and bending of the earth's crust in forming land features.
Discusses and illustrates some principles that can be applied in the breaking of habits with specific application to smoking and alcoholism. Points out that to break a habit, one must know what needs the habit satisfies, must have a strong urge to break it, and must practice the new ways of satisfying the needs formerly satisfied by the habit. (KOMU-TV) Kinescope.
Tells the story of Fort Mackinac on Mackinac Island, Michigan and its role in the War of 1812. Explains how the island got its name. Outlines the events which led to the War of 1812 and its mutually unprofitable consequences.
Depicts Michael McClure, an experimental poet who has written in many styles, and Brother Antoninus, a Dominican lay brother who is distinguished as a poet because of his unique combination of poetry reading and dramatic encounters with his audiences. Touches upon McClure's use of hallucinogenic experimental system of developing poetry through the use of words printed on cards which are shuffled to create poems at random. Places the viewer in the audience during one of Brother Antoninus' celebrated readings.
Brushy learns to adapt to a changing environment when he finds out that he can help with his new baby brother. At first he sees the baby as no fun at all. But when mother asks him to help her fix the baby's carriage, he learns that he can be of help.
Uses laboratory experiments to explain how a new theory in science replaces an old one. Relates the method used by Count Rumford to disprove the caloric theory of heat. Features Dr. Sanborn Brown, Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (WGBH-TV) Kinescope.
Tells the early history of the lead industry in what is now Dubuque, Iowa. Talks about location and distribution of other mineral resources in the Old Northwest Territory. Explains how Julien Dubuque established contracts with the Indians and Spanish government to start the lead industry along the Mississippi.
The circus is a glorious mixture of many different acts, and the circus crowd is a glorious mixture of many different kinds of people with greatly varied taste. For some, the antics of the clowns are the most memorable parts of the show; for others, the grace and daring of the aerialists draw the loudest cheers; and there are some to whom the massive, lumbering elephants are the circus’s most exciting offering. This program is about the elephants (dubbed “bulls” in circus jargon). It also looks at two other important circus animals; the bears and the chimpanzees.