Describes the importance of industrial research in satisfying consumer needs and meeting competition. Shows through animation the large expenditure of time and money that has gone into the development of nylon, as well as into unsuccessful attempts to develop new products.
Uses common everyday examples of the effects of humidity to introduce and explain this idea. Shows Kay, an attractive teenager, and her adventures with a violin, a stuck drawer, and drying off at the pool as these processes are influenced by the humidity. Animates an explanation of dew, relative humidity, and dew point. Shows and explains several weather instruments for measuring humidity.
Lecture delivered by Ezelle Sanford III, PhD (Assistant Professor, Department of History, Carnegie Mellon University) on September 30, 2022. This event is a part of the IUPUI Center for Africana Studies and Culture's "Black Health Equity Speaker Series" and was cosponsored by the IUPUI Medical Humanities and Health Studies program and the John Shaw Billings History of Medicine Society. Includes an introduction by Leslie Etienne (Founding Executive Director of the Center for Africana Studies and Culture and Director of Africana Studies Program, IUPUI).
Shows the pre-game and half-time maneuvers of the Indiana University Marching Band during two of the 1960 home football games. The band is seen in pre-game activities for the Marquette game and the half-time activities at the Northwestern game. Depicts the combined high school bands' performance during the 1960 Band Day.
The excitement of the Gold Rush is in this show; the feverish travel across the country to find treasure, and the life of the prospectors. Bash shows the methods of mining with rocker and with gold pan, and then goes on film to visit Columbia, California, where rich strikes of gold were made. An old prospector takes her to the river and shows her how he extracts gold by rocker and pan, equipment which is as good now as it was then. Songs include “I Wish I Were Single” and “Clementine.”
The architects of the European Coal and Steel Community considered ECSC, not an end in itself, but the first step toward eventual European unity to be realized through the establishment of a common market for all goods. This program traces the successive steps that resulted in the establishment, in 1957, of the Common Market and Euratom. The major economic aims of the Common Market (the abolition of internal trade restrictions, and the establishment of an external common tariff among the six participating nations) are illustrated through the use of animated graphics.
Topic of discussion on this program is the actual organization of the major parties. Our lecturer considers the national characteristics of parties as opposed to the idea that each of them is a conglomeration of local political machines. He concludes with a look at the role the private citizen can and does play in party organization.
The desert plains of central Idaho bore silent witness to many events in history – the coming of the Oregon Trail, the wars between the whites and the Indians, the events of the Old West, Today they are witnessing a change that is far more important – the coming of atomic power. On the lava plains of central Idaho is the National Reactor Testing Station, famous for “firsts” in nuclear energy. Here electricity was first generated from atomic energy and atomic power first was used to light a town. Principles of nuclear submarine propulsion were worked out in “a ship on the desert” in Idaho. “Challenge” visits the National Reactor Testing Station to look at a power plant of the future, a reactor that makes more nuclear fuel than it consumes. The principle is not perpetual motion. This reactor takes the part of uranium that is not fissionable fuel (more than 99 per cent of the total) and converts it into plutonium, a man made element that is a good nuclear fuel. Because the reactor “breeds” plutonium it is called a “breeder” reactor – Experimental Breeder Reactor-II. How this breeding is accomplished, and how fuel for EBR-II is fabricated by remote control, is explained in this program.
When Britain applied for membership in the Common Market, the move represented a dramatic change in Britain's traditional concept of world politics. This program explores the implications of this reversal, some of the problems attendant on British membership, and the reactions of some British leaders to the move. All six of the Common Market nations publicly welcomed the British application for membership. Negotiations began in 1961, with teams of experts seeking solutions to the problems the application raised. The major problem arose from Britain's imperial past. As the Empire evolved into the present Commonwealth, close and mutually beneficial trading patterns were established between Britain and the Commonwealth nations. The Imperial (or Commonwealth) Preference system permits member countries to sell their goods to Britain at either very low duties or without duties at all. Should Britain simply join the Common Market under present circumstances, she would have to apply the Common Market's external tariff to Commonwealth imports --a situation that would be displeasing to all parts of the Commonwealth. Another area of British concern is that of the economic future of Britain's EFTA partners. And from the British point of view, the political implications of Common Market membership raise another question. The member nations' sovereign power to make decisions, in certain instances, will be transferred to a supranational body. This loss of sovereignty, to some Britishers, presents a grave stumbling block.
