In a conversation with Gunther Schmidt, MD, Prof. Stephen Porges illustrates his approach and they discuss implications for psychotherapy. Homepage von Prof. Stephen Porges (with concrete explications of the theory): http://www.stephenporges.com
Original publication: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LK-Y2_eMfgw
Prof. Stephen Porges, the originator of the polyvagal theory illustrates his scientific approach in a conversation with Dr. Gunther Schmidt. They discuss the evolutionary emergence of the polyvagal system, name implications for psychotherapy and give hints for the understanding of psychological trauma.
In the video, Prof. Stephen Porges briefly summarizes his work. Elaborate illustration can be found on his website.
Prof. Stephen Porges website:
Original publication: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ivLEAlhBHPM
In many human and environmental crises, individuals and their governments exhibit a morally troubling response to the risk of mass casualties that can be described by the phrase “the more who die, the less we care,” reflecting a flawed “arithmetic of compassion.” Paul Slovic will present research demonstrating three non-rational psychological mechanisms that underlie this phenomenon: psychic numbing, pseudoinefficacy, and the prominence effect. After documenting these obstacles to rational decision making, he will explore ways to counteract them -- a roadmap for future research and its application to crisis management.
Studies of risk perception examine the judgments people make when they are asked to characterize and evaluate hazardous activities and technologies. This research aims to aid risk analysis and policymaking by (i) providing a basis for understanding and anticipating public responses to hazards and (ii) improving the communication of risk information among lay people, technical experts, and decision makers. This work assumes that those who promote and regulate health and safety need to understand how people think about and respond to risk. Without such understanding, well-intended policies may be ineffective. Among the questions the lecturer will address are: How do people think about risk? What factors determine the perception of risk and the acceptance of risk? What role do emotion and reason play in risk perception? What are some of the social and economic implications of risk perceptions? Along the way, he will address such topics as the subjective and value-laden nature of risk assessment; the multidimensionality of risk; sex, politics, and emotion in risk judgments; risk and trust; and risk perception and terrorism.
“I mean, you know, people 40 years ago were locked in isolated areas,” describes Randy Krieble of restraints used in institutions. “The ammonia sprays were used especially in the children’s unit,” explains Sue Beecher. Professionals in the field of disabilities talk about the physical, chemical and medical restraints used in the state institutions in the 1970s until their closures.
Contemporary qualitative research often involves teams of researchers collaborating on a project. Armstrong will discuss the pleasures and challenges of this style of research, drawing both on her experiences working with Indiana University sociology alum Laura Hamilton and a team of graduate and undergraduate researchers on Paying for the Party and her more recent experiences at the University of Michigan. Larger teams can collect more data and leverage the diverse social identities of researchers to gain entree to research sites and participants. Collaboration can also add rigor to data analysis, as classifications and interpretations are debated by the research team. However, collaboration introduces challenges of coordination at all stages of the process. These challenges grow with the size of the research team. In addition, the temptation to collect large volumes of data creates risks that the principal investigator may fall into the role of administrator rather than fieldworker and may lose touch with the data. Goffman argued for full immersion in the field and saw the ethnographer's embodied reactions as invaluable. This embodied knowledge can not easily inform the final product if the person who participated in the ethnographic or interview interactions is not the one doing the writing.
<p>"If you've ever seen the movie 'Forrest Gump', my mom was kind of like Forrest's mom." Andy was born with cerebral palsy in 1979, but his mom made sure he had the same opportunities as a child without disabilities. In the 1980s, Andy was mainstreamed into school in the first grade. After graduating high school in 1988, Andy attended Vincennes University. He changed majors a few times before landing in the technology field.</p><p>In 2005, Andy got his start in comedy. He went to a comedy club and tried his hand at the open mic. He discovered he was good at making people laugh. Now, Andy gets bookings at comedy clubs around Indiana. Andy says, “Just because I have a disability doesn’t mean I can’t be funny, you know.” Andy was interviewed in 2016.</p><p><a style="font-size: 1em;" href="https://www.indianadisabilityhistory.org/items/show/170" target="_top">Read Andy Imlay interview transcript.</a></p>
"She shouldn't have to be put on a bus and spend 45 minutes on a bus one way to go to school," explains Pat Howey of her daughter's experience at six years old being sent to a school for children with physical disabilities. Pat discusses her educational advocacy for her daughter in the late 1980s in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, sharing how those experiences lead her to become a nationally known special education advocate and consultant. Pat was interviewed in Indianapolis in 2016.
How might we conceptualize "the digital” as a kind of mediation that articulates the time and space of diasporic experience? In answer, Parham's talk will explore rememory, affective excess, and glitch aesthetics in Toni Morrison’s Beloved, Hiro Murai’s video for Flying Lotus & Kendrick Lamar’s “Never Catch Me,” and Zun Lee’s digital project, “Fade Resistance.
The HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) provides research support for the growing corpus of over fourteen million volumes in the HathiTrust Digital Library (HTDL) through a suite of tools for text analysis. This session will introduce attendees to the research services developed by the HTRC. Nicholae Cline and Leanne Nay will also demonstrate HathiTrust+Bookworm and the HTRC Portal, two web-based tools that are ideal for introducing students and scholars to text analysis.
"Let's wait and see what he can do," is what doctors told Sharon after the birth of her son in the 1980s. Fortunately, Sharon didn't wait around. She searched out services for him and as he got older, she continued to advocate for him by enrolling him in a community preschool. There have been many struggles and triumphs over the years, but today Sharon's son is a college graduate with an interest computers.
Textual analytics creates opportunities to ask new questions or test existing theories through a new lens. The HathiTrust (HT) collection can be considered one of the largest academic libraries in the US. How can a researcher unlock many insights of this digital library? What kinds of social science questions it can help to address? The HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) has been developing computational tools to leverage the HathiTrust collection and its metadata. In this presentation we will provide an overview of the HathiTrust digital library and the suite of tools from the HTRC and invite participants to think creatively about how a corpus of ~14 billion volumes of text can be useful to them.
