Focuses on the life of French filmmaker Abel Gance and examines his contributions to the motion picture industry. Explains that Gance pioneered such film techniques as polyvision and the use of the picturegraph and the picturescope. Illustrates these techniques through excerpts from some of his films, including Napoleon and J'Accuse.
Documents the tragic poverty of families in the southern mountains, the poor land, the lack of proper diet, inadequate housing, absence of sanitation, and the complete lack of adaptation of the school program to the local situation. Related title: "The children must learn"
Strout, Toby (Writer, Producer); Schwibs, Susanne (script); Sumpter, Wally (Director); Arnove, Robert (Producer); Michael Luhan(Producer);
Documents the political issues and diverse views of the people of Nicaragua during the period surrounding the elections of 1984; the first elections held since the overthrow of the Somoza regime. Sampling the campaigns of seven contending political parties, several major issues surface repeatedly and dominate debate: the direction of national reconstruction, changing social roles and responsiblities (particularly of women and young people), the war with the Contras, economic conditions, the makeup of the electoral process, and the conduct of the election itself.
Tells how Johnny and the noted Australian scientist, David Fleay, embark on a trip to capture a platypus. Shows the method of capture and close-ups of the animal, and reveals Mr. Fleay's success in breeding them in captivity. Illustrates the teacher's use of Johnny's experience to present the animal's characteristics and to urge its conservation.
Describes the arts and crafts of the Bakuba people of the Congo and briefly describes other aspects of their culture. Indicates the probable origin of the Bakuba in northern Africa. Pictures weaving, embroidery, tattooing, and making of statuary. Shows trinkets used to decorate costumes and presents details of the most ornate costume of the hereditary king.
Uses the activities of a farmer, his wife, and nine children living in the Alpine country of southern Austria as an example of a cooperative family enterprise. Shows members of the family participating in the harvest and other farm activities of late summer and early fall. Includes scenes of lumbering, sheep shearing, a funeral at a sixteenth century church, the children's school in session, and a village dance.
Pictures and describes the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition in 1954. Traces the route of the expedition and follows the ship which took the men and supplies to the various scientific stations. Shows details of the ship going through the pack ice. Pictures in detail the trip to and establishment of the new scientific station on the Antarctic continent.
Discusses the two major aspects of the crime problem in the United States--police protection of citizens from crime and rehabilitation of juvenile offenders through training schools and reformatories. Aspects of these problems are examined by police experts, criminologists, and others. Methods of operation used by the Chicago Police Department are evaluated; training schools are visited; and their methods are contrasted with community programs designed to keep the juvenile from ever becoming a criminal.
Shows children in Brooklyn's Bedford-Stuyvesant section learning about their African heritage through classroom activities and "digs" in vacant lots and urban renewal areas to locate artifacts linking them to their 19th century ancestors. Explains that under "Project Weeksville" the black children are piecing together the history and organization of this self-sufficient black community which existed in the early 1800s. Examines how the Bedford- Stuyvesant residents held off white raiders during the Draft Riot of 1863.
Presents an investigative report on the political, economic, and social development in Kenya and Tanzania, including an extensive interview with Tanzanian President Julius K. Nyerere. Observes that under Kenya's President Kenyatta the capitalistic system of business and trade is largely controlled by foreign investors which has led to increased unemployment and poverty. Explains that in Tanzania people are working together toward socialism as outlined by the Arusha Declaration and foreign investors must invest their profits in Tanzania so that Tanzanians may benefit.
Illustrates Eskimo family life in western Alaska. Shows the primitive methods the women follow to obtain fish through the ice, how men trap fish and prepare to hunt seals, their means of transportation, and the family making its meal on raw meat. Concludes with an Eskimo dance.
A comparison of family life in France, Japan, India, and Canada. How each family treats and cares for a year-old baby. Mother-child relationships, feeding and bathing the child. Anthropologist Margaret Mead discusses how the upbringing of a child contributes to distinctive national characteristics.
Compares the daily activities of four elementary teachers from Japan, Poland, Puerto Rico, and Canada. Presents facts about each teacher's personality, classroom techniques, facilities available for use in the classroom, student-teacher relationships, salaries, home life, status in the community, and the importance of education in each of the countries. Between sequences, discussion of pertinent problems in education is carried on by a Montreal teacher, Glenna Reid; a Toronto professor, John R. Seeley; and the film's producer-commentator, Gordon Burwash.