A few years ago history was made at the United States Atomic Energy Commission’s Argonne National Laboratory where this program was filmed. This is the story of the dedicated research scientists whose search for truth ended a fallacy in chemistry which had existed for more than half a century. Although their efforts were not as exciting as the discovery that the world was round and not flat, the scientists at Argonne disproved that a group of elements called “inert gases” would not react with other elements to form compounds. This is not to imply that these elements – helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon – did not have utility. Helium is the gas used to send balloons aloft. Neon, argon, and krypton are used in light bulbs: xenon in high speed photographic cells; and radon in medical therapy to irradiate cancer cells. What the Argonne scientists investigated was the atomic structure of these elements. For years it had been falsely believed that the electrons within these elements could not combine with electrons within the atoms of other elements. Following a report of Canadian scientists, the researchers at Argonne found that, instead of picking up electrons from other atoms, some of these so-called “inert gases” actually gave up electrons when combined with other elements. Using Krypton, xenon, and radon, in separate experiments, the Argonne scientists succeeded in making compounds which previously were unheard of. In fact, they also found at least one xenon compound for which they weren’t looking. This was xenon trioxide, a powerful explosive, made from xenon and oxygen. Many new uses will doubtless be found for these new compounds, according to the scientists. One might be the use of xenon tetrafluoride to store large quantities of fluorine as an oxidizing agent in rocket fuel.
In this program, Criminologist Joseph D. Lohman charts the growth and increasing complexity of the crime problem which has accompanied the development of an urban, industrial culture in the U.S. He shows a corresponding inadequacy in the control and treatment of crime and criminals. An interviewed inmate points out these inadequacies and the need for individual treatment, which is pointed out by Harrison and Lohman, also. Harrison notes that differences in crimes and criminals indicate needs for individual treatment.
Mary Roach has been called “America’s funniest science writer” and has written six New York Times bestsellers including "Stiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers" (2003), "Bonk: The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex" (2008), and "Gulp: Adventures on the Alimentary Canal" (2013). In conversation with Bill Sullivan, professor at Indiana University School of Medicine and the author of "Pleased to Meet Me: Genes, Germs, and the Curious Forces That Make Us Who We Are" (2019), Mary shares some of the most bizarre and fascinating things she’s uncovered about medical history during her research and writing projects.
This event was co-sponsored by the John Shaw Billings History of Medicine Society;
IUSM Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology; IUSM Department of Anatomy,
Cell Biology & Physiology; IUSM History of Medicine Student Interest Group; and
the Ruth Lilly Medical Library.
Lecture presented by Ericka Johnson (Professor of Gender and Society, Linköping University, Sweden) on October 27, 2021. This event was sponsored by the John Shaw Billings History of Medicine Society, IU School of Medicine History of Medicine Student Interest Group, IUPUI Medical Humanities & Health Studies Program, and the Ruth Lilly Medical Library.
The prostate is the source of physical suffering and anxiety – anxiety about cancer and death, of course, but also erections and urination. It is intimately intertwined with what it means to be a man. Drawing on historical and modern sources, interviews with doctors and patients, medical texts, and cultural images of the prostate, Dr. Johnson's talk examines the history of prostate treatments, how it is treated today, what patients are met by when they seek care, and what medical technologies (including the PSA test) do to men worried about their prostate health. Her research stems from an interdisciplinary, medical humanities project conducted at Linköping University, Sweden.
Tells the story of a typical American family, and how they use Thanksgiving Day as the occasion to review the freedoms and privileges which they enjoy in their everyday living under the American way of life. Shows how they come to remember that they have much more to be thankful for than just the usual symbols associated with Thanksgiving Day.