Over 2 billion people now own smartphones, which are actually sophisticated mobile computing devices that can run applications, take photos, access the internet, and collect GPS, motion, and other sensor data. Many people use these devices to access online social media sites, which have also exploded in popularity over the last few years. For example, *each day* over 1 billion people log in to Facebook, and collectively upload about 350 million photos and share nearly 5 billion status updates and other pieces of content. As people use their digital devices and services, they are (without necessarily realizing it) leaving behind "digital footprints" about themselves and their behavior, including the things they "like", the people they communicate with, the places they visit, the photos they take, and so on. This is creating huge datasets about the world and human behavior, that could potentially be used to aid studies in a range of scientific disciplines. In this talk, I'll give a high-level overview of some of our recent work that has used mobile devices and online social media to collaborate with studies in sociology, psychology, and ecology. I'll talk about some of the advantages and disadvantages of this type of analysis, including the many sources of potential bias, and very real concerns about privacy.
As the need to manage and provide access to collections of digital content grows, the ecosystem of software solutions designed to meet these needs has greatly expanded. Into this pool of software comes Avalon, but what exactly does it do, and do differently, from applications like Sufia or Islandora? Developed in partnership with Northwestern University, the Avalon Media System is an open source system for managing and providing access to large collections of digital audio and video. Used for library services such as Media Collections Online and projects such as IU's Media Digitization and Preservation Initiative, Avalon is an application that provides a robust set of features related to media access and streaming. Come learn how Avalon's focus on web-based access to audio and video materials is developed to meet the needs of both consumers and stewards of digital collections, as well as the unique role it plays in the world of digital repository software.
This introductory workshop will give an overview of how to identify what types of data analysis tools to use for a project, along with basic “DIY” instructions. We will discuss the most common analysis tools for describing your data and performing significance tests (ANOVA, Regression, Correlation, Chi-square, etc), and how they should be selected based on the type of data and the type of research question you have. This is geared towards students or faculty beginning their foray into quantitative analysis of research data, or those who have been around but would like to step back and get a framework for how to navigate basic statistical methods.
“I remember her having a lot of apprehension,” recalls Patrick Sandy of a meeting with a mother on why her son could succeed in supported employment. When her son was born, physicians told her to put him in an institution and forget about him. Now, Patrick was trying to explain to her why supported employment would be a great thing. He promised the mother her son could return to the workshop if it did not work out. It took a while, but the son found a job. The employer told Patrick, “I don’t know how we did what we do before he was here.” <br/>Patrick was President/CEO of Easterseals Crossroads in Indianapolis when he was interviewed in 2016.
As part of the 2016 Themester Beauty, the Archives of African American Music and Culture (AAAMC) hosted a presentation and panel discussion event in the Grand Hall of the Neal Marshall Black Culture Center. Comprised of IUB faculty members from the departments of Folklore and Ethnomusicology and African American and African Diaspora Studies, as well as a distinguished scholar and guest speaker Deborah Smith Pollard from Michigan State University, the panel explored concepts of beauty in music from two distinct, though related perspectives. Representations of gendered body images, male and female, served as one area of focus, while the second topic explored the body of aesthetic values which distinguish African American performance in ways which not only contrast, but often contradict those preferred by the larger American public.
Karen Scherer began her career as a work adjustment specialist at Morgan County Rehabilitation Center in Martinsville, Indiana. She was soon asked to serve as the coordinator for the supported employment grant received by the center in 1986. <br/>In this video, Karen talks about her experiences helping people with disabilities find jobs in their communities, and how the techniques of employment specialists changed after the introduction of supported employment and the passing of the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act.
The supported employment movement, an initiative to expand the opportunities for people with disabilities to find work in their own communities through vocational rehabilitation and ongoing job coaching, began spreading across the United States following the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1978.<br/>In this video, Connie Ferrell, Suellen Jackson-Boner, and Patrick Sandy, three administrative pioneers of supported employment in Indiana in the 1980s, discuss some of the triumphs and challenges they faced in the early days of the movement.
Betty Williams, an active self-advocate, discusses the importance of getting rid of the R-word and shares the story of how self-advocates helped change the name of the state commission in 2008.Betty was interviewed October, 2016.
Betty Williams, an active self-advocate, received the Champion of Equal Opportunity Self-Advocacy award from the National Association of Councils on Developmental Disabilities in 2016. Betty speaks about getting involved in the self-advocacy movement back in 1990, the work she has accomplished with her group, and her thoughts on receiving the award.
Web scraping is a method of extracting and restructuring information from web pages. This workshop will introduce basic techniques for web scraping using the popular Python libraries BeautifulSoup and Requests. Participants will practice accessing websites, parsing information, and storing data in a CSV file. This workshop is intended for social scientists who are new to web scraping but have some familiarity with Python or have attended the Intro to Python workshop.
“I was like 21 and decided to set down and write a book,” says Melissa. Ever since she was a young child in Lafayette, Indiana, Melissa wanted to write a book about how we are all different in some way or another. Her book is called, “Follow Your Dreams”. Melissa writes about being bullied in school in the 1990s, but she never gave up. She had one high school teacher tell her she would not amount to anything. When Melissa published her book, she visited her high school teacher and said, “See, I wrote a book. I amount to something.” Melissa was interviewed in 2013.
During the 2016 NSSE administration, thirty-seven institutions used their student portal or learning management system (SP/LMS) to supplement their student recruitment efforts. Please join Shimon for a free webinar to learn more about this recruitment approach, results suggesting it can increase response rates, and the steps to take in order to do something similar for your next NSSE administration.
What does it mean to turn data into Linked Data? That is the question we are attempting to answer with this project. The IU Libraries released the metadata for the Cushman Photograph Collection under a CC-BY license as a CSV file and it is also available as an OAI-PMH harvestable feed in XML. But what would it take to make this metadata part of the Semantic Web and what does that mean for our digital collections moving forward? How might a collection like this available through the Semantic Web help researchers? This talk does not have all of the answers but we do have a story to share involving Cushman, OpenRefine, and RDF. Join us to learn what's happened and how the IU Libraries will use this learning experience to shape our digital collections into the future.