Condensed version of "Gift of Choice" episode of Population Problem. Reports on experiments being carried out to determine the factors controlling pregnancies both to aid those who want children and to control fertility for those who want to limit family size.
Mary L. De Give, Margaret Cussler, Social Documentary Films
Shows the Hopi Indian as a farmer, herder, craftsman, and trader. Pictures how difficult it is for him to live on the desert, especially with some of the government controls. Gives the Indian a chance to speak about his problems in education, place in American society, and means of making a living.
This film, designed primarily for members of the medical, nursing and allied hospital professions, portrays an experiment in maternity care which is being conducted in the obstretical division of St. Mary's Hospital, Evansville, Indiana.
This is an excerpt showing one segment of episode 117. Presents critical comments and views of Asian scholar and war correspondent, Bernard B. Fall. Discusses the nature of the war in Vietnam, its effect upon the people, and the possibility of a practical solution. Includes taped comments.
The effectiveness of the African medicine man or “witch doctor” has been a subject of much speculation among the lay public and professional medical men for many years. In this program a Western physician investigates the work of “witch doctors” in Nigeria. The viewer is shown actual “healing” sessions and sees the results of what many doctors believe is mass hypnosis induced in his patients by the “witch doctor.” Nigerian physicians and psychiatrists give their explanations of the healing phenomenon.
Twentieth Century Fund, Ben Grauer, E. Tourville, Sid Abel, Irving Rusinow
Studies the people and the problems of Megalopolis, the heavily populated northeastern seaboard of the United States from southern New Hampshire to northern Virginia. Identifies problems resulting from dense population which affects transportation, communication, government, and air and water pollution. Identifies the need for better future planning. Based on survey "Megalopolis: the urbanized Northeastern seaboard of the United States" by Professor Jean Gottmann, University of Paris.
Part of episode 221 of PBL. Studies the widespread and often erroneous notions about welfare recipients. Presents the fallacy that many people on welfare could work if they wanted to. Reveals that 90 percent of all welfare recipients are young children or are aged, blind, or totally disabled. Attempts, through interviews, to give a view of welfare life. Shows segments of the hearings of the President's Commission on Income Maintenance.
Segment from episode 20 of Black Journal. Points out that discrimination within labor unions restricts minority membership, thus perpetuating the existing power structure. Notes that minorities in the New York local of the Transport Workers Union are trying to overcome discrimination by forming their own union. Indicates that although the TWU organizes on Transit Authority property, other groups are not allowed to do so.
Dr. St. Clair Drake states that the middle class is not only based on the economy, but is a way of life. Black middle and upper classes parallel those of the whites, yet he is "still a brother" and without a "mental revolution" will never escape the bonds of prejudice.
One segment from episode 119 of PBL. Describes the campaign to save Illinois' archaeological sites from urban and industrial expansion. Interviews Stuart Struever, archaeology professor at Northwestern University, who explains the significance of the sites. Shows Struever and others surveying and digging at sites. Ends with the suggestion that the area's heritage could be saved with the help of others.
Explores the underlying reasons for alcohol abuse, the third largest health problem after heart disease in the United States. Shows that drinking is linked to sexual interests, the desire to relax or to overcome loneliness, and discusses lack of uniform state and local laws regulating use of alcohol. Interviews experts such as Maurice Chafetz who advocates removal of age barriers for drinking which would remove the attraction that such a taboo creates.
Focuses upon actress Ingrid Thulin and producer-director Ingmar Bergman. Shows Miss Thulin at home and at work as she comments upon the acting profession in Sweden. Presents background to the development of Bergman. Contains scenes from some of his work, including "Winter Light" in which Miss Thulin played the leading female part.
Presents Arnold Toynbee, an historian, and James Beveridge, the film producer, discussing the common bonds of the four major faiths: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. Toynbee and Presents Arnold Toynbee, an historian, and James Beveridge, the film producer, discussing the common bonds of the four major faiths: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity. Toynbee and Beveridge briefly discuss and analyze how the religions differ and how they agree. Uses narrated film segments of actual religious ceremonies and observances to provide illustrations on how the four religions give meaning to Christ, and Toynbee's opinion that as the world moves closer together, the individual will have greater choice in selecting a religion to meet his needs, rather than a choice based primarily on culture.