A second-grader's experiences during a day without numbers cause him to want to study arithmetic and to realize the value of numbers in his everyday living. All the class but Bob enjoy arithmetic. When a puppet with magic powers offers Bob a day without numbers, he gladly leaves the classroom with the puppet. A series of frustrating experiences caused by the magical disappearance of numbers, such as the disruption of an exciting baseball game, results in Bob's gladly returning to the classroom and the study of arithmetic.
In this episode, Dr. Smith, Jr., explains the relationship between language and culture. He points out that there is no such thing as a “primitive” language; all languages have the same amount of history behind them. He reveals why all languages are about equally complex, and discusses language patterns and how they affect the learning of a language.
Lecture delivered by Chris Flook (Public Historian; Senior Lecturer of Media, Ball State University) on September 22, 2023. In fall of 1902, Indianapolis police detectives uncovered a massive graverobbing ring. That summer, ghoulish body snatchers had plundered Marion County cemeteries for fresh corpses and sold them to medical colleges as cadavers. This presentation, based on Flook’s book, "Indianapolis Graverobbing: A Syndicate of Death," explores this history, the state’s anatomy laws at the time, and the trials of those involved.
This event was sponsored by the John Shaw Billings History of Medicine Society, IU School of Medicine History of Medicine Student Interest Group, IUPUI Medical Humanities & Health Studies Program, and the Ruth Lilly Medical Library.
This program is a summary and conclusion of the course. Dr. Smith first briefly hits highlights of the major religions. Then he discusses some of the attitudinal changes that may have resulted from the course.
This film demonstrates the many ways in which Indiana University is a home away from home for the thousands of students that attend each year. The introduction to IU begins with informational pamphlets and brochures that students receive at home, and continues as soon as they set foot on campus to explore all that IU student life has to offer.
Bowen Potter, Angela, Beckman, Emily, Hartsock, Jane A.
Lecture delivered by Angela Bowen Potter, PhD (Medical Humanities Program Coordinator, Purdue University); Emily S. Beckman, DMH (Assistant Professor for Medical Humanities and Health Studies, IUPUI); and Jane A. Hartsock, JD, MA (Visiting Assistant Professor of Medical Humanities and Health Studies, IUPUI) on October 2, 2017.
Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy is a four-volume anatomical atlas published between 1937 and 1963, and it is generally believed to be the most comprehensive, detailed, and accurate anatomy textbook ever created. However, a 1997 investigation into “Pernkopf’s Atlas,” raised troubling questions regarding the author’s connection to the Nazi regime and the still unresolved issue of whether its illustrations relied on Jewish or other political prisoners, including those executed in Nazi concentration camps. Following this investigation, the book was removed from both anatomy classrooms and library bookshelves. A debate has ensued over the book’s continued use, and justification for its use has focused on two issues: (1) there is no definitive proof the book includes illustrations of concentration camp prisoners or Jewish individuals in particular, and (2) there is no contemporary equivalent to this text. However, both points fail to address the central importance of the book, not simply as part of anatomy instruction, but also as a comprehensive historical narrative with important ethical implications.
Lecture delivered by Emily S. Beckman, DMH (Director and Assistant Professor, Medical Humanities and Health Studies, IUPUI) and Jane A. Hartsock, JD, MA (Director of Clinical Ethics, Indiana University Health) on March 19, 2021. This event was sponsored by the John Shaw Billings History of Medicine Society, IU School of Medicine History of Medicine Student Interest Group, IUPUI Medical Humanities & Health Studies Program, and the Ruth Lilly Medical Library.
Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy is a four-volume anatomical atlas published between 1937 and 1963, and it is generally believed to be the most comprehensive, detailed, and accurate anatomy textbook ever created. However, a 1997 investigation into “Pernkopf’s Atlas” raised troubling questions regarding the author’s connection to the Nazi regime and the still unresolved issue of whether its illustrations relied on Jewish or other political prisoners, including those executed in Nazi concentration camps. Following this investigation, the book was removed from both anatomy classrooms and library bookshelves. Having encountered a first edition copy at the Ruth Lilly Medical Library, these authors were given a unique opportunity to engage with the text through the respective humanities lenses of history, ethics, and narrative. In this talk, Beckman and Hartsock recount the difficult and somewhat opaque provenance of this book, engage the ethical questions surrounding both its creation and its use, and ultimately propose a pedagogical methodology for its continued use in medical education.
Presents two- and three-year-old children in their daily activities at a nursery school. Shows them imitating adults in their play, expressing hostility, responding to rhythm, learning to wash and dress themselves, eating, and taking an afternoon nap. Reveals how they learn about nature and life in the spring by discovering and examining living things. Points out that by the time they are four they become more social and begin to play in groups.
Follows the activities of two- and three-year-old children through the nursery-school day and through the seasons of the year. Shows ways in which teachers offer help, by setting limits and by giving support and encouragement; and indicates in playroom and playground scenes the variety and suitability of play equipment for natural and constructive activity.
Presents the spontaneous activities of four- and five-year-old children and what they find interesting in their world. Shows the four-year-olds mastering their familiar world through vigorous group play, sensory pleasure, make-believe, and use of materials and words. Presents five-year-olds as entering the more formalized, enlarging world of older children--playing games with simple rules, seeking facts, wondering, and using letters and numbers. Points out that teachers should follow the lead of the child's curiosity and should provide the child with activities that will prepare him for later instruction.
Observes six-, seven-, and eight-year old children at play and in school and emphasizes that children's play activities with their adherence to the rules, rituals, and regulations which have been established have changed little over the years. Points out the desire of this age group to have close identification with a peer group and its activities as they become less dependent on parents.
Illustrates aircraft control in the crowded air lanes between New York and London. Explains the development of mathematical formulas to evaluate the present risk of collision between aircraft and the anticipated risk if the distance between air lanes is narrowed. Shows a ship collecting data on the position of all aircraft flying the Atlantic and two mathematicians explaining the probability of collision and its calculation.
Teaching Film Custodians abridged classroom version of 'The Cavalcade of America' television series episode, "A Message From Garcia", which originally aired January 18th, 1955 on ABC-TV. This film dramatizes the exploits and heroism of US Military 1st Lt. Andrew Rowan in Cuba, on the eve of the Spanish-American War. Braving a journey with rebels through the Cuban jungles, risking capture and execution by Spanish troops, Lt. Rowan joined General Calixto García, commander of the rebel forces in eastern Cuba, to assess the strength, efficiency, movements and general military situation. This information, reported by Lt. Rowan, enabled an American troops landing almost entirely without casualties, to join in the liberation of their Cuban allies. Lt. Rowan returns home with a strange message from Garcia.
The French horn, capable of producing melody, and the piano, a percussion instrument able to produce symphonic effects, are instruments which contrast with each other and blend exquisitely. To illustrate this musical partnership the program features John Barrows, French horn, and Vera Brodsky, piano. This film deals with the blending and contrasting of voices in composition and Mr. Barrows points out how composers have capitalized on this partnership.
Describes the ways in which a newspaper brings information and service to a community and traces a news story and advertisement from their beginnings to their publication in the paper. Follows the reporting of the arrival of a baby elephant for the city zoo and shows the step-by-step process including the writing, editing, typesetting, proofing, printing, and delivery of the paper in which the story appears. Shows the variety of news sources, special features, and services the newspaper must use each day. | Shows how the daily newspaper is published and explains the work of each department.
Explains that diversity is part of the Protestant tradition and belief. States that although there is no single Protestant view, it is the Protestant heritage to drive toward excellence in education. Notes that any Protestant view holds that some appropriate way must be found of teaching in schools, that man does not live by bread alone, and that God exists and is sovereign. Feature personality is Merrimon Cunninggim, director of the Danforth Foundation in St. Louis.
In a Catholic school the realities of God and Christ, the guidance, teaching and influences of the Church, the Christian ideals are presupposed and within this framework all physical and intellectual disciplines have their place. Includes scenes of an elementary classroom. Features Dean Robert J. Henie, S.J., of St. Louis University. (kinescope)
Describes the many safety rules applicable to the industrial arts shop. Shows such measures as the use of proper clothing, goggles, and shields; the spacing of work areas; the use of tools; the disposal of waste; and the storage of lumber and inflammable liquids. refers to the safe use of power tools, the care of electrical equipment, and proper conduct in the shop. Concludes with a review of the principal safety precautions.
Discusses methods of controlling nuclear testing. Outlines the obligation of the United States in assuming leadership in the control of such testing. Points out possible effects of continued tests. Makes suggestions concerning what can be done by various groups to diminish the dangers posed by continued testing of nuclear weapons. Features Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday Review.
Bash compares the chores children have today with those children had a few generations ago as members of a pioneer family. She describes a typical day and tells of the work the family members do and their entertainment. Lillian Patterson performs the imaginary dreams of a pioneer child. Songs include “Pony Lullaby” and “Springfield Mountain.”
Dance is a universal experience, and Miss Myers introduces the series with paintings, sculptures and film clips showing ethnic dances throughout history and the world. Following this, she presents the three major forms of dance – ethnic, ballet, and modern. To illustrate these, the Ximenez-Vargas Company performs two European ethnic dances. They are followed by Melissa Hayden and Jacques D’Amboise, who execute a 17th century court dance, the predecessor of pure classical ballet which is represented by the pas de deux from The Nutcracker Suite. As the French court and manners of the 17th century affected later ballet, so today’s social developments and conditions affect modern dance. Daniel Negrin performs an illustrative dance satire to introduce the audience to forms of the modern dance.
Teaching Film Custodians abridged classroom version of an episode of the DuPont sponsored Cavalcade of America television series (season 2, episode 6), "A Time to Grow", which aired November 3, 1953 on ABC-TV. This historical drama recreates the circumstances leading up to the 1803 purchase of the Louisiana Territory by Robert Livingston and James Monroe, American Commissioners to Paris, for 15 million dollars. An offer to purchase the Port of New Orleans from France is opposed by Joseph Bonaparte and Maurice Talleyrand. Napoleon later orders Talleyrand to sell the entire Louisiana Territory. But Talleyrand, in an attempt to prevent the transfer of the territory from French control, sets a price he believed the American Commissioners could not possibly accept.
Uses animated photography of models and other photographic techniques to take an imaginary trip to the moon. Shows the comparative sizes of the earth and moon and plots the moon's orbit around the earth. Reveals much detail about the moon as the rocket ship nears the destination of its imaginary trip.
Traces the history of computer development from the first mechanical calculators to ENIAC, the first electronic computer. Explains in lay terms how a modern digital computer stores both data and instructions in number form.
A city boy visits a real western ranch for the first time and sees cowboys rounding up, roping, and riding horses; watches cowmen roping and branding calves; meets a fence rider at work; helps to shoe and feed horses; and attends a rodeo. For primary and middle grades.
Demonstrates the role of perception in handling the processing information from the environment and the way in which our personalities affect our perception. Reviews the research of Dr. Herman Witkin of the State University of New York Medical Center, Dr. Eleanor Gibson of Cornell University, and Dr. Richard D. Walk of George Washington University.
Discusses the transition in art from realism to the abstract. Explains the reasons underlying abstract and non-objective painting. Demonstrates important points with illustrations drawn in chalk and paint. Uses prints of abstract painting to clarify and develop a greater understanding of the artist's interpretation. (WQED) Kinescope.
Discusses abstract art and the elements in a machine society which have furthered its development. Discusses the influences of Cezanne, the cubists, and the futurists. Uses charcoal drawings to distinguish expressionistic from geometric abstraction.