Muriel LaDuke's third child, Tim, was born in New Albany, Indiana with physical disabilities. A few months after his birth in 1959, a doctor told her not to bother teaching Tim to do anything. When Tim was about five, doctors suggested Muscatatuck. After visiting, Muriel said, "No, I'm not going to do that." Instead, Tim grew up with his brothers at home. His brothers made sure to include him in all the neighborhood activities.
Python is a widely used, general purpose programming language. This workshop will introduce the basic elements of Python that are commonly used for data cleaning, analysis, visualization, and other applications. Participants will also learn how to set up a "development environment" for Python on their personal computer. Computers with Python pre-loaded are also available in the SSRC on a first-come, first-served basis. This workshop is intended for social scientists who are new to programming. No experience is required.
Audiovisual archivists agree that media holdings must be transferred to the digital domain as soon as possible in order to survive. Because this work requires significant resources, it must be conducted as efficiently as possible. One place to realize efficiencies is in the management of the digitization process. This presentation will explore managing effective and efficient 1:1 as well as parallel transfer media digitization workflows. Using the Indiana University Media Digitization and Preservation Initiative project as a case study, Mike Casey will discuss applying the theory of constraints and adapting software development methodologies to efficiently manage 1:1 digitization workflows. This will include a look at working with bottlenecks, scrum methodology, and the daily standup. Andrew Dapuzzo from Memnon Archiving Services will address issues in regulating parallel transfer workflows including the role of workflow management software, the importance of both human and machine quality assurance in each step of the process, the difficulty in maintaining obsolete machines, overall system design and Total Quality Management. The more efficient the digitization workflow, the more we are able to preserve with scarce resources.
Dee Ann Hart discusses her educational opportunities in the late 1960s and the impact her decision to attend the Indiana School for the Blind and Visually Impaired had on her and her family. She attended the school for 14 years, entering in 1969.
Erika Steuterman visited the Indiana State Archive in 2013, as a way to face the difficult memories of visiting her older brother at Central State Hospital (Indianapolis) in the 1960s and 1970s. In this video, Erika shares some of those memories, and speaks about what she discovered at the archive.
<p>“We were scratching our heads saying, this is wrong. This isn't the right way to do it, but I'm not sure what the right way is,” describes Patrick Sandy of his experience with the Deinstitutionalization Project at the Developmental Training Center (DTC) in Bloomington, Indiana in the 1970s. The project brought residents of Muscatatuck State Hospital and Training Center to the DTC to live and find opportunities for community participation. After seeing individuals with disabilities have no control, choice or variety in their life, Patrick changed his focus in college to disabilities.</p><p>When Patrick first started working in day services, it was just a place to warehouse people. There were few planned activities during the day. President/CEO Easterseals Crossroads in Indianapolis when he was interviewed in 2016, Patrick believes day services are evolving. There is more effort to figure out what the individual with a disability wants to achieve in the community.</p><p>Patrick believes parents and university research drove the supported employment movement. Although in Indiana, he feels parents were apprehensive at first. Patrick discusses some of the current challenges facing supported employment and possible solutions. He describes Employment First and Vocational Rehabilitation’s funding of the discovery phase in assisting people find better job matches.</p><p>Patrick was asked to share some stories about Steve Savage, his close friend who was executive director of the Arc of Greater Boone County when he died in 2015. “He got involved in the industry when he was in college… When I think about what he brought, first of all, he brought the Savage enthusiasm to the industry. And by that I mean he was just full of energy and didn't take no for an answer. He was just one of these people that could push things forward and he did it in a way where he would make people laugh, he'd engage people as friends,” says Patrick.</p><p><a style="font-size: 1em;" href="https://www.indianadisabilityhistory.org/items/show/69" target="_top">Read Patrick Sandy interview transcript</a>.</p>
Easter Seals Crossroads has been providing assistive technology services since 1979. Wade Wingler, Vice President of Technology and Information Services at Easter Seals Crossroads in Indianapolis, Indiana, discusses how the program has grown to providing services throughout Indiana. Today, services include a lending library, training and direct service. Wade was interviewed in September, 2016.
“We can get things done. Yes, so it just made me more independent,” explains Courtney of her service dog, Donner. After applying for a service dog, it took two more years before Courtney was matched with Donner. Courtney talks about how his presence has enhanced her life.
Research libraries continue to reinvent themselves in the face of increasing demand from users for digitized texts. As physical books move from stacks to deep storage, many researchers lament the reduction in the serendipitous discovery that was provided by browsing the stacks. We believe, however, that digitization offers even greater opportunities for guided serendipity. Developments in machine learning and computing at scale allow content-based models of library collections to be made accessible to patrons. In this talk, we will present a vision for the future of library browsing using the Topic Explorer â€°Ã›ÃHypershelfâ€°Ã›Â that we have developed for digital collections. It allows users to jump into the collection and browse nearby volumes, rearranging them at will according to topics extracted computationally from the full texts. We will demonstrate the Hypershelf in action, and discuss how it might be integrated with physically-shelved books. This vision enhances rather than supplants the traditional librarians' function of guiding patrons to the best starting points for their research needs.
We hope you are eagerly poring over your NSSE 2016 results. To support your efforts, please join Jillian Kinzie and Bob Gonyea for a free webinar for a step-by-step walkthrough of your Institutional Report package. We will review the data and reports, and provide general strategies and resources for utilizing and disseminating your results.
This webinar provides information on some basics of NSSE system participation. There are also tips for system coordinators to consider before survey administration, as well as utilizing their reports and data file, which can optimize their NSSE results.
In the 1970s, schools systems throughout the state of Indiana sent children with challenging behaviors to the Developmental Training Center (DTC) for educational support and service. Kim Davis, an employee at the DTC during that time, talks about the typical school day for the children.
Gerry Gray and the Family Reunion String Band (Masters), Jon Kay (Director), Ben Schreiner (Videographer/Editor) Cynthia Hoye (Executive Director of the State Fair)
Beginning in 1975 when Gerry Gray, known as the "Mother Hen" was asked to play dulcimer and talk to visitors at the State Fair Pioneer Village, the Family Reunion String Band has entertained fairgoers for over thirty years. Playing for twelve hours a day for twelve days of the fair, the band is happy to see people come back year after year and become part of their extended family at the State Fair. Filled with jokes, improvisation, and good humor, the magnetism of the band and its members has encouraged enthusiastic listeners to become fellow musicians, making their performances into reunions of an ever-expanding musical family.
In this clip from his Keynote address at the 2016 Networker Symposium, "The Science of Therapeutic Attachment," Stephen Porges explains why the fabric of modern relationships is changing rapidly, due to technology shifting our neurophysiological states. This disrupts coregulation and is immediately visible in your clients' body language and facial expressions. Similar cues are apparent in the aftermath of conflict and trauma.
Did you enjoy this clip? Check out more from Stephen at www.psychotherapynetworker.org
Original publication: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqftT6e1gYA
During the webinar, the presenters will demonstrate ways NSSE data can be leveraged to measure student participation in HIPs. Furthermore, there will be an emphasis on how to relate aspects of engagement with institutional measurements of HIP participation. The overall aim is to prepare participants to facilitate campus dialogue about high-impact practices and maximize the benefits of the updated NSSE survey data and reports.
This pre-recorded webinar provides an overview of NSSE's most popular topical module-Academic Advising module. Learn about the item set and ways you can explore the data by relating it to student engagement and your own institutional data. The webinar will also highlight reports provided back to participants and helpful online resources for dissemination.
We've known for years that the mind and body can have a profound effect on each other, but we are still discovering new ways that this relationship works.
We're now seeing how our nervous system makes adjustments in the body in response to stress.
Listen in as Dr. Stephen Porges explains how our heart rate can act as a window into understanding our internal balance.
The Indiana University Bloomington Libraries' Digital Collections Services department has offered Digital Project Planning consultation services twice a week since the opening of the Scholars' Commons in September 2014. Data collected from these consultation sessions provides insight into the individuals engaged in digital scholarship projects and initiatives at Indiana University. Building upon analysis performed by Meridith Beck Sayre, Council on Library and Information Resources Data Curation Postdoctoral Fellow for Data Curation in the Humanities, Dalmau and Homenda will provide an overview of emerging digital project planning and data curation trends and needs demonstrated by Indiana University Bloomington faculty, students and staff as well as recommendations for ongoing support of digital scholarship projects and initiatives on the Bloomington campus and beyond.
The 30-minute webinar provides a quick review of some literature related to first-year experiences, an introduction to the module items, an in-depth look at aggregate findings, and suggestions for using results on your campus. For example, ideas for developing structured peer support, may arise from results showing that first-year students are most likely to seek help with coursework from friends or other students. We also highlight the importance of disaggregating data by various population, by highlighting some differences between female and male students.
Have you ever wondered what exactly is happening in your body when you get triggered? Why do we go into rage, or feel like leaving, or completely shut down? Have you ever experienced conflict and thought something like “If only my body could just CALM DOWN then I might be able to actually resolve this?” - Or have you experienced that moment of getting nowhere in a conversation with your partner because they are triggered?
There’s a reason that we keep coming back to this issue of safety and being triggered - that’s because both your ability to feel safe in the container of your relationship, and your ability to restore safety when, inevitably, you aren’t feeling it is at the heart of your being able to do relationship well - especially once the “honeymoon” stage of your relationship is over. Creating safety with your partner is at the heart of the work of people like John Gottman, Sue Johnson, Harville Hendrix and Helen LaKelly Hunt, and Stan Tatkin - and creating safety within yourself is at the heart of the work of Peter Levine, Dick Schwartz, and Margaret Paul. In other words, we’re diving deep because this understanding is KEY to helping you in almost every aspect of your relationship with others and your relationship with yourself.
Today’s guest is Dr. Steve Porges, creator of The Polyvagal Theory, and a distinguished university scientist at the Kinsey Institute and a Research Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina. For more than 40 years Steve has been working on this theory of how our vagus nerve works and his work has completely transformed our understanding of how we respond to obstacles, adversity, stress, and trauma. How the very same nerve pathways that support our health can also be recruited for defense, and create health problems. If you’ve heard of “fight/flight and FREEZE” - that’s all based on his work - and you have some idea of what I’m talking about. In today’s episode, we’re going to not only get a better understanding of how and why the body does what it does, but also get even more clear on how to come back into balance so that you can be in a state of healthy responsiveness, playfulness, and curiosity - not triggered and just trying to deal.
Developing a neurophysiological understanding of our defense systems. A basic understanding of our autonomic nervous system provides insight into why we react the way we do in conflict and crisis, while also laying the framework for what we can do to help bring ourselves back into a physiological state in which we are available for connection, love, and intimacy. To begin, it is helpful to know that as humans we have developed (through our evolutionary history) two different major autonomic defense circuits:
Sympathetic nervous system: The mobilization defense system is dependent on the activation of our sympathetic nervous system which is responsible the fight or flight response we know so well.
The immobilization response- Our most ancient (meaning we share it with virtually every other vertebrate that has evolved) defense system is that of immobilization and shut down in the face of fear. This physiological state is regulated by the vagus and includes reduced oxygen demands, reduced metabolic demands, and can include dissociation, passing out, and defecation. Immobilizing in the face of fear is an adaptive behavior that allows us to disappear. Those who have experienced, or work with others who have experienced trauma, know this state well.
There is no conscious input in how these systems activate- the concept of consciousness in this context can be very damaging because it suggests a degree of volition that can lead people who experience major trauma like rape, threat, or force, to feel ashamed of how their bodies reacted. Unfortunately our culture sometimes asks questions like “why didn’t you fight?”, or, “why didn’t you leave?” These questions do not respect the implicit and reflexive activity of the body to defend itself by freezing - based on these inherited circuits.
Neuroception- Neuroception the term that Steve Porges created to describe how our body can sense something and react to it without it necessarily entering our conscious awareness. Our nervous system makes decisions and changes our biobehavior without any level of conscious awareness- despite the fact that we are profoundly aware of the impact on our physiology we are rarely aware of the triggers causing these state shifts. If our body detects risk or danger features in the environment we might have a sympathetic excitation (sweat, jumping out of our skin, etc)- we might not be aware of the cues, but our body is informing us!
What is the vagus nerve? The vagus nerve (a major component of our parasympathetic nervous system) is a large nerve in our body that originates in our brain stem and goes to nearly every organ in our body. If you are interested in the mind-body connection, then you are interested in the vagus nerve. Amazingly, 80% of the fibers of the vagus are used to bring information from the organs to the brainstem, the other 20% is for information being sent from brain to the body. This means that our organs really carry the majority of our bodily information. The vagus has two branches- an older branch that can be recruited for defense as it goes to the organs below the diaphragm and elicits immobilization behaviors, and another newer more evolved branch that, when functioning, keeps “fight/flight/freeze” in check, and supports our health, growth, and restoration! It is the part of our autonomic nervous system that is responsible for allowing us to connect, self-soothe, be playful, and be in relationship. This newer vagal circuit is linked to the features of the face (ears, eyes, mouth), enabling us to express our bodily state in our facial expression, in our voice, and to detect the intonation of other people's voices to screen for safety. This newer system has myelinated nerves which respond to voice intonation, smiling faces, playfulness, social referencing, and reciprocity.
Hierarchy of defense systems: We use our three phylogenetically evolved systems of regulation in a hierarchical pattern. In an effort to create safety, we first use our most newly developed system (the myelinated vagus) to connect, when this fails we go into sympathetic mobilization (fight or flight), and if this fails we head into our most ancient defense system of parasympathetic immobilization. Our entire autonomic nervous system (ANS) is built to support health, growth, and restoration. The key way that we ensure that we are using our ANS in this way is through the vagal brake. Our newer myelinated vagus has the potential to inhibit the defensive structures of the other autonomic nervous system (ANS) pathways. This means that when we know how to recruit our vagus we can prevent ourselves from being hijacked by the more reactive and destructive patterns of either full mobilization or immobilization.
Survival through cooperation: While being a mammal is a pretty great deal, there are a few things that we do not do very well. Namely we are not wired to deal well being by ourselves, and any extended or intensive isolation is not good. Mammals evolved to co-regulate - meaning that we help each other regulate our states through caregiving and reciprocity. It is important to remember that Darwin’s theory of survival of the fittest has been long misinterpreted, and that we survived due to cooperation, and not through aggression.
Observations that may indicate that your system, or your partner’s system, is being recruited for defense: Is there reciprocity in facial expressivity? Eye gaze? Intonation of voice? Also ask whether the vocalization patterns lends themselves to reciprocal dialogue or are you stepping on each other’s words? Our culture is so focused on syntax and words that we have forgotten that one of the most important ways we detect safety is through prosody (varieties in tone/timbre/rhythm) in voice. It can be incredibly helpful to keep this in mind in your relationship and interactions.
Every relationship has some minor to severe level of arguments - meaning people feel some semblance of danger and they get angry or scared. When this happens the neural tone of the muscles in the face is reduced which changes the tone of the middle ear - and literally people will have difficulty hearing you. In arguments with partners or children, it is likely the other person is having difficulty understanding you, because they are actually having difficulty hearing you!
While communicating with your partner, regularly check in with not just what you are saying, but how you are saying it - what is your tone? What is your body communicating? And is your partner is a physiological state in which they are open to engage and hear you?
It is the experience and not the event. Trauma leads to a lack of feeling, or difficulty feeling, one’s own body. Trauma histories have very little to do with the actual events that occurred, and more to do with the physiological responses that occurred. When considering your, or someone else’s trauma history, focus less on the objective events or facts of the experience, and become curious and become witness to their subjective experience. This will lead to an understanding of how and why the body is reacting in certain ways.
If we don’t feel our own body - we have difficulty related to other people’s bodies. A feature of trauma histories is the lack of feeling one’s own body. In order to get a sense of how present you, or your partner is in their body, it is helpful to look at how well are you/they playing? Does the person have the ability to be spontaneous, reciprocal, and spontaneous in the interaction? Are they responding to cues?
In addition to the question of how well you are playing, the other important question is how well are you pooping? This is important because the whole area below the diaphragm holds and reflects the effects of trauma on our bodies. Trauma is linked with IBS, constipation, and furthermore, the nerves that regulate this area also regulate the genitals. When we bottle up feelings in the subdiaphragmatic area, our sexuality is also impacted. Highly anxious or tightly wrapped individuals will have digestive systems that reflect this, and likely their sexual responses to intimacy will reflect these features as well.
Our autonomic nervous system is there to support health, growth, and restoration! It is only when it is used chronically for defense that we begin to have dysfunctions and disorders manifest in our organs.
Repair- We have violations of expectations ALL the time! However, when you have a violation it creates an opportunity for a repair. It is important to remember that it is not the words of an apology that matter as much as it is how the apology is said: the gestures, the words, and the intonation of voice. Your partner will only respond to a valid apology when the nonverbals are in concert with the intention. It is not the words! Culturally we function so much on syntax in our culture and not enough on the intonation of the words - in your relationship shift your attention to how you are interacting and how your body, and your partner’s body is responding to intonation. Remember to ask - how am I creating safety in this interaction? Am I speaking with prosody in my voice that will create comfort for my partner?
Be more playful! Using gestures of engagement, and more playfulness, helps to regulate each other’s physiological state. The notion of connectedness is a biological imperative. The goal as mammals, and as good spouses, is to interact in a way that regulates each other’s physiology. It is a responsibility for individuals to interact to make each other feel safe. It is not just healing, and enjoyable, but it has great impact on our mental and physical health because it supports the circuits of health, growth, and restoration!
Somatic experiencing: In efforts to recover from trauma, it is critical that we learn how to separate physiology from events. This occurs when we have the opportunity to be in the same physiological state in which we experienced the trauma, however in a way in which we have the control we did not have when we were in original event. It will not happen by telling someone to not get upset or not worry when they are triggered, but instead letting them experience their body reacting, but this time in a safe context. Doing this begins to take power away from the implicit body memories.
Change your breathing pattern: Have you noticed how when you are upset with your partner, you begin to huff and puff? This is your body physically preparing to mobilize for a fight or to run. Can can change your physiological state towards social engagement through shifting your breathing. Long inhalations removes what is called the vagal brake and it allows us to get more mobilized. In an effort to slow down, we need to have long exhalations. Try extending your exhalations through intentional breathing and through singing. Singing is wonderful because it uses muscles of social engagement system. Another way to play with voice in your relationship is to improvise songs, and use gibberish in moments of tension to help change your intonation and move the focus away from the meaning of words, and towards how the voice can help build repair and closeness.
Escalation is not coregulation! In most relationship conflicts, both individuals feel like victims - in order to de-escalate a situation and move in the direction of play and connection, one person must step up and take charge of noticing the pattern, and changing the way of engagement. This means meeting your partner on their level - often through touch, gentleness, and a prosodic voice. Hug your partner - not in an effort to fix, but rather in an effort to connect and bring back safety.
Be respectful of your physiological state: Respect your body’s behaviors without judgement, and without justifying or making personal narratives. Our bodies are constantly sending us information about the world - be respectful of your body shifts, even in moments when your body is reacting in a way that feels exaggerated or maladaptive. Also be respectful of how your body state shifts affect those around you - knowing they are going to react to your shifts, whether you intended for that or not. Taking responsibility for your physiological state is not only about learning how to downregulate your system, but it is about communicating your state to those around you. We are human, and are not always going to be able to perfectly respond in a situation that triggers us, but what we can learn to do is to verbalize what is happening in our body to others! If you are angry about something that happened, or feel the signs of being triggered, share this out loud. This will help your family, your spouse, your partner be able to not take the visual and bodily cues you are sending personally. This will SAVE your relationship!
Last bits of advice: Remember to change the prosody of your voice, bring in gentle touch, and see yourself as a vehicle for healing and safety for you and your partner! Before you react, listen! Don’t use the physiological state you are in as the motivator for behavior, just pause for a moment and get a better evaluation of the context. Add in a few long exhalations, and you will be more able to stay present and get back to a physiological state that allows you to be responsive, engaged, and connecting with your partner and those in your life!
Visit Stephen’s website for more information, a list of public speaking events, and links to previous interviews!
If you want to gain an in depth understanding of Polyvagal Theory, read Stephen’s book The Polyvagal Theory: Neurophysiological Foundations of Emotions, Attachment, Communication, and Self-regulation
www.neilsattin.com/safety Visit to download the show guide, or text “PASSION” to 33444 and follow the instructions to download the show guide to this episode.
Text and original publication: https://relationshipalive.libsyn.com/34-the-science-of-safety-with-stephen-porges#1z8b0HZBdYOzR2mP.99
The process of converting the digitized MDPI media into something that can be used for web delivery is conceptually simple: transcode each one into derivatives and transfer them to the delivery system. However, like most things, the devil is in the details. Data corruption, tape latency, and managing large amounts of data are just a few of the problems which must be overcome.
This session will follow the steps that MDPI digital objects take during processing and explore the solutions used to create a system which must reliably process hundreds of hours of audio and video content daily.
It is an interesting time in the libraries for metadata. We have a lot of things described and described well, but is it feasible to keep all of that description in a useful way moving forward? And how do we offer up a ton of items all at once for online access?
Whether it's cataloging records or other descriptive metadata, we seem to now be in transition in the libraries. New systems require that we move metadata into new formats. New massive digital collections require description at a scale previously not encountered. We know the metadata we're going to have after these moves and massive description efforts take place will not be complete or perfect and will probably not be the exact metadata we had before. We have to strategize about what information is going to be the most important for search and discovery and aim to have that information available as accurately as possible, regardless of the transition or the scale.
Join us for a look at the systems and approaches we are taking to manage these messy metadata scenarios. We'll discuss the Libraries' move from Fedora 3 to Fedora 4 and the metadata transition happening there, the Media Digitization and Preservation Initiative's influx of items requiring mass description and the ramifications and methods being employed, and the future of cataloging records as all libraries look to transition to systems using BIBFRAME. The strategies we employ this time around will inform future metadata moves and mass description efforts.
The manufacture of protective enclosures is part of routine work in many libraries and museums. This presentation summarizes a novel collaboration of 3-D scanning and modeling technology provided by digital technology available on campus with automated box making services internal to Library Preservation. A custom-fitted enclosure for a painting on wood panel within the Lilly Library collections was the net result. This developmental method holds promise for specialized storage and shipping protection of library, scientific research and museum collections.
Web scraping is a method of extracting and restructuring information from web pages. This workshop will introduce basic techniques for web scraping using popular open-source tools. The first part of the workshop will provide an overview of basic HTML elements and Python tools for developing a custom web scraper. The second part will enable participants to practice accessing websites, parsing information, and storing data in a CSV file. This workshop is intended for social scientists who are new to web scraping. No programming experience is required, but basic familiarity with HTML and Python is helpful.
NaLette Brodnax is a data scientist and fourth-year doctoral student in the Joint Public Policy program administered by the School of Public and Environmental Affairs and the Department of Political Science at Indiana University. Her research interests include education policy, policy analysis and program evaluation, and quantitative research methodology. As a graduate assistant for the Center of Excellence for Women in Technology, she is working on a number of projects intended to expose women to technology and to support women using technology in their studies and careers. Prior to entering the doctoral program, NaLette spent nine years in corporate finance roles, managing large data sets and developing financial models for large companies such as Abbott Laboratories and Nokia. She holds a BSBA from The Ohio State University with a concentration in Finance and a Master's in Public Policy from Loyola University Chicago.
Supercomputers are designed to use a command line interface and batch processing system. This means users accustomed to modern graphical interfaces must overcome a steep learning curve when switching to supercomputers. Learn how UITS Research Technologies is tackling this problem using a new graphical interface for the Karst supercomputer. Participants will have the opportunity to test the service after the presentation on their laptop/desktop devices.
Abhinav Thota is a Principal Engineer in the Research Technologies division of UITS/PTI. He is part of the Scientific Applications and Performance Tuning (SciAPT) team and helps users efficiently use HPC resources at IU.
Digital preservation is one of those phrases that means a lot to a few people and a little to a lot of people. It is often confused with digitization (preservation by digital), digital curation (of which preservation is a piece), digital asset management (another variant of digital curation), and so on. This talk will lay out the unique characteristics of digital preservation, as well as the practical applications. Expect to learn about recent developments in both the field and within the IU Libraries.
The Center for Biological Research Collections is a consortium of research-based scientific collections at Indiana University that works in close collaboration with the IU Libraries, the Advanced Visualization Laboratory, University Information Technology Services, and a number of other campus wide organizations to promote the preservation, digitization, and discoverability of IU's natural history collections.
The CBRC enhances collection-based research, education, and outreach in biodiversity science, botany, paleontology, zooarchaeology, and related disciplines by providing shared infrastructural and data management support. The Center focuses on collections of biological specimens, including fossils and archaeological remains, that have shared taxonomic, geographic, and temporal metadata requirements. The CBRC provides institution-wide support for a collections management information system, SpecifyÃ¥Ã¼ and is working to facilitate the interoperability of this bio-collections data platform with the new Fedora 4 digital content management system being developed by the IU Libraries.
This presentation will provide an overview of the university-wide resources committed to the digitization of biological research collections, prospects for future research, education, and outreach opportunities, as well as a mention of some of the challenges that may arise in the digitization of the several million collections objects for which the CBRC is tasked. This grand challenge of specimen preservation, metadata maintenance, and data discoverability is a service and responsibility of the entire university community to enhance and augment the commitment of nearly 200 years of biological research in many scientific sub-disciplines focused on Indiana and beyond.
Dr. Stephen Porges, PhD, is a Distinguished University Scientist at the Kinsey Institute at Bloomington, Indiana University. Dr. Porges has proposed and developed the Polyvagal Theory. In this webinar, Dr. David Berceli, the creator of TRE®, interviews Dr. Porges about how the Polyvagal Theory and his concept of Social Engagement relates to TRE® and the tremor mechanism.
Visit http://tre-webinar.com/ to view all our online courses and visit http://tre-webinar.com/courses/interv... to learn more about the Polyvagal Theory and how it specifically relates to TRE®. Including bonus interview with Dr Robert Scaer, MD, and 90 min of extra material.
This workshop will provide an overview of human subjects research and submitting an application through the KC IRB system. Representatives from the IU Human Subjects Office will provide a brief introduction to human subjects research, then focus the remaining time on learning how to navigate the IU IRB process.
Sara Benken is an Associate Director in the IU Human Subjects Office. Adam Mills and Andrew Neel are Research Compliance Associates in the IU Human Subjects Office.
This webinar will review how to use FSSE with NSSE results to compare student and faculty perspectives, to search for reasons for high or low student results, and to develop strategies to increase student engagement.
Bill Harshbarger (Master), Jon Kay (Director), Kenny Stone (Music), Nicholas Blewett (Videographer), Buki Long (Assistant Editor), Traditional Arts Indiana
In 1952, Bill Harshbarger began showing sheep on the county and State Fair level, and continued to exhibit until the early 1960s. After going to shearing school in Warsaw, Indiana, he began shearing at the State Fair. 2006 marked his 52nd consecutive year competing in the State Fair Sheep Shearing Contest. Harshbarger is also a fixture at the Sheep Barn, having helped generations of State Fair participants by sharpening their shears.
Gerry and Ralph Dunkin (Masters), Jon Kay (Director), Matt Stockwell (Videographer/Editor), Deborah Justice and Rachel Sprinkle (Music), Traditional Arts Indiana
Gerry and Ralph Dunkin are largely responsible for the increased appreciation for miniature donkeys in the last two decades. They enjoy introducing people of all ages to these intelligent and companionable animals. Their greatest reward is the camaraderie between exhibitors and visitors that extends beyond the Fair, to home and farm.
Jack Rodibaugh (Master), Jon Kay (Director), Cynthia Hoye (Executive Director of the State Fair), Kenny Stone (Music), Nicholas Blewett (Editor and Shooter), Buki Long (Assistant Editor), Traditional Arts Indiana
Jack Rodibaugh and his family operate a hog business where they produce swine for breeding, market and 4-H youth. Rodibaugh's career began when his uncle gave him two piglets during the Depression. While he admits that he did not know much about pigs those first few years, he learned from older farmers and has spent the last 63 years perfecting breeding stock and competing at the State Fair. Today, he and his family encourage the tradition by producing and selling quality hogs to 4-H youth.
Noble Melton (Master), Jon Kay (Director), Matt Stockwell (Videographer/Editor), Cynthia Hoye (Executive Director of the Indiana State Fair), Traditional Arts Indiana
Noble Melton is a minister in Indianapolis, who earns the title of State Fair Master for his decades of commitment to the fiddler’s art and playing at the Fair. His musical education was informal,. Growing up in Crawford County, Noble was exposed to old time fiddle music at house dances and later in the dance halls where he first played. For more than 30 years he has become a staple act at the Fair’s Pioneer Village.
Carl and Gerald Huber (Masters), Jon Kay (Director), Traditional Arts Indiana
Since 1843, the Huber family has worked a small homestead located in the Knobs of Clark County, Indiana. Originally from Baden Baden, Germany, the family brought a fruit-growing and winemaking tradition with them to Southeastern Indiana. Like many of their neighbors, generations of Hubers have made a couple of barrels of wine each year for their own table. Winemaking was not a commercial venture until 1972, when Indiana passed the Small Farm Winery Act. Since the Huber family operated a fruit-based farm and had made wine as far back as they could trace their history, they decided to transform their retail fruit farm into the Huber Orchard and Winery.
Knowing that amateur winemaking was different from running a commercial winemaking operation, brothers Carl and Gerald Huber researched the business and trained themselves for their new agricultural venture. In 1979, they produced their first wine for sale. Gerald began competing and winning the Governor's Cup at the Indiana State Fair's International Wine Competition, which is the third largest competition of its kind in the United States. The competition helped the Hubers improve and develop their winemaking tradition and secure their reputation as a premier Indiana winery.
Gerald's son, Ted, began working in the vineyard as a young boy and in the winery as a teenager. At 21, he became the Huber Winery's head winemaker, after his father and uncle transferred the family business to Ted and his cousin Greg. Today, Ted oversees the winery and vineyard on the six-generation farm, while Greg manages the orchard and retail operations, which attract 550,000 visitors each year.
The Piecemakers, Jon Kay, Traditional Arts Indiana
In 1982, Minnie Marchant visited the Indiana State Fair's Pioneer Village and saw that no one was demonstrating quilting. She quickly volunteered her home quilt group to fill this void. Ever since, the Piecemakers, a group that quilts at the Salem United Methodist Church in Evansville, has been a staple at the Pioneer Village. In addition to demonstrating, the group donates a one-of-a-kind quilt to be auctioned at the Fair.
Like clockwork, each Wednesday throughout the year, the Piecemakers gather at the church to quilt. Some of the members also assemble on Mondays to make a quilt for the State Fair, a project that requires more than 200 hours of shared labor and talent. "Putting a quilt together is an art -- putting the colors and designs together and being able to see it in your mind before it actually happens," explains Jane Eberhart. All of the members came to quilting in different ways. Some learned to quilt at their mother's knee while others taught themselves. The making of each quilt teaches the group more about the art and draws the circle of friends closer.
A note from College Audition Preparation: Adventures in Brass is a project by the College Audition Preparation (CAP) of the Jacobs School of Music. The project was prompted by a lack of brass repertoire appropriate for collegiate auditions. CAP brass faculty thus commissioned renowned composer Anthony Plog to write a set of six new works for trumpet, trombone, horn, tuba, euphonium, and bass trombone. Dee Stewart and CAP assembled a roster of world-class performers and pedagogues to premiere these six compositions. In addition to recordings of the premieres, Adventures in Brass contains interviews with these faculty in which they provide technical, artistic, and practical guidance to young brass players preparing to apply to college. These videos were captured by and are shared with the help of Tony Tadey and the MITS Video production team of the Jacobs School of Music. We hope that the videos can be an inspirational and motivational force in your own adventures in brass.
Annunciation is a video object operating within the aesthetic of painting. Each panel's background cycles through images sampled from an original digital abstract composition. One sees this composition in fragments across time controlled by an algorithm derived from 12-tone musical composition in which no fragment is repeated until all are shown. The motion background plays against and through the static black/white paired elements in the foreground, making them appear somewhat unstable. In the audio a noise sound floor supports a repeated claves + voice pair mirroring the motion + static structure of the video. The composition chases György Ligeti’s idea of using time to hold on to time, suspending its disappearance, confining it in the always present moment. –Michael Lasater
Video bio of Bill Shirk, inducted to Indiana Broadcast Pioneers Hall of Fame in 2016;
Bill Shirk graduated from Ball State in 1967 with a degree in education and initially worked as a repairman and as an account executive for his dad’s advertising agency. He taught a year of middle school in 1965 then talked his dad and mother into applying for the license for WERK-FM in Muncie, Indiana. They received the license and Shirk’s parents wanted him to start at the bottom, so he began at WERK-FM as the janitor. A year later, he became a weekend DJ at WERK-FM and by 1968 not only became the station manager of WERK-FM but also served as sales manager, program director, production manager and remained as a DJ in the afternoons. Throughout the next three decades, Shirk went on to own, general manage, program and serve as an air personality on 10 radio stations and two TV stations in Muncie; Indianapolis; Greenwood, Indiana; Greencastle, Indiana; Cloverdale, Indiana; and Lebanon, Indiana. A member of The Garden United Methodist Church, in 1983 Shirk was the executive producer and starred in “The Escapist,” the first motion picture ever produced in the state of Indiana before the film commission was established in Indiana. He now owns 12 radio stations in Hawaii and does mornings on the oldies station in Honolulu.
--Words from the Indiana Broadcast Pioneers
Video bio of "Bob (Kevoian) & Tom (Griswold)", inducted to Indiana Broadcast Pioneers Hall of Fame in 2016;
Bob Kevoian and Tom Griswold began their on-air partnership in 1981, hosting mornings in Michigan at WJML-AM in Petoskey. In 1983, they joined WFBQ-FM in Indianapolis as the station’s morning team. Once there, The Bob & Tom Show became the city’s top-rated morning show. The Bob & Tom Show has offered an unpredictable blend of news from Kristi Lee, sports from Chick McGee, talk, celebrity guests, in-studio musical performances, sketch comedy and topical, sometimes irreverent, humor. The Bob & Tom Show is recognized for giving national exposure to young and developing comedians including George Lopez, Brad Garrett, Tim Allen and Rodney Carrington. In 1995, The Bob & Tom Show began national syndication. The show has been heard on more than 400 stations nationwide and The American Forces Radio Network. The show has won over twenty major industry awards, including five Marconi Awards from The National Association of Broadcasters, and the show has released more than 60 comedy albums.
--Words from the Indiana Broadcast Pioneers