This film shows a typical day at the Exchange Home near the Speech and Hearing Center at Indiana University. Founded in 1938, it is named after the Exchange Clubs of Indiana, which provided funding for the home. The Exchange Home is a two story residence that includes a kitchen, dining rooms, laundry room, play room, TV lounge, and bedrooms for 25 children. A house mother and students majoring in speech and hearing live in the Exchange Home with the children.
Examines the problem of the individual in a complex society. Analyzes how various aspects of American life satisfy man's need for self-identification. Assesses the impact of government planning on individual initiative and community identification and examines the problems of people living in urban renewal projects. Points out how the Polaroid Corporation deals with the suppression of individuality in industry and how a steel corporation treated an executive who expressed personal opinions.
Surveys the need for redevelopment of American cities and the forces which have created problems in urban areas; describes obstacles which deter the elimination of blighted areas and tenements and the relief of traffic congestion. Includes scenes of St. Louis in 1890, and of present-day housing and building programs in Baltimore, Chicago, Philadelphia, and Pittsburgh.
Indicates that a suicide attempt is a cry for help, sympathy, and understanding--all of which can be handled by the suicide clinic. Indicates that most suicide attempts are the result of a crisis which passes leaving the person fully recovered. Shows that suicides cross all socioeconomic levels and that these individuals are not necessarily emotionally unstable. Links most suicides with long-term depression involving love, work, or physical illness. Looks at the need for recognition and therapy of persons with suicidal tendencies.
Alpheus Thomas Mason, John T. Bobbitt, Encyclopaedia Britannica Films Inc.
Traces the historical development of the exercise of judicial review by the Supreme Court. Uses dramatized and semi-documentary scenes to show the significance of Chief Justice Marshall's establishment of judicial review in the Marbury vs. Madison case, the Taney and the Dred Scott decision, Lincoln's relationship to the Court through government by martial law and executive decree, the nullification of some New Deal measures and the attempt to "pack" the Court, and the gradual emergence of a more liberal point of view through normal turnover of personnel. Indicates the Constitutional provision for the Supreme Court, its jurisdiction, the nature of unconstitutional acts, and the path by which cases reach the Court.
Warning: This film contains nudity and close up images of corpses.
Focuses on Brazilian explorers Orlando and Claudio Villas Boas who, with the aid of the disc-lipped Tchukahmei, search the Amazon jungle from the air and ground for the Kreen-Akrore Indians, a group which has previously killed on sight. Explains that the objective is to bring the Kreen-Akrore to the 8,500 square mile Xingu National Park where Indian culture and economy survive. Records similar efforts to save other Amazon tribes.
Probes, in documentary style, the attempts which are made to solve the problems which have been brought about by the urban population explosion. Cites slum areas, racial unbalance in the schools, and the needs of untrained or illiterate rural immigrants as some of the elements involved. Points out projects in urban renewal and urban rehabilitation, bussing children from one school district to another, and antipoverty programs as attempted solutions.
Examines the competitive struggle of cable television operators against movie-theater owners, commercial broadcasters, and the telephone company. Discusses the differences in programming philosophies of commercial and cable TV. Includes a discussion of Federal Communications Commission policies in the regulation of broadcasting.
Presents a documentary study of an important factor in the problem of unemployment--that of workers displaced by automatic machinery. Tells the story of a typical American steel town in the 1920's and 1930's. The commentator, speaking as the town mayor, follows the development of the town and its people, whose lives have been bound up in the fortunes of the steel mill.
Records highlights of the emergence of democratic government in Venezuela. Shows that the Venezuelan election of December 2 1963, allowed for the first transfer of office from one democratic administration to another in that nation's history. The film documents numerous national problems and aspects of the political campaign. Factors included for examination are the importance of the military, the terrorists' campaign to prevent the election, and the problems of illiteracy and poverty. Refers to the large political setting of Venezuela within Latin American history. Shows the failure of the Cuban-backed terror campaign to keep the people from voting. Includes interviews with Past-President Betancourt and President-Elect Leoni.
Reviews, through documentary scenes taken from the National Archives, the historic events which led to the entry of the United States into World War II. Records the failure of the League of Nations to take strong action against the aggressive acts of Japan, Italy, and Germany. Highlights the war of nerves, the successive Axis aggression, U.S. Neutrality Acts, the various agreements and pacts, and the declaration of war by England, France, and the United States.
Documentary of events leading to United States entry to World War II. Different stages through which American public opinion passed as events in Europe took place are